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OF THE

GENERAL ASSEMBLY

OF THE

FREE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND,

HELD IN EDINBURGH, MAY 1844.

EDINBURGH:
JOHN JOHNSTONE, HUNTER SQUARE.

1844.

CONTENTS.

.

82

24

Page

Pago

PREFACE,

i-viii

CASES OF TRANSLATION OF MINISTERS.

Call to Mr Thomson (Yester) by Catrine

THURSDAY, 16TH MAY.

congregation, .

58

The Assembly opened with Sermon by Dr Speeches of Parties, and of Mr Thomson, ib.

Brown, former Moderator,

1 The Assembly refuse to translate,

62

Roll called, and Dr Brown's closing address as Call to Mr F'airbairn (Salton), by Din.

former Moderator, and proposing Mr Grey

fermline congregation,

ib.

as his successor,

ib. Speeches of Parties, and Mr Fairbairn,

ib.

Mr Grey's Speech at opening the Assembly, 2

The Assembly refuse to translate,

Committees appointed,

6 AMERICAN DEPUTATION.

Dr Cunningham's Speech on his return from

FRIDAY, 17TH.

America,

ib.

REPORT ON The Five Schemes_By Dr Ma- Dr Gordon's Speech in proposing thanks to

kellar,

6 Dr Cunningham,

76

Mr Dunlop's Speech on ditto,

9-11 The Moderator's address to ditto

77

Dr Brown's and Dr Wilson's ditto,

il REPORT ON ADMISSION OF MINISTERS, AND
The Moderator's address to Dr Makellar, 12 PROBATIONERS FROM OTHER CHURCHES, 73
Members appointed to preach in the Assembly REPORT ON PREPARING A TESTIMONY, .

79

Hall,

13

The Assemb'y engage in Devotional Exer.

TUESDAY, 21ST.

cises,

ib. Forenoon observed as a day of humiliation-

REPORT ON SABBATE OBSERVANCE,

14 Sermon by Mr C. J. Brown,

80

Speeches of Mr Macfarlan, Mr Paul, Mr STATE OF RELIGION.
Simpson, Dr Candlish, and Mr Bridges, 15 Dr Chalmers' Speech op ditto,

ib.
OVERICRES ON STATE OF RELIGION,

18 Dr Makellar's,

Speech of Dr Candlish on ditto,

19-24 Mr Macfarlane's,

83

The Assembly appoint next Tuesday as a day Dr Laird's,

85

of humiliation in reference to this subject, Mr Brown's (Largo)

ib.

and a Sermon to be preached on that oc- Dr Cunningham's,

86

casion,

Professor Duncan's,

89

Dr Candlish's,

90

SATURDAY, 18TH:

Committee appointed to consider the subject

REPORT OF LAW COMMITTEE

ib.

and report,

92

Speeches of Rev. Messrs Cupples, Grey, and

Gibson,

26, 27

WEDNESDAY, 22D.

The Moderator returns thanks to Mi Dun. Mr Brown requested to print his Sermon, 93

lop,

27 REPORT ON INDIA MISSION SCHEME,

Constitution of Mariner's Church, Dundee,

Dr Wilson's Speech on ditto,

102

sept to Committee,

28

Moderator's address to Dr Gordon,

105

OVERTURE ON CHEAP PUBLICATIONS,

ib. Dr Cunningham's Speech on ditto,

106

Dr Candlish's Speech on ditto,

ib, Professor Duncan's ditto,

107

Mr Begg's ditto,

30 REPORT ON DEPUTATION TO ENGLAND, 108

Assembly approve of the object, and appoint

Moderator's address to Mr Tweedie,

a Committee,

31 Dr Patterson's Speech,

113

OVERTURES OM DISSERTERS' Chapels' Bili, ib. Sir J. Forrest's,

115

Mr Dunlop's Speech,

ib. Dr Candlísh's,

116

Dr Wilson's,

33 Deputation to attend Methodists

' Conference

A Petition on the subject to Parliament, or.

Meeting at Wales, appointed,

117

dered to be prepared,

34

OPERTURES Os Irish PRESBYTERIAN MAR-

ITAURSDAY, 23n.

RIAGES,

ib. Letter from George Buchan, Esq., Kelloe, ib.

Mr Begg's Speech on ditto,

ib.

Petition againsi Irish Marriage Bill, agreed

Assembly resolve to petition Parliament on

to,

118

ditto,

36 CASES OF TRANSLATION OF MINISTERS,

Irish Deputation introduced, and Speeches of

Call to Mr M.Leod (Logie Easter) by Ken.
Dr Barnett, Mr Dill, and Mr Gray, ib.

more congregation,

ib.

The Moderator's address to ditto,

45 Speeches of Parues,

ib.

The people not having been cited, the call
MONDAY, 20TH.
withdrawn,

119

The Assembly resolve to discontinue the Call to Mr Thorburn (Forglen) by Inverness

Special Cornmission,

47 congregation.

120

Rev. C. J. Brown appointed to preach before Speeches of Parties,

ib.
the Assembly to morrow,

ib. Speeches of Dr Clason, Mr Moncrieff, Pro-
REPORT OF JEWISH Mission,

ib. 'fessor Brown, Mr M.Naughtan, Mr M.
Speeches of Professor Duncan, Mr Schwartz,

Crichton, and Dr Candlish,

122

and Professor Brown,

52 The Assembly resolve to translate Mr Thor.

The Moderator's address to Mr vi. Stuart,
37 burn,

124

ib.

(RECAP)

110 11

Page

Page

REPORT ON COLONIAL SCHEME,

125 Cheap PUBLICATIONS-Dr Candlish's Speech

Dr Candlish's Speech on the case of Maria

186

Joaquina, referred to in the above Report, 130 Overture ON A'ssenbly's COMMITTEES WITA-

Dr Henderson's ditto,

131

DRAWN,

187

The Assembly agree to memorialize Govern. MARINERS COURCH, DUNDEE-Alteration of

ment as to ditto,

132 Constitution agreed to,

187

Speech of Dr Cunningham on American OVERTURE

ON UNIVERSITY TESTS,

ib.

Colonies,

ib.

Speech of Graham Speirs, Esq., 'on ditto, ib.

Speech of Mr Monteith on Ceylon,

133

Remitted to Commission,

188

The Moderator's address to Mr Sym, 134 REPORT OF DEPUTATION TO UNITED SECES-
Report on FINANCE,

135
SION CBURCU,

ib.
Regulations of Sustentation Fund,

137

Speeches of Dr Cunningham, A. Campbell,

MONDAY, 27TH.

Esq,. and Dr Candlish,

142 Overture on Meeting of Assembly at Aber.

deen superseded,

189

FRIDAY, 24TH.

REPORT ON ADMISSION OF MINISTER'S FROM

Committee to prepare address to the Queen, 147 OTHER CHURCHES,

190

Mr Sym appointed Convener of Colonial Overture on ditto agreed to,

191

Committee,

ib. REPORT ON OFFICES OF ELDERS AND Deacons, 191

REPORT ON The Debt OF THE CHURCH, 148 REPORT OF HOME MISSION SCHEME,

193

Mode to extinguish It agreed to,

149

GABLIC COMMITTEE,

194

OVERTUREX ON STATE OF THE Poon,

ib.

PLANTATION OF CHARGES,

201

Speech of Mr Dunlop,

ib Speech of Dr Candlish, and Regulations as

Speech of Mr Bege,

to new charges,

ib.

Speeches of Di Laird and Mr Gibson, 154 Acts of Assembly recommended to kirk-

Speeches of Mr Millar and Dr Henderson, 155

sessions,

208

Speeches of Mr Cupples and Mr Grierson, 156 REPORT ON ALTERATIONS OF FORMULA, ib.
Assembly appoint special attention to be

ON TRUST DEEDS,

ib.

given to the state of the poor, and cases of OVERTURES ON WALDENSES AND TURKISH

difficulty to be referred to the legal ad.

EMPIRE

209

viser,
157 Speech of Dr Candlish,

ib.

ENGLISU PRESBYTERIAN Synod's DEPUTATION. 158

Dr Wilson,

210

Speeches of Mr Ferguson and Mr Blyth, ib,

Rev. Mr Monod,

Speech of Dr Cunningham,

161 Continental Committee appointed,

218

The Moderator's address to ditto,

162 The Moderator's Address to Mr Monod, ib.

OVERTURES ON AMFRICAN SLAVERY,

163 REPORT OF BUILDING COMMITTEE,

ib.

Dr Candlish and Dr Cunningham's Speeches, ib. REPORT ON SUTHERLAND AND Ross,

236

Committee appointed to make report on do., 164 Speech of Rev. Mr Gray, and Letters be-
ADORESS 10 THE QUEEN,

ib.

REPORT OF CONFERENCE with ORIGINAL SC-

twixt Prezbytery of Perth and Lord Ruth.

ven as to site for manse at Porgandenny, 241

CEDERS,

165 REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC ACCOUNTS, 244

Dr Candlish's Speech,

166

OF COMMITTEE AS TO REPRESENTA-

Report on ELEMENTARY EDUCATION,

TION OF ASSEMBLY.

ib.

Speech of Mr Lewis,

170 OVERTURES ON SABBATA OD ERVANCE, 245

Speech of Mr M‘Donald,

173

Speeches of Mr Thomson and Mr Monteith, 156

Sabbath School Teachers' Memorial, 178

TUESDAY, 28TH.

The Moderator's address to Mr M.Donald, 180 The Address of Moderator to Dr Chalmers, 246

OVERTURES ON CHURCH Music AND

REPORT ON STATE OF RELIGION,

253

SCHOOL BOOKS,

180

Speech of Dr Gordon, on ditto

256

Committee on ditto appointed,

181

Dr Brown,

CASE OF DISCIPLINE- Mr Law of Dundee de.

R. Paul, Esq.

251

clared no longer a Minister of the Free Church,ib.

A. Dunlop, Esq.

259

Coinmittees on Psalmody and Manses ap-

A, E. Monteith, Esq.

260

pointed,

181

Dr Chalmers,

261

Dr Candlish,

202

SATURDAY, 2514.

The Assembly engage in devotional exercises, 263

CABE OF TRANSLATION.

The Moderator's closing Address,

Call to Mr M'Leod (Maryburgh,) by Loch-

carron congregation,

182

Speeches of Parties,

APPENDIX.

Speeches of Mr G. Speirs, Rev. Mr M Gil. 1. Speech of Rev. C. J. Brown at Synod of Lo-

livray, and Mr Dunlop,

184 inian and Tweeddale, on the State of Reli.

The Assembly agree to translate,

185

21

OVERTURE AXENT CONFERENCE WITH OTHER 2. Petition to Parliameni regarding Irish Pres-
CHURCHES-Dr Candlish's Speech,
185 byterian Marriages,

278
REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON PLANTATION OF 3. Extracts from Documents issued by the
CHARGES-Delayed

186 Committee upon the State of Religion, 276

ib.

ib.

PREFACE.

The following Report of the proceedings of the Third General Assembly of the Free Church bas been prepared mainly, though not entirely, from the Witness newspaper. In many instances the speeches will be found altered and enlarged, and some are supplied which were altogether omitted in that publication. The impor. tance of the subject which occupied the most prominent place in the Assembly's proceedings, namely, THE STATE OF RELIGION, is a sufficient reason for the documents which are introduced into the appendix.

In reference to the whole proceedings of this Assembly, the following extracts from an article in a recent number of the Presbyterian Review, may be here inserted as an introduction to this Report.

“ Our prosperity as a Church must not be viewed simply in the light of our success as a movement. Very effectual and complete has the movement been. It has passed through no stage of precarious infancy, or sickly chiidhood, but all as in a moment, it has clothed itself in the triumpbs of matured and indomitable manhood. But how fares it with the inward progress of the body—is there as much spirituality as partizansbip_does the Church arise and shine, while the tide of movement runs as strong as ever?

“ Tbis is the real point for consideration; and on which we would desire both friend and adversary to fix their eye. Unfortunately, it is a question which those who dis. countenance us will not answer, because they will not put it. But it is the only view of matters that a godly soul cares for; and it is likewise the subject in regard to which our third General Assembly furnishes us with the most abundant materials for judging. Nothing new as to our position or prospects transpired on this occasion; neither was anything new developed as to our plans and operations.

Previous exertions bad succeeded beyond all expectation in laying down the platform, and organizing our economy as a Church; and workmen, numerous up to our present means of using them, were ready for duty at their assigned stations. The engine was set up, and all in order. But now came the question —under what impulse shall all this tremendous machinery be driven,-in what direction shall it move upon its way? Our constitution as a church was all we could desire; but our character as a church, wbat shall it be? Great is our influence-our force. We must tell prodigiously for evil, or for good. Whence, then, shall come the inspiration that is to guide usfrom the devil or God? This was the question which this Assembly had to de. termine; and it was an anxious--an awful one. On the answer given there bung the loss or salvation of ourselves and our posterity. The fortunes of Protestantisin and Christianity were involved in it; and more than the simple event of the disruption, would it affect the interests of vital godliness in Scotland, and over tbe world. Bless the Lord, O our souls, for ever and ever! He who rescued us from the fowler,'— even the devil,gave us not over to ourselves. If we have had reason to mourn that, as to extensive revival, God was not in the earthquake' of our great secession, though it were bis own doing; or, in the fire' of our indefatigable zeal, though it were all of bis own kindling; surely, amid the stillness' of love, and prayer, and sorrow, vouchsafed at this Assembly, his voice' was heard, and it was then made evident that in spite of all her sore defection, he had chosen our Church as a polished shaft for the battle of truth and holiness.

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