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happened upon a cave in the grounde, the mouth whereof and consented to, as by appearance, by the Erle of Mures, was so wore with the fresh printe of steps, that he seemed upon Friday at night last, let slyp C of the best horsemen of to be certayne thear wear some folke within ; and gone doune Glendaill, with a parte of your highnes subjects of Berwyke, to trie, he was readily receyred with a hakebut or two. He together with George Dowglas, whoo came into Ingland left them not yet, till he had known wheyther thei wolde be agayne, in the dawning of the day, ; but afore theyre retorne, content to yield and come out; which they fondly refusing, they dyd mar the Earl of Murrcis provisions at Coldingham; he went to my lord's grace, and upon utterance of the thynge, for they did not only bure the said town of Coldingham, with gat licence to deale with them as he coulde ; and so returned all the corne thereunto belonging, which is esteemed worthe to them, with a skore or two of pionen. Three ventes had cii marke sterling; but alsoo burned twa townes nye adjointheir cave, that we wear ware of, whereof he first stopt up ing tbereunto, called Branerdergest and the Black Hill, and on; anoother he fill'd full of strawe, and set it a fyer, where-toke xxiii persons, 1x horse, with cc hed of cataill, which, nowe, at they within cast water apace ; but it was so wel maynteyn as I am informed, hathe not only been a staye of the said ed without, that the fyer prevayled, and thei within fayn to Erle of Murreis not coming to the Bordure as yet, but alsoo, get them belyke into anoother parler. Then devysed we (for that none in lande man will adventure theyr self uppon the I hapt to be with him) to stop the same up, whereby we Marches. And as for the tax that shulde have been graunted should eyther smoother them, or fynd out their ventes, if for finding of the said iii hundred men, is utterly denyed. thei hadde any moe; as this was done at another issue, about | Upon which the King of Scotland departed from Edynburgh xü score of, we moughie see the fume of their smoke to come to Stirling, and as yet there doth remayn. And also 1, by the out: the which continued with so great a force, and so long advice of my brother Clyfforth, have derysed, that within a while, that we could not but thinke they must needs get this iii nyghts, Godde willing, Kelsey, in like case, shall be them out, or smoother within : and forasın uch as we found brent, with all the corn in the said town; and then they shall not that they dyd the tone, we thought it for certain thei have noo place to lye any garyson in nygh unto the Borders. wear sure of the toother." Patten's Account of Somerset's And as I shall atteigne further knowledge, I shall not fall Expedition into Scotland, apud DALYELL'S Fragments. to satisfye your highnes, according to my most bounden dutie.
And for this burnyng of Kelsey is derysed to be done secretly, by Tyndaill and Ryddisdale. And thus the holy Trynite and
** * your most royal estate, with long lyf, and as much inNOTE 2 W.
crease of honour as your most noble heart can desire. At
Werkworth the xxiid day of October." (1522)
From the following fragment of a letter from the Earl of Northumberland to King Henry VIII., preserved among the
NOTE? S. Cotton MSS. Calig. B. vii. 179, the reader may estimate the nature of the dreadful war which was occasionally waged
Watt Tinlinn.-P. 24. upon the Borders, sharpened by mutual cruelties, and the personal hatred of the wardens, or leaders.
This person was, in my younger days, the theme of many a Some Scottish Barons, says the Earl, had threatened to fireside tale. He was a retainer of the Buccleuch family, come within “ three miles of my pore house of Werkworth, and held for his Border service a small tower on the frontiers where I lye, and gif me light to put on my clothes at myd- of Liddesdale. Watt was, by profession, a sutor, but, by innight; and alsoo the said Marke Carr said there opynly, that, clination and practice, an archer and warrior. L'pon one seyng they had a governor on the Marches of Scotland, as occasion, the captain of Be wcastle, military governor of that well as they had in Ingland, he shulde kepe your highness wild district of Cumberland, is said to have made an incurinstructions, gyffyn unto your garyson, for making of any day- sion into Scotland, in which he was defeated, and forced to forrey; for he and his friends wolde burne enough on the fly. Watt Tinlinn pursued him closely through a dangerous nyght, lettyng your counsaill here defyne a notable acte at morass; the captain, however, gained the firm ground; and theyre pleasures. Upon whiche, in your highnes name, I seeing Tinlinn dismounted, and floundering in the bog, used comaundet dewe watche to be kepte on your Marchies, for these words of insult:-“Sutor Watt, ye cannot sew your comyng in of any Scotts.- Neuertheles, upon Thursday at boots; the heels risp, and the seams rire." _“If I cannot night last, came thyrty light horsemen into a litil village of sew," retorted Tinlinn, discharging a shaft, which nailed the myne, called Whitell, having not past sex houses, lying to captain's thigh to his saddle, –“If I cannot sew, I can yerk." wards Ryddisdaill, upon Shilbotell More, and there wold have fyred the said howses, but ther was no fyre to get there, and they forgate to brynge any withe theyme; and took a wyf being great with chylde, in the said towne, and said to hyr,
NOTE 2 Y. Wher we can not gyre the lard lyght, yet we shall doo this in spyte of hym; and gyve her iii mortall wounds upon the heid,
Billhope Stag.-P. 24. and another in the right side, with a dagger: whereupon the said wyf is deede, and the childe in her bely is loste. Be. There is an old rhyme, which thus celebrates the places seeching your most gracious highness to reduce unto your iv Liddesdale remarkable for game: gracious memory this wylful and shamefull murder, done within this your highnes realme, notwithstanding all the in
“ Billhope braes for bucks and racs, habitants thereabout rose unto the said fray, and gave warn
And Carit haugh for swine, ynge by becons into the countrey afore theyme, and yet the
And Tarras for the good bull-trout, Scottsmen dyde escape. And uppon certeyne knowledge to
If he be ta'en in time." my brother Clyfforthe, and me, had by credible persons of Scotland, this abomynable act not only to be done by dyverse
The bucks and moes, as well as the old swine, are now exof the Mershe, but also the afore named persons of Tyvidaill, tinct; but the good bull-trout is still famous,
| Rup, creak.–Rive, tear.
* Verk, to twitch, as shoemakers do, in securing the stitches of their work.
NOTE 2 Z.
beforehand, we would you caused secretly some number to
be provided ; or else undermined with the pyke-axe, and so Beited Will Houard.-P. 24.
taken: either to be kept for the King's Majesty, or other
wise to be defaced, and taken from the profits of the enemy Lord William Howard, third son of Thomas, I)uke of Nor- And in like manner the house of Carlaverock to be used.' folk, succeeded to Naworth Castle, and a large domain an- Repeated mention occurs of the Almains, in the subsequent nexed to it, in right of his wife Elizabeth, sister of George correspondence; and the enterprise seems finally to have Lord Dacre, who died without heirs male, in the 11th of been abandoned, from the difficulty of providing these stranQueen Elizabeth. By a poetical anachronism, he is intro-gers with the necessary “victuals and carriages in so poor a duced into the romance a few years earlier than he actually country as Dumfries-shire."— History of Cumberland, vol. i. flourished. He was warden of the Western Marches: and, Introd. p. Ixi. From the battle pieces of the ancient Flemish from the rigour with which he repressed the Border excesses, painters, we learn, that the Low Country and German sol. the name of Belted Will Howard is still famous in our tradi-diers marched to an assault with their right knees bared. tions. In the castle of Naworth, his apartments, containing And we may also observe, in such pictures, the extravagance a bedroom, oratory, and library, are still shown. They im- to which they carried the fashion of ornamenting their dress press us with an unpleasing idea of the life of a lord warden with knots of ribbon. This custom of the Germans is alluded of the Marches. Three or four strong doors, separating these to in the Mirrour for Magistrates, p. 121. rooms from the rest of the castle, indicate the apprehensions of treachery from his garrison; and the secret winding pas “ Their pleited garments there with well accord, sages, through which he could privately descend into the All jagde and frounst, with divers colours deckt." guardroom, or even into the dungeons, imply the necessity of no small degree of secret superintendence on the part of the governor. As the ancient books and furniture have remained undisturbed, the venerable appearance of these apartments,
NOTE 3 C. and the armoar scattered around the chamber, almost lead us to expect the arrival of the warden in person. Naworth
“ Ready, aye ready," for the field.-P. 25, Castle is situated near Brampton, in Cumberland. Lord William Howard is ancestor of the Earls of Carlisle.
Sir John Scott of Thirlestane flourished in the reign of James V., and possessed the estates of Thirlestane, Gamescleuch, &c., lying upon the river of Ettrick, and extending to St. Mary's Loch, at the head of Yarrow. It appears, that when
James had assembled his nobility, and their feudal followers, NOTE 3 A.
at Fala, with the purpose of invading England, and was, as is
well known, disappointed by the obstinate refusal of his peers, Lord Dacre.-P. 24.
this baron alone declared himself ready to follow the King
wherever he should lead. In memory of his fidelity, James The well-known name of Dacre is derived from the exploits granted to his family a charter of arms, entitling them to of one of their ancestors at the siege of Acre, or Ptolemais, bear a border of fleurs-de-luce, similar to the tressure in the under Richard Cæur de Lion. There were two powerful royal arms, with a bundle of spears for the crest; motto, branches of that name. The first family, called Lord Dacres Ready, aye ready. The charter itself printed by Nisbet; of the South, held the castle of the same name, and are an but his work being scarce, I insert the following accurate cestors to the present Lord Dacre. The other family, descend- transcript from the original, in the possession of the Right ed from the same stock, were called Lord Dacres of the Honourable Lord Napier, the representative of John of Thirle. North, and vere barons of Gilsland and Graystock. A chief- staine. tain of the latter branch was warden of the West Marches
" JAMES Rex. during the reign of Edward VI. He was a man of a hot and We James, by the grace of God, King of Scottis, considerobstinate character, as appears from some particulars of and the ffaith and guid servis of of of' right traist friend John Lord Surrey's letter to Henry VIII., giving an account of his Scott of Thirlestane, quha cummand to our hoste at Soutrabehaviour at the siege and storm of Jedburgh. It is printed | edge, with three score and ten launcieres on horseback of his in the Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border, Appendix to the In friends and followers, and beand willing to gang with ws into troduction.
England, when all our nobles and others refused, he was ready to stake at all our bidding; for the quhilk cause, it is our will, and we doe straitlie command and charg our lion herauld and his deputies for the time beand, to give and to
graunt to the said John Scott, ane Border of ffieure de lises Note 3 B.
about his coatte of armes, sik as is on our royal banner, and
alsua ane bundell of launces above his helmet, with thir words, The German hackbut-men.-P. 24.
Readdy, ay Readdy, that he and all his aftercummers may
bruik the samine as a pledge and taiken of our guid will and In the wars with Scotland, Henry VIII. and his successors kyndnes for his true worthines ; and thir our letters seen, ye employed numerous bands of mercenary troops. At the bat nae waes failzie to doe. Given at Ffalla Muire, under our tle of Pinky, there were in the English army six hundred hand and privy cashet, the xxvii day of July, m c and xxxú hackbutters on foot, and two hundred on horseback, com zeires. By the King's graces speciall ordinance. posed chiefly of foreigners. On the 27th of September, 1549,
“Jo. ARSKINK." the Duke of Somerset, Lord Protector, writes to the Lord Dacre, warden of the West Marches :-" The Almains, in
On the back of the charter is written, number two thousand, very valiant soldiers, shall be sent to
“ Edin. 14 January, 1713. Registred, conform to the act of you shortly from Newcastle, together with Sir Thomas Hol- parliament made anent probative writs, per MʻKaile, pror. croft, and with the force of your wardenry, (which we would and produced by Alexander Borthwick, servant to Sir Wilwere advanced to the most strength of horsemen that might liam Scott of Thirlestane. M. L. J." be,) shall make the attempt to Loughmaben, being of no such strength but that it may be skailed with ladders, whereof,
1 Sic in orig
NOTE 3 D.
of milder mood the gentle captive grew,
Nor loved the scenes that scared his infant view;
In vales remote, from camps and castles far,
He shunnid the fearful shuddering joy of war;
Content the loves of simple swains to sing,
Or wake to fame the harp's heroic string.
“ His are the strains, whose wandering echoes thrill The family of Harden are descended from a younger son of the shepherd, lingering on the twilight hill, the Laird of Buccleuch, who flourisbed before the estate of When evening brings the merry folding hours, Murdieston was acquired by the marriage of one of those and sup-eyed daisies close their winking flowers. chieftains with the heiress, in 1296. Hence they bear the cog- He lived o'er Yarrow's Flower to shed the tear, nizance of the Scotts upon the field; whereas those of the To strew the holly leaves o'er Harden's bier : Buccleuch are disposed upon a bend dexter, assumed in con But none was found above the minstrel's tomb, sequence of that marriage. --See GLADSTAINE of Whitelawe's Emblem of peace, to bid the daisy bloom : DISS., and SCOTT of Stokoe's Pedigree, Newcastle, 1783. He, nameless as the race from which he sprung,
Walter Scott of Harden, who flourished during the reign of Saved other names, and left his own unsung."
NOTE 3 E.
Scotts of Eskdale, a stalwart band.-P. 25. cendant, the present Mr. Scott of Harden. His castle was situated upon the very brink of a dark and precipitous dell, In this, and the following stanzas, some account is given of through which a scanty rivulet steals to meet the Borthwick. the mode in which the property in the valley of Esk was transIn the recess of this glen he is said to have kept his spoil, ferred from the Beatti-ons, its ancient possessors, to the name which served for the daily maintenance of his retainers, until of Scott. It is needless to repeat the circumstances, which the production of a pair of clean spurs, in a covered dish, an are given in the poem, literally as they have been preserved nounced to the hungry band, that they must ride for a supply by tradition. Lord Maxwell, in the latter part of the sixof provisions. He was married to Mary Scott, daughter of teenth century, took upon himself the title of Earl of MorPhilip Scott of Dryhope, and called in song the Flower of ton. The descendants of Beattison of Woodkerrick, who Yarrow. He possessed a very extensive estate, which was aided the Earl to escape from his disobedient vassals, contidivided among his five sons. There are numerous descend nued to hold these lands within the memory of man, and were ants of this old marauding Baron. The following beautiful the only Beattisons who had property in the dale. The old passage of LEYDEN's Scenes of Infancy, is founded on a tradi- people give locality to the story, by showing the Galliard's tion respecting an infant captive, whom Walter of Harden Haugh, the place where Buccleuch's men were concealed, &c. carried off in a predatory incursion, and who is said to have be. come the author of some of our most beautiful pastoral songs:
NOTE 3 F.
Their gathering word was Bellenden.-P. 26.
“Where Bortha hoarse, that loads the meads with
Bellenden is situated near the head of Borthwick water, and being in the centre of the possessions of the Scotts, was frequently used as their place of rendezvous and gathering word. - Survey of Sdkirkshire, in Macfarlane's DISS., Advo" cates' Library. Hence Satchells calls one part of his genealogical account of the families of that clan, his Bellenden.
NOTE 3 G.
The camp their home, their law the sword,
“ The waning harvest-moon shone cold and bright;
The mercenary adventurers, whom, in 1380, the Earl of Cambridge carried to the assistance of the King of Portugal against the Spaniards, mutinied for want of regular pay. At an assembly of their leaders, Sir John Soltier, a natural son of Edward the Black Prince, thus addressed them: “I counsayle, let us be alle of one alliance, and of one accorde, and let as among ourselves reyse up the banner of St. George, and let us be frendes to God, and enemyes to alle the worlde ; for without we make ourselfe to be feared, we gete nothynge.'
“By my fayth,' quod Sir William Helmon, 'ye saye right well, and so let us do.' They all agreed with one voyce, and
“ Scared at the light, his little hands he flung Around her neck, and to her bosom clung: While beauteous Mary soothed, in accents mild, His fluttering soul, and clasp'd her foster child.
$regarded among them who shulde be their capitayne. Then engagement, contained in an ancient MS. in the Advocates they ad rysed in the case how they coude nat have a better Library, and edited by Mr. Dalyell, in Godly Sangs and bub capitayne than Sir John Soltier. For they sulde than have lets, Edin. 1802. good leyser to do yvel, and they thought he was more metelfer thereto than any other. Then they raised up the
penon of St. George, and cried, 'A Soltier! a Soltier! the valyaunt bastarde! frendes to God, and enemies to all the worlde !" ".
Note 3 L. FROISSART, vol. i. ch. 393.
When English blood suelld Ancram's ford.-P. 28.
The battle of Ancram Moor, or Penielheuch was fought
A. D. 1545. The English, commanded by Sir Ralph Evers, NOTE 3 H.
and Sir Brian Latoun, were totally routed, and both their
leaders slain in the action. The Scottish army was comThat he may suffer march-lyouson pain.-P. 28. manded by Archibald Douglas, Earl of Angus, assisted by the
Laird of Buccleuch and Norman Lesley. Several species of offences, peculiar to the Border, constituted what was called march-treason. Among others, was the crime of riding, or causing tu ride, against the opposite country during the time of truce. Thus, in an indenture made at the water of Eske, beside Saloin, on the 25th day of March,
NOTE 3 M. 1334, bet wixt noble lords and mighty, Sirs Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland, and Archibald Douglas, Lord of Gallo
For who, in field or foray slack, way, a truce is agreed upon until the 1st day of July; and it
Saw the blanche lion e'er fall back 2-P. 29. is expressly accorded, “ Gif ony stellis authir on the ta part, or on the tothyr, that he shall be hanget or heofdit; and gif This was the cognizance of the noble house of Howard in all ony company stellis any gudes within the trieux beforesayd, its branches. The crest, or bearing, of a warrior, was often ane of that company sall be hanget or heofdit, and the rem- used as a nomme de guerre. Thus Richard III. acquired his nant sall restore the gudys stolen in the dubble."— History of well-known epithet, The Boar of York. In the violent satire Westmoreland and Cumberland, Introd. p. xxxix.
on Cardinal Wolsey, written by Roy, commonly, but erroneously, imputed to Dr. Bull, the Duke of Buckingham is called the Beautiful Swan, and the Duke of Norfolk, or Ear! of Surrey, the White Lion. As the book is extremely rare,
and the whole passage relates to the emblematical interpretaNOTE 3 I.
tion of heraldry, it shall be here given at length.
“ The Description of the Armes. Will deanse him, by oath, of march-treason stain.-P. 28. “Of the proud Cardinal this is the shelde,
Borne up betweene two angels of Sathan; In dubious cases, the innocence of Border criminals was
The six bloudy axes in a bare felde,
He bryngeth in his dyvlish darcness;
The cloubbe signifieth playne his tiranny,
Covered over with a Cardinall's hatt,
Wherein shall be fulfilled the prophecy,
Aryse up, Jacke, and put on thy salatt,
For the tyme is come of bagge and walatt. The dignity of knighthood, according to the original institu The temporall chevalry thus thrown doune, tion, had this peculiarity, that it did not flow from the mo Wherefor, prest, take hede, and beware thy crowne." parch, but could be conferred by one who himself possessed it, upon any squire who, after due probation, was found to merit There were two copies of this very scarce satire in the library the honour of chivalry. Latterly, this power was confined to of the late John, Duke of Roxburghe. See an account of it generals, who were wont to create knights bannerets after or also in Sir Egerton Brydges' curious miscellany, the Censura before an engagement. Even so late as the reign of Queen Literaria. Elizabeth, Essex highly offended his jealous sovereign by the indiscriminate exertion of this privilege. Among others, he knighted the witty Sir John Harrington, whose favour at court was by no means enhanced by his new honours.-See the
NOTE 3 N. Nuge Antiquar, edited by Mr. Park. But probably the latest instance of knighthood, conferred by a subject, was in the case
Let Musgrare meet fierce Deloraine of Thomas Ker, knighted by the Earl of Huntly, after the
In single fighl.- P. 29. defeat of the Earl of Argyle in the battle of Belrinnes. The fact is attested, both by a poetical and prose account of the It may easily be supposed, that trial by single combat, so
peculiar to the feudal system, was common on the Borders for the Scotch to ride in and through, and small resistance In 1558, the well-known Kirkaldy of Grange fought a duel made by him to the contrary, with Ralph Evre, brother to the then Lord Evre, in conse " Thomas Musgrave doth deny all this charge; and saith, quence of a dispute about a prisoner said to have been ill that he will prove that Lancelot Carleton doth falsely bely treated by the Lord Eyre. Pitscottie gives the following ac him, and will prove the same by way of combat, according to count of the affair :-"The Lord of Ivers his brother provoked this indenture. Lancelot Carleton hath entertained the chalWilliam Kircaldy of Grange to fight with him, in singular lenge ; and so, by God's permission, will prove it true as becombat, on horseback, with spears; who, keeping the appoint-fore, and hath set his hand to the same. ment, accompanied with Monsieur d'Ossel, lieutenant to the
(Signed) " THOMAS MUSGRAVE. French King, and the garrison of Haymouth, and Mr. Ivers,
" LANCELOT CARLETON, accompanied with the governor and garrison of Berwick, it was discharged, under the pain of treason, that any man should come near the champions within a flight-shot, except one man for either of them, to bear their spears, two trum pets, and two lords to be judges. When they were in readiness, the trumpets sounded, the heraulds cried, and the judges,
NOTE 3 0. let them go. They then encountered very fiercely; but Grange struck his spear through his adversary's shoulder,
He, the jorial harper.-P. 29. and bare him off his horse, being sore wounded : But whether he died, or not, it is uncertain."-- P. 212.
The person here alluded to, is one of our ancient Border The following indenture will show at how late a period the minstrels, called Rattling Roaring Willie. This soubriquel trial by combat was resorted to on the Border, as a proof of was probably derived from his bullying disposition ; being, it guilt or innocence :
would seem, such a roaring boy, as is frequently mentioned in "It is agreed between Thomas Musgrave and Launcelot old plays. While drinking at Newmill, upon Teviot, about Carleton, for the true trial of such controversies as are be- five miles above Hawick, Willie chanced to quarrel with one twixt them, to have it openly tried by way of combat, before of his own profession, who was usually distinguished by the God and the face of the world, to try it in Canonbyholme, odd name of Sweet Milk, from a place on Rule Water so before England and Scotland, upon Thursday in Easter-week, called. They retired to a meadow on the opposite side of the being the eighth day of April next ensuing, A.D. 1602, betwixt Teviot, to decide the contest with their swords, and Sweet nine of the clock, and one of the same day, to fight on foot, Milk was killed on the spot. A thorn-tree marks the scene to be armed with jack, steel cap, plaite sleeves, plaite breaches, of the murder, which is still called Sweet Milk Thorn. Willie plaite sockes, two basieard swords, the blades to be one yard was taken and executed at Jed burgh, bequeathing his name and half a quarter in length, two Scotch daggers, or dorks, at to the beautiful Scotch air, called " Rattling Roaring Willie." their girdles, and either of them to provide armour and wea- Ramsay, who set no value on traditionary lore, published a pons for themselves, according to this indenture. Two gen- few verses of this song in the Teu-Table Miscellany, carefully tlemen to be appointed, on the field, to view both the parties, suppressing all which had any connexion with the history of to see that they both be equal in arms and weapons, accord the author and origin of the piece. In this case, however, hoing to this indenture ; and being so viewed by the gentlemen, nest Allan is in some degree justified, by the extreme worththe gentlemen to ride to the rest of the company, and to leave lessness of the poetry. A verse or two may be taken, as illos them but two boys, viewed by the gentlemen, to be under trative of the history of Roaring Willie, alluded to in the sixteen years of age, to hold their horses. In testimony of text:this our agreement, we have both set our hands to this inden
“Now Willie's gane to Jeddart, ture, of intent all matters shall be made so plain, as there
And he's for the rood-day;! shall be no question to stick upon that day. Which inden
But Stobs and young Falnash? ture, as a witness, shall be delivered to two gentlemen. And
They follow'd him a'the way; for that it is convenient the world should be privy to every
They follow'd him a' the way, particular of the grounds of the quarrel, we have agreed to
They sought him up and down, set it down in this indenture betwixt us, that, knowing the
In the links of Ousenam water quarrel, their eyes may be witness of the trial.
They fand him sleeping sound.
"Stobs light aff his horse,
And never a word he spak,
Fu' fast behind his back;
And down beneath his knee,
When sweet milk 3 gars him die.
THE GROUNDS OF THE QUARREL "1. Lancelot Carleton did charge Thomas Musgrave before the Lords of her Majesty's Privy Council, that Lancelot Carleton was told by a gentleman, one of her Majesty's sworn servants, that Thomas Musgrave had offered to deliver her Majesty's Castle of Bewcastle to the King of Scots; and to witness the same, Lancelot Carleton had a letter under the gentleman's own hand for his discharge.
“2. He chargeth him, that whereas her Majesty doth yearly bestow a great fee upon him, as captain of Bewcastle, to aid and defend her Majesty's subjects therein : Thomas Musgrave hath neglected his duty, for that her Majesty's Castle of Bewcastle was by him made a den of thieves, and an harbour and receipt for murderers, felons, and all sorts of misdemeanors. The precedent was Quintin Whitehead and Runion Blackburne.
“3. He chargeth him, that his office of Bewcastle is open
“Ah wae light on ye, Stobs!
An ill death mot ye die;
That e'er laid hands on me;
And took my mare me frae:
Ye are my mortal fae!
1 The day of the Rood-fair at Jedburgh.
: A wretched pun on his antagonist's name.