« AnteriorContinuar »
Full three nights ago, by some secret foe,
“ Alas! away, away !” she cried, That gay gallant was slain.
“ For the holy Virgin's sake!”—
“ Lady, I know who sleeps by thy side; “ The varying light deceived thy sight,
But, lady, he will not awake.
In bloody grave have 1 lain;
The mass and the death-prayer are said for me,
But, lady, they are said in vain. f.e pass’d the court-gate, and he oped the tower-gate, And he mounted the narrow stair,
** By the Baron's brand, near Tweed's fair Tothebartizan-seat, where, with maids thaton her wait, strand, He found his lady fair.
Most foully slain, I fell;
And my restless sprite on the beacon's height,
For a space is doom'd to dwell.
I must wander to and fro;
But I had not had power to come to thy bower “ Now hail, now hail, thou lady bright!"
Had'st thou not conjured me so.”-
“ How, Richard, hast thou sped ?
And art thou saved, or art thou lost ?". “ The Ancram Moor is red with gore,
The vision shook his head !
“ Who spilleth life, shall forfeit life; To watch our beacons well.” —
So bid thy lord believe:
That lawless love is guilt above,
This awful sign receive.”
His right upon her hand;
The lady shrunk, and fainting sunk, In sleep the lady mourn'd, and the Baron toss'd and For it scorch'd like a fiery brand.
turn'd, And oft to himself he said,
The sable score, of fingers four, “ The worms around him creep, and his bloody grave Remains on that board impress'd; is deep ..
And for evermore that lady wore It cannot give up the dead !”
A covering on her wrist.
It was near the ringing of matin-bell,
The night was wellnigh done,
On the eve of good St. John.
There is a nun in Dryburgh bower,
Ne'er looks upon the sun;
He speaketh word to none.
The lady look'd through the chamber fair,
By the light of a dying flame;
Sir Richard of Coldinghame!
That nun, who ne'er beholds the day, 3
That monk, who speaks to none
That monk the bold Baron,
I Mertoun is the beautiful seat of Lord Polwarth.
tery was never touched with more thrilling skill than in that * Trysting-place-Place of rendezvous.
noble ballad. It is the first of his original pieces, too, in 8 See Appendix, Note B.
which he uses the measure of his own favourite Minstrels; The next of these compositions was, I believe, the Eve of measure which the monotony of mediocrity had long and suc St. John, in which Scott repeoples the tower of Smailholm, cessfully been labouring to degrade, but in itself adequato to · the awe-inspiring haunt of his infancy; and here he touches, the expression of the highest thoughts, as well as the gentless for the first time, the one superstition which can still be ap- emotions; and capable, in fit hands, of as rich a variety of pealed to with full and perfect effect; the only one which music as any other of modern times. This was written at lingers in minds long since weaped from all sympathy with Mertoun-house in the autumn of 1799."— Life of Scott, vol. ii the machinery of witches and goblins. And surely this mys- p. 26. See ante, p. 566.
warrior (to whose conduct Pitscottie and Buchanan ascribe the success of the engagement), Angus withdrew from the
height which he occupied, and drew up his forces behind it, BATTLE OF ANCRAM MOOR.-P. 592.
upon a piece of low flat ground, called Panier-heugh, or Lord Evers, and Sir Brian Latoun, during the year 1544, Paniel-heugh. The spare horses being sent to an eminence committed the most dreadful ravages upon the Scottish fron- in their rear, appeared to the English to be the main body of tiers, compelling most of the inhabitants, and especially the
the Scots in the act of flight. Under this persuasion, Everg men of Liddesdale, to take assurance under the King of Eng- and Latoun hurried precipitately forward, and having asJand. Upon the 17th November, in that year, the sum total cended the hill, which their foes bad abandoned, were no less of their depredations stood thus, in the bloody ledger of Lord dismayed than astonished to find the phalanx of Scottish Evers
spearmen drawn up, in firm array upon the flat ground be
low. The Scots in their turn became the assailants. A heron, Towns, towers, barnekynes, paryshe churches, bastill
roused from the marshes by the tumult, soared away betwixt houses, burned and destroyed,
the encountering armies: “0!" exclaimed Angus, “that I Scots slain,
had here my white goss-hawk, that we might all yoke at Prisoners taken,
once!"—Godscraft. The English, breathless and fatigued, Nolt (cattle),
having the setting sun and wind full in their faces, were unShepe,
able to withstand the resolute and desperate charge of the Nags and geldings,
Scottish lances. No sooner had they begun to waver, than Gayt,
their own allies, the assured Borderers, who had been waiting Bolls of corn,
the event, threw aside their red crosses, and joining their Insight gear, &c. (furniture) an incalculable quantity.
countrymen, made a most merciless slaughter among the MURDIN's State Papers, vol. i. p. 51.
English fugitives, the pursuers calling upon each other to For these services Sir Ralph Evers was made a Lord of Par- “ remember Broom house!"-LESLEY, p. 478. liament. See a strain of exulting congratulation upon his In the battle fell Lord Evers, and his son, together with Sir promotion poured forth by some contemporary minstrel, in Brian Latoun, and 800 Englishmen, many of whom were pervol. i. p. 417.
sons of rank. A thousand prisoners were taken. Among The King of England had promised to these two barons a these was a patriotic alderman of London, Read by name, feudal grant of the country, which they had thus reduced to who, having contumaciously refused to pay his portion of a a descrt ; upon hearing which, Archibald Douglas, the seventh benevolence, demanded from the city by Henry VIII., was Earl of Angus, is said to have sworn to write the deed of in- sent by royal authority to serve against the Scots. These, at vestiture upon their skins, with sharp pens and bloody ink, in settling his ransom, he found still more exorbitant in their resentment for their having defaced the tombs of his ances- exactions than the monarch.- REDPATH's Border History, tors at Melrose.-Godscroft. In 1545, Lord Evers and Latoun p. 563. again entered Scotland, with an army consisting of 3000 mer. Evers was much regretted by King Henry, who swore to cenaries, 1500 English Borderers, and 700 assured Scottish avenge his death upon Angus, against whom he conceived men, chiefily Armstrongs, Turnbulls, and other broken clans. himself to have particular grounds of resentment, on account In this second incursion, the English generals even exceeded of favours received by the earl at his hands. The answer of their former cruelty. Evers burned the tower of Broom house, Angus was worthy of a Douglas: “Is our brother-in-law ofwith its lady, (a noble and aged woman, says Lesley) and her fended,"2 said he, “that I, as a good Scotsman, have avenged whole family. The English penetrated as far as Melrose, my ravaged country, and the defaced tombs of my ancestors, which they had destroyed last year, and which they now upon Ralph Evers? They were better men than he, and I again pillaged. As they returned towards Jedburgh, they was bound to do no less—and will he take my life for that? were followed by Angus at the head of 1000 horse, who was Little knows King Henry the skirts of Kirnetable :3 I can shortly after joined by the famous Norman Lesley, with a keep myself there against all his English host."-GODSCROFT. body of Fife-men. The English, being probably unwilling to
Such was the noted battle of Ancram Moor. The spot, on cross the Teviot while the Scots hung upon their rear, halted which it was fought, is called Lilyard's Edge, from an Amaupon Ancram Moor, above the village of that name; and the zonian Scottish woman of that name, who is reported, by traScottish general was deliberating whether to advance or re- dition, to have distinguished herself in the same manner as tire, when Sir Walter Scott, 1 of Buccleuch, came up at full Squire Witherington.* The old people point out her monuspeed with a small but chosen body of his retainers, the rest ment, now broken and defaced. The inscription is said to of whom were near at hand. By the advice of this experienced have been legible within this century, and to have run thus :
1 The Editor has found no instance upon record, of this Buccleuch had a long account to settle at Ancram Moor.family having taken assurance with England. Hence, they Murdin's State Papers, pp. 45, 46. usually suffered dreadfully from the English forays. In August 1544, (the year preceding the battle,' the whole lands belong- 2 Angus had married the widow of James IV., sister to ing to Buccleuch, in West Teviotdale, were harried by Evers; King Henry VIII. the outworks, or barmkin, of the tower of Branxholm burned; eight Scotts slain, thirty made prisoners, and an immense 3 Kirnetable, now called Cairntable, is a mountainous tract prey of horses, cattle, and sheep, carried off. The lands upon at the head of Douglasdale. (See Notes to Castle Dangerous Kale Water, belonging to the same chieftain, were also Waverley Novels, vol. xlvii.] plundered, and much spoil obtained ; 30 Scotts slain, and the Mogs Tower (a fortress near Eckford) smoked very sore. Thus 4 See Chevy Chase.
" Fair maiden Lylliard lies under this stane,
female wanderer took ap her residence in a dark vault, among Littlo was her stature, but great was her fame;
the ruins of Dryburgh Abbey, which, during the day, sho Upon the English louns she laid mony thumps,
never quitted. When night fell, she issued from this miseraAnd, when her legs were cutted off, she fought upon her ble habitation, and went to the house of Mr. Haliborton of stumps."
Newmains, the Editor's great-grandfather, or to that of Mr. Vido Account of the Parish of Delrose. Erskine of Sheilfield, two gentlemen of the neighbourhood.
From their charity, she obtained such necessaries as she could It appears, from a passage in Stowe, that an ancestor of be prevailed upon to accept. At twelve, each night, she Lord Evers held also a grant of Scottish lands from an Eng- lighted her candle, and returned to her vault, assuring her lish monarch. “ I have seen," says the historian, “ under friendly neighbours, that, during her absence, her habitation the broad-seale of the said King Edward I., a manor, called was arranged by a spirit, to whom she gave the uncouth name Ketnes, in the county of Forfare, in Scotland, and neere the of Fatlips ; describing him as a little man, wearing heavy iron furthest part of the same nation northward, given to John shoes, with which he trampled the clay floor of the vault, to Ure and his þeires, ancestor to the Lord Ure, that now is, for dispel the damps. This circumstanco caused her to be rehis service done in these partes, with market, &e. dated at garded, by the well-informed, with compassion, as deranged Lanercost, the 20th day of October, anno regis, 34."--Stowe's in her understanding; and by the vulgar, with some degree of Annals, p. 210. This grant, like that of Henry, must have terror. The cause of her adopting this extraordinary mode of been dangerous to the receiver.
life she would never explain. It was, however, believed to have been occasioned by a vow, that, during the absence of a man to whom she was attached, she would never look upon the
sun. Her lover never returned. He fell during the civil war NOTE B.
of 1745-6, and she never more would behold the light of day.
The vault, or rather dungeon, in which this unfortunate That nun who ne'er beholds the day.-P. 593.
woman lived and died, passes still by the name of the super
natural being, with which its gloom was tenanted by her disThe circumstance of the nun, “who never saw the day," is turbed imagination, and few of the neighbouring peasants not entirely imaginary. About fifty years ago, an unfortunate dare enter it by night.-1803.
The ruins of Cadyow, or Cadzow Castle, the an- | their ferocity occasioned their being extirpated, about cient baronial residence of the family of Hamilton, forty years ago. Their appearance was beautiful, are situated upon the precipitous banks of the river being milk-white, with black muzzles, horns, and Evan, about two miles above its jurction with the hoofs. The bulls are described by ancient authors as Clyde. It was dismantled, in the conclusion of the having white manes ; but those of latter days had Civil Wars, during the reign of the unfortunate Mary, lost that peculiarity, perhaps by intermixture with to whose cause the house of Hamilton devoted them- the tame breed.? selves with a generous zeal, which occasioned their In detailing the death of the Regent Murray, which temporary obscurity, and, very nearly, their total is made the subject of the following ballad, it would ruin. The situation of the ruins, embosomed in wood, be injustice to my reader to use other words than darkened by ivy and creeping shrubs, and overhanging those of Dr. Robertson, whose account of that methe brawling torrent, is romantic in the highest de- morable event forms a beautiful piece of historical gree. In the immediate vicinity of Cadyow is a grove painting. of immense oaks, the remains of the Caledonian Fo- “ Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh was the person who rest, which anciently extended through the south of committed this barbarous action. He had been conScotland, from the eastern to the Atlantic Ocean. demned to death soon after the battle of Langside, as Some of these trees measure twenty-five feet, and we have already related, and owed his life to the Reupwards, in circumference; and the state of decay, gent's clemency. But part of his estate had been in which they now appear, shows that they have wit- bestowed upon one of the Regent's favourites, who nessed the rites of the Druids. The whole scenery is seized his house, and turned out his wife, naked, in a included in the magnificent and extensive park of the cold night, into the open fields, where, before next Duke of Hamilton. There was long preserved in this morning, she became furiously mad. This injury forest the breed of the Scottish wild cattle, until made a deeper impression on him than the benefit he
1 The breed had not been entirely extirpated. There re- are still to be seen at Chillingham Castle, in Northumberland. mained certainly a magnificent herd of these cattle in Cadyow For their nature and ferocity, see Notes. Forest within these few years. 1833. -Ed.
3 This was Sir James Bellenden, Lord Justico-Clerk, whose
shameful and inhuman rapacity occasioned the catastrophe . They were formerly kept in the park at Drumlanrig, and in the text.--SPOTTISWOODE.
had received, and from that moment he rowed to be indignation. He had no authority, be said, from revenged of the Regent. Party rage strengthened Scotland to commit murders in France ; he had and inflamed his private resentment. His kinsmen, avenged his own just quarrel, but he would peither, the Hamiltons, applauded the enterprise. The maxims for price nor prayer, avenge that of another man.of that age justified the most desperate course he Thuanus, cap. 46. could take to obtain vengeance. He followed the Re- The Regent's death happened 230 Japuary, 1569. gent for some time, and watched for an opportunity It is applauded or stigmatized, by contemporary histo strike the blow. He resolved at last to wait till torians, according to their religious or party prejuhis enemy should arrive at Linlithgow, through which dices. The triumph of Blackwood is unbounded. he was to pass in his way from Stirling to Edinburgh. He not only extols the pious feat of Bothwellhaugh, He took his stand in a wooden gallery,' which had a “who,” he observes, “ satisfied, with a single ounce window towards the street; spread a feather-bed on of lead, him whose sacrilegious avarice had stripped the floor to hinder the noise of his feet from being the metropolitan church of St. Andrews of its coverheard; hung up a black cloth behind him, that his ing;” but he ascribes it to immediate divine inspirashadow might not be observed from without; and, tion, and the escape of Hamilton to little less than after all this preparation, calmly expected the Regent's the miraculous interference of the Deity.—JEBB, vol. approach, who had lodged, during the night, in a i. p. 263. With equal injustice, it was, by others, made house not far distant. Some indistinct information the ground of a general national reflection; for, when of the danger which threatened him had been con- Mather urged Berney to assassinate Burleigh, and veyed to the Regent, and he paid so much regard to quoted the examples of Poltrot and Bothwellhaugh, it, that he resolved to return by the same gate through the other conspirator answered, “ that neyther Polwhich he had entered, and to fetch a compass round trot nor Hambleton did attempt their enterpryse, the town. But, as the crowd about the gate was without some reason or consideration to lead them to great, and he himself unacquainted with fear, he pro- it; as the one, by hyre, and promise of preferment or ceeded directly along the street; and the throng of rewarde; the other, upon desperate mind of revenge, people obliging him to move very slowly, gave the for a lyttle wrong done unto him, as the report goethe, assassin time to take so true an aim, that he shot him, according to the vyle trayterous dysposysyon of the with a single bullet, through the lower part of his hoole natyon of the Scottes.”—MUrdin's State Papers. belly, and killed the horse of a gentleman who rode on vol. i. p. 197. his other side. His followers instantly endeavoured to break into the house whence the blow had come ; but they found the door strongly barricadoed, and, before it could be forced open, Hamilton had mounted a fleet horse, which stood ready for him at a back
CADYOWCASTLE. passage, and was got far beyond their reach. The Regent died the same night of his wound.”—History of Scotland, book v.
Bothwellhaugh rode straight to Hamilton, where he was received in triumph; for the ashes of the houses
LADY ANNE HAMILTON. 3 in Clydesdale, which had been burned by Murray's army, were yet smoking ; and party prejudice, the When princely Hamilton's abode habits of the age, and the enormity of the provocation, Ennobled Cadyow's Gothic towers, seemed to his kinsmen to justify the deed. After a The song went round, the goblet flow'd, short abode at Hamilton, this fierce and determined And revel sped the laughing hours. man left Scotland, and served in France, under the patronage of the family of Guise, to whom he was Then, thrilling to the harp's gay sound, doubtless recommended by having avenged the cause So sweetly rung each vaulted wall, of their niece, Queen Mary, upon her ungrateful And echoed light the dancer's bound, brother. De Thou has recorded, that an attempt was As mirth and music cheer'd the hall. made to engage him to assassinate Gaspar de Coligni, the famous Admiral of France, and the buckler of the But Cadyow's towers, in ruins laid, Huguenot cause. But the character of Bothwell- And vaults, by ivy mantled o'er, haugh was mistaken. He was no mercenary trader Thrill to the music of the shade, in blood, and rejected the offer with contempt and
Or echo Evan's hoarser roar.
THE RIGHT HONOURABLE
1 This projecting gallery is still shown. The house to which 2 The gift of Lord John Hamilton, Commendator of Ar it was attached was the property of the Archbishop of St. An- broath. drews, a natural brother to the Duke of Chatelherault, and uncle to Both wellhaugh. This, among many other circum- 8 Eldest daughter of Archibald, ninth Duke of Hamilton stances, seems to evince the aid which Bothwellhaugh re- -ED, ceived from his clan in effecting his purpose.