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God has turned them inside out, and has made it manifest and when their heart is hanging upon this braw, I will not give a gray groat for them and their profession both.

• The devil has the ministers and professors of Scotland, now in a sire, and O as he sists, and O as he riddles, and 0 as he rattles, and 0 the chaff he gets; And I fear there be more chaff nor there be good corn, and that will be found among us or all be done : but the soul-confirmed man leaves ever the devil at two more, and he has ay the matter gadged

, and leaves ay the devil in the lee-side,--Sirs O work in the day of the cross.'

The more moderate presbyterian ministers saw with pain and resentment the lower part of their congregation, who had least to lose by taking desperate courses, withdrawn from their flocks by their inore zealous pretenders to purity of doctrine, while they themselves were held up to ridicule, old jog trot professors and chaff-winnowed out and flung away by Satan. They charged the Cameronian preachers with leading the deluded multitude to slaughter at Bothwell, by prophesying a certainty of victory, and dissuading them from accepting the amnesty offered by Monmouth. • All could not avail,' says Mr. Law, himself a presbyterian minister, ' with M.Cargill,Kidd. Douglas, and other willess men amongst them, to hearken to any proposals of peace. Among others that Douglas, sitting on his horse, and preaching to the confused multitude, told them that they would come to terms with them, and like a drone was always droning on these terms with them: " they would give us a half Christ, but we will have a whole Christ," and such like impertinent speeches as these, good enough to feed those that are served with wind and not with the sincere milk of the word of God.? Law also censures these irritated and extravagant enthusiasts, not only for intending to overthrow the government

, but as binding themselves to kill all that would not accede to their opinion, he gives several instances of such cruelty being exercised by them, not only upon straggling soldiers whom they shot by the way or surprised in their quarters, but upon those who, having once joined them, had fallen away from their principles. Being asked why they committed these cruelties in cold blood, they answered they were obliged to do it by their sacred bond.? Upon these occasions thty practised great cruelties, mangling the bodies of their victims that each man might have his share of the guilt

, In these cases the Cameronians imagined themselves the direct and inspired executioners of the vengeance of heaven. Nor did they lack the usual incentives of enthusiasm. Peden and others among them set up a claim to the gift of prophecy, though they seldom foretold any thing to the purpose.' They detected witches, had bodily encounters with the enemy of mankind in his own shape, or could discover him as, lurking in the disguise of a raven, he inspired

the rhetoric of a Quaker's meeting. In some cases, celestial guar. dians kept guard over their field-meetings. At a conventicle held on the Lomond-hills, the Rev. Mr. Blacader was credibly assured, under the hands of four honest men, that at the time the meeting was disturbed by the soldiers, some women who had remained at home, clearly perceived as the form of a tall man, majestic-like, stand in the air in stately posture with the one leg, as it were, advanced before the other, standing above the people all the time of the soldiers shooting. Unluckily this great vision of the Guarded Mount did not conclude as might have been expected. The divine sentinel left his post too soon, and the troopers fell upon the rear of the audience, plundered and stripped many, and made eighteen prisoners.

But we have no delight to dwell either upon the atrocities or absurdities of a people whose ignorance and fanaticism were rendered frantic by persecution. It is enough for our present purpose to observe that the present Church of Scotland, which comprises so much sound doctrine and learning, and has produced so many distinguished characters, is the legitimate representative of the indulged clergy of the days of Charles II. settled however upon a comprehensive basis. That after the revolution, it should have succeeded episcopacy as the national religion, was natural and regular, because it possessed all the sense, learning, and moderation fit for such a change, and because among its followers were to be found the only men of property and influence who acknowledged presbytery. But the Cameronians continued long as a separate sect, though their preachers were bigoted and ignorant, and their hearers were gleaned out of the lower ranks of the peasantry. Their principle, so far as it was intellig.ble, asserted that paramount species of presbyterian church-government which was established in the year 1648, and they continued to regard the established church as erastian and time-serving, because they prudently remained silent upon certain abstract and delicate topics, where there might be some collision between the absolute liberty asserted by the church and the civil government of the state. The Cameronians, on the contrary, disowned all kings and government whatsoever, which should not take the Solemn League and Covenant; and long retained hopes of re-establishing that great national engagement, a bait which was held out to them by all those who wished to disturb the government during the reign of William and Anne, as is evident from the Memoirs of Ker of Kersland, and the Negotiations of Colonel Hooke with the jacobites and disaffected of the year.

A party so wild in their principles, so vague and inconsistent in their views, could not subsist long under a free and unliiniled toleration. They continued to hold their preachings on the hills, VOL. XVI. NO. XXXII.


God has turned them inside out, and his heart is banging upon this braw, I wis their profession both.

The devil has the ministers and : and O as he sists, and O as be ridd chaff he gets; And I fear there le and that will be found among us po man leaves ever the devil at two n. and leares ay the devil in the lee cross.'

The more moderate presby resentment the lower part of lose by taking desperate cou their more zealous pretender themselves were held up to chaff-winnowed out and flur: Cameronian preachers wi: slaughter at Bothwell, by ” dissuading them from accep • All could not avail,' says ter, 'with MCargill,Kidu. them, to hearken to any : Douglas, sitting on his her tude, told them that they a drone was always di would give us a half C'i. such like impertinents that are served with word of God.' Law enthusiasts, not only but as binding themselves opinion, he gives several cised by them, not only by the way or surpri having once joined the Being asked why they answered they were these occasions tlie of their victims the In these cases the inspired execution lack the usual in them set up a cl foretold any thin bodily encounter could discover

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ohn Barnes, Town Major, and Civil and diaas en

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39. London. 1817. under the

St. Hélène d'une manière inconnue. was date

vo. pp. 151. London. 1817. home, tha

itini's publication and Montholon's Letstand in te

le satisfaction.- Whatever proves the vanced telur

Le and his satellites is to us an additional the soldiers

the world. The ill humour of one man is ed Moutiti

and when Buonaparte complains of the divine sensime

we are satisfied that it is only because he the rear of the

portunities of doing mischief essentially reeighitecapire

indeed, that he should be so far deceived by owers or his own vanity as to imagine that his

at any sympathy in this part of the world. He dered (rasi

ered the epitaph on his predecessor Robesto observe so much som distinguished

ne plaigne pas son sort,

Set vécu, tu serais mort.
indulged dlarga

ve that there is one man in Europe who feels ceeded eiszen

anal regard for the ex-Emperor: individually because it

parties, at least in France. Talleyrand deposed such a change

Fayed him, De Staël and Constani libelled him, the only me

he moderate republicans feared him, Lainé and bytery. Be

monarchists hated him ; all his Marshals aban. though their

En his own creatures deserted him; Bertrand him. were glede

ransfer his allegiance to the King; and, what we principles

Buonaparte more than all the rest, his very cook species of

aw him to St. Helena. in the e

y despised or hated as he may be, he is not on that church

- ous. He is the representative of the Revolutionmained de

tendant and heir of all the Neckers and Rolands, the might be see

obespierres, the Tom Paynes and Anarcharsis Cloots, church za

hind Barrères, the llenriois and the Hoches. All that on the to

ocobinism in Europe looks up to him as its child 2. The turbulent and disaffected of all nations,

times an inconsiderable number, but after such con. Curope has lately suffered, a very dangerous party,

wards him he is
turb the

The cynosure of jaundiced eyes.'
tions of er all the various classes and shades of turbulence may

gst themselves, and however soon their differences might their the nto mutual violence, yet--for a season, and to overturn tolerato mon enemies, good order, legitimacy and religion--they

VOL. 17.

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but they lost much of their zeal when they were no longer liable to be disturbed by dragoons, sheriffs, and lieutenants of Militia. The old fable of the Traveller's Cloak was in time verified, and the fierce sanguinary zealots of the days of Claverhouse sunk into such quiet and peaceable enthusiasts as Howie of Lochgoin, or Old Mortality himself. It is, therefore, upon a race of sectaries who have long ceased to exist, that Mr. Jedediah Cleishbotham has charged all that is odious, and almost all that is ridiculous, in his fictitious narrative; and we can no more suppose any moderate presbyterian involved in the satire, than we should imagine that the character of Hampden stood committed by a little raillery on the person of Ludovic Claxton, the Muggletonian. If, however, there remaio any of those sectaries who, confining the beams of the Gospel to the Goshen of their own obscure synagogue, and with James Mitchell, the intended assassin, giving their sweeping testimony against prelacy and popery, The Whole Duty of Man and bordles, promiscuous dancing and the Common Prayer-book, and all the other enormities and backslidings of the time, may perhaps be offended at this idle tale, we are afraid they will receive their answer in the tone of the revellers to Malvolio, who, it will be remembered, was something a kind of Puritan: Doest thou think because thou art virtuous, there shall be no more cakes and ale?Aye, by Saint Anne, and ginger will be hot in the mouth too. .

We intended here to conclude this long article, when a strong report reached us of certain transatlantic confessions, which, if genuine, (though of this we know nothing,) assign a different author to these volumes, than the party suspected by our Scottish correspondents. Yet a critic may be excused seizing upon the nearest suspicious person, on the principle happily expressed by Claverhousc. in a letter to the Earl of Linlithgow. He had been, it seems, in search of a gifted weaver, who used to hold forth at conventicles :

I sent to seek the webster, (weaver), they brought in his brother for him: though he may be cannot preach like his brother, I doubt not but he is as well principled as he, wherefore I thought it would be no great fault to give him the trouble to go jail with the rest.'

Art. IX.-1. An Appeal to the British Nation on the Treatment

experienced by Napoleon Buonaparte in the Island of St. Hele

na. By M. Santini, Porter of the Emperor's Closet. 2. Official Memoir dictated by Napoleon, being a Letter from Count

de Montholon to Sir Hudson Lowe. Fourth Edition, with a · Preface. 8vo. pp. 79. London, 1817. 3. A Tour through the Island of St. Helena, &c. with some parti

culars respecting the Arrival and Detention of Napoleon Buo

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