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stagers; but the very classes that are usually the most conservative, the most skeptical of popular John H. Clarke...1853 Salmon P. Chase. . 1865 judgment, and the quickest to apply the brake to Chas. T. James....1857 Benj. F. Wade....1857 popular furor, are the foremost in hailing Kossuth as the hero and deliverer of the nineteenth century. Truman Smith....1855 Jos. R. Underwond. 1853 But amidst this obstreperous enthusiasm, these Vacancy. ..1857 Henry Clay......1855 breakers of popular delight which no man can directly face, there is an under-tow which at this Hamilton Fish. ...1857 John Bell........

..1853 moment is beginning to make itself felt. This was

..1857 first visible in the Senate of the United States. W. H. Seward..... 1855 Jas. C. Jones... The essential constitutional function of this body is to prevent great national questions from being car- Robt, P.. Stockton.:1857 Jesse D. Bright....1857 ried by acclamation ; and from this quarter, with Jacob W. Miller...1853 Jas. Whitcomb.... 1855 propriety, first proceeded the caution to the eager nation, not to let their sympathies with the op- R'd Brodhead, jr..1857 Step'n A. Douglass 1853 pressed peoples of the old worlel hurry them into James Cooper.....1853 James Shields..... 1855 worse than useless contentions with their despotic rulers.

Presley Spruance.. 1855 David R. Atchison, 1855 After having addressed the citizens of Baltimore James A. Bayard. .1857 Henry S. Geyer.... 1857 and Philadelphia, M. Kossuth visits Washington, to receive the high honor offered him by Congress Jas. A. Pearce....1855 Soland Borland.... 1855 of a national welcome. Thence he proceeds to Thos. G. Pralt....1857 W.K. Sebastian...1853 Cincinnati and the great West.

James M. Mason..1857 Lewis Cass.......1857 CONGRESSIONAL SUMMARY.

Robt. M. T. Hunter.1853 Alpheus Felch....1853 THERE are few of our readers who bave not felt Geo. E. Badger .... 1855 Step'n R. Mallory..1857 the difficulty of hunting up, from musty files of Willie P.Mangum. 1853 Jackson Morton...1855 newspapers, the news of a past day, however notorious at the time it may have been. The unwieldy size of a volume of our mammoth journals, Rubt. B. Rhett.... 1853 Thos. J. Rusk..... 1857







Andrew P. Butler.. 1855 Saml. Houston.... 1763 its uncouthness banishing it from book-shelves and reading-rooms; its imperfection, caused by missing numbers ; and the time required to sift the gene- Jno. McP. Berrien. 1853 Aug. C. Dodge... 1855 ral matter sought after from the inpumerable items Wm. C. Dawson...1855 Geo. W. Jones....1853 of merely passing note, which it is the chief duty of a newspaper to record, are the source of a Vacancy.. .1857 Henry Dodge.....1857 vast deal of inaccuracy in the public mind, with Henry 5. Foote....1853 Issac P. Walker... 1855 respect to the passing political history of the country. Hence popular errors are as frequent con- Solomon Downs...1853 Wm. M. Gwin....1855 cerning the events of two years since, as of twenty ; Pierre Soule......1855 Vacancy.. ..1857 and far more dangerous. For, from this cause demagogues multiply, and quack statesmanship Jerem'h Clemens. .1853 Wm. R. King.....1855 grows fat. Our aim is, consequently, to present, in a succinct shape, a monthly journal of the more

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. important proceedings in Congress, and to give them with the bistorical accuracy necessary for

LINN BOYD, of KY, SPEAKER. future reference. We by no means intend to load

2 Ro. Rantoul, jr., our pages with the lengthy eloquence with which

1 Moses McDonald, 3 James H. Duncan, members astonish thier constituents and stupefy 2 John Appleton, 4 Benjamin Thompson, Congress; but we wi-h to chronicle only the acts

3 Robert Goodenow, 5 Charles Allen, of our legislative bodies, and the spirit of the more 4 Charles Andrews, 6 George T. Davis, prominent debates, which, from some men and on

5 Ephraim K. Smart, 7 John 2. Goodrich, some occasions, are themselves facts.

6 Israel Washburn, jr., 8 Horace Mann, The following are the members of the present 7 Thomas J. D. Fuller. 9 Orin Fowler, Congress.

10 Zeno Scudder.

1 Amos Tuck,
2 Charles H. Peaslee, 1 George G. King,

3 Jared Perkins, 2 Benj. H. Thurston. WILLIAM R. King, PRESIDENT.

4 Harry Hibbard.
Term enpires.
Term expires.

1 Charles Chapman,

1 Ahiman L. Miner, 2 C. M. Ingersoll, J29. W. Bralbury..1863 William Upham. . 1853 2 William Hebard, 3 C. F. Cleveland, Hannibal Hamlin.. 1857 Solomon Foot.....1857 3 James Meacham, 40. S. Seymour.

4 Th. Bartlett, jr. John P. Hale..... .1853 John Davis.......1853

1 John G. Floyd, Moses Norris, jr...1855 Charles Sumner...1857 1 William Appleton, 2 Obadiah Bowne,






















3 Emanuel B. Hart, 3 Edward Hammond,
4 J. H. Hobart Haws, 4 Thomas Yates Walsh,
5 George Briggs, 5 Alexander Evans,
6 James Brooks,

6 Joseph S. Cottman.
1 A. P. Stevens,
8 Gilbert Dean,

1 John S. Millson, 9 William Murray, 2 Richard K. Meade, 10 Marius Schoonmaker, 3 Thomas H. Averett, 11 Josiah Sutherland, 4 Thomas S. Bocock, 12 David L Seymour, 5 Paulus Powell, 13 John L. Schoolcraft, 6 John S. Caskie, 14 John H. Boyd, 7 Thomas H. Bayly, 15 Joseph Russell, 8 Alex. R. Holladay, 16 John Wells,

9 James F. Strother, 17 Alex. H. Buell, 10 Charles J. Faulkner, 18 Preston King, 11 John Letcher, 19 Willard Ives, 12 Henry A. Edmundson, 20 Timothy Jenkins, 13 Fayette MeMullen, 21 William W. Snow, 14 James M. H. Beale, 22 Henry Bennett, 15 George W. Thompson. 23 Leander Babcock, 24 Daniel T. Jones, 1 Thomas L. Clingman, 25 Thos. Y. How, jr., 2 Joseph P. Caldwell, 26 H. S. Walbridge, 3 Alfred Dockery, 27 William A. Sackett, 4 James T. Morehead, 28 Ab. M. Schermerhorn, 5 Abr. W. Venable, 29 Jedediah Horseford, 6 John R. J. Daniel, 30 Reuben Robie, 7 W. S. Ashe, 31 Frederick S. Martin, 8 Edward Stanly, 32 8. G. Haven,

9 David Outlaw, 33 Augustus P. Haskell, 34 Lorenzo Burrows. 1 Daniel Wallace,

NEW JERSEY. 2 James L. Orr, 1 Nathan T. Stratton, 3 Joseph A. Woodward, 2 Charles Skelton, 4 John McQueen, 3 Isaac Wildrick, 5 Armistead Burt, 4 George H. Brown, 6 William Aiken, 5 Rodman M. Price. 7 William Colcock. PENNSYLVANIA.

GEORGIA. 1 Thomas B. Florence. 1 Joseph W. Jackson, 2 Joseph R. Chandler, 2 James Johnson, 3 Henry D. Moore, 3 David J. Bailey, 4 John Robbins, jr., 4 Charles Murphy, 6 John McNair, 6 E. W. Chastain, 6 Thomas Ross, 6 Junius Hillyer, 7 John A. Morrison, 1 A. H. Stephens, 8 Thaddeus Stevens, 8 Robert Toombs, 9 J. Glancy Jones, 10 Milo M. Dimmick, 1 John Bragg, 11 H. M. Fuller,

2 James Abercrombie, 12 Galusha A. Grow, 3 Sampson W. Harris, 13 James Gamble, 4 Wm. R. Smith, 14 T. S. Bibighaus, 5 George S. Houston, 15 Wm. H. Kurtz, 6 W. R. W. Cobb, 16 J. X. McLanaban, 7 Alexander White. 17 Andrew Parker, 18 John L. Dawson, 1 D. B. Nabors, 19 Joseph H. Kuhns, 2 John A. Wilcox, 20 John Allison, 3 J. D. Freeman, 21 Thomas M. Howe, 4 Albert G. Brown. 22 John W. Howe,

LOUISIANA. 23 Carleton B. Curtis, 1 Louis St. Martin, 24 Alfred Gilmore. 2 J. Aristide Landry, DELAWARE.

3 Alexander G. Penn, 1 George R. Riddle. 4 Isaac E. Morse. MARYLAND.

TEXAS. 1 Richard J. Bowie, 1 Volney E. Howard, 2 Wm. T. Hamilton,

2 Richard Scurry.

ARKANSAS. 21 Norton S. Townsliend. 1 Robert W. Johnson.


1 Ebenezer J. Penniman,
1 Andrew Jolinson, 2 C. E. Stuart,
2 Albert G. Watkins, 3 James I. Conger.
3 Geo. W. Churchwell,
4 John H. Savage, 1 James Lockhart,
5 George W. Jones, 2 Cyrus L. Dunham,
6 Wm. H. Polk, 3 John L. Robinson,
7 Meredith P. Gentry, 4 Samuel W. Parker,
8 William Cullom, 5 Thos. A. Hendricks,
9 Isham G. Harris, 6 Willis A. Gorman,
10 Frederick P. Stanton, 7 John G. Davis,
11 Chris. II. Williams. 8 Daniel Mace,

9 Graham N. Fitch, 1 E. Carrington Cabell.10 Samuel Brenton. KENTUCKY.

ILLINOIS. 1 Linn Boyd,

1 William H. Bissell, 2 Benj. Edward Grey, 2 Willis Allen. 3 Presly M. Ewing, 3 Orlando B. Ficklin, 4 Wm. T. Ward, 4 Richard S. Malony, 5 James W. Stone, 5 Wm. A. Richardson, 6 Addison White, 6 Thompson Campbell, 7 Humphrey Marshall, 7 Richard Yates. 8 John C. Breckenridge, MISSOURI. 9 John C. Mason, 1 John F. Darby, 10 Richard H. Stanton. 2 Gilchrist Porter, OHIO.

3 John G. Miller,
1 David T. Disney, 4 Willard P. Hall,
2 Lewis D. Campbell, 5 John S. Phelps.
3 Hiram Bell,

4 Benjamin Stanton, 1 Lincoln L. Clark,
5 Alfred P. Egerton, 2 Bernhardt Henn.
6 Frederick W. Green,

7 Nelson Barrere, 1 Charles Durkee,
8 John L. Taylor, 2 Benj. C. Eastman,
9 Edson B. Olds, 3 Janies D. Doty.
10 Charles Sweetser,

CALIFORNIA. 11 George H. Bushby, 1 Joseph W. McCorkle, 12 John Welch,

2 Edward C. Marshall. 13 James M. Gaylord,

OREGON. 14 Alex. Harper, 1 Jos. Lane, (delegate.) 15 William W. Hunter,

MINNESOTA. 16 John Johnson, i H.H.Sibley, (delegate.) 17 Joseph Cable,

ORY. 18 David K. Cartter, 1 J. M. Bernhisel, (del.) 19 Evan Newton,

NEW MEXICO, 20 Joshua R. Giddings, 1 R.W.Weightman,(del.)

The Standing Committees are composed as fol. lows:

Foreign RELATIONS—Messrs. Mason, Douglass,
Norris, Mangum, and Underwood.

Finance-Messrs. Hunter, Bright, Gwin, Pierce, and Mallory.

COMMERCE_Messrs. Hamlin, Soule, Dodge, of Wisconsin, John Davis, and Seward.

MANUFACTURES—Messrs. Sebastian, Bayard, Clarke, Stockton, and James.

AGRICULTURE—Messrs. Soule, Walker, Atchinson, Spruance, and Wade.

Military AFFAIRS—Messrs. Shields, Clemens, Borland, Baldwin, Dawson, (Tenn.,) and Jones.

Militia-Messrs. Houston, Dodge, of Wisconsin, Borland, Baldwin, Morton, and Sprtance.

Naval Affairs-Messrs. Gwin, Stockton, Mallory Badger, and Fish.




Public Lands—Messrs. Felch, Shields, Dodge, I M. Howe, Morehead, Babcock, and Campbell, of Iowa, Underwood, and Pratt.

(III.) PRIVATE LAND CLAIMs-Messrs. Downs, Wbit- PRIVATE LAND CLAIMS—Messrs. Jenkins, Thompcomb, Clemens, John Davis, and Hale.

son, (Va.,) Abercrombie, Dawson, Campbell, (Ohio) INDIAN Affairs-Messrs. Ateliison, Sebastian, Nabors, Landry, Snow, and Miller. Rusk, Bell, and Cooper.

MANUFACTURES-- Messrs. Beale, Florence, ThompClaims—Messrs. Brodhead, Whitcomb, Bayard, son, (Mass.,) Cleveland, White, (Ky,) Murray, Prait, and Wade.

Perkius, Green, and Hart. REVOLUTI NARY CLAIM3—Messrs. Walker, Chase, AGRICULTURE— Messrs. Floyd, Dockery, Skelton, James, Foote, and Sumner.

Newton, Mcdíullin, Cable, (Ohio,) Brenton, Doty, JUDICIARY — Messrs. Butler, Downs, Bradbury, and McNair. Berrien, and Geyer.

Indian AFFAIRS—Messrs. Johnson, (Ark.,) HowPost OFFICE AND Post Roads-Messrs. Rusk, ard, Briggs, Jackson, Conger, Fitch, Caldwell, Soule, Upham, Morton, and Hamlin.

Marshall, (Cal.,) and Durkee. Roads and Canals-Messrs. Bright, Rhett, Doug- MILITARY AFFAIRS—Messrs. Burt, Bissell, GenIsse, Spruance, and Sumner.

try, Gorman, Evans, Smart, Stevens, (Pa.,) Wil. Pensions—Messrs. Jones, of Iowa, Borland, cox, and Haven. Stncktvn, Foote, of Vermont, and Geyer.

Militia--Peaslee, Savage, King, (R. I.,) Davis, District of Columbia—Messrs. Shields, Brad- (Ind.,) Hunter, Andrews, Hebard, (Vt.,) Chastain, bury, Norris, Berrien, and Clarke.

Ward. PATENTS AND Patent OFFICE-Messrs. Norris, Naval AFFAIRS--Messrs. Stanton, (Tenn.,) BoJames, Whitcomb, Dawson, and Smith.

cock, Burrows, Harris, (Ala.) Cabell, (Fla.,) Ross, Public Buildings— Messrs. Whitcomb, Hunter, Penniman, Wildrick, and Goudenow. and Clark.

Foreign Affairs--Messrs. Bayly, (Va.,) WoodPRINTING- Messrs. Borland, Hamlin, and Smith. ward, Toombs, Polk, Taylor, Appleton, (Me.,) In

RETRENCHMENT — Messrs. Bradbury, Bright, gersoll, Chandler, and Breckenridge. Felch, Mangum, and Fish.

TERRITORIES--Messrs. Richardson, Holliday, TERRITORIES – Messrs. Douglass, Houston, Gwin, Clingman, Stone, Giddings, Bailey, (Ga.,) Scudder, Cooper, and Jones, (Tenn.)

Stuart, and Lockhart. ENGROSSED BILLS—Messrs. Bayard, Mallory, and REVOLUTIONARY PExsiONS — Messrs. Millson, Hale.

Russell, Tuck, Townshend, Brown, (N. J.,) ChurchLIBRARY/Messrs. Pierce, Clemens, and Dodge, well, Cottman, Goodrich, and Allen, (III.) (Iowa)

Invalid Pensions— Messrs. Harris,(Tenn.,) Price, ENROLLED Bills-Messrs. Jones (Iowa) and Martin, Molony, Lastman, Johusun, (Ohio,) Kuhns, Badger.

Jones, (N. Y.,) and Chapman. To AUDIT AND CONTROL CONTINGENT EXPENDI- Roads AND Canals- Messrs. Robinson, Colcock, TURES OF THE SENATE-Messrs. Dodge, (lowa,) J. W. Howe, Mason, Stanton, (Ohio,) Hart, Faulk Walker, and Bell.

ner, Sutherland, and Johnson, (Ga.)

PATENTS— Messrs. Cartter, Dimmick, Ward, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

Thurston, and White, (Ala.) Ox Elections-Messrs. Disney, Williams, Ham- Public BuildiNGS AND GROUNDS-Messrs. Stanilton, Schermerhorn, Caskie, Ewing, Davis, (Mass.,) | ton, (Ky.,) Edmondson, Bowie, Doty, and Boyd. and Gamble.

REVISAL AND UNFINISHED BUSINESS—Messrs. Ox Ways and Means - Messrs. Houston, Jones, Cable, Thomas Y. How, Bibighaus, Busby, and (Tenn.,) Stanly, Hibbard, Brooks, Jones, (Penn.,) Washburn. Appleton, (Mass.,) Dunham, and Phelps.

Accounts- Messrs. Mason, Morrison, Welch, Un Claims-Messrs. Daniel, Edgerton, Bowie, Robie, and Duncan. Seymour. (Conn.,) Rantoul, Sackett, Curtis, Smith, Mileage-Hendricks, Freeman, Haws, Letcher, (Ala.,) and Porter.

and Allison. 0 COMMERCE--Messrs. Seymour, (N. Y.,)John- ENGRAVING-Messrs. Hammond, Riddle, and son, (Tenn.,) Stephens, (Ga.,) Fuller, (Maine,) Dun- Miner. can, Robbins, St. Marun, Aiken, and Walsh. Library-Chandler, Woodward, and Mann,

Os Public Lands—Messrs. Hall, Cobb, Bennett, (Mass.) Orr, Watkins, Freeman, Moore, Henn, and Mc- ENROLLED Bills—Messrs. Wildrick and Barrere. Corkle.

EXPENDITURES State DEPARTMENT - · Messrs. Post Office-Messrs. Olds, A. G. Pann, Fowler, Stuart, Asbe, Wells, Campbell, (IN.) Powell, Schoolcraft, Scurry, Grey, Marshall, (Cal.,) EXPENDITURES Treasury DeraRTMENT—Messrs. and Clark.

Thurston, Hendricks, Walbridge, Grow, Allison. DistaicT OF COLUMBIA-Messrs. Ficklin, Averett, EXPENDITURES OF WAR DEPARTMENT—Messrs. Hammond, Allen, (Mas..,) Hillyer, Bell, Buell, and Dimmick, Ives, Bowne, Parker, (Iod.,) Chastain. Mace.

EXPENDITURES or Navy DEPARTMENT - Messrs. JUDICIARY-Messrs. McLanahan, Meade, Mar. McMullen, Harris, (Ala.,) Horsford, Florence, Cashall, (kiy..) Venable, Harris, (Tenn.,) Meacham, bell, (Fla.) Bragg, Parker, (Ind.,) and King, (N. Y.)

EXPENDITURES OF Post-OFFICE DEPARTMENT REVOLUTIONARY CLAIMS--Messrs. McDonald, Messrs. Pevn, Kurtz, Davis, (Mass.,) Hascall, and Stanton, (Ky.,) Strother, Gaylord, Fuller, (Pa.,) Savage. Rantoul, Murphy, Yates, and Dean.

ExpeNDITURES ON Public Buildings_Messrs. Public EXPENDITURES--Messrs. Johnson, (Tern.,) Barilett, Haws, Davis, (Iud.,) Outlaw, Churchwell, weetser, Schoonmaker, Stratton, Letcher, Thomas and Taylor.

The annual Message of President Fillmore com- The President notices the subject of reciprocal mences with a brief account of the Lopez Expe- trade with Canada, and the overtures made by the dition, and a reviewal of the course pursued by British Minister in this matter, and the stringent the Government with reference to it. It declares measures the British Government are inclined to the individuals actually engaged in this Expedi. adopt, if some mutually beneficial arrangement tion to have forfeited all claim to the protection cannot be made. of their country, but states that the Government A convention for the adjustment of claims of would nevertheless spare no effort to procure the citizen against Portugal has been concluded, and release of such as were now in confinement in the first instalment, which bas already fallen due, Spain. The President alludes severely to the in- bas been paid, according to the provisions of the stigators of this unhappy affair, who, better in convention. The President of the French Republic formed themselves, have yet led away the ardor bas been selected arbiter, and has accepted the of youth and an ill-directed love of political liberty trust. into the hazardous and criminal attempt. The Mr. Fillmore refers to the resolution of Congress peculiar policy of the United States is neutrality, authorizing the President to employ a public or non-intervention. Friendly relations with all, vessel to convey to this country Louis Kossuth and but entangling alliances with no foreign power, bis associates. Governor Kossuth bas expressed has long been a maxiın in the conduct of our ex- to the Department of State his grateful acknow. ternal relations. The invasion of Cuba was there- ledgments for the interposition of this Governfore not only an offense against general inter- ment. national law, but it was a departure from those The differences between the Government of the principles upon which has been founded the pol- Sandwich Islands and the French Republic are icy of our Government since the days of Wash- mentioned, and hopes expressed of their speedy ington.

adjustment so as to secure the independence of But, the President adds with emphasis, while thuse islands. The importance of the islands to we avow and maintain this neutral policy our the whale-fishery, and their position in the direct selves, we are anxious to see the same forbearance path of the great trade that must some day be on the part of other nations, whose forms of gov. carried on between the western coast of this counernment are different from our own. The deep try and Asia, render it necessary that they should interest which we feel in the spread of liberal not pass under the control of any other great principles and the establishment of free govern maritime state, but that they should remain acces. ments, and the sympathy with which we witness sible and useful to the commerce of all nations. every struggle against oppression, forbid that we The policy heretofore adopted with regard to the should be indifferent to a case in which the strong independence of these islands will consequently arm of a foreign power is invoked to stifle public be steadily pursued. sentiment and repress the spirit of freedom in any The funds available to the Treasury for the country. The Governments of Great Britain and year ending June 30, 1851, were $58,917,524 36, France have given orders to their naval command and the expenditures $48,005,578 68. The im. ers on the West India station, to prevent by force ports were $215.725,995, including $4.967.901 in the landing of adventurers from any nation on the specie. The exports were $217,517,130, of which island of Cuba with hostile intent. Assurances have $178,546,555 were domestic products, 89,738,695 been received from both Governments that, in foreign products, and $29,231,880 specie. Since these orders, express instructions have been given December 1, 1851, $7,501,456 56 have been paid that no interference take place with the lawful on the public debt; that debt now amounts to commerce of this country. Still, the President ap- $62,560,395 26, exclusive of that issued for Texas. prehends that such interposition, if carried into The available funds for the present year will be effect, might lead to abuses in derogation of the $63,258,743 09, and the expenditures $42,892,299 maritime rights of the United States.

19; of this, $9,549,101 11 will be on account of the Under all circumstances, says President Fill- new territories; and it is estimated that on June more, will this Government adhere to the princi- 30, 1853, there will be a balance of $20,366,443 ple that, in every documented merchant vessel, 90 to pay off the debt then due and for other purthe crew who navigate it and those on board of it poses. will find their protection in the flag which is over Our domestic exports have increased $43,646,ito No American ship can be allowed to be visited 322 over the previous year; this is due mamly to or searched for the purpose of ascertaining the the high price of cotton during the first balf of the character of individuals on board, nor can there be year. The value of our exports of breadstuffs has allowed any watch by the vessels of any foreign fallen from $68,701,921, as it was in 1847, to $21,nation over American vessels on the coasts of the 948,653; rice and tobacco have also fallen off United States or the seas adjacent thereto. $1,156,751.

The President speaks with mortification and Information had been received by the Govern. regret of the mobbing of the Spanish Consul at ment that persons from the United States had New Orleans, and the destruction of bis property, taken part in the insurrection in the northern proand has directed inquiries into the extent of his vinces of Mexico, and orders have consequently losses, with the purpose of laying them before been issued for the purpose of prevening any Congress for indemnity. The attention of Congress hostile expeditions against that country from being is also drawn to the deficiency of our laws in not set on foot, in violation of the laws of the United providing sufficiently for either the protection or States. the punishment of Consuls.

The numerous frauds which continue to be prac

tised upon the revenue, by false invoices and val- | doubts in the minds of thousands concerning the nations, constitute an unanswerable reason for durability of our popular institutions. adopting specific instead of advalorem duties in Our summary of this admirable document preall cases where the nature of the commodity does cludes the necessity of any further historic statenot forbid it. The practical evasion of the present ment from us of the state of the country. law, combined with the languishing condition of Little of interest has as yet transpired in Consome of the great interests of the country, caused gress, with the exception of the debates respecting by over-importatiors and consequently depressed the welcome to be extended to Kossuth, and the prices, together with the failure in obtaining a for- resolutious brought forward by Mr. Foote, making eign market for our increasing surplus of bread the compromise measures a national platform. On stuffs and provisions, has induced the President this latter subject the embers of last year's fires again to recommend a modification of the existing have been raked over, and much unexpected tariff.

warmth has been manisested. Some regret was The establi-hment of an Agricultural Bureau is expressed, even by those members who had voted suggested, to be charged with the duty of collect- for the compromise, that so exciting a subject ing and spreading correct information as to the best should have been revived. They thought it would mode of cultivation, and of the most effectual have the effect of increasing the discord and of means of preserving and restoring the fertility of widening the jarring interests that the compromise the soil, and of procuring and distributing seeds bad partially quieted. Mr. Foote, however, deand plants, with instructions in regard to the soil, fended his resolution with his usual impetuosity, climate, and treatment best adapted to their asserting that these discords were still unsilenced, growth.

that the old wounds were only half healed, and About one hundred thousand persons have that the weight of the solemn decree of the naalready made application for the benefit of the tional legislature was still needed to quiet the yet Bounty Land Law of September 28, 1850. agitated country.

Congress is urged to make appropriations for The joint resolution presented by Mr. Seward, River and Harbor improvement.

proffering Louis Kossuth a welcome to the CapiAn increase of the army is recommended for the tol and Congress of the United States, was adoptprotection of our south-western frontier against ed after much discussion by a large vote. The Indian depredations.

objections urged against this resolution were, that Among the other recommendations offered by the no foreigner but Lafayette had ever received so President, we find one, that extra pay be extended exalted an honor as a national welcome, and that to the officers and men of the Arctic Expedition in he had peculiar claims on this nation, which were search of Sir John Franklin; that some mode be wanting in the case of Kossuth ; that this measure fixed upon, providing for promotion to the hiyher was against all international precedent; that it grades of the navy, having reference to merit or would embroil us with several of the European capacity rather than seniority in the service, and for powers, with whom we were now on peaceful terms; retiring from the effective list, upon reduced pay, and that non-interference with the transatlantic those who are incompetent for active duty; ibat dissensions was the fundamental principle of our the questions of relative rank between the sea national policy, solemnly established by preceofficers and the civil officers of the navy be deter- dents in the administration of Washington and mined, as well as between officers of the army and Madison. It was further contended that the cause nary in the various grades of each; and that some of free institutions abroad was more truly fostered mode of punishment for offenses in the navy be by the growth and prosperity of the United States provided in the place of the abolished corporal than it could ever be by the most succes-ful war. punishment.

The friends of the resolution urged that the GovThe country is congratulated upon the general ernment bad committed the country in this matacquiescence throughout the Republic in the com. ter, by placing a national vessel at ihe service of proinise measures passed by the last Congress, Kossuth, and the welcome was but the consumand upon the spirit of conciliation which bas been mation of the invitation. The measure finally manifested in all sections, and which has removed passed both houses by large majorities.

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The biographical sketch intended to accompany the portrait of the late Mr. Terry, which we give in this number, has not been received in time for the present issue.

We have to express our regrets that the portrait of a distinguished member of the Cabinet, which we had hoped to present to our subscribers, as an additional embellishment to the January number, will be necessarily postponed for a similar cause.

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