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Polish name, to which this Pole has no more pretensions than Cobbett has to call himself Percy or Howard; but a great name was chosen to give éclat and interest to the transaction,-when the detection should come, the blame of the mistake might be easily transferred to the printer.

He is not only not a Count, but it would seem from Warden's account*) not a gentleman.

He was neither a Captain, Colonel, nor Chef d'escadron ; but a private soldier, or, at most, a corporal.

He was so far from being attached to the person of Buonaparte, that the latter had never heard of him until he arrived at St. Helena, and so little interest did he feel about him, that we believe he never saw him; (Warden says he saw him once ;) and it was at Buonaparte's particular request that he was sent off the island with the grooms and butler, as an impudent intruder.

While Buonaparte was thus teaching Santini and Montholon to emulate the fame of Mendez Pinto and George Psalmanazar, an anonymous hand was playing in the Manuscrit venu de St. Hélène, another trick of the same game.

This work, which affects to be a summary of Buonaparte's life written by himself

, has excited a considerable degree of interest in this country, and a still greater in France; the name of the supposed writer, and the mysterious title which it bears, naturally excite curiosity; and there is besides a visible effort at imitating that sudden and tranchant style which is supposed to be characteristic of Buonaparte. But this effort is, we think, as vain as it is visible; and on an attentive perusal of the whole work, we are satisfied, 1st, that the · Manuscrit’ is not the production of Buonaparte, and 2d, that it is not from St. Helena. It is, we believe, the production of Paris; and it has been published, we are satisfied, with no other view than(what we have already stated to be the generalobject of the Revolutionary faction) that of keeping the name, past actions, and future pretensions of Buonaparte alive in the public mind. The * Manuscrit is neither a criticism on his character, nor an apology. It is not written for fame, for the author conceals himself-nor for profit, for we happen to know that no price was demanded for the copy: there remains then no other possible motive for its publication than that which we have assigned. It is very much the fashion with all the Revolutionists in France to affect to believe in the authenticity of the Manuscrit. If not written by the Emperor himself it is undoubtedly the production of M. de las Cases.'

* Neither Poniatowski's situation or manners were such as to associate him with the suits, nor did bis modesty appear to expect it.' Warden, p. 205.

-It is impossible that it should be the production of either, or that any well informed person should think so. It contains no new fact, no new argument, not even a new view of any of the subjects of which it treats; there is nothing to be found in it which a reader of the Moniteur might not have known; there are a thou. sand persons in France who could compose such a commentary, but we take it to be utterly impossible that Buonaparte, or Las Cases under his dictation, could have written the history of so many events, and of such an extensive and important period, without having slipped into some novelty either of fact or reasoning; nor would either of them have made a sketch of such turgid vapidity and such arrogant inanity as this production: nor do we be. lieve that Buonaparte will be pleased with this supposed imitation of his style; we are confident that his personal vanity is so great that he will be enraged to find so triviala production published in his name. We rest nothing on the numerous falsehoods and misrepresentations which this Manuscritcontains, because Buonaparte would probably have written as many and asgross, but there are blunders and a nachronisms into which he could not have fallen-for instance, a partisan writing hastily may forget the order of Buonaparte's battles and treaties, but could Buonaparte himself forget whether the battle of Jena preceded the treaty of Tilsit? In short, this work is obviously a fabrication, and we are prepared to expect, from the system which we now see in progress, that a series of similar attempts will be made to keep awake and active the hopes of the revolutionists; to make Buonaparte, though dead in law,

-vivum volitare per ora virorum;, and to spread in France, and in Belgium, that great dogma of the revolutionists, that things cannot remain as they are. This is the chord upon which they are all strumming, and this is the cry in which they are all ready to unite. The survivors of the Mountain, or of the party of Duke Egalite, the rump of the Directory, or the tail of Buonaparte, are in this unanimous, and we shall be most happily mistaken if Europe does not soon feel the effect of this union of factions who, however discordant in their several hours of triumph, are now yoked together in the harness of adversity.

These people will soon, we understand, receive a considerable reinforcement in the person of the Count de las Cascs, who by a series of sedulous infractions of the regulations established at Si. Helena, has contrived to be sent off the island. We say contrived, because we have heard that his proceedings were all steadily directed to this very object; and when the governor offered to overlook his irregularities, and to permit him to remain with his master, he peremptorily rejected this indulgence, and insisted upon undergoing the penalty of exile from St. Helena. This, from any

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other person of the party there, would have appeared to us quite natural. General Bertrand always talked of coming home in a year. Gourgaud has mentioned two as the term of his service. M. and Madame Montholon have, we believe, expressed the same sentiments; but we are convinced that the return of Las Cases at this season is a part of the system. Buonaparte sends him as Noah did the raven from the ark, to see if the waters have subsided, and whether the time approaches when the chief of the sacred family' may descend from his rock in the midst of the waters.

Las Cases will arrive with the crown of martyrdom on his head, and a budget of Buonapartiana at his back-he will invoke all the morbid sensibility of all the enemies of all the governments of Europe, in favour of unfortunate greatness and persecuted fidelity. Hearts that were not so weak as to sigh at the murder of the Duke d'Enghien, or the more obscure, but not less certain fate of Palm and Wright, will bleed for the exile of the faithful Las Cases, and the culinary privations of the Great Napoleon; and the restricting his table to twenty bottles of wine a-day will excite the commiseration of those who witnessed with unmoved placidity the calumnious and cowardly persecution of the Queen of Prussia.

We here pause.-Impressed as we are with a deep sentiment of the consistencyand strength which the revolutionary party have obtained, and are hourly increasing throughout Europe, we shall not fail to recur to this subject whenever we see the press of this country called in aid of the schemes of Buonaparte, or of Buonaparte's auxiliaries, and we shall contribute our mite to the resolution of that famous problem, whether, in a free press, the force of reason and truth, and the principles of order, good morals, and true reli. gion, are a match for the adroitness and the audacity of the philosophers of the Revolution and their disciples—the loose in morals, the factious in politics—the preachers of liberty, the practisers of despotism--the weak and the wicked, the giddy and the godless.

Art. X.-1. Report of the Secret Committee. 2. On the present State of Public Affairs. Anon. 8vo. 3. A Proposal for putting Reform to the Vote throughout the King,

dom. By the Flermit of Marlow. Svo. THAT was an unhappy state of society in which every citizen

was so closely interested in public affairs, that it was declared criminal by the laws foranyone to be neutral in times of publiccom

VOL. XVI. NO. XXXII.

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motion. The poets and philosophers, as well as the divines, bave ever reckoned an exemption from cares of this kind among the first blessings to be desired by those who would live well and wisely; and truly it is no light evil 10 men who would fain live for posterity and for themselves in the worthiest sense, when these cares break in upon them, to interrupt their labours, and disturb the tranquillity of their meditations. The course of ordinary poliucs is to them like the course of the seasons, to be regarded with no greater anxiety, in sure belief that the same Providence which disposes the seasons will dispose the events of the world also in such manner that they shall work together for good. Such things require only that calmand pleasurable attention which is necessary for obtaining a competent knowledge of current history; and the v10. lence with which party matters are agitated, and the occasional gusts of popular passion are to them like the wind, which bloweth as it listeth. Bui when questions are at stake in which the great interests of mankind, or the safety, honour, and wellare of their own country are nearly concerned, it is no longer fitting that they should look on as indifferent observers. By the fundamental laws of England every man is bound to bear arms against an invading enemy; and when worse dangers than invasion are designed and threatened, it becomes the duty of all those who have any means of obtaining public attention, to stand forward, and by resisung the danger, endeavour, as far as in them lies, to averı it.

It is unnecessary in this place to adduce proofs that such designs are actually existing : we have too much respect for the judicious part of our readers to employ their time upon this topic, and 100 little hope of the factious, to mispend our own in allempting to produce an eficct upon schirrous hearts and distempered intellects. There is an admirable print among George Wither's Emblems, having for its motto, Cæcus nil luce juratur: it represents an owl standing, in broad sunshine, with spectacles on its beak, a lighted candle on each side, and a blazing torch in each claw; and the more light there is, the less is the owl able to see. No happier emblem could be conceived for a lhorough-paced oppositionist of the present day

For what are lights to those who blinded be,

Or who so blind as they that will not see? Some of this class deny the existence of any combination for overthrowing the government, of any treasonable practices, or any seditious spirit; and they deny it in good faith: tor they have so long been accustomed to the use of inflammatory language, to argue in favour of the enemies of their country, and to wish for the success of those enemies, in pure obstinacy of party-feeling, that

they are perhaps incapable of understanding the object which their own conduct has constantly tended to promote. There are others who, being a little more accessible to conviction,admit that a conspiracy has been formed, but affect to despise it because the persons who are implicated are of low condition; as if in these days rank and fortune were necessary qualifications for a conspirator! But let it be remembered, that of all the shocking diseases to which the human frame is liable, the most shocking and the most loathsome is that in which it is devoured by the vermin which its own diseased humours have generated : and to despise the present appearances in the body politic for this cause, would be as absurd as todisregard the first symptoms of that frightful malady by which Sylla was con, sumed. The error of these persons proceeds from inattention to the great and momentous change which the public press has produced in the very constitution of society. Formcily the people were nothing in the scale-we are hurrying on towards the time when they will be every thing. Like the continental physicians, such statesmen would pursue the expectant system, and trust to the vis medicatrix. Where the danger is imminent strong remedies must be applied ; is the bones are tainted, they must be searched till the joints are loosened-how else should the poison be expelled ?

The Lord Mayor, with his usual discretion, has assured the public that no plot or conspiracy has existed against the government, and that the Report of the Secret Committee is, to his own knowledge, incorrect : for it states that an attack had been made upon the magistrates, and this was not the fact; the people had not attacked either himself or any other magistrate-he had only been fired at by some wanion and drunken individual. Common sense will allow of such a distinction as little as common law. The story is well known of a duellist who proposed to mark out his own lean dimensions upon the waistcoat of a corpulent antagonist, saying, that if he did not hit him between the lines it should go for nothing ; the Lord Mayor's reasoning has all the absurdity of this proposal without the wit. Does he believe that the shot was fired because the individual was wanton and drunk, or because that individual was engaged in an actual and fore-planned insurrection, having in all likelihood made himself drunk for the work ? For what purpose, does he imagine, had the rioter provided himself with firearms, either before the insurrection, or in the plunder of the gunsmith's shops? It was no attack, because the man was drunk ! By the same reasoning, no attack was made upon Mr. Platt; and it has indeed more than once been remarked in extenuation of that atrocious act, that the assassin was intoxicated :-hc was so; and what was the remark of one of his associates upon that point that the

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