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applies to certain jurisdictions, public estates, offices, and modes of disbursement.
On jurisdictions, he proves by accurate documents, and conclusive arguments, that the inferior jurisdictions of the Sovereign, attended with considerable expence, do not answer any purpose which might not be better effected without the expence of those establishments, in the supreme character of Sovereign. On this part, together with the most authentic detail, the basis of the ablest and serious reasoning, there is mixed a great degree of pleasantry and humour. Speaking of the characters with which the Sovereign is invested in different parts of South-Britain, he says,
the monarchy is divided into five several distinct principalities, besides the supreme: as in the itinerant exhibitions of the stage, they are obliged to throw a variety of parts on their chief performer; so our Sovereign condescends himself to act, not only the principal but the subordinate parts. Cross a brook, and you lose the King of England; but you
have some comfort in coming again under his Majesty, though sborn of his beams, and no more than Prince of Wales. Go to the north, and you find bin dwindled to a Duke of Lancaster. Turn to the west of that north, and he pops upon you in the humble character of Earl of Chester. Travel a few miles on, the Earl of Chester disappears, and the King surprises you again as Count Palatine of Lancaster. You find him once more in his incognito, and he is Duke of Cornwall. So that quite fatigued and satiated with this dull variety, you are infinitely refreshed when you return to the sphere of his proper splendour, and behold your amiable Sovereign in his true, simple, undisguised, native character of Majesty' He proposes, that as these jurisdictions are expensive, without producing public advantage, and are the means of corrupt influence, they should be abolished. He applies the same principles to the Crown demesnes and the annexed offices; but dwells nost particularly on the household. Many have ridiculed the minuteness of his detail
here; but if he was right as to fact, the particularity of his attention was certainly very meritorious : whatever saving could take place, without lessening the King's
of every constitutional exertion, was an advantage to the nation.
In the former edition I touched rather cursorily on the scheme of reduction. The following were its principal objects. It proposed to abolish the offices of Treasurer, Comptroller, Cofferer, and Master of the Household; the Treasurer of the Chamber ; the whole Board of Green-Cloth; a number of subordinate offices in the department of the Steward of the Household ; the Wardrobe and Jewel Offices; the Board of Works; and a great part of the civil branch of the Board of Ordnance. These reductions would, he said, .greatly diminish both corruption and expenditure without impeding public service. He proposed also to abolish subordinate treasuries, and of course the PayOffices of the Army and Navy; that these offices should be no longer banks or treasuries, but mere ofices of administration ; and that all money which was formerly imprested to them, should in future be imprested to the Bank of England. He would, likewise, have the business of the Mint, excepting what related to it as a manufactory, transferred to that great corporation. The plan went to the total removal of the subordinate treasury and office of the Pay-master of the Pensions; the payments being in future to be made by the Exchequer; the great patent offices of the Exchequer to be reduced to fixed salaries, as the present lives and reversions should successively fall; the several places of Keepers of the Stag-hounds, Buck-hounds, Fox-hounds, and Harriers, to be totally abolished. He also proposed to reform the new office of third Secretary of State, commonly called Secretary of State for the Colonies; the fabrication of which, like that of all other late arrangements, he considered merely as a job, the two antient Secretaries being supposed now, as heretofore, fully competent to the whole of the public business. He concluded his plan of
reduction, by proposing the entire annihilation of the Board of Trade, as an office totally useless, answering none of its avowed, or supposed purposes, and serving merely to provide eight members for Parliament, and thereby to retain their services. He also proposed a limitation of pensions to · 60,0001. a year; but he did not propose to take away any man's present pension, and thought it more prudent in that respect not to adhere to the letter of the petitions.
To this plan of reduction he subjoined a plan of arrangement. This he professed to be his favourite part of the scheme, as he conceived it would effectually prevent all prodigality in the Civil List in future. He proposed to establish a fixed and invariable order in all payments, from which the First Lord of the Treasury should not be permitted, upon any pretence whatever, to deviate. For this purpose, he divided the Civil List payments into nine classes, putting each class forward according to the impor