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one year

Ohio

104,150 14 Kentucky

168,928 76 $ 10. II. Duties on licenses to distillers of spirituous liquors, estimated to produce 8 765,000.

These duties are laid on the capacity of the still, including the head, and are rated as follow: On stills employed in distilling from

Domestic Materials.
For 2 weeks

9 cents per gallon
1 month

18 do. do. 2 months

32 do. do. 3 months

42 do. do. 4 months

52 do. do. 6 months

70 do. do.

108 do. do.
Foreign Materials.
For 1 month

25 cents per gallon
3 months

60 do. do. 6 months

105 do. do. one year

135 do. do. For every boiler, however constructed, employed for the purpose of generating steam in those distilleries where wooden or other vessels are used instead of metal stills, and the action of steam is substituted to the immediate application of fire to the materials from which the spirituous liquors are distilled, double the amount of the above duties on each gallon of the capacity of the boiler, including the head.

11. III. A duty of 4 cents per pound on all sugar refined within the United States, entitled, however, to drawback on exportation, if amounting to $ 12 or upwards, estimated to produce $ 200,000.

12. IV. Duties on licenses to retailers of wines, spirituous liquors, and foreign merchandize as follow, estimated to produce $ 500,000. In cities, towns, or villages, containing, within the limits of

one mile square, more than 100 families. On retailers of merchandize, including wines and spirits

$ 25 per annum. of wines alone

20 of spirits alone

20
of domestic spirits alone

15
of merchandize other than wines
and spirits

15

10

In places containing, within the above limits, less than 100

families. On retailers of merchandize, including wines and spirits

$15 per annum. of wines and spirits

15
of spirits alone

12
of domestic spirits alone
of merchandize other than wines
and spirits

10 Every person dealing in goods, wares, or merchandize, except such as are of the growth, produce, or manufacture of the United States, except such as are sold by the importer in the original cask, package, &c. in which they were imported, is deemed a retail dealer in merchandize within the meaning of the act ; every person dealing in wines in less quantities at a time than 30 gallons, except the importer as above, is deemed a retail dealer in wines ; and every person dealing in distilled spirituous liquors in less quantities than 20 gallons at a time, is deemed a retail dealer in spirituous liquors. Exceptions are drawn in favour of physicians, apothecaries, &c. as to wines and spirituous liquors used in the preparation of medicines ; and of distillers, who may sell domestic spirits in quantities not less than five gallons at a time at the place where they are distilled.

$ 13. V. A duty on sales at auction of one per cent. on sales of goods, wares, and merchandize, and a quarter of one per cent. on sales of ships or vessels, estimated to produce $ 50,000.

The following sales are exempted from those duties, viz: sales of goods, &c. made in execution of any rule, judgment, &c. of any court of the United States, or in virtue of any distress for rent, or any other cause for which a distress is allowed by law, or made in consequence of any bankruptcy or insolvency, pursuant to any law concerning bankruptcies or insolvencies; or made in consequence of any general assignment of property and effects for the benefit of creditors; or made by or on behalf of executors or administrators; or made pursuant to the directions of any law of the United States, or either of them, touching the collection of any tax or duty; or disposal by auction of public property of the United States or of any state; or to any sale by auction of ships, their tackle, apparel, and furniture, or the cargoes thereof, wrecked or stranded within the United States, and sold for the benefit of the insurers or proprietors.

$ 14. VI. Duties on carriages as follows, estimated to produce 8 150,000, viz. On every coach

$ 20 per annum On every chariot and post-chaise

17

Mr. Clay being accordingly declared duly elected, was conducted by the tellers to the chair, from which, after having been sworn, he addressed the house in an appropriate speech.

The members were then sworn in by states, after which the house elected their clerk, door-keepers, and sergeant at arms*. After the usual orders were adopted in respect to furnishing the members with newspapers, &c., a committee was appointed jointly with a committee from the senate, to wait on the president, and inform him that the two houses were ready to receive any communication he might have to make.

§ 3. The following day the president, as usual, transmitted his message to both houses.

§ 4. In this communication, the president commences by noticing his acceptance of the formal offer made by the emperor of Russia, of his mediation, as the common friend of both parties, for the purpose of bringing about a peace between the United States and Great Britain, and of the appointment of the American commissioners without waiting for the acceptance of Great Britain, to avoid the delay incident to the distance of the parties.

After observing, that, although no adequate motives exist on the part of Britain to prefer a continuance of war to the terms on which the United States are willing to close, the president suggests that it is our true policy, to adapt our measures to the supposition, that the only course to that happy event is in the vigorous prosecution of the war.

0 5. As an encouragement to perseverance, he notices the brilliant achievements of our infant navy, the success of the army at York, and the repulse of the enemy at fort Meigs.

96. The president then, adverting to the situation of the treasury, urges the necessity of providing a well digested system of internal revenue. This, he observes, will have the effect not only of abridging the amount of necessary loans, but of improving the terms on which they may be obtained. In recommend ing, continues he, “ this resort to additional taxes, I feel great satisf:

the assurance, that our constituents, who have al. ready displayed so much zeal and firmness in the cause of their country, will cheerfully give every other proof of their patriotism which it calls for.” He then adds,“ by rendering the public resources certain, and commensurate to the public exigencies, the constituted authorities will be able to prosecute the more rapidly to its proper issue; every hostile hope founded on a calculated failure of our resources will be cut off ;” and thus " the best security will be provided against future enterprizes on the rights or the peace of the nation."

war

* The chaplain was chosen on the Wednesday following.

$ 7. On the third of June the treasury report was laid before the house of representatives, and was by them referred to the committee of

ways

and means. The report states that the receipts into the treasury from October 1, 1812, to March 31, 1813, amounted to $15,412,416 25 The balance in the treasury on Sept. 30, was 2,362,652 69

Making together

17,775,068 94

Expenditures for same period
Balance in the treasury April 1

15,919,334 41 1,855,734 53

17,775,068 94

In the above statement of receipts is included the sum of $ 1,086,737 50, being that part of the loan of 16 millions paid into the treasury prior to April 1.

The resources for the residue of the year 1813 consist of the following items, viz. 1. The remainder of the loan above mentioned

$ 14,913,262 50 2. The sums payable on account of cus

toms and of the sales of public lands, es-
timated at

9,320,000 00 3. The five millions of dollars in treasury

notes, authorized by the act of February
25, 1813

5,000,000 00

Say

$ 29,2 30,000 00 The expenses for the last nine months of the present year are calculated as followeth, viz. 1. Civil list, and all expenses of a civil nature, both foreign and domestic

900,000 00 2. Payments on account of the principal and interest of the public debt

10,510,000 00 3. Expenses on account of the war and navy departments

17,820,000 00

$ 29,230.000 00 The above provision being for the present year only, the report suggests the necessity of attending to that for the year 1814 also, and points out the necessity of speedy and effectual means being resorted to for the purpose, as a basis for which it states, that the expenses of the peace establishment, and the interest of the public debt, including that on the loans made for the prose

O

VOL. I. PART I.

cution of the war, were the least that ought to be raised within each and these it states as follows : Peace establishment, exclusive of the additional force raised in 1812

$ 7,000,000 Interest of public debt, including that on loan for 1814

4,400,000

year,

11,400,000

The present revenue is estimated to produce

for 1814 Leaving to be raised

5,800,000 5,600,000

11,400,000

To supply which sum of $ 5,600,000
The internal taxes heretofore proposed were

estimated at
Duty on imported salt, at 20 cents per bushel

5,000,000

600,000

5,600,000 $ 8. On the 10th of June, the committee of ways

and means made their report, in which they state, that they have reviewed the system heretofore presented, and, taking into consideration its having been sanctioned in its principles by a vote of the house of representatives, have determined to recommend its adoption, with some modifications, in preference to commencing a new system. To meet the sum of $ 5,600,000, stated by the secretary of the treasuryto be necessary to be raised for the service of the year 1814, in addition to the existing revenue, the committee proposed A direct tax of

3,000,000 And internal duties as follow : On stills

765,000 On refined sugars

200,000 On retailers' licences

500,000 On sales at auction

50,000 On carriages

150,000 On bank notes and negociable paper

400,000 On salt, at 20 cents a bushel

400,000 Additional duty on foreign tonnage

900,000

6,365,000

750,000

Expenses of collection and losses deducted

Leaves

$ 5,615,000

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