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from “O'Neale commendeth him unto you, Morish Fitz-Thomas; which it would seem that the ancient Irish dress was (the O'Neale requesteth you, in God's name, to take part with him, bonnet excepted) very similar to that of the Scottish High- and fight for your conscience and right; and in so doing, landers. The want of a covering on the head was supplied by O'Neale will spend to see you righted in all your affaires, and the mode of plaiting and arranging the hair, which was called will help you. And if you come not at O'Neale betwixt this the glibbe. These glibbes, according to Spenser, were fit and to-morrow at twelve of the clocke, and take his part, marks for a thief, since, when he wished to disguise himself, O'Neale is not beholding to you, and will doe to the uttermost he could either cut it off entirely, or so pull it over his eyes of his power to overthrow you, if you come not to him at furas to render it very hard to recognise him. This, however, is thest by Satturday at noone. From Knocke Dumayne in nothing to the reprobation with which the same poet regards Calrie, the fourth of February, 1599. that favourite part of the Irish dress, the mantle.

“O'Neale requesteth you to come speake with him, and • It is a fit house for an outlaw, a meet bed for a rebel, and doth giue you his word that you shall receive no harme neither an apt cloke for a thief. First, the outlaw being for his many in comming nor going from him, whether you be friend or not, erimes and villanyes banished from the townes and houses of and bring with you to O'Neale Gerat Fitzgerald. honest men, and wandring in waste places far from danger of

(Subscribed)

“O'NEALE." law, maketh his mantle his house, and under it covereth Nor did the royalty of O'Neale consist in words alone. Sir himself from the wrath of heaven, from the offence of the John Harrington paid him a visit at the time of his truce with earth, and from the sight of men. When it raineth, it is his Essex, and, after mentioning his “ fern table, and fern forms, pent-house; when it bloweth, it is his tent; when it freezeth, spread under the stately canopy of heaven," he notices what it is his tabernacle. In summer he can wear it loose, in constitutes the real power of every monarch, the love, namewinter he can wrap it close; at all times he can use it; never ly, and allegiance of his subjects. “ His guards, for the most heavy, never cumbersome. Likewise for a rebel it is as ser- part, were beardless boys without shirts; who in the frost viceable; for in his warre that he maketh, (if at least it de- wade as familiarly through rivers as water-spaniels. With serve the name of warre,) when he still flyeth from his foe, what charm such a master makes them love him, I know and lurketh in the thicke woods and straite passages, waiting not; but if he bid come, they como; if go, they do go; if he for advantages, it is his bed, yea, and almost his household say do this, they do it."—Nugæ Antiqua. Lond. 1784, 8vo, stuff. For the wood is his house against all weathers, and his vol. i. p. 251. mantle is his couch to sleep in. Therein he wrappeth himself round, and coucheth himself strongly against the gnats, which, in that country doe more annoy the naked rebels while they keep the woods, and doe more sharply wound them, than all their enemies swords or speares, which can seldom come nigh them: yea, and oftentimes their mantle

NOTE 2 T. serveth them when they are neere driven, being wrapped about their left arme, instead of a target, for it is hard to cut

His foster father was his guide. —P. 318. thorough with a sword; besides, it is light to beare, light to throw away, and being (as they commonly are) naked, it is to

There was no tie more sacred among the Irish than that them all in all. Lastly, for a thiefe it is so handsome as it

which connected the foster-father, as well as the nurse her. may seem it was first invented for him ; for under it he may self, with the child they brought up. cleanly convey any fit pillage that cometh handsomely in his

“ Foster-fathers spend much more time, money, and affec. way, and when he goeth abroad in the night in freebooting, it tion on their foster-children than their own; and in return is his best and surest friend; for lying, as they often do, two

take from them clothes, money for their several professions, or three nights together abroad to watch for their booty, with

and arms, and, even for any vicious purposes, fortunes and that they can prettily shroud themselves under a bush or

cattle, not so much by a claim of right as by extortion; and bankside till they may conveniently do their errand; and they will even carry those things off as plunder. All who when all is over, he can in his mantle pusse through any

have been nursed by the same person preserve a greater mu.

tual affection and confidence in each other than if they were town or company, being close hooded over his head, as he useth, from knowledge of any to whom he is indangered. Be

natural brothers, whom they will even hate for the sake of sides this, he or any man els that is disposed to mischief or

those. When chid by their parents, they fly to their fostervillany, may, under his mantle, goe privily armed without fathers, who frequently encourage them to make open war on suspicion of any, carry his head-piece, his skean, or pistol, if their parents, train them up to every excess of wickedness, he please, to be always in readiness."-SPEnder's View of the and make them most abandoned miscreants; as, on the other State of Ireland, apud Works, ut supra, viii. 367.

hand, the nurses make the young women, whom they bring The javelins, or darts, of the Irish, which they threw with

up for every excess. If a foster child is sick, it is incredible great dexterity, appear, from one of the prints already men

how soon the nurses hear of it, however distant, and with tioned, to have been about four feet long, with a strong steel

what solicitude they attend it by day and night."--Giraldus head and thick knotted shaft.

Cambrensis, quoted by Camden, iv. 368.

This custom, like many other Irish usages, prerailed till of late in the Scottish Highlands, and was cherished by the chiefs as an easy mode of extending their influence and connexion; and even in the Lowlands, during the last century, the connexion between the nurse and foster-child was seldom

dissolved but by the death of one party. NOTE 2 S.

With wild majestic port and tone,
Like enroy of some burbarous throne.-P. 318.

NOTE 2 U.

Great Nial of the Pledges Nine.-P. 320.

The Irish chiefs, in their intercourse with the English, and with each other, were wont to assume the language and style of independent royalty. Morrison has preserved a summons from Tyrone to a neighbouring chieftain, which runs in the following terms:

Neal Naighvallach, or of the Nine Hostages, is said to have been Monarch of all Ireland, during the end of the fourth or beginning of the fifth century. He exercised a predatory

NOTE 2 W. warfare on the coast of England and of Bretagne, or Armorica; and from the latter country brought off the celebrated

Geraldine.-P. 320. Saint Patrick, a youth of sixteen, among other captives, whom he transported to Ireland. Neal derived his epithet from The O'Neales were closely allied with this powerful and nine nations, or tribes, whom he held under his subjection, warlike family; for Henry Owen O'Neale married the daughand from whom he took hostages. From one of Neal's sons ter of Thomas Earl of Kildare, and their son Con-More marwere derived the Kinel-eoguin, or Race of Tyrone, which af- ried his cousin-german, a daughter of Gerald Earl of Kildare. forded monarchs both to Ireland and to Ulster. Neal (ac- This Con-More cursed any of his posterity who should learn cording to O'Flaherty's Ogygia) was killed by a poisoned arrow, the English language, sow corn, or build houses, so as to inin one of his descents on the coast of Bretagne.

vite the English to settle in their country. Others ascribe this anathema to his son Con-Bacco. Fearfiatha O'Gnive, bard to the O'Neales of Clannaboy, complains in the same spirit of the towers and ramparts with which the strangers had disfigured the fair sporting fields of Erin.-See Walker's Irish Bards, p. 140.

NOTE 2 V.

Note 2 X
Shane-Dymas wild.-P. 320.

He chose that honour'd flag to bear.-P. 320. This Shane-Dymas, or John the Wanton, held the title and Lacy informs us, in the old play already quoted, how the power of O'Neale in the earlier part of Elizabeth's reign, cavalry raised by the country gentlemen for Charles's seragainst whom he rebelled repeatedly.

vice were usually officered. “ You, cornet, have a name “This chieftain is handed down to us as the most proud that's proper for all cornets to be called by, for they are all and profligate man on earth. He was immoderately addicted beardless boys in our army. The most part of our horse to women and wine. He is said to have had 200 tuns of wine were raised thus:-The honest country gentleman raises the at once in his cellar at Dandram, but usquebaugh was his troop at his own charge; then he gets a Low-country lieutefavourite liquor. He spared neither age nor condition of the nant to fight his troop safely; then he sends for his son from fair sex. Altho' so illiterate that he could not write, he was school to be his cornet: and then he puts off his child's coat not destitute of address, his understanding was strong, and to put on a buff-coat: and this is the constitution of our his courage daring. He had 600 men for his guard; 4000 foot, army.” 1000 horse for the field. He claimed superiority orer all the lords of Ulster, and called himself king thereof. When commissioners were sent to treat with him, he said, “That, tho' the Queen were his sovereign lady, he never made peace with her but at her lodging; that she had made a wise Earl of

NOTE 2 Y. Macartymore, but that he kept as good a man as he; that he

his page, the next degree cared not for so mean a title as Earl; that his blood and

In that old time to chivalry.-P. 320. power were better than the best; that his ancestors were Kings of Ulster; and that he would give place to none.' Originally, the order of chivalry embraced three ranks :His kinsman, the Earl of Kildare, haring persuaded him of 1. The Page; 2. The Squire ; 3. the Knight ;-a gradation the folly of contending with the crown of England, he re- which seems to have been imitated in the mystery of freesolved to attend the Queen, but in a style suited to his princely masonry. But, before the reign of Charles I., the custom of dignity. He appeared in London with a magnificent train of serving as a squire had fallen into disuse, though the order of Irish Galloglasses, arrayed in the richest habiliments of their the page was still, to a certain degree, in observance. This country, their heads bare, their hair flowing on their shoul- state of servitude was so far from inferring any thing degradders, with their long and open sleeves dyed with saffron. ing, that it was considered as the regular school for acquiring Thus dressed, and surcharged with military harness, and every quality necessary for future distinction. The proper armed with battle-axes, they afforded an astonishing spec- nature, and the decay of the institution, are pointed out by tacle to the citizens, who regarded them as the intruders of old Ben Jonson, with his own forcible moral colouring. The some very distant part of the globe. But at Court his versa- dialogue occurs between Lovell, “a complcat gentleman, a tility now prevailed; his title to the sovereignty of Tyrone soldier, and a scholar, known to have been page to the old was pleaded from English laws and Irish institutions, and his Lord Beaufort, and so to have followed him in the French allegations were so specious, that the Queen dismissed him

wars, after companion of his studies, and left guardian to his with presents and assurances of favour. in England this son," and the facetious Goodstock, host of the Light Heart. transaction was looked on as the humiliation of a repenting Lovel had offered to take Goodstock's son for his page, which rebel; in Tyrone it was considered as a treaty of peace be the latter, in reference to the recent abuse of the establishtween two potentates."-CAMDEN'S Britannia, by Gough.ment, declares as “a desperate course of life:"Lond. 1806. fol. vol. iv. p. 442.

When reduced to extremity by the English, and forsaken Lovell. Call you that desperate, which by a line by his allies, this Shane-Dymas fled to Clandeboy, then occu- Of institution, from our ancestors pied by a colony of Scottish Highlanders of the family of Mac- Hath been derived down to us, and received Donell. He was at first courteously received; but by do- In a succession, for the noblest way grees they began to quarrel about the slaughter of some of Of breeding up our youth, in letters, arms, their friends whom Shane-Dymas had put to death, and ad- Fair mien, discourses, civil exercise, vancing from words to deeds, fell upon him with their broad- And all the blazon of a gentleman? swords, and cut him to pieces. After his death a law was Where can he learn to rault, to ride, to fence made that none should presume to take the name and title of To move his body gracefully; to speak O'Neale.

His language purer; or to tune his mind,

Or manners, more to the harmony of nature,

Pedigree of the House of Rokeby. Than in the nurseries of nobility ?

1. Sir Alex. Rokeby, Knt, married to Sir Hump. Liftle's Host. Ay, that was when the nursery's self was poble,

daughter. And only virtue made it, not the market,

2. Ralph Rokeby, Esq. to Tho. Lumley's daughter. That titles were not vented at the drum,

3. Sir Tho. Rokeby, Knt. to Tho. Hubborn's daughter. Or common outcry. Goodness gave the greatness,

4. Sir Ralph Rekeby, Kint. to Sir Ralph Biggot's daughter And greatness worship: every house became

5. Sir Thos. Rokeby, Knt. to Sir John de Melsass' daugiaAn academy of honour; and those parts

ter of Bennet-Hall, in Holderness. We see departed, in the practice, noy,

6. Ralph Rokeby, Esq. to Sir Brian Stapleton's daughter Quite from the institution.

of Weighill. Lovell. Why do you say so?

7. Sir Thos. Rokeby, Knt. to Sir Ralph Lry's daughter.. Or think so enviously? Do they not still

8. Ralph Rokeby, Esq. to daughter of Mansfield, heir of Learn there the Centaur's skill, the art of Thrace,

Morton.3 To ride? or, Pollux' mystery, to fence?

9. Sir Tho. Rokeby, Knt. to Stroode's daughter and heir. The Pyrrhic gestures, both to dance and spring

10. Sir Ralph Rokeby, Knt. to Sir James Strang wayes' In armour, to be active in the wars?

daughter. To study figures, numbers, and proportions,

11. Sir Thos. Rokeby, Knt. to Sir John Hotham's daughter. May yield them great in counsels, and the arts

12. Ralph Rokeby, Esq. to Danby of Yafforth's daughter Grave Nestor and the wise Ulysses practised ?

and heir, 4 To make their English sweet upon their tongue,

13. Tho. Rokeby, Esq. to Rob. Constable's daughter of Cliff, As reverend Chaucer says ?

serjt. at law. Host. Sir, you mistake;

14. Christopher Rokeby, Esq. to Lasscells of BrackenTo play Sir Pandarus, my copy hath it,

burgh's daughter. 5 And carry messages to Madame Cressida;

15. Thos. Rokeby, Esq. to the daughter of Thweng. Instead of backing the brave steed o' mornings,

16. Sir Thomas Rokeby, Knt. to Sir Ralph Lawson's daughTo court the chambermaid ; and for a leap

ter of Brough. O'the vaulting horse, to ply the vaalting house :

17. Frans. Rokeby, Esq. to Faucott's daughter, citizen of For exercise of arms, a bale of dice,

London. Or two or three packs of cards to show the cheat,

18. Thos. Rokeby, Esq. to the daughter of Wickliffe of Gales. And nimbleness of hand; mistake a cloak Upon my lord's back, and pawn it; ease his pocket

High Sheriff's of Yorkshire. Of a superfluous watch ; or gel a jewel

1337. 11 Edw. 3. Ralph Hastings and Thos. de Rokeby. Of an odd stone or so ; twinge two or three buttons

1343. 17 Edw. 3. Thos. de Rokeby, pro sept. annis. From off my lady's gown: These are the arts

1358. 25 Edw. 3. Sir Thomas Rokeby, Justiciary of Ireland Or seven liberal deadly sciences

for six years; died at the castle of Of pagery, or rather paganista,

Kilka. As the tides run; to which if he apply him,

1407. 8 Hen. 4. Thos. Rokeby Miles, defeated and slew the He may perhaps take a degree at Tyburn

Duke of Northumberland at the batte A year the earlier; come to take a lecture

of Bramham Moor. Upon Aquinas at St. Thomas a Watering's,

1411. 12 Hen. 4. Thos. Rokeby Miles. And so go forth a laureat in hemp circle !"

1486.

Thomas Rokeby, Esq.
Ben Jonson's New Inn, Act I. Scene III. 1539.

Robert Holgate, Bish. of Landaff, after

wards P. of York, Ld. President of the Council for the Preservation of Peace

in the North.

1564. 6 Eliz. Thomas Younge, Archbishop of Yorke, NOTE 2 Z.

Ld. President.
Seem'd half alandon'd to decay.-P. 325.

30 Hen. 8. Tho. Rokeby, LL.D. one of the Council. The ancient castle of Rokeby stood exactly upon the site of

Jn. Rokeby, LL.D. one of the Council. the present mansion, by which a part of its walls is enclosed. 1572. 15 Eliz. Henry Hastings, Earl of Huntingdon, La. It is surrounded by a profusion of fine wood, and the park in

President. which it stands is adorned by the junction of the Greta and of

Jo. Rokeby, Esq. one of the Council. the Tees. The title of Baron Rokeby of Armagh was, in 1777,

Jo. Rokeby, LL.D. ditto. conferred on the Right Reverend Richard Robinson, Primate

Ralph Rokeby, Esq. one of the Secretaries of Ireland, descended of the Robinsons, formerly of Roke- 1574. 17 Eliz. Jo. Rokeby, Precentor of York. by, in Yorkshire.

7 Will. 3. Sir J. Rokeby, Knt. one of the Justices of

the King's Bench. The family of De Rokeby came over with the Conqueror.

The old motto belonging to the family is In Birio Dextra. Note 3 A.

The arms, argent, chevron sable, between three rooks

proper. Rokeby's lords of martial fume,

There is somewhat more to be found in our family in the I can count them name by name.-P. 326.

Scottish history about the affairs of Dun-Bretton town, but

what it is, and in what time, I know not, nor can have conThe following brief pedigree of this very ancient and once venient leisure to search. But Parson Blackwood, the Scotpowerful family, was kindly supplied to the author by Mr. tish chaplain to the Lord of Shrewsbury, recited to me once Rokeby of Northamptonshire, descended of tho ancient Ba- a piece of a Scottish song, wherein was mentioned, that Wilrons of Rokeby :-

liam Wallis, the great deliverer of the Scots from the English

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i Lisle. 2 Temp. Edw. 2di. 3 Temp. Edw. 3tii. 5 From him is the house of Hotham, and of the second

• Temp. Henr. 7mi, and from him is the house of Skyers, of brother that had issue. a fourth brother.

bondage, should, at Dun-Bretton, have been brought up un- the assumed circumstances of chivalry; or, as in the Hunting der a Rokeby, captain then of the place; and as he walked of the Hare, (see Weber's Metrical Romances, vol. iii.), persons on a cliff, should thrust him on a sudden into the sea, and of the same description following the chase, with all the griethereby have gotten that hold, which, I think, was about the vous mistakes and blunders incident to such unpractised 33d of Edw. I. or before. Thus, leaving our ancestors of re- sportsmen. The idea, therefore, of Don Quixote's frenzy, alcord, we must also with them leave the Chronicle of Malmes- though inimitably embodied and brought out, was not, perhaps, bury Abbey, called Eulogium Historiarum, out of which Mr. in the abstract, altogether original. One of the very best of Leland reporteth this history, and coppy down unwritten these mock romances, and which has no small portion of story, the which have yet the testimony of later times, and the comic humour, is the Hunting of the Felon Sow of Rokeby by fresh memory of men yet alive, for their warrant and creditt, the Friars of Richmond. Ralph Rokeby, who (for the jest's of whom I have learned it, that in K. Henry the 7th's reign, sake apparently) bestowed this intractable animal on the conone Ralph Rokeby, Esq. was owner of Morton, and I guess vent of Richmond, seems to have flourished in the time of that this was he that deceived the fryars of Richmond with Henry VII., which, since we know not the date of Friar Theohis felon swine, on which a jargon was made."

bald's wardenship, to which the poem refers us, may indicate

that of the composition itself. Morton, the Mortham of the The above is a quotation from a manuscript written by text, is mentioned as being this facetious baron’s place of resiRalph Rokehy; when he lived is uncertain.

dence; accordingly, Leland notices, that “Mr. Rokeby hath To what metrical Scottish tradition Parson Blackwood al- a place called Mortham, a little beneath Grentey-bridge, alluded, it would be now in vain to enquire. But in Blind Har- most on the mouth of Grentey." That no information may be ry's History of Sir William Wallace, we find a legend of one lacking which is in my power to supply, I have to notice, that Rukbie, whom he makes keeper of Stirling Castle under the the Mistress Rokeby of the romance, who so charitably reEnglish usurpation, and whom Wallace slays with his own

freshed the sow after she had discomfited Friar Middleton hand:

and his auxiliaries, was, as appears from the pedigree of the

Rokehy family, daughter and heir of Danby of Yafforth. “ In the great press Wallace and Rukbie met,

This curious poem was first published in Mr. Whitaker's With his good sword a stroke upon him set;

History of Craven, but, from an inaccurate manuscript, not Derfly to death the old Rukbie he drave,

corrected very happily. It was transferred by Mr. Evans to But his two sons escaped among the lave."

the new edition of his Ballads, with some well-judged conjec

tural improvements. I have been induced to give a more These sons, according to the romantic Minstrel, surrendered authentic and full, though still an imperfect, edition of this the castle on conditions, and went back to England, but re- humoursome composition, from being furnished with a copy turned to Scotland in the days of Brice, when one of them from a manuscript in the possession of Mr. Rokeby, to whom became again keeper of Stirling Castle. Immediately after I have acknowledged my obligations in the last Note. It has this achievement follows another engagement, between Wal-three or four stanzas more than that of Mr. Whitaker, and lace and those Western Highlanders who embraced the Eng. the language seems, where they differ, to have the more an. lish interest, at a pass in Glendonchart, where many were

cient and genuine readings. precipitated into the lake over a precipice. These circumstances may have been confused in the narrative of Parson

The Felon Sow of Rokeby and the Friars of Richmond. Blackwood, or in the recollection of Mr. Rokeby. In the old ballad of Chevy Chase, there is mentioned, among

Ye men that will of aunters 1 winne, the English warriors, “Sir Raff the ryche Rugbe," which may

That late within this land hath beene, apply to Sir Ralph Rokeby, the tenth baron in the pedigree.

Of one I will you tell; The more modern copy of the ballad runs thus:-

And of a sew 2 that was sea 3 strang,

Alas! that ever she lived sae lang,
“ Good Sir Ralph Raby ther was slain,

For fell 4 folk did she whell.5
Whose prowess did surmount."

She was mare 6 than other three,
This would rather seem to relate to one of the Nevilles of

The grisliest beast that ere might be, Raby. But, as the whole ballad is romantic, accuracy is not

Her head was great and gray : to be looked for.

She was bred in Rokeby wood,
There were few that thither goed, 7

That came on live B away.

NOTE 3 B.

The Felon Sow.-P. 327.

Her walk was endlong! Greta side;
There was no bren 10 that durst her bide,

That was froe 11 heaven to hell;
Nor never man that had that might,
That ever durst come in her sight,

Her force it was so fell.

The ancient minstrels had a comic as well as a serious strain of romance; and although the examples of the latter are by far the most numerous, they are, perhaps, the less valuable. The comic romance was a sort of parody upon the usual subjects of minstrel poetry. If the latter described deeds of heroic achievement, and the events of the battle, the tourney, and the chase, the former, as in the Tournament of Tottenbam, introduced a set of clowns debating in the field, with all

Ralph of Rokeby, with good will,
The Fryers of Richmond gave her till, 19

Full well to garre 13 them fare
Frrar Middleton by his name,
He was sent to fetch her hame,

That rued him sine 14 full sare.

I Both the MS. and Mr. Whitaker's copy read ancestors, tion of quell, to kill.--6 More, greater.—7 Went.-8 Alire.-evidently a corruption of aunters, adventures, as corrected 9 Along the side of Greta.-10 Barn, child, man in generalby Mr. Evans.—2 Sow, according to provincial pronunciation. 11 From.-12 To.–13 Make.- 14 Since. -3 So; Yorkshire dialect. --- Fele, many; Sax.-5 A corrup

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1 Fierce as a bear. Mr. Whitaker's copy reads, perhaps in that all their labour to obtain their intended meat was of no consequence of mistaking the MS., “Tother was Bryan of use to them. Mr Whitaker reads, Bear."—° Need were. Mr. Whitaker reads musters.3 Lying.

“She was brim as any boar, - A fierce countenance or manner.-5 Saw.26 Wight, brave.

And gave a grisly hideous roar, The Rokeby MS. reads incounters, and Mr. Whitaker, aun

To them it was no boot." cestors.7 Boldly. -8 On the beam above.-9 To prevent.- Besides the want of connection between the last line and the 10 Assaulted.-il Rope.—12 Watling Street. See the sequel. - two former, the second has a very modem sound, and the 13 Dare.- 14 Rushed.—15 Leave it.--16 Pulls. — 17 This line is reading of the Rokeby Ms. with the slight alteration in the wanting in Mr. Whitaker's copy, whence it has been conjec- text, is much better. tured that something is wanting after this stanza, which now 24 Mad.-25 Torn, pulled.-26 Know -97 Combat, perilous there is no occasion to suppose.—18 Evil device.-19 Blessed. fight.--28 This stanza, with the two following, and the fragFr.--20 Lost his colour.--21 Sheltered himself.-22 Fierce. ment of a fourth, are not in Mr. Whitaker's edition.-29 The - 23 The MS. reads, to labour weere. The text seems to mean, rope about the sow's neck. --30 Knew.

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