Imágenes de páginas

P. 23

which experience proved the truth."- Historia Verdaleyra entered, and the baggage taken. What number was killed was dd Rey Don Rurigo. Quinta impression. Madrid, 1654, 1. not known: I suppose they were so many it was hard to count

them; for this single battle robbed Spain of all its glory, and in it perished the renowned name of the Goths. The King's horse, upper garment, and buskins, covered with pearls and precious stones, were found on the bank of the river Guade

lite, and there being no news of him afterwards, it was sup Note G.

posed he was drowned passing the river."-MAHIANA's His

tory of Spain, book vi. chap. 9. The Tecbir war-cry and the Lelie's yell.-P. 2658.

Orelia, the courser of Don Roderick, mentioned in the text,

and in the above quotation, was celebrated for her speed and The Tecbir (derived from the words Alla acbar, God is most form. She is mentioned repeatedly in Spanish romance, and mightyi was the original war-cry of the Saracens. It is cele- also by Cervantes. brated by Hughes in the Siege of Damascus :

“ We heard the Tecbir; so these Arabs call
Their shout of onset, when, with loud appeal,
They challenge Heaven, as if demanding conquest."


The Lolie, well known to the Christians during the crusades,

When for the light bolero ready stand, is the shout of Alla illa Alla, the Mahomedan confession of

The mozo Withe, with gay muchacha md.-P. 270. faith. It is twice used in poetry by my friend Mr. W. Stew

The bolero is a very light and active dance, much practised art Rose, in the romance of Partenoper. and in the Crusade by the Spaniards, in which castanets are always used. 11030 of St Lewis.

and muchacha are equivalent to our phrase of lad and lass.

Note H.

NOTE K. By Heaven, the Moors prevail! the Christians yield!

While trumpeis rong, and heralds criod Castile!"-P.271. Their coward leader gives for flight the sign' The sceptred craven mounts to quit the field

The heralds, at the coronation of a Spani monarch, proIs not yon steed Orclia - Yes, 'tis mine!-P. 268.

claim his name three times, and repeat three times the word

Castilla, Castilla, Castilla ; which, with all other ceremonies, Count Julian, the father of the injured Florinda, with the

was carefully copied in the mock inauguration of Joseph Bonaconnivance and assistance of Oppas, Archbishop of Toledo, parte. invited, in 713, the Saracens into Spain. A considerable army arrived under the command of Tarik, or Tarif, who bequeathed the well-known name of Gibraltar (Gibel al Tarik, or the mountain of Tarik) to the place of his landing. He was joined by Count Julian, ravaged Andalusia, and took Seville. In

Note L. 714, they returned with a still greater force, and Roderick marched into Andalusia at the head of a great army, to give High blazed the war, and long, and fur, and wide.-P.7.2 them battle. The field was chosen near Xeres, and Mariana gives the following account of the action :

Those wno were disposed to believe that mere virtue and “Both armies being drawn up, the King, according to the

energy are able of themselves to work forth the salvation of custom of the Gothic kings when they went to battle, appeared an oppressed people, surprised in a moment of confidence, in an ivory chariot, clothed in cloth of gold, encouraging his deprived of their officers, armies, and fortresses, who had men ; Tarif, on the other side, did the same. The armies,

every means of resistance to seek in the very moment when thus prepared, waited only for the signal to fall on ; the Goths they were to be made use of, and whom the numerous treasons gave the charge, their drums and trumpets sounding, and the among the higher orders deprived of confidence in their natu• Moors received it with the noise of kettle-drums. Such were ral leaders,—those who entertained this enthusiastic but delu. the shouts and cries on both sides, that the mountains and sive opinion may be pardoned for expressing their disappoint. valleys seemed to meet. First, they began with slings, darts, ment at tho protracted warfare in the Peninsula. There are, javelins, and lances, then came to the swords; a long time the however, another class of persons, who, having themselves the battle was dubious; but the dioors seemed to have the worst, highest dread or veneration, or something allied to both, for till D. Oppas, the archbishop, having to that time concealed the power of the modern Attila, will nevertheless give the his treachery, in the heat of the fight, with a great body of his heroical Spaniards little or no credit for the long, stubborn, followers went over to the infidels. He joined Count Julian, and unsubdued resistance of three years to a power before with whom was a great number of Goths, and both together fell whom their former well-prepared, well-armed, and numerous upon the flank of our army. Our men, terrified with that unpa adversaries fell in the course of as many months. While these ralleled treachery, and tired with fighting, could no longer sus gentlemen plead for deference to Bonaparte, and crave tain that charge, but were easily put to flight. The King performed the part not only of a wise general, but of a resolute “Respect for his great place, and bid the devis soldier, relieving the weakest, bringing on fresh men in place Be duly honour'd for his burning throne," of those that were tired, and stopping those that turned their backs. At length, sceing no hopes left, he alighted out of his it may not be altogether unreasonable to claim some modifichariot for fear of being taken, and mounting on a horse called cation of censure upon those who have been long and to a Orelia, he withdrew out of the battle. The Goths, who still great extent successfully resisting this great enemy of man. stood, missing him, were most part put to the sword, the rest kind. That the energy of Spain has not uniformly been hetook themselves to flight. The camp was immediately directed by conduct equal to its rigour, has been too obrioas; that her armies, under their complicated disadvantages, have readers acquainted with the first siege of Zaragoza. The last shared the fate of such as were defeated after taking the field and fatal siege of that gallant and devoted city is detailed with with every possible advantage of arms and discipline, is surely great eloquence and precision in the “Edinburgh Annual Renot to be wondered at. But that a nation, under the circum- gister" for 1809,-a work in which the affairs of Spain have stances of repeated discomfiture, internal treason, and the been treated of with attention corresponding to their deep inmismanagement incident to a temporary and hastily adopted terest, and to the peculiar sources of information open to the government, should have wasted, by its stubborn, uniform, historian. The following are a few brief extracts from this and prolonged resistance, myriads after myriads of those sol- splendid historical narrative :diers who had overrun the world--that some of its provinces “A breach was soon made in the mud walls, and then, as should, like Galicia, after being abandoned by their allies, in the former siege, the war was carried on in the streets and and overrun by their enemies, have recovered their freedom houses; but the French had been taught by experience, that by their own unassisted exertions; that others, like Catalonia, in this species of warfare the Zaragozans derived a superiorundismayed by the treason which betrayed some fortresses, its from the feeling and principle which inspired them, and and the force which subdued others, should not only have the cause for which they fought. The only means of conquercontinued their resistance, but have attained over their victo- ing Zaragoza was to destroy it house by house, and street by rious enemy a superiority, which is even now enabling them street; and upon this system of destruction they proceeded. to beseech and retake the places of strength which had been Three companies of miners, and eight companies of sappers, wrested from them, is a tale hitherto untold in the revolu- carried on this subterraneous war; the Spaniards, it is said, tionary war. To say that such a people cannot be subdued, attempted to oppose them by countermines; these were opewould be presumption similar to that of those who protested rations to which they were wholly unused, and, according to that Spain could not defend herself for a year, or Portugal the French statement, their miners were every day discovered for a month; but that a resistance which has been continued and suffocated. Meantime, the bombardment was incessantfor so long a space, when the usurper, except during the ly kept up. Within the last 48 hours,' said Palafox in a letshort-lived Austrian campaign, had no other enemies on the ter to his friend General Doyle, 6000 shells have been thrown continent, should be now less successful, when repeated de- in. Two-thirds of the town are in ruins, but we shall perish seats have broken the reputation of the French armies, and under the ruins of the remaining third rather than surrender." when they are likely (it would seem almost in desperation) in the course of the siege, above 17,000 bombs were thrown at to seek occupation elsewhere, is a prophecy as improbable as the town ; the stock of powder with which Zaragoza had been ungracious. And while we are in the humour of severely stored was exhausted; they had none at last but what they censuring our allies, gallant and devoted as they have shown manufactured day by day; and no other cannon-balls than themselves in the cause of national liberty, because they may those which were shot into the town, and which they collected not instantly adopt those measures which we in our wisdom and fired back upon the enemy." may deem essential to success, it might be well if we endea- In the midst of these horrors and privations, the pestilence voured first to resolve the previous questions --ist, Whether broke out in Zaragoza. To various causes, enumerated by the we do not at this moment know much less of the Spanish armies annalist, he adds, “scantiness of food, crowded quarters, unthan those of Portugal, which were so promptly condemned usual exertion of body, anxiety of mind, and the impossibility as totally inadequate to assist in the preservation of their of recruiting their exhausted strength by needful rest, in a country? 2d, Whether, independently of any right we have city which was almost incessantly bombarded, and where to offer more than advice and assistance to our independent every hour their sleep was broken by the tremendous exploallies, we can expect that they should renounce entirely the sion of mines. There was now no respite, either by day or national pride, which is inseparable from patriotism, and at night, for this devoted city; even the natural order of light once condescend not only to be saved by our assistance, but and darkness was destroyed in Zaragoza; by day it was into be saved in our own way? 3d, Whether, if it be an object volved in a red sulphureous atmosphere of smoke, which hid (as undoubtedly it is a main one), that the Spanish troops the face of heaven; by night, the fire of cannons and mortars, should be trained under British discipline, to the flexibility and the flames of burning houses, kept it in a state of terrific of movement, and power of rapid concert and combination, illumination. which is essential to modern war; such a consummation is

“When once the pestilence had begun, it was impossible likely to be produced by abusing them in newspapers and to check its progress, or confine it to one quarter of the periodical publications ? Lastly, since the undoubted antho-city. Hospitals were immediately established,—there were rity of British officers makes us now acquainted with part of above thirty of them; as soon as one was destroyed by the the horrors that attend invasion, and which the providence of bombardment, the patients were removed to another, and God, the valour of our navy, and perhaps the very efforts of thus the infection was carried to every part of Zaragoza. Fathese Spaniards, have hitherto diverted from us, it may be mo- mine aggravated the evil ; the city had probably not been sufdestly questioned whether we ought to be too forward to esti- ficiently provided at the commencement of the siege, and of mate and condemn the feeling of temporary stupefaction which the provisions which it contained, much was destroyed in the they create ; lest, in so doing, we should resemble the worthy daily ruin which the mines and bombs effected. Had the clergyman who, while he had himself never snuffed a candlo Zaragozans and their garrison proceeded according to miliwith his fingers, was disposed severely to criticise the conduct tary rules, they would have surrendered before the end of Jaof a martyr, who winced a little among his flames.

nuary; their batteries had then been demolished, there were open breaches in many parts of their weak walls, and the enemy were already within the city. On the 30th, above sixty houses were blown up, and the French obtained possession of the monasteries of the Augustines and Las Monicas, which adjoined each other, two of the last defensible places left.

The enemy forced their way into the church; every column, NOTE M.

every chapel, every altar, became a point of defence, which

They won not Zaragoza, but her children's bloody lomb.

P. 272.

i See Narrative of the Siege of Zaragoza, by Richard Charles Vaughan, Esq. 180). The Right Honourable R. C. Vaughap is now British Minister at Washington. 1833.

The interesting account of Mr. Vughan has made most

was repcaterly attacked, taken, and retaken ; the pavement

NOTE O. was covered with blood, the aisles and body of the church strewed with the dead, who were trampled under foot by the While downward on the land his legions press, combatants. In the midst of this conflict, the roof, shattered Before them it was rich with vine and flock, by repeated bombs, feil in; the few who were not crushed, And smiled like Eden in her summer dress ;after a short pause, which this tremendous shoek, and their Behind their wasteful march, a recking wilderness.-P. 274 own unexpected escape, occasioned, renewed the fight with rekindled fury: fresh parties of the enemy poured in ; monks,

I have ventured to apply to the movements of the French and citizens, and soldiers, came to the defence, and the con- army that sublime passage in the prophecies of Joel, which test was continued upon the ruins, and the bodies of the dead seems applicable to them in more respects than that I have and the dying."

adopted in the text. One would think their ravages, their Yet, seventeen days after sustaining these extremities, dia military appointments, the terror which they spread among the heroic inhabitants of Zaragoza continue their defence; nor

invaded nations, their military discipline, their arts of political did they then surrender until their despair had extracted from intrigue and deceit, were distinctly pointed out in the followthe French generals a capitulation, more honourable than has ing verses of Scripture:been granted to fortresses of the first order.

“2. A day of darknesse and of gloominesse, a day of clouds Who shall venture to refuse the Zaragozans the eulogium and of thick darknesse, as the morning spread upon the mounconferred upon them by the eloquence of Wordsworth!-

tains : a great people and a strong, there hath not been ever “ Most gloriously have the citizens of Zaragoza proved that the like, neither shall be any more after it, even to the yeares the true army of Spain, in a contest of this nature, is the of many generations. 3. A fire devoureth before them, and whole people. The same city has also exemplified a melan- behind them a flame burneth: the land is as the garden of choly, yea, a dismal truth, - yet consolatory and full of joy,-- Eden before them, and behinde them a desolate wilderness, that when a people are called suddenly to fight for their li- yea, and nothing shall escape them. 4. The appearance of berty, and are sorely pressed upon, their best field of battle is them is as the appearance of horses and as horsemen, so shall the floors upon which their children have played; the cham- they runne.

5. Like the noise of chariots on the tops of bers where the family of each man has slept, (his own or his mountains, shall they leap, like the noise of a fame of fire neighbours”;) upon or under the roofs by which they have that devoureth the stubble, as a strong people set in battel been sheltered; in the gardens of their recreation; in the array. 6. Before their face shall the people be much pained; street, or in the market-place; before the altars of their tem- all faces shall gather blacknesse. 7. They shall run like ples, and among their congregated dwellings, blazing or up mighty men, they shall climb the wall like men of warre, tooted.

and they shall march every one in his wayes, and they shall “ The government of Spain must never forget Zaragoza for not break their ranks. 8. Neither shall one thrust another, a moment. Nothing is wanting to produce the same effects they shall walk every one in his path: and when they fall everywhere, but a leading mind, such as that city was Flessed upon the sword, they shall not be wounded. 9. They shall with. In the latter contest this has been proved; for Zara- run to and fro in the citie; they shall run upon the wall, goza contained, at that time, bodies of men from almost all they shall climbe up upon the houses: they shall enter in at parts of Spain. The narrative of those two sieges should be the windows like a thief. 10. The earth shall quake before the manual of every Spaniard, He may add to it the an- them, the heavens shall tremble, the sunne and the moon cient stories of Numantia and Saguntum ; let him sleep upon shall be dark, and the starres shall withdraw their shining." the book as a pillow, and, if he be a devout adherent to the

In verse 20th also, which announces the retreat of the religion of his country, let him wear it in his bosom for his northern army, described in such dreadful colours, into a crucifix to rest upon."-WORDSWORTH on the Contention of

“ land barren and desolate," and the dishonour with which Cintra.

God afflicted them for having “magnified themselves to do great things," there are particulars not inapplicable to the retreat of Massena ;-Divine Providence having, in all ages, attached disgrace as the natural punishment of cruelty and presumption.


The Vault of Destiny.-P. 274.

NOTE P. Before finally dismissing the enchanted cavern of Don Roderick, it may be noticed, that the legend occurs in one of

The rudest sentinel, in Britain born, Calderon's plays, entitled, La Virgin del Sagrario. The scene

With horror paused to ricw the hardc done, opens with the noise of the chase, and Recisundo, a predeces.

Gave his poor crust to feed some wretch forlorn.-P.975. sor of Roderick upon the Gothic throne, enters pursuing a stag. The animal assumes the form of a man, and defies the Even the unexampled gallantry of the British army in the king to enter the cave, which forms the bottom of the scene, campaign of 1810-11, although they never fought but to conand engage with him in single combat. The king accepts the quer, will do them less honour in history than their humanity, challenge, and they engage accordingly, but without advan- attentive to soften to the utmost of their power the horrors tage on either side, which induces the Genie to inform Reci- which war, in its mildest aspect, must always inflict upon the sundo, that he is not the monarch for whom the adventure of defenceless inhabitants of the country in which it is waged, the enchanted cavern is reserved, and he proceeds to prediet and which, on this occasion, were tenfold augmented by the the downfall of the Gothic monarchy, and of the Christian re- barbarous cruclties of the French. Soup-kitcbens were estaligion, which shall attend the discovery of its mysteries. Re-blished by subscription among the officers, wherever the troops cisundo, appalled by these prophecies, orders the cavern to were quartered for any length of time. The commissanes be secured by a gate and bolts of iron. In the second part of contributed the heads, feet, &c. of the cattle elaughtered for the same play, we are informed that Don Roderick had remo- the soldiery: rice, vegetables, and bread, where it could be ved the barrier, and transgressed the prohibition of his ances- had, were purchased by the officers. Fisty or sixty starving tor, and had been apprized by the prodigies which he disco- peasants were daily fed at one of these regimental establishvered of the approaching ruin of his kingdom.

ments, and carried home the relics to their famished house holds. The emaciated wretches, who could not crawl from concerted by the reception they had met from the two British weakness, were speedily employed in pruning their vines. squadrons; and the appearance of some small reinforcements, While pursuing Massena, the soldiers evinced the same spirit notwithstanding the immense disproportion of force, put of humanity, and in many instances, when reduced them them to absolute rout. A colonel or major of their cavalry, selves to short allowance, from having out-marched their sup- and many prisoners, (almost all intoxicated,) remained in our plies, they shared their pittance with the starving inhabitants, possession. Those who consider for a moment the difference who had ventured back to view the ruins of their habita- of the services, and how much an artilleryman is necessarily tions, burnt by the retreating enemy, and to bury the bodies and naturally led to identify his own safety and utility with of their relations whom they had butchered. Is it possible to abiding by the tremendous implement of war, to the exercise know such facts without feeling a sort of confidence, that of which he is chiefly, if not exclusively, trained, will know those who so well deserve victory are most likely to attain it? how to estimate the presence of mind which commanded so -It is not the least of Lord Wellington's military merits, that bold a manæuvre, and the steadiness and confidence with the slightest disposition towards marauding meets immediate which it was executed. punishment. Independently of all moral obligation, the army which is most orderly in a friendly country, has always proved most formidable to an armed enemy.


And what arails thee that, for Cameron slain,

Wild from his plaide ranks the yell was given.--P. 275. NOTE Q.

The gallant Colonel Cameron was wounded mortally during Vain-glorious fugitive! –P. 275.

the desperate contest in the streets of the village called

Fuentes d' Honoro. He fell at the head of his native HighThe French conducted this memorable retreat with much landers, the 71st and 79th, who raised a dreadful shriek of of the fanfarronade proper to their country, by which they grief and rage. They charged, with irresistible fury, the finest attempt to impose upon others, and perhaps on themselves, a

body of French grenadiers ever seen, being a part of Bonabelief that they are triumphing in the very moment of their parte's selected guard. The officer who led the French, a man discomfiture. On the Sinh March 1811, their rear-guard was

remarkable for stature and symmetry, was killed on the spot. overtaken near Pega by the British cavalry. Being well

The Frenchman who stepped out of his rank to take aim at posted, and conceiving themselves safe from infantry, (who

Colonel Cameron was also bayoneted, pierced with a thouwere indeed many miles in the rear,) and from artillery, they sand wounds, and almost torn to pieces by the furious Highindulged themselves in parading their bands of music, and landers, who, under the command of Colonel Cadogan, bore actually performed “God save the King." Their minstrelsy the enemy out of the contested ground at the point of the was, however, deranged by the undesired accompaniment of bayonet. Massena pays my countrymen a singular compliment the British horse-artillery, on whose part in the concert they in his account of the attack and defence of this village, in had not calculated. The surprise was sudden, and the rout

which he says the British lost many officers, and Scotch. complete; for the artillery and cavalry did execution upon them for about four miles, pursuing at the gallop as often as they got beyond the range of the guns.

Note T.

But you, ye heroes of that well-fought day, 8c.-P. 275. Note R.

[The Edinburgh Reviewer offered the following remarks on

what he considered as an unjust omission in this part of the Vainly thy squadrons hide Assuara's plain,

poem : And front the flying thunders as they roar,

“We are not very apt," he says, “ to quarrel with a poet With frantic charge and tenfold olds, in vain!-P. 275.

for his politics; and really supposed it next to impossible that

Mr. Scott should have given us any ground of dissatisfaction In the severe action of Fuentes d'Honoro, upon 5th May, on this score, in the management of his present theme. Lord 1811, the grand mass of the French cavalry attacked the right Wellington and his fellow-soldiers well deserved the laurels of the British position, covered by two guns of the horse- they have won ;-nor is there one British heart, we believe, artillery, and two squadrons of cavalry. After suffering con- that will not feel proud and grateful for all the honours with siderably from the fire of the guns, whi annoyed them in which British genius can invest their names. In the praises every attempt at formation, the enemy turned their wrath which Mr. Scott has bestowed, therefore, all his readers will entirely towards them, distributed brandy among their sympathize ; but for those which he has withheld, there are troopers, and advanced to carry the field-pieces with the des- some that will not so readily forgive him: and in our eyes we peration of drunken fury. They were in nowise checked by will confess, it is a sin not easily to be expiated, that in a the heary loss which they sustained in this daring attempt, poem written substantially for the purpose of commemorating but closed, and fairly mingled with the British cavalry, to the brave who have fought or fallen in Spain or Portugal-and whom they bore the proportion of ten to one. Captain Ram- written by a Scotchman-there should be no mention of the say, (let me be permitted to name a gallant countryman,) who name of Moore!-of the only commander-in-chief who has commanded the two guns, dismissed them at the gallop, and fallen in this memorable contest; -of a commander who was putting himself at the head of the mounted artillerymen, acknowledged as the model and pattern of a British soldier, ordered them to fall upon the French, sabre-in-hand. This when British soldiers stood most in need of such an example ; Tery unexpected conversion of artillerymen into dragoons, -and was, at the same time distinguished not less for every contributed greatly to the defeat of the enemy, already dis- manly virtue and generous affection, than for skill and galInntry in his profession. A more pure, or a more exalted tish hero will be but more eagerly recalled to remembrance character, certainly has not appeared upon that scene which by the very lines in which his praise is forgotten."- Quarterly Mr. Scott has sought to illustrate with the splendour of his Review, vol. xvi. 1816.

ED. genius; and it is with a mixture of shame and indignation that we find him grudging a single ray of that profuse and readily yielded glory to gild the grave of his lamented countryman. To offer a lavish tribute of praise to the living, whose task is still incomplete, may be generous and munificent ;-but to departed merit, it is due in strictness of justice. Who will deny

NOTE U. that Sir John Moore was all that we have now said of him? or who will doubt that his untimely death in the hour of victory

O who shall grudge him Albiera's bays, would have been eagerly scized upon by an impartial poct, as

Who brought a race regenerate to the field, a noble theme for generous lamentation and eloquent praise ?

Roused them to emulate their futhers' praise, But Mr. Scott's political friends have fancied it for their in

Temper'd their headlong rage, their courage steerd, terest to calumniate the memory of this illustrious and ac

And raised fuir Lusitania's fallen shicle.-P. 275. complished person,-and Mr. Scott has permitted the spirit

Nothing during the war of Portugal seems, to a distinct of party to stand in the way, not only of poetical justice, but observer, more deserving of praise, than the self-devotion of of patriotic and generous feeling.

Field-Marshall Beresford, who was contented to undertake . It is this for which we grieve, and feel ashamed ;-this all the hazard of obloquy which might have been founded hardening and deadening effect of political animosities, in

upon any miscarriage in the highly important experiment of cases where politics should have nothing to do ;--this appa- training the Portuguese troops to an improved state of disciprent perversion, not merely of the judgment, but of the heart ; line. In exposing his military reputation to the censure of --this implacable resentment, which wars not only with the imprudence from the most moderate, and all manner of unliving, but with the dead;—and thinks it a reason for defraud

utterable calumnies from the ignorant and malignant, he ing a departed warrior of his glory, that a political antagonist placed at stake the dearest pledge which a military man had has been zealous in his praise. These things are lamentable, to offer, and nothing but the deepest conviction of the high and and they cannot be alluded to without some emotions of sor

essential importance attached to success can be supposed an row and resentment. But they affect not the fame of him adequate motive. How great the chance of miscarriage was on whose account these emotions are suggested. The wars of supposed, may be estimated from the general opinion of officers Spain, and the merits of Sir John Moore, will be commemo

of unquestioned talents and experience, possessed of every oprated in a more impartial and a more imperishable record, portunity of information ; how completely the experiment has than the Vision of Don Roderick; and his humble monument succeeded, and how much spirit and patriotism of our anin the Citadel of Corunna will draw the tears and the admira- cient allies had been underrated, is evident, not only from tion of thousands, who concern not themselves about the ex

those victories in which they have borne a distinguished share, ploits of his more fortunate associates.”Edinburgh Review, but from the liberal and highly honourable manner in which vol. xviii. 1811.

these opinions have been retracted. The success of this plan, The reader who desires to understand Sir Walter Scott's de

with all its important consequences, we owe to the indefatiliberate opinion on the subject of Sir John Moore's military gable exertions of Field-Marshall Beresford. character and conduct, is referred to the Life of Napoleon Bonaparte, vol. vi. chap. xlvi. But perhaps it may be neither unamusing nor uninstructive to consider, along with the diatribe just quoted from the Edinburgh Review, some reflections from the pen of Sir Walter Scoit himself on the injus

Note V. tice done to a name greater than Moore's in the noble stanzas on the Battle of Waterloo, in the third canto of Childe Harold

-a race renown'd of old, -an injustice which did not call forth any rebuke from the

Whose war-cry oft has waked the battle-sucell. Edinburgh critics. Sir Walter, in reviewing this canto, said, “ Childe Harold arrives on Waterloo-a scene where all

the conquering shout of Greme.-P. 276. men, where a poet especially, and a poet such as Lord Byrobe, must needs pause, and amid the quiet simplicity of whose This stanza alludes to the various achievements of the warscenery is excited a moral interest, deeper and more potent like family of Græme, or Grahame. They are said, by tradieven than that which is produced by gazing upon the sublimest tion, to have descended from the Scottish chief, under whose efforts of Nature in her most romantic recesses.

command his countrymen stormed the wall built by the Em. “ That Lord Byron's sentiments do not correspond with peror Severus between the Friths of Forth and Clyde, the ours, is obvious, and we are sorry for both our sakes. For fragments of which are still popularly called Græme's Dyke. our own, --because we have lost that note of triumph with Sir John the Græme,“ the hardy, wight, and wise," is well which his harp would otherwise have rung over a field of known as the friend of Sir William Wallace. Alderne, Kil. glory such as Britain never reaped before; and on Lord By- sythe, and Tibbermuir, were scenes of the victories of the heroic ron's account,- because it is melancholy to see a man of ge- Marquis of Montrose. The pass of Killycrankie is famous for nius duped by the mere cant of words and phrases, even when the action between King William's forces and the Highlandfacts are most broadly confronted with them. If the poet has

ers in 1039, mixed with the original, wild, and magnificent creations of his imagination, prejudices which he could only have caught “Where glad Dundee in faint huzzas expired." by the contagion which he most professes to despiso, it is he himself that must be the loser. If his lofty muse has soared It is seldom that one line can number so many heroes, and in all her brilliancy over the field of Waterloo without drop- yet more rare when it can appeal to the glory of a living deping even one leaf of laurel on the head of Wellington, his scendant in support of its ancient renown. merit can dispense even with the praise of Lord Byron. And The allusions to the private history and character of Geneas when the images of Brutus were excluded from the triumph-ral Grahame may be illustrated by referring to the eloquent al procession, his memory became only the more powerfully and affecting speech of Mr. Sheridan, upon the vote of thanks imprinted on the souls of the Romans--the name of the Bri- to the Victor of Barosa.

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