Imágenes de páginas

tered into close combat with them. Douglas and Stuart, who

“ Yomen, and swanys, and pitaill, commanded the Scottish centre, led their division also to the

That in the Park yemyt wictaill, 3 charge, and the battle becoming general along the whole line,

War left; quhen thai wyst but lesing. was obstinately maintained on both sides for a long space of

That thair lordis, with fell fechtyng, time; the Scottish archers doing great execution among the

On thair fayis assemblyt wer; English men-at-arms, after the bowmen of England were dis

Ane off thaim selwyn 5 that war thar persed.

Capitane of thaim all thai maid.
And schetis, that war sumedele brad,
Thai festnyt in steid off baneris,
Apon lang treys and speris :
And said that thai wald se the fycht;

And help thair ordis at thair mycht.

Quhen her till all assentyt wer,

In a rout assemblit er: 7
And sleeds that shrick in agony.-P. 450.

Fyftene thowsand thai war, or ma.

And than in gret hy gan thai ga, I have been told that this line requires an explanatory note ;

With thair baneris, all in a rout, and, indeed, those who witness the silent patience with which

As thai had men bene styth 8 and stout. horses submit to the most cruel usage, may be permitted to

Thai come, with all that assemblé, doubt, that, in moments of sudden and intolerable anguish,

Rycht quhill thai mycht the bataill se; they utter a most melancholy cry. Lord Erskine, in a speech

Than all at anys thai gave a cry, made in the House of Lords, upon a bill for enforcing huma

*Sla! sla! Apon thaim hastily!'" nity towards animals, noticed this remarkable fact, in lan

BARBOUR's Bruce, Book is , v. 410. guage which I will not mutilate by attempting to repeat it. It was my fortune, upon one occasion, to hear a horse, in a The unexpected apparition, of what seemed a new army, moment of agony, utter a thrilling scream, which I still con- completed the confusion which already prevailed among the sider the most melancholy sound I ever heard.

English, who fled in every direction, and were pursued with immense slaughter. The brook of Bannock, according to Barbour, was so choked with the bodies of men and horses, that it might have been passed dry-shod. The followers of the Scottish camp fell upon the disheartened fugitives, and

added to the confusion and slaughter. Many were driven NOTE 4 C.

into the forth, and perished there, which, by the way, could

hardly have happened, had the armies been drawn up cast Loril of the Isles, my trust in thee

and west; since, in that case, to get at the river, the English Is firm as Ailsa Rock ;

fugitives must have fled through the victorious army. About Rush on with Highland sword and targe,

a short mile from the field of battle is a place called the 1, with my Carrick spearmen charge.-P. 457.

Bloody Folds. Here the Earl of Gloucester is said to have

made a stand, and died gallantly at the head of his own miliWhen the engagement between the main bodies had lasted tary tenants and vassals. He was much regretted by both some time, Bruce made a decisive movement, by bringing up sides; and it is said the Scottish would gladly have saved his the Scottish reserve. It is traditionally said, that at this cri- life, but, neglecting to wear his surcoat with armorial bear. sis, he addressed the Lord of the Isles in a phrase used as a ings over his armour, he fell unknown, after his horse had motto by some of his descendants, “My trust is constant in been stabbed with spears. thee." Barbour intimates, that the reserve "assembled on Sir Marmaduke Twenge, an English knight, contrived to one field," that is, on the same line with the Scottish forces conceal himself during the fury of the pursuit, and when it already engaged ; which leads Lord Hailes to conjecture that was somewhat slackened, approached King Robert. "Whose the Scottish ranks must have been much thinned by slaughter, prisoner are you, Sir Marmaduke?" said Bruce, to whom he since, in that circumscribed ground, there was room for the was personally known. “Yours, sir," answered the knight. reserve to fall into the line. But the advance of the Scottish “I receive you," answered the king, and, treating him with cavalry must have contributed a good deal to form the va- the utmost courtesy, loaded him with gifts, and dismissed him cancy occupied by the reserve.

without ransom. The other prisoners were all well treated. There might be policy in this, as Bruce would naturally wish to acquire the good opinion of the English barons, who were at this time at great variance with their king. But it also well accords with his high chivalrous character.

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To arms they fiev, -axe, club, or spear,

AnI mimic ensigns high they rear.-P. 458.
The followers of the Scottish camp observed, from the Gil-

NOTE 4 E. lies' Hill in the rear, the impression produced upon the English army by the bringing up of the Scottish reserve, and, 0! give their hapless prince his due.-P. 458. prompted by the enthusiasm of the moment, or the desire of plunder, assumed, in a tumultuary manner, such arms as they Edward II., according to the best authorities, showed, in found nearest, fastened sheets to tent-poles and lances, and the fatal field of Bannockburn, personal gallantry not unshowed themselves like a new army advancing to battle. worthy of his great sire and greater son. He remained on the

i Swains. - Rabble. --3 Kept the provisions.

4 Lying. - Selves.- Somewhat. --7 Arc.- Siiff

field till forced away by the Farl of Pembroke, when all was jost. He then rode to the Castle of Stirling, and demanded admittance; but the governor, remonstrating upon the imprudence of shutting himself up in that fortress, which must so soon surrender, he assembled around his person five hundred men-at-arms, and, avoiding the field of battle and the victorious army, fled towards Linlithgow, pursued by Douglas with about sixty horse. They were augmented by Sir Lawrence Abernethy with twenty more, whom Douglas met in the Torwood upon their way to join the English army, and whom he easily persuaded to desert the defeated monarch, and to assist in the pursuit. They hung upon Edward's fiight as far as Dunbar, too few in number to assail him with effect, but enough to harass his retreat so constantly, that whoever fell an instant behind, was instantly slain or made prisoner. Edward's ignominous flight terminated at Dunbar, where the Earl of March, who still professed allegiance to him, “received him full gently." From thence, the monarch of so great an empire, and the late commander of so gallant and numerous an army, escaped to Bamborough in a fishing vessel.

Bruce, as will appear from the following document, lost no time in directing the thunders of Parliamentary censure against such part of his subjects as did not return to their natural allegiance after the battle of Bannockburn.

Sigillum Abbatis de Newbotill
Sigillum Abbatis de Cupro
Sigillum Abbatis de Paslet
Sigillum Abbatis de Dunfermelyn
Sigillum Abbatis de Lincluden
Sigillum Abbatis de Insula Missarun
Sigillum Abbatis de Sancto Columba
Sigillum Abbatis de Deer
Sigillum Abbatis de Dulce Corde
Sigillum Prioris de Coldinghame
Sigillum Prioris de Rostynot
Sigillum Prioris Sancte Andree
Sigillum Prioris de Pittin wem
Sigillum Prioris de Insula de Lochlevin
Sigillum Senescalli Scocie
Sigillum Willelmi Comitis de Ros



Sigillum Gilberti de la Haya Constabularii Scocie
Sigillum Roberti de Keth Mariscalli Scocie
Sigillum Hugonis de Ros
Sigillum Jacobi de Duglas
Sigillum Johannis de Sancto Claro
Sigillum Thome de Ros
Sigillum Alexandri de Settone
Sigillum Walteri Haliburtone
Sigillum Davidis de Balfour
Sigillum Duncani de Wallays
Sigillum Thome de Dischingtone
Sigillum Andree de Moravia
Sigillum Archibaldi de Betun
Sigillum Ranulphi de Lyill
Sigillum Malcomi de Balfour
Sigillan Normanni de Lesley
Sigillum Nigelli de Campo bello
Sigillum Morni de Musco Campo

Judicium Reditum apud Kambuskinet contra omnes illos qui

tunc fuerunt contra fidcm et pacem Domini Regis.

Anno gracie millesimo tricentisimo quarto decimo sexto die Novembris tenente parliamentum suum Excellentissimo principe Domino Roberto Dei gracia Rege Scottorum Illustri in monasterio de Cambuskyneth concordatum fuit finaliter Judicatum (ac super] hoc statutum de Concilio et Assensu Episcoporum et ceterorum Prelatorum Comitum Baronum et aliorum nobilium regni Scocie nec non et tocius communitatis regni predicti quod omnes qui contra fidem et pacem dicti domini regis in bello seu alibi mortui sunt (vel qui dic) to die ad pacem ejus et fidem non venerant licet sepius vocati et legitime expectati fuissent de terris et tenementis et omni alio statu infra regnum Scocie perpetuo sint exheredati et habeantur de cetero tanquam inimici Regis et Regni ab omni vendicacione juris hereditarii vel juris alterius cujuscunque in posterum pro se et heredibus suis in perpetuum privati Ad perpetuam igitur rei memoriam et evidentem probacionem hujus Judicii et Statuti sigilla Episcoporum et aliorum Prelatorum nec non et comitum Baronum ac ceterorum nobilium dicti Regni presenti ordinacioni Judicio et statuto sunt appensa.


Nor for De Argentine alone,
Through Ninian's church these torches shone,
Aud rose the death-prayer's auful tone.-P. 430.

Sigillum Domini Regis
Sigillum Willelmi Episcopi Sancti Andree
Sigillum Roberti Episcopi Glascuensis
Sigillum Willelmi Episcopi Dunkeldensis


Sigillum Alani Episcopi Sodorensis
Sigillum Johannis Episcopi Brechynens
Sigillum Andree Episcopi Ergadiensis
Sigillum Frechardi Episcopi Cathanensis
Sigillum Abbatis de Scona
Sigillum Abbatis de Calco
Sigillum Abbatis de A birbrothok
Sigillum Abbatis de Sancta Cruce
Sigillum Abbatis de Londoris

The remarkable circumstances attending the death of De Argentine have been already noticed (Note L.) Besides this renowned warrior, there fell many representatives of the noblest houses in England, which never sustained a more bloody and disastrous defeat. Barbour says that two hundred pairs of gilded spurs were taken from the field of battie; and that some were left the author can bear witness, who has ia his possession a curious antique spur, dug up in the morass, not long since.

“ It wes forsuth a gret ferly,

To se samyn 1 sa fele dede lie.
Twa hundre payr of spuris reid, 2

War tane of knichtis that war deid." I am now to take my leave of Barbour, not withont a sincere wish that the public may encourage the undertaking of my friend Dr. Jamieson, who has issued proposals for publishing an accurate edition of his poem, and of blind Harry's Wallace.3 The only good edition of The Bruce was published by

i Together.

2 Red, or gilded. 3 [The extracts from Barbour in this edition of Sir Walter Dr. Jamieson's Bruce, published, along with Blind Harry's Scott's poems have been uniformly corrected by the text of Wallace, Edin. 1820, 2 vols. 10.--Ed.

Mr. Pinkerton, in 3 vols., in 1790; and, the learned editor John de Wevelmton,

Thomas de Ferrers, naving had no personal access to consult the manuscript, it is Robert de Nevil,

Radulph and Thomas Botte not without errors; and it has besides become scarce. Of John de Segrave,

tort, Wallace there is no tolerable edition ; yet these two poems do Gilbert Peeche,

John and Nicholas de King no small honour to the early state of Scottish poetry, and The John de Clavering;

stone, (brothers,) Bruce is justly regarded as containing authentic historical Antony de Lucy,

William Lovel, facts.

Radulph de Camps,

Henry de Wileton, The following list of the slain at Bannockburn, extracted John de Evere,

Baldwin de Frevill, from the continuator of Trivet's Annals, will show the extent Andrew de Abremhyn. John de Clivedon,' of the national calamity.

Adomar la Zouche,

John de Mere wode,
Thomas de Berkeley,

John Maufe,

The son of Roger Tyrrel, Thomas and Odo Lele Erce-
Anselm de Mareschal,

dekene, Knights of Knights Bannerets. Robert de Felton,

Giles de Beauchamp,

Robert Beaupel, (the son,) Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Glou- Michael Poyning,

John de Cyfrewast,

John Mautravers, (the son,) cester, Edmund Maulley. John Bluwet,

William and William Giffard, Robert de Clifford,

Roger Corbet,

and 34 other knights, not Payan Tybetot,

Gilbert de Boun,

named by the historian. William Le Mareschal, Henry de Boun,

Bartholomew de Enefeld,
John Comyn,

Thomas de Ufford,
William de Vescey,
John de Elsingfelde,

And in sum there were slain, along with the Earl of Glouces-
John de Montfort,
John de Harcourt,

ter, forty-two barons and bannerets. The number of earls, Nicolas de Hasteleigh, Walter de Hakelut,

barons, and bannerets made captive, was twenty-two, and William Dayncourt, Philip de Courtenay,

sixty-eight knights. Many clerks and esquires were also Ægidius de Argenteyne, Hugo de Scales,

there slain or taken. Roger de Northburge, keeper of the Edmond Comyn, Radulph de Beauchamp,

king's signet, (Custos Targiæ Domini Regis,) was made priJohn Lovel, (the rich) John de Penbrigge,

soner with his two clerks, Roger de Wakenfelde and Thomas Edmund de Hastynge, With 33 others of the same

de Switon, upon which the king caused a seal to be made, Milo de Stapleton, rank, not named.

and entitled it his privy scal, to distinguish the same from Simon Ward,

the signet so lost. The Earl of Hereford was exchanged

against Bruce's queen, who had been detained in captivity PRISONERS.

ever since the year 1306. The Targia, or signet, was restored

to England through the intercession of Ralph de Monthermer, Barons and Baronels. Marmaduke de Twenge, ancestor of Lord Moira, who is said to have found favour in Henry de Boun, Earl of Here- John de Wyletone,

the eyes of the Scottish king.-Continuation of Triver's Anford, Robert de Maulee,

nals, Hall's edit. Oxford, 1712, vol. ii., p. 14. Lord John Giffard, Henry Fitz-Hugh,

Such were the immediate consequences of the field of BanWilliam de Latimer, Thomas de Gray,

nockburn. Its more remote effects, in completely establishMaurice de Berekley,

Walter de Beauchamp, ing the national independence of Scotland, afford a boundless Ingelram de Umfraville, Richard de Charon,

field for speculation.

1 Sapposed Clinton.

2 Maulo.

The field of Waterloo:


“ Though Valois braved young Edward's gentle hand,

And Albert rush'd on Henry's way-worn band,
With Europe's chosen sons, in arms renown'd,
Yet not on Vere's bold archers long they look'd,
Nor Audley's squires nor Mowbray's yeomen brook'd, -
They saw their standard fall, and left their monarch bound."







&c. &c. &c.






It may be some apolngy for the imperfections of this poem, that it wus composed hastily, and during a short lour upon the Continent, when the Author's labours were liable to frequent interruption; but its best apology is, that it wus written for the purpose of assisting the Waterloo Subscription.


The field of cuaterloo.

Fair Brussels, thou art far behind,
Though, lingering on the morning wind,

We yet may hear the hour
Peal'd over orchard and canal,
With voice prolong'd and measured fall,

From proud St. Michael's tower;
Thy wood, dark Soignies, holds us now,
Where the tall beeches' glossy bough

For many a league arcund,
With birch and darksome oal between,
Spreads deep and far a pathless screen,

Of tangled forest ground.
Stems planted close by stems defy
The adventurous foot-the curious eye

For access seeks in vain;
And the brown tapestry of leaves,
Strew'd on the blighted ground, receives

Nor sun, nor air, nor rain.
No opening glade dawns on our way,
No streamlet, glancing to the ray,

| Published by Constable & Co. in October 1815. 8vo. 5s. tal in Shakspeare's 'As you Like it.' It is also celebrater in

2 " The wood of Soignies is supposed to be a remnant of the ! Tacitus as being the spot of successful defence by the Germans fores: of Ardennes, famous in Boiardo's Orlando, and immor- against the Roman encroachments."-Byron.

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