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in a style more like friends than souveraigns; our attachment tombs to be plundered; and hence the mortal heroes bad an to them, without any other thanks, having brought upon us additional temptation to attempt such adventures; for they considerable losses, and among others, that of our all in held nothing more worthy of their valour than to encounter Cromwell's time; and left in that condition without the least supernatural beings.- BARTHOLINUS De causis contempta a relief except what we found in our own virtue. My father Dinis mortis, lib. i. cap. 2, 9, 10, 13. was the only man of the Scots nation who had courage enough to protest in Parliament against King William's title to the throne, which was lost, God knows how; and this at a time when the losses in the cause of the royall familie, and their

NOTE 4 M. usual gratitude, had scarce left him bread to maintain a numerous familie of eleven children, who had soon after sprung

Castle Rarensheuch.-P. P. up on him, in spite of all which, he had honourably persisted in his principle. I say, these things considered, and after A large and strong castle, now ruinous, situated betwixt being treated as I was, and in that unlucky state, when ob- Kirkaldy and Dysart, on a steep crag, washed by the Frith of jects appear to men in their true light, as at the hour of death, Forth. It was conferred on Sir William St. Clair as a slight could I be blamed for making some bitter reflections to my compensation for the earldom of Orkney, by a charter of King self, and laughing at the extravagance and unaccountable , James III. dated in 1471, and is now the property of Sir James humour of men, and the singularitie of my own case, (an ist. Clair Erskine, (now Earl of Rosslyn, representative of the exile for the cause of the Stuart family,) when lought to have family. It was long a principal residence of the Barons of known, that the greatest crime I, or my family, could have Roslin. committed, was persevering, to my own destruction, in serving the royal family faithfully, though obstinately, after so great a share of depression, and after they had been pleased to doom me and my familie to starve.- 35. Memoirs of John, Master

Note 4 N. of St. Clair.

Scenn'd all on fire within, around,

Dep sacristy and altar's pale;

Shone every pillar foliage bound,
NOTE 4 I.

And glimmer'd all the dead men's mail.-P. 40. of that Sca-Snake, tremendous curra,

The beautiful chapel of Roslin is still in tolerable preserWhose monstrous circle girds the world.-P. 39. vation. It was founded in 1446, by William St. Clair, Prince

of Orkney, Duke of Oldenburgh, Earl of Caithness and StrathThe formungandr, or Snake of the Ocean, whose folds sur- erne, Lord St. Clair, Lord Niddesdale, Lord Admiral of the round the earth, is one of the wildest fictions of the Edda. It Scottish Seas, Lord Chief Justice of Scotland, Lord Warden was very nearly caught by the god Thor, who went to fish of the three Marches, Baron of Roslin, Pentland, Pentlandfor it with a hook baited with a ball's head. In the battle moor, &c., Knight of the Cockle, and of the Garter, (as is betwixt the evil demons and the divinities of Odin, which is affirmed,) High Chancellor, Chamberlain, and Lieutenant of to precede the Ragnarockr, or Twilight of the Gods, this Scotland. This lofty person, whose titles, says Godscroft, Snake is to act a conspicuous part.

might weary a Spaniard, built the castle of Roslin, where he resided in princely splendour, and founded the chapel, which is in the most rich and florid style of Gothic architecture. Among the profuse carving on the pillars and buttresses, the rose is

frequently introduced, in allusion to the name, with which, Note 4 K.

however, the flower has no connection; the etymology being

Rosslinnhe, the promontory of the linn, or water-fall. The Of those dread Maids, whose hideous yell.-P. 39. chapel is said to appear on fire previous to the death of any

of his descendants. This superstition, noticed by Slezer, in These were the Valcyriur, or Selectors of the Slain, des- his Theatrum Scotia, and alluded to in the text, is probably patched by Odin from Valhalla, to choose those who were to of Norwegian derivation, and may have been imported by the die, and to distribute the contest. They were well known to Earls of Orkney into their Lothian dominions. The tombthe English reader as Gray's Fatal Sisters.

fires of the north are mentioned in most of the Sagas.

The Barons of Roslin were buried in a vault beneath the chapel floor. The manner of their interment is thus described by Father Hay, in the MS. history already quoted.

“ Sir William Sinclair, the father, was a leud man. He NOTE 4 L.

kept a miller's daughter, with whom, it is alleged, he went to

Ireland; yet I think the cause of his retreat was rather occaOf Chiefs, iho, guided through the gloom

sioned by the Presbyterians, who vexed him sadly, because, By the pale death-lights of the tomb,

of his religion being Roman Catholic. His son, Sir William Ransack'd the grares of warriors old,

died during the troubles, and was interred in the chapel of Their falchions wrench'd from corpses' hold.- P. 39. 1 Roslin the very same day that the battle of Dunbar was fought

When my good-father was buried, his li. e. Sir William's The northern warriors were usually entombed with their corpse seemed to be entire at the opening of the cave; but arms, and their other treasures. Thus, Angantyr, before com- when they came to touch his body, it fell into dust. He was mencing the duel in which he was slain, stipulated, that if he laying in kis armour, with a red velvet cap on his head, on a fell, his sword Tyrfing should be buried with him. His flat stone; nothing was spoiled except a piece of the white daughter, Hervor, afterwards took it from his tomb. The furring that went round the cap, and answered to the hinder dialoguo which passed betwixt her and Angantyr's spirit on part of the head. All his predecessors were buried after the this occasion has been often translated. The whole history same manner, in their armour: late Rosline, my good father, may be found in the Hervarar-Saga. Indeed, the ghosts of was the first that was buried in a coffin, against the sentiments the northern warriors were not wont tamely to suffer their of King James the Seventh, who was then in Scotland, and several other persons well versed in antiquity, to whom my him, to testify his courage. All the soldiers endeavoured to mother would not hearken, thinking it beggarly to be buried | dissuade him; but the more they said, the more resolute he after that manner. The great expenses she was at in burying seemed, and swore that he desired nothing more than that her husband, occasioned the sumptuary acts which were made the Mauthe Doog would follow him, as it had done the others; in the following parliament."

for he would try if it were dog or devil. After having talked in a very reprobate manner for some time, he snatched up the keys, and went out of the guard-room. In some time after his

departure, a great noise was heard, but nobody had the boldNOTE 4 O.

ness to see what occasioned it, till the adventurer returning,

they demanded the knowledge of him ; but as loud and noisy For he was speechless, ghastly, wan,

as he had been at leaving them, he was now become sober and Like him of whom the story ran,

silent enough ; for he was never heard to speak more; and W ko spoke the spectre-hound in Nan.-P. 41. though all the time he lived, which was three days, he was

entreated by all who came near him, either to speak, or, if he The ancient castle of Peel-town, in the Isle of Man, is sur- could not do that, to make some signs, by which they might rounded by four churches, now ruinous. Through one of understand what had happened to him, yet nothing intelligible these chapels there was formerly a passage from the guard could be got from him, only that, by the distortion of his room of the garrison. This was closed, it is said, upon the limbs and features, it might be guessed that he died in agonies following occasion: “ They say, that an apparition, called, more than is common in a natural death. in the Mankish language, the Mauthe Doog, in the shape of a “ The Mauthe Doog was, however, never after seen in the large black spaniel, with curled shaggy hair, was used to haunt castle, nor would any one attempt to go through that passage; Peel-castle; and has been frequently seen in every room, but for which reason it was closed up, and another way made. particularly in the guard-chamber, where, as soon as candles This accident happened about three score years since; and I were lighted, it came and lay down before the fire, in presence heard it attested by several, but especially by an old soldier, of all the soldiers, who, at length, by being so much accustomed who assured me he had seen it oftener than he had then hairs on to the sight of it, lost great part of the terror they were seized his head."-WALDRON'S Description of the Isle of Man, p. 107. with at its first appearance. They still, however, retained a certain awe, as believing it was an evil spirit, which only waited permission to do them hurt; and, for that reason, forebore swearing, and all profane discourse, while in its company. But though they endured the shock of such a guest when altogether in a body, pone cared to be left alone

NOTE 4 P. with it. It being the custom, therefore, for one of the soldiers to lock the gates of the castle at a certain hour, and carry the

St. Bride of Douglas.-P. 4). keys to the captain, to whose apartment, as I said before, the way led through the church, they agreed among themselves, This was a favourite saint of the house of Douglas, and of that whoever was to succeed the ensuing night his fellow in the Earl of Angus in particular, as we learn from the followthis errand, should accompany him that went first, and by ing passage :-" The Queen-regent had proposed to raise a this means no man would be exposed singly to the danger; rival noble to the ducal dignity; and discoursing of her purfor I forgot to mention, that the Mauthe Doog was always seen pose with Angus, he answered, “Why not, madam ? we are to come out from that passage at the close of the day, and happy that have such a princess, that can know and will acreturn to it again as soon as the morning dawned; which knowledge men's services, and is willing to recompense it; made them look on this place as its peculiar residence. but, by the might of God,' (this was his oath when he was seri

“One night a fellow being drunk, and by the strength of ous and in anger; at other times, it was by St. Bryde of his liquor rendered more daring than ordinarily, laughed at Douglas,) if he be a Duke, I will be a Drake !'-So she desisthe simplicity of his companions, and, though it was not his ted from prosecuting of that purpose."--GODSCROFT, vol. il turn to go with the keys, would needs take that office upon

p. 131.

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