Imágenes de páginas

« The langag of Ousenam water

Are rugging and riving their hair,
And a' for the sake of Willie,

And shouting still, A Home! a Home!--P. 3).
His beauty was so fair :
His beauty was so fair,

The Earls of Home, as descendants of the Dunbars, ancient
And comely for to see,

Earls of March, carried a lion rampant, argent; but, as a difAnd drink will be dear to Willie,

ference, changed the colour of the shield from gules to vert, When sweet milk gars him die."

in allusion to Greenlaw, their ancient possession. The slogan, or war-cry, of this powerful family, was, “A Home! a Home!" It was anciently placed in an escrol above the crest. The hel

met is armed with a lion's head erased gules, with a cap of NOTE 3 P.

state gules, turned up ermine

The Hepburns, a powerful family in East Lothian, were He knew each ordinance and clause

usually in close alliance with the Homes. The chief of this Of Black Lord Archibald's battle-laus,

clan was Hepburn, Lord of Hailes; a family which terminated In the Old Douglas' day.-P. 29.

in the too famous Earl of Both well.

The title to the most ancient collection of Border regulations runs thus "Be it remembered, that, on the 18th day of December 1468, Earl William Douglas assembled the whole lords, freeholders, and eldest Borderers, that best knowledge

NOTE 3 T. had, at the college of Linclouden ; and there he caused these lords and Borderers bodily to be sworn, the Holy Gospel

And some, with many a merry shout, touched, that they, justly and truly, after their cunning, should

In riot, revelry, and rout, decrete, decern, deliver, and put in order and writing, the

Pursued the foot-ball play.-P. 31. statutes, ordinances, and uses of marche, that were ordained in Black Archiball of Douglas's days, and Archibald his son's

The foot-ball was anciently a very favourite sport all through days, in time of warfare ; and they came again to him advis- Scotland, but especially upon the Borders. Sir John Carmiedly with these statutes and ordinances, which were in time chael of Carmichael, Warden of the Middle Marches, was of warfare before. The said Earl William, seeing the statutes killed in 1600 by a band of the Armstrongs, returning from a in writing decreed and delivered by the said lords and Borderers, foot-ball match. Sir Robert Carey, in his Memoirs, mentions thought them right speedful and profitable to the Borders; a great meeting, appointed by the Scotch riders to be held at the which statutes, ordinances, and points of warfare, he took, Kelso for the purpose of playing at foot-ball, but which ter. and the whole lords and Borderers he caused bodily to be

minated in an incursion upon England. At present, the footsworn, that they should maintain and supply him at their ball is often played by the inhabitants of adjacent parishes, goodly power, to do the law upon those that should break the or of the opposite banks of a stream. The victory is constatutes underwritten. Also, the said Earl William, and lords, tested with the utmost fury, and very serious accidents have and eldest Borderers, made certain points to be treason in sometimes taken place in the struggle. time of warfare to be used, which were no treason before his time, hut to be treason in his time, and in all time coming."



'Twixt truce and war, such sudden change

Was not in frequent, nor held strange,
The Bloody Heart blazed in the van,

In the old Border-day.-P. 31.
Announcing Douglas, dreaded name.-P. 30.

Notwithstanding the constant wars upon the Borders, and The chief of this potent race of heroes, about the date of the the occasional cruelties which marked the mutual inroads, poem, was Archibald Douglas, seventh Earl of Angus, a man the inhabitants on either side do not appear to have regarded of great courage and activity. The Bloody Heart was the well- each other with that violent and personal animosity, which kyown cognizance of the House of Douglas, assumed from the might have been expected. On the contrary, like the outtime of good Lord James, to whose care Robert Bruce com- posts of hostile armies, they often carried on something remitted his heart, to be carried to the Holy Land.

sembling friendly intercourse, even in the middle of hostilities; and it is evident, from various ordinances against trade

and intermarriages, between English and Scottish Borderers, NOTE 3 R.

that the governments of both countries were jealous of their

cherishing too intimate a connexion. Froissart says of both And Swinton laid his lance in rest,

nations, that “ Englyshmen on the one party, and Scottes on That tamed of yore the sparkling crest,

the other party, are good men of warre; for when they meet, Of Clarence's Plantagenet.-P. 30.

there is a harde fight without sparynge.

There is no hoo

[truce] between them, as long as spears, swords, axes, or dag. At the battle of Beauge, in France, Thomas, Duke of Cla- gers, will endure, but lay on eche upon uther; and whan rence, brother to Henry V., was unborsed by Sir John Swin-they be well beaten, and that the one party hath obtained the ton of Swinton, who distinguished him by a coronet set with victory, they ther. glorifyr so in theyre dedes of armies, and precious stones, which he wore around his helmet. The fa-are so joyfull, that such a - be taken they shall be ransomed, mily of Swinton is one of the most ancient in Scotland, and or that they go out of the felde; so that shortly eche of them produced many celebrated warriors. 1

is so content with other, that, at their departynge, curtyslye

they will say, God :hank you."-BERNERS's Froissart, vol. ü. See the Battle of Halidon Hill. Sir W. Scott was de- p. 153. The Border meetings, of truce, which although places scended from Sir John Swinton.-ED.

of merchandise and merriment, often witnessed the most bloody scenes, may serve to illustrate the description in the the sheep were always watched at night. C'pon one occasion, text. They are vividly portrayed in the old ballad of the when the duty had fallen on the narrator, then a lad, he beReidsquair. (See Minstrelsy, vol. ii. p. 15.] Both parties came exhausted with fatigue, and fell asleep upon a bank, came armed to a meeting of the wardens, yet they inter- near sun-rising. Suddenly he was awakened by the tread of mixed fearlessly and peaceably with each other in mutual horses, and saw fire men, well mounted and armed, ride sports and familiar intercourse, until a casual fray arose :- briskly over the edge of the hill. They stopped and looked at

the flock; but the day was too far bruken to admit the chance " Then was there nought but bow and spear, of their carrying any of them off. One of them, in spite, And every man pulled out a brand."

leaped from his horse, and coming to the shepherd, seized

him by the belt he wore round his waist; and, setting his foot In the 29th stanza of this canto, there is an attempt to ex- upon his body, pulled it till it broke, and carned it away press some of the mixed feelings, with which the Borderers with him. They rode off at the gallop; and, the shepherd ou cach side were led to regard their neighbours.

giving tne alarm, the blood - hound was turned loose, and the people in the neighbourhood alarmed. The marauders, how. ever, escaped, notwithstanding a sharp pursuit. This circumstance serves to show how very long the license of the Bor

derers continued in some degree to manifest itself. NOTE 3 V.

on the darkening plain,
Loud hollo, ihoop, or whistle ran,

As bunds their stragglers to regain,
Give Ine shrill watchword of their clan.-P. 31.

She wrought not by fortidden spell.-P. 36. Patten reinarks, with bitter censure, the disorderly conduct Popular belief, though contrary to the doctrines of the of the English Borderers, who attended the Protector Somer- Church, made a favourable distinction betwixt magicians, set on his expedition against Scotland. “As we wear then a and necromancers, or wizards; the former were supposed to setling, and the tents a setting up, among all things els com command the evil spirits, and the latter to serve, or at least mendable in our hole journey, one thing seemed to me an in- to be in league and compact with, those enemies of mankind. tollerable disorder and abuse: that whereas always, both in the arts of subjecting the demons were manifold; sometimes all tounes of war, and in all campes of armies, quietness and the fiends were actually swindled by the magicians, as in the stilnes, without nois, is, principally in the night, after the case of the bargain betwixt one of their number and the poet watch is set, observed, iI need not reason why,) our northern Virgil. The classical reader will doubtless be curious to peprikers, the Borderers, not withstandyng, with great enormi- ruse this anecdote :tie, (as thought me,) and not unlike (to be playn) unto a mas- “ Virgilius was at scole at Tolenton, where he stodyed dy. terles hounde howlyng in a hie way when he hath lost him he lvgently, for he was of great understandynge. C'pon a tyine, waited upon, sum hoopynge, sum whistlyng, and most with the scolers had lycense to go to play and sprote them in the crying, A Berwyke, a Berwyke! A Fenwyke, a Fenwyke! A fyldes, after the usance of the old tyme. And there was also Bulmer, a Bulmer! or so ootherwise as theyr captains names Virgilius therbre, also walkynge among the hylles alle about. wear, never lin'de these troublous and dangerous norses all It fortuned he speed a great hole in the syde of a great hıyll, the nighte longe. They said, they did it to find their captain whereiu be went so depe, that he culd not see no more lyght; and fellows; but if the souldiers of our oother countreys and and than he went a lstell farther therein, and than he saw sheres had used the same maner, in that case we should have some lyght egayne, and than he went fourth streyghte, and oft times had the state of our campe more like the outrage of within a lytell wyle after he harde a voyce that called “Vir& dissolute huntyng, than the quiet of a well ordered armye. gilius! Virgilius!' and looked aboute, and he colde nat see It is a feat of war, in mine opinion, that might right well be no body. Than sard he, (i e. the voice,) · Virgilius, see ye left. I could reherse causes (but yf I take it, they are better not the lytyll borde lying bestde you there marked with that unspoken than uttred, unless the faut wear sure to be amend word?' Than answered Virgilius, I see that borde well ed) that might shew thei move alweis more peral to our ar- anough.' The voice said, ' Doo a waye that borde, and lette mie, but in their one nyght's so doynge, than they shew good me out there atte.' Than answered Virgilius to the voice that service (as some sey) in a hoole vyage."- Apud Dalzell's was under the lytell borde, and sayd, 'Who art thou that Fragments, p. 75.

callest me so ?' Than answered the devyll, “I am a derell conjured ont of the bodye of a certeyne man, and banysshed here tyll the day of judgmend, without that I be delyvered

by the handes of men. Thus, Virgilius, I pray the, delyver NOTE 3 W.

me out of this payn, and I shall shewe unto the many bokes

of negromancye, and how thou shalt come by it lyghtly, and To see how thou the chase could'st wind,

know the practyse therein, that no man in the scyence of neCheer the dark blood-hounil on his way,

gromanche shall passe the. And moreover, I shall shewe and And with the bugle rouse the fray.-P. 35.

enforme the so, that thou shalt have alle thy desyre, whereby

methinke it is a great gyfte for so lytyll a doyng. For ye may The pursuit of Border marauders was followed by the in- also thus all your power frendys helpe, and make ryche your jured party and his friends with blood-hounds and bugle-horn, enemyes.' Thorough that great promyse was Virgilius temptand was called the hot-trod. He was entitled, if his dog could ed; he badde the fynd show the bokes to hym, that he might trace the scent, to follow the invaders into the opposite king- have and occupy them at his wyll; and so the fynde sbewed dom; a privilege which often occasioned bloodshed. In ad- him. And than Virgilius pulled open a borde, and there was dition to what has been said of the blood-hound, I may add, a lytell hole, and thereat wrang the devyll out like a yell, and that the breed was kept up by the Buccleuch family on their cam and stode before Virgilius lyke a bygge man ; whereof Border estates till within the 18th century. A person was Virgilius was astonied and marveyled greatly thereof, that so alive in the memory of man, who remembered a blood-hound great a man myght come out at so lytyll a hole. Than sard being kept at Eldinhope, in Ettrick Forest, for whose main- Virgilius, Shulde ye well passe into the hole that ye cam out tenance the tenant had an allowance of meal. At that time of?'_Yea, I shall well,' said the devyl. - I holde the best plegge that I have, that ye shall not do it.'-'Well,' sayd the decorated with its plumage, and a sponge, dipped in lighted devyll, “thereto I consent.' And than the devyll wrange spirits of wine, was placed in its bill. When it was introduhimselfe into the lytyll hole agene; and as he was therein, ced vn days of grand festival, it was the signal for the advenVirgilins kyvered the hole ageyne with the borde close, and turous knights to take upon them vows to do some deed of 60 was the devyll begyled, and myght nat there come out chivalry, “before the peacock and the ladies." agen, but abrdeth shytte styll therein. Than called the de- The boar's head was also a usual dish of feudal splendour. vyll dredefully to Virgilius, and said, 'What have ye done, In Scotland it was sometimes surrounded with little banners, Virgilius ?'-Virgilius answered, 'Abyde there styll to your displaying the colours and achievements of the baron at whose day appoynted;' and fro thens forth abydeth he there. And board it was served.-PINKERTON'S History, vol. i. p. 432. so Virgilius became very connynge in the practyse of the black seyence."

This story may remind the reader of the Arabian tale of the I Fisherman and the imprisoned Genie ; and it is more than

NOTE 4 A. probable, that many of the marvels narrated in the life of Virgil, are of Oriental extraction. Among such I am disposed

Smote, with his gauntlet, slout Hunthill.-P. 37. to reckon the following whimsical account of the foundation of Naples, containing a curious theory concerning the origin The Rutherfords of Hunthill were an ancient race of Border of the earthquakes with which it is afflicted. Virgil, who was Lairds, whose names occur in history, sometimes as defending a person of gallantry, had it seems, carried off the daughter the frontier against the English, sometimes as disturbing the of a certain Soldan, and was anxious to secure his prize. peace of their own country. Dickon Draw-the-sword was son

* Than he thought in his mynde how he myghte marye hyr, to the ancient warrior, called in tradition the Cock of Huntand thought in his mynde to founde in the middes of the see hill, remarkable for leading into battle nine sons, gallant war. a farer towne, with great landes belongynge to it; and so he riors, all sons of the aged champion. Mr. Rutherford, late of did by his cunnynge, and called it Napells. And the fanda- New York, in a letter to the editor, soon after these songs cyon of it was of egges, and in that town of Napells he made a were first published, quoted, when upwards of eighty years tower with iiii corners, and in the toppe he set an apell upon old, a ballad apparently the same with the Raid of the Reidin yron yarde, and no man culde pull away that apell without square, but which apparently is lost, except the following he brake it; and thoroughe that yren set he a bolte, and in lines :that bolte set he a egge. And he henge the apell by the stauke

“ Bauld Rutherfurd he was fu' stout, upon a cheyne, and so hangeth it still. And when the egge

With all his nine sons him about, styrreth, so shulde the towne of Napells quake ; and whan the

He brought the lads of Jedbrught out, egge brake, then shulde the towne sinke. Whan he had made

And bauldly fought that day." an ende, he lette call it Napells." This appears to have been an article of current belief during the middle ages, as appears from the statutes of the order Du Saint Esprit au droit désir, instituted in 1352. A chapter of the knights is appointed to

NOTE 4 B. be held annually at the Castle of the Enchanted Egg, near the grotto of Virgil.-MONTFAUCON, vol. ii. p. 329.

--bit his glove.-P. 37.

To bite the thumb, or the glove, seems not to have been considered, upon the Border, as a gesture of contempt, though

so used by Shakspeare, but as a pledge of mortal revenge. It NOTE 3 Y.

is yet remembered, that a young gentleman of Teviotdale, on

the morning after a hard drinking-bout, observed that he had A merlin sat upon her urist,

bitten his glove. He instantly demanded of his companion, Held by a leash of silken tuist.-P. 36.

with whom he had quarrelled? And, learning that he had

had words with one of the party, insisted on instant satisfacA merlin, or sparrow-hawk, was actually carried by ladies tion, asserting, that though he remembered nothing of the dis. of rank, as a falcon was, in time of peace, the constant atten- pute, yet he was sure he never would have bit his glove unless dant of a knight or baron. See Latham on Falconry.—Gods he had received some unpardonable insult. He fell in the croft relates, that when Mary of Lorraine was regent, she duel, which was fought near Selkirk, in 1721. pressed the Earl of Angus to admit a royal garrison into his Castle of Tantallon. To this he returned no direct answer; but, as if apostrophizing a goss-hawk, which sat on his wrist, and which he was feeding during the Queen's speech, he exclaimed, “ The devil's in this greedy glede, she will never be

NOTE 4 C. full."-HUME's History of the House of Douglas, 1743, vol. ii. p. 131. Barclay complains of the common and indecent practice of bringing hawks and hounds into churches.

Since old Buccleuch the name did gain,

When in the cleuch the buck was ta'en.--P. 37. A tradition preserved by Scott of Satchells, who published, in 1688, A true History of the Right Honourable name of Scott,

gives the following romantic origin of that name. Two brethNOTE 3 Z.

ren, natives of Galloway, having been banished from that

country for a riot, or insurrection, came to Rankleburn, in And princely peacock's gilded train,

Ettrick Forest, where the keeper, whose name was Brydone, And o'er the boar-head garnished brave.-P. 36. received them joyfully, on account of their skill in winding the

horn, and in the other mysteries of the chanc. Kenneth The peacock, it is well known, was considered, during the MacAlpin, then King of Scotland, came soon after to hunt in times of chivalry, not merely as an exquisite delicacy, but as a the royal forest, and pursued a buck from Ettrick heugh to dish of peculiar solemnity. After being roasted, it was again the glen now called Buckcleuch, about two miles above the Junction of Rankleburn with the river Ettrick. Here the stag | The motto now given is Amo, applying to the female sap stood at bay; and the King and his attendants, who followed porters. on horseback, were thrown out by the steepness of the hill and the morass. John, one of the brethren from Galloway, nad followed the chase on foot; and, now coming in, seized the buck by the horns, and, being a man of great strength and

NOTE 4 D. activity, threw him on his back, and ran with his burdeu about a mile up the steep hill, to a place called Cracra-Cross, where

-old Albert Greme, Kenneth had halted, and laid the buck at the sovereign's

The Minstre of that ancient name.-P. 37. feet.

" John Græme, second son of Malice, Earl of Monteith,

commonly sirnamed John with the Bright Sucord, upon some “ The deer being cureed in that place,

displeasure risen against him at court, retired with many of At his Majesty's demand,

his clan and kindred into the English Borders, in the reign of Then Jolin of Galloway ran apace,

King Henry the Fourth, where they seated themselves; and And fetched water to his hand.

many of their posterity have continued there ever since. Mr. The King did wash into a dish,

Sandford, speaking of them, says, (which indeed was appliAnd Galloway John he wot;

cable to most of the Borderers on both sides.) * They were all He said, Thy name now after this

stark moss-troopers, and arrant thieves: Both to England Shall ever be called John Scott.

and Scotland outlawed; yet sometimes connived at, because

they gave intelligence forth of Scotland, and would raise 400 ""The forest and the deer therein,

borse at any time upon a raid of the English into Scotland. We commit to thy hand;

A saying is recorded of a mother to her son, (which is now For thou shalt sure the ranger be,

become proverbial,) Ride, Rorley, hough's i' the pot: that is, If thou obey command;

the last piece of beef was in the pot, and therefore it was And for the buck thou stoutly brought

high time for him to go and fetch more.'"- Introduction to To us up that steep heuch,

the History of Cumberland. Thy designation erer shall

The residence of the Græmes being chiefly in the DebateBe John Scott in Buckscleuch.'

able Land, so called because it was claimed by both king. doms, their depredations extended both to England and

Scotland, with impunity; for as both wardens accounted " In Scotland no Buckcleuch was then,

them the proper subjects of their own prince, neither inclined Before the buck in the cleuch was slain ;

to demand reparation for their excesses from the opposite Night's men at first they did appear,

officers, which would have been an acknowledgment of his Because moon and stars to their arms they bear. jurisdiction over them.-See a long correspondence on this Their crest, supporters, and hunting-horn,

subject betwixt Lord Dacre and the English Privy Council, Show their beginning from hunting came;

in Introduction to History of Cumberland. The Debatcable Their name, and style, the book doth say,

Land was finally divided betwixt England and Scotland, by John gained them both into one day."

commissioners appointed by both nations.3 Wart's Bellenden.

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The Buccleuch arms have been altered, and now allude less pointedly to this hunting, whether real or fabulous. The family now bear Or, upon a bend azure, a mullet betwixt

NOTE 4 E. two crescents of the field; in addition to which, they formerly bore in the field a hunting-horn. The supporters, now two

The sun shines fair on Carlisle wall.-P. 37. ladies, were formerly a hound and buck, or, according to the This burden is adopted, with some alteration, from an old old terms, a hart of leash and a hart of greece. The family of Scottish song, beginning thus :Scott of Howpasley and Thirlestaine long retained the buglehorn; they also carried a bent bow and arrow in the sinister “She lean'd her back against a thorn, cantle, perhaps as a difference. It is said the motto was

The sun shines fair on Carlisle wa': Best riding by moonlight, in allusion to the crescents on

And there she has her young babe born, the shield, and perhaps to the habits of those who bore it.

And the lyon shall be lord of a'."

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i Froissart relates, that a knight of the household of the unfortified, or scatteringly inhabited, rified them, and made Comte de Foix exhibited a similar feat of strength. The hall this the best means of thear living ; being a matter at that fire had waxed low, and wood was wanted to mend it. The time no where in disgrace, but rather carrying with it someknight went down to the court-yard, where stood an ass laden thing of glory. This is manifest by some that dwell upon the with faggots, seized on the animal and burden, and, carrying continent, amongst whom, so it be performed nobly, it is still him up to the hall on his shoulders, tumbled him into the esteemed as an ornament. The same is also proved by some chimney with his heels uppermost : a humane pleasantry, of the ancient poets, who introduced men questioning of such much applauded by the Count and all the spectators. as sail by, on all coasts alike, whether they be theeves or not; " Minions of the moon," as Falstaff would have said. The braided by those that were desirous to know. They also rob

as a thyng neyther scorned by such as were asked, nor upvocation pursued by our ancient Borderers may be justified bed one another, within the main land ; and much of Greece on the authority of the most polished of the ancient nations : useth that old custome, as the Locrians, the Acarnanians, " For the Grecians in old time, and such barbarians as in the and those of the continent in that quarter, unto this day. continent lived neere unto the sea, or else inhabited the Moreover, the fashion of wearing iron remaineth yet with the islands, after once they began to crosse over one another in ships, became theeves, and went abroad under the conduct people of that continent, from their old trade of thieving."

HOBBES' Thucydides, p. 4. Lond. of their more puissent mon, buth to enrich themselves, and to fetch in maintenance for the weak : and falling upon towns 3 See various notes in the Minstrelsy.


restrle. Sir William, in acknowledgment of St. Katherine's

intercession, built the chapel of St. Katherine in the Hopes, Who has not heard of Surrey's fame 1-P. 38.

the churchyard of which is still to be seen. The hill, from

which Robert Bruce beheld this memorable chase, is still The gallant and unfortunate Henry Howard, Earl of Sur- called the King's Hill; and the place where Sir William rey, was unquestionably the most accomplished cavalier of hunted, is called the Knight's Field. I— A/S. History of the his time; and his sonnets display beauties which would do Family of St. Clair, by RICHARD AUGUSTIN HAY, Canon of honour to a more polished age. He was beheaded on Tower-St. Genevieve. hill in 1546; a victim to the mean jealousy of Henry VIII., This adventurous huntsman married Elizabeth, daughter who could not bear so brilliant a character near his throne. of Malice Spar, Earl of Orkney and Stratherne, in whose right

The song of the supposed bard is founded on an incident their son Henry was, in 1379, created Earl of Orkney, by Haco, said to have happened to the Farl in his travels. Cornelius king of Norway. His title was recognized by the Kings of Agrippa, the celebrated alchemist, showed him, in a looking- Scotland, and remained with his successors until it was anglass, the lovely Geraldine, to whose service he had devoted nexed to the crown, in 1471, by act of Parliament. In exhis pen and his sword. The vision represented her as indis- change for this earldom, the castle and domains of Ravensposed, and reclining upon a couch, reading her lover's verses craig, or Ravensheuch, were conferred on William Saintclair, by the light of a waxen taper.

Earl of Caithness.

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The storm-swept Orcades;

Still nods their palace to its fall,
Where erst St. Clairs held princely stay,

Thy pride and sorrow, fair Kirkwall.-P. 39.
O'er isle and islet, strait and bay.-P. 39.

The Castle of Kirkwall was built by the St. Clairs, while The St. Clairs are of Norman extraction, being descended Earls of Orkney It was dismantled by the Earl of Caithness from William de St. Clair, second son of Walderne Compte about 1615, having been garrisoned against the government by de St. Clair, and Margaret, daughter to Richard Duke of Nor- Robert Stewart, natural son to the Earl of Orkney. mandy. He was called, for his fair deportment, the Seemly Its ruins afforded a sad subject of contemplation to John, St. Clair; and, settling in Scotland during the reign of Mal- Master of St. Clair, who, flying from his native country, on colm Caenmore, obtained large grants of land in Mid-Lothian. account of his share in the insurrection 1715, made some stay -These domains were increased by the liberality of succeed at Kirkwall. ing monarchs to the descendants of the family, and compre- “ I had occasion to entertain myself at Kirkwall with the hended the baronies of Rosline, Pentland, Cowsland, Car- melancholy prospect of the ruins of an old castle, the seat of daine, and several others. It is said a large addition was ob- the old Earls of Orkney, my ancestors; and of a more melantained from Robert Bruce, on the following occasion :-The choly reflection, of so great and noble an estate as the Orkney King, in following the chase upon Pentland-hills, had often and Shetland Isles being taken from one of them by James the started a " white faunch deer," which had always escaped Third, for faultrie, after his brother Alexander, Duke of Al from his hounds; and he asked the nobles, who were assem- bany, had married a daughter of my family, and for protectbled around him, whether any of them had dogs, which they ing and defending the said Alexander against the King, who thought might be more successful. No courtier would affirm wished to kill himn, as he had done his youngest brother, the that his hounds were fleeter than those of the king, until Sir Earl of Mar; and for which, after the forfaultrie, he grateWilliam St. Clair of Rosline unceremoniously said, he would fully divorced my forsaulted ancestor's sister; though I can wager his head that his two favourite dogs, Help and Hold, not persuade myself that he had any misalliance to plead would kill the deer before she could cross the March-burn. against a familie in whose veins the blood of Robert Bruce The King instantly caught at his unwary offer, and betted the ran as fresh as in his own; for their title to the crowue was forest of Pentland-moor against the life of Sir William St. by a daughter of David Bruce, son to Robert; and our alliClair. All the hounds were tied up, except a few ratches, or ance was by marrying a grandchild of the same Robert Bruce, slow-hounds, to put up the deer; while Sir William St. Clair, and daughter to the sister of the same David, out of the faposting himself in the best situation for slipping his dogs, milie of Douglass, which at that time did not much rullie the prayed devoutly to Christ, the blessed Virgin, and St. Kathe- blood, more than my ancestor's having not long before had rine. The deer was shortly after roused, and the hounds the honour of marrying a daughter of the King of Denmarks, slipped; Sir William following on a gallant steed, to cheer his who was named Florentine, and has left in the town of Kirkdogs. The hind, however, reached the middle of the brook; wall a noble monument of the grandeur of the times, the upon which the hunter threw himself from his horse in de finest church ever I saw entire in Scotland. I then had no spair. At this critical moment, however, Hold stopped her small reason to think, in that unhappy state, on the many not in the brook; and Help, coming up, turned her back, and inconsiderable services rendered since to the royal familie, for killed her on Sir William's side. The King descended from these many years bygone, on all occasions, when they stood the hill, embraced Sir William, and bestowed on him the most in need of friends, which they have thought themselves lands of Kirkton, Logan-house, Earncraig, &c., in free fo- very often obliged to acknowledge by letters yet extant, and

1 The tomb of Sir William St. Clair, on which he appears | If this couplet does him no great honour as a poet, the consculptured in armour, with a greyhound at his feet, is still to clusion of the story does him still less credit. He set his foot be seen in Roslin chapel. The person who shows it always on the dog, says the narrator, and killed him on the spot, saytells the story of his hunting-match, with some addition to ing, he would never again put his neck in such a risk. As Mr. Mr. Hay's account ; as that the Knight of Rosline's fright Hay does not mention this circumstance, I hope it is only made him poetical, and that in the last emergency, he shouted, founded on the couchant posture of the hound on the monu" Help, Haud, an ye may,

ment. Or Roslin will lose his head this day."

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