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Virgilius, bl. Tet., printed at Antwerpe by John Doesborcke. started, and said, That is me, I must avay,' and instantly This curious volume is in the valuable library of Mr. Douce; disappeared, and was never heard of more. Old Anderson and is supposed to be a translation from the French, printed did not remember it, but said, he had often heard his father, in Flanders for the English market. See Goujet Biblioth. and other old men in the place, who were there at the time, Franc. ix. 225. Catalogue de la Bibliothèque Nationale, tom. speak about it; and in my younger years I have often heard ti. p. 5. De Bure, No. 3857.

it mentioned, and never met with any who had the remotest doubt as to the truth of the story; although, I must own, I

cannot help thinking there must be some misrepresentation NOTE 2 H.

in it.”—To this account, I have to add the following particu

lars from the most respectable authority. Besides constantly Then Deloraine, in terror, took

repeating the word tint ! tint! Gilpin Horner was often heard From the cold hand the Mighty Book,

to call upon Peter Bertram, or Be-te-ram, as he pronounced

the word; and when the shrill voice called Gilpin Horner, He thought, as he took it, the dead man frown'd.-P. 16. he immediately acknowledged it was the summons of the

said Peter Bertram : who seems therefore to have been the William of Deloraine might be strengthened in this belief devil who had tint, or lost, the little imp. As much has been by the well-known story of the Cid Ruy Diaz. When the objected to Gilpin Horner, on account of his being supposed body of that famous Christian champion was sitting in state rather a device of the author than a popular superstition, I by the high altar of the cathedral church of Toledo, where it can only say, that no legend which I ever heard seemed to be remained for ten years, a certain malicious Jew attempted to more universally credited ; and that many persons of very pull him by the beard; but he had no sooner touched the good rank, and considerable information, are well known to formidable whiskers, than the corpse started up, and half un- repose absolute faith in the tradition. sheathed his gword. The Israelite fled ; and so permanent was the effect of his terror, that he became Christian.--Heywood's Hierarchie, p. 480, quoted from Sebastian Cobarruvias Crozee.


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But the Ladye of Branksome gather'd a band

of the best that would ride at her cominand.-P. 18. NOTE 2 I.

“Upon 25th June, 1557, Dame Janet Beatoune Lady BucThe Baron's Dwarf his courser held.-P. 18.

cleuch, and a great number of the name of Scott, delaitit

(accused) for coming to the ki of St. Mary of the Lowes, to The idea of Lord Cranstoun's Goblin Page is taken from a the number of two hundred persons bodin in feire of weire, being called Gilpin Horner, who appeared, and made some (arrayed in armour), and breaking open the door of the said stay, at a farm-house among the Border-mountains. A gen. kirk, in order to apprehend tho Laird of Cranstoune for his tleman of that country has noted down the following particu- destruction." On the 20th July, a warrant from the Queen lars concerning his appearance :

is presented, discharging the justice to proceed against the " The only certain, at least most probable account, that Lady Buccleuch while new calling-Abrigment of Books of ever I heard of Gilpin Horner, was from an old man, of the Adjournal, in Advocates' LibrarysThe following proceedings name of Anderson, who was born, and lived all his life at Tod

upon this case appear on the record of the Court of Justiciary: shaw hill, in Eskedale-muir, the place where Gilpin appeared on the 25th of June, 1557, Robert Scott, in Bowhill parish, and staid for some time. He said there were two men, late priest of the kirk of St. Mary's, accused of the convocation of in the evening, when it was growing dark, employed in fas- the Queen's lieges, to the number of two hundred persons, in tening the horses upon the uttermost part of their ground, warlike array, with jacks, helmets, and other weapons, and (that is, tying their forefeet together, to hinder them from marching to the chapel of St. Mary of the Lowes, for the travelling far in the night,) when they heard a voice, at some slaughter of Sir Peter Cranstoun, out of ancient feud and distance, crying, · Tint! Tint! Tint!'. One of the men, malice prepense, and of breaking the doors of the said kirk, named Moffat, called out, · What deil has tint you ? Come is repledged by the Archbishop of Glasgow. The bail given here.' Immediately a creature, of something like a human by Robert Scott of Allanhaugh, Adam Scott of Burnfute, form, appeared. It was surprisingly little, distorted in fea- Robert Scott in Howfurde, Walter Scott in Todshawhaugh, tures, and misshapen in limbs. As soon as the two men Walter Scott younger of Synton, Thomas Scott of Hayning, Ro. could see it plainly, they ran home in a great fright, imagi- bert Scott. William Scott, and James Scott, brothers of the said ning they had met with some goblin. By the way, Moffat Walter Scott, Walter Scott in the Woll, and Walter Scott, fell, and it ran over him, and was home at the house as soon son of William Scott of Harden, and James Wemyss in Eckas either of them, and staid there a long time; but I cannot ford, all accused of the same crime, is declared to be forsay how long. It was real flesh and blood, and ate and feited. On the same day, Walter Scott of Synton, and Waldrank, was fond of cream, and, when it could get at it, would ter Chisholme of Chisholme, and William Scott of Harden, destros a great deal. It seemed a mischievous creature ; and became bound, jointly and severally, that Sir Peter Cranany of the children whom it could master, it would beat and stoun, and his kindred and servants, should receive no injury scratch without mercy. It was once abusing a child belong- from them in future. At the same time, Patrick Murray of ing to the same Moffat, who had been so frightened by its first Fallohill, Alexander Stuart, uncle to the Laird of Trak whare,

and he, in a passion, struck it so violent a blow John Murray of Newhall, John Fairlye, residing in Selkirk, upon the side of the head, that it tumbled upon the ground; George Tait, younger of Pirn, John Pennycuke of Pennycuke, but it was not stunned; for it set up its head directly, and James Ramsay of Cokpen, the Laird of Fassyde, and the exclaimed, ' Ah, hah, Will o' Moffat, you strike sair!' (viz. Laird of Henderstoune, were all severally fined for not alsore.) After it had staid there long, one evening, when the tending as jurors ; being probably either in alliance with the women were milking the cows in the loan, it was playing accused parties, or dreading their vengeance. Upon the 20th among the children near by them, when suddenly they heard of July following, Scott of Synton, Chisholme of Chisholme, a loud shrill voice cry three times, Gilpin Horner!' It Scott of Harden, Scott of Howpaslie, Scott of Burnfute, with

many others, are ordered to appear at next calling, under the | Tint signifies lost.

pains of treason. But no farther procedure seems to have

appearance ;

taken place. It is said that, upon this rising, the kirk of st. called to him a servaunt, and said, 'Go, and get a hangman, Mary was burnt by the Scotts.

and let him stryke off this mayster's heed without delay;' and as soone as the Erle had commanded it, incontynent it was done, for his heed was stryken of before the Erle's tent."PROISSART, vol. i. ch. DI, 392.

The art of glamour, or other fascination, was anciently a NOTE 2 L.

principal part of the skill of the jongleur, or juggler, whose

tricks formed much of the amusement of a Gothic castie. LA a book-bosom'd priest.-P. 19.

Some instances of this art may be found in the Minstrelsy

the Scottish Border, vol. iv. p. 106. In a strange allegorical “At Unthank, two miles N. E. from the church (of Ewes), poem, called the Houlat, written by a dependent of the there are the ruins of a chapel for divine service, in time of house of Douglas, about 1452-3, the jay, in an assembly of Popery. There is a tradition, that friars were wont to come birds, plays the part of the juggler. His feats of glamour are from Melrose or Jedburgh, to baptise and marry in this ra- thus described :rish ; and from being in use to carry the mass-book in their bosoms, they were called by the inhabitants, Book-a-bosomes. " He gart them see, as it semyt in samyn houre, There is a man yet alive, who knew old men who had been Hunting at herdis in holtis so hair; baptised by these Book-a-bosomes, and who says one of them, Some sailand on the see schippis of toure, called Hair, used this parish for a very long time."-- Account Bernis battalland on burd brim as a bare; Of Parish of Ewes, apud Macfarlane's NSS.

He coulde carye the coup of the kingis des,

Syne leve in the stede,
Bot a black bunwede;

He could of a henis hede

Make a man mes.

“ He gart the Emproure trow, and trewlye behald, All cas delusion, naught was truth.-P. 20.

That the corneraik, the pundere at hand,

Had poyndit all his pris hors in a poynd fald, Glamour, in the legends of Scottish superstition, means the Because thai ete of the corn in the kirkland. magic power of imposing on the eyesight of the spectators, so He could wirk windaris, quhat way that he wald, that the appearance of an object shall be totally different Mak a gray gus a gold garland, from the reality. The transformation of Michael Scott by A lang spere of a bittile, for a berne bald, the witch of Falsehope, already mentioned, was a genuine

Nobilis of nutschelles, and silver of sand. operation of glamour. To a similar charm the ballad of Thus joukit with juxters the janglane ja, Johnny Fa' imputes the fascination of the lovely Countess, Fair ladyes in ringis, who eloped with that gipsy leader :

Knychtis in caralyngis,

Bayth dansis and singis,
“Sae soon as they saw her weel-far'd face,

It semyt as sa."
They cast the glamour o'er her."


It was formerly used even in war. In 1381, when the Duke of Anjou lay before a strong castle, upon the coast of Naples, a necromancer offered to "make the ayre so thycke, that

NOTE 2 N. they within shall thynke that there is a great bridge on the see (by which the castle was surrounded) for ten men to go a

Now, if you ask who gave the stroke, front; and whan they within the castle se this bridge, they

I cannot tell, so mot I thrive : will be so afrayde, that they shall yelde them to your mercy.

It was not given by man alive.-P. 20. The Duke demanded,– Fayre Master, on this bridge that ye. speke of, may our people assuredly go thereon to the castell, Dr. Henry More, in a letter prefixed to Glanville's Saduto assayle it?'--Syr,' quod the enchantour, ' I dare not as- cismus Triumphatus, mentions a similar phenomenon. sure you that; for if any that passeth on the bridge make the " I remember an old gentleman in the country, of my acsigne of the crosse on hym, all shall go to noughte, and they quaintance, an excellent justice of peace, and a piece of a that be on the bridge shall fall into the see.' Then the Duke mathematician; but what kind of a philosopher he was, you began to laugh; and a certain of young knightes, that were may understand from a rhyme of his own making, which he there present, said, 'Syr, for godsake, let the mayster assey commended to me at my taking horse in his yard, which rhyme his cunning: we shall leve making of any signe of the crosse on is this us for that tyme."" The Earl of Savoy, shortly after, entered

• Ens is nothing till sense finds out: the tent, and recognised in the enchanter the same person

Sense ends in nothing, so naught goes about.' who had put the castle into the power of Sir Charles de la Payx, who then held it, by persuading the garrison of the Which rhyme of his was so rapturous to himself, that, on the Queen of Naples, through magical deception, that the sea was reciting of the second verse, the old man turned himself about coming over the walls. The sage avowed the feat, and added, upon his toe as nimbly as one may observe a dry leaf whisked that he was the man in the world most dreaded by Sir Charles round the corner of an orchard-walk by some little whirlde la Payx. “ ' By my fayth,' quod the Earl of Savoy, 'ye wind. With this philosopher I have had many discourses say well; and I will that Syr Charles de la Payx shall know concerning the immurtality of the soul and its distinction; that he hath gret wronge to fear you. But I shall assure hym when I have run him quite down by reason, he would but of you; for ye shall never do enchantment to deceyve hym, laugh at me, and say this is logic, H. (calling me by my Chrisnor yet none other. I wolde nat that in tyme to come we tian name,) to which I replied, this is reason, father L. (for Bhulde be reproached that in so high an enterprise as we be so I used and some others to call him ;) but it seems you are in, wherein there be so many noble knyghtes and squyres for the new lights, and immediate inspiration, which I conassembled, that we shulde do any thyng be enchantment, nor fess he was as little for as for the other ; but I said so only that we shulde wyn our enemys be suche crafte.' Then he in the way of drollery to him in those times, but truth is,

nothing but palpable experience would move him; and being When setting to their lips their bugles shrill, a bold man, and fearing nothing, he told me he had used all The warbling echoes waked from every dale and hill; the magical ceremonies of conjuration he could, to raise the Their bauldrics set with studs athwart their shoulders cast, devil or a spirit, and had a most earnest desire to meet with To which under their arms their sheafs were buckled fast, one, but never could do it. But this he told me, when he did A short sword at their belt, a buckler scarce a span, not so much as think of it, while his servant was pulling off Who struck below the knee not counted then a man. his boots in the hall, some invisible hand gave him such a All made of Spanish yew, their bows were wondrous strong, clap upon the back, that it made all ring again ; 'Bo,' thought They not an arrow drew but was a cloth-yard long. he now, 'I am invited to the converse of my spirit,' and Of archery they had the very perfect craft, therefore, so soon as his boots were off, and his shoes on, out With broad arrow, or but, or prick, or roving shaft." he goes into the yard and next field, to find out the spirit that

Poly-Albion, Song 26. had given him this familiar clap on the back, but fùund none neither in the yard nor field next to it.

To wound an antagonist in the thigh, or leg, was reckoned "But though he did not feel this stroke, albeit he thought contrary to the law of arms. In a tilt betwixt Gawain Miit afterwards (finding nothing came of it) a mere delusion; chael, an English squire, and Joachim Cathore, a Frenchman, yet not long before his death, it had more force with him than they met at the speare poyntes rudely; the French squyer all the philosophical arguments I could use to him, though I justed right pleasantly; the Englishman ran too lowe, for ho could wind him and nonplus him as I pleased; but yet all my strak the Frenchman depe into the thigh. Where with the arguments, how solid soever, made no impression upon him; | Erle of Buckingham was right sore displeased, and so were all wherefore, after several reasonings of this nature, whereby I the other lords, and sayde how it was shamefully done."would prove to him the soul's distinction from the body, and FROISSART, vol. i. chap. 366. Upon a similar occasion, " the its immortality, when nothing of such subtile consideration two knyghts came a fote eche against other rudely, with their did any more execution on his mind than some lightning is speares low couched, to stryke eche other within the foure said to do, though it melts the sword, on the fuzzy consis-quarters. Johan of Castell-Morant strake the English squyer tency of the scabbard, — Well,' said I, “father L., though on the brest in such wyse, that Syr Wyllyam Fermetone none of these things move you, I have something still behind, stombled and bowed, for his fote a lyttel fayled him. He and what yourself has acknowledged to be true, that may do helde his speare lowe with both his handes, and coude nat the business :-Do you remember the clap on your back when amende it, and strake Syr Johan of the Castell-Morant in the Four servant was pulling off your boots in the hall ? Assure thighe, so that the speare went clene throughe, that the heed yourself, says I, father L., that goblin will be the first to bid was sene a handfull on the other syde. And Syr Johan with you welcome into the other world.' Upon that his counte- the stroke reled, but he fell nat. Than the Englyshe knyghtes nance changed most sensibly, and he was more confounded and squyers were ryghte sore displeased, and sayde how it with this rubbing up his memory, than with all the rational was a foule stroke. Syr Wyllam Fermeton excused himselfe, or philosophical argumentations that I could produce." and sayde how he was sorie of that adventure, and howe that

yf he had knowen that it shulde have bene so, he wolde never have begon it; sayenge how be could nat amende it, by cause of glaunsing of his fote by constraynt of the great stroke that

Syr Johan of the Castell- Morant had given him.”—FROISSART, NOTE 2 0.

vol. i. chap. 373.

The running stream dissolved the spell. —P. 20. It is a firm article of popular faith, that no enchantment can subsist in a living stream. Nay, if you can interpose a

NOTE 2 Q. brook betwixt you and witches, spectres, or even fiends, you are in perfect safety. Burns's inimitable Tam o' Shanter She drew the splinter from the wound, turns entirely upon such a circumstance. The belief seems And with a charm she stanch'd the blood.-P. 21. to be of antiquity. Brompton informs us, that certain Irish wizards could, by spells, convert earthen clods, or stones, into See several charms for this purpose in Reginald Scott's Dis fat pigs, which they sold in the market, but which always covery of Witchcroft, p. 273. reassumed their proper form when driven by the deceived purchaser across a running stream. But Brompton is severe “ Tom Potts was but a serving man, on the Irish for a very good reason.

« Gens ista spurcissima But yet he was a doctor good; non solvunt decimas." --Chronicon Johannis Brompton apud He bound his handkerchief on the wound, decem Scriptores, p. 1076.

And with some kinds of words he stanched the blood."

Pieces of Ancient Popular Poetry, Lond. 1791, p. 131

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works, and particnlarly for his Dendrologie, translated into in a short time ; for I knew the reason of this new accident, French by Mons. Baudouin) coming by chance, as two of his and would provide accordingly; for his master should be free best friends were fighting in duel, he did his endeavour to from that inflammation, it may be before he could possibly part them; and, putting himselfe between them, seized, with return to him; but in case he found no ease, I wished him to his left hand, upon the hilt of the sword of one of the com- come presently back again; if not, he might forbear coming. batants, while with his right hand, he laid hold of the blade Thereupon he went ; and at the instant i did put again the of the other. I bey, being transported with fury one against garter into the water, thereupon he found his master without the other, struggled to rid themselves of the hinderance their any pain at all. To be brief, there was no sense of pain affriend made, that they should not kill one another; and one terward; but within five or su daves the wounds were cicaof them roughly drawing the blade of his sword, cuts to the trized, and entirely healed."- Page 6. very bone the nerves and muscles of Mr. Howel's hand ; and The King (James VI.) obtained from Sir Kenelm the disthen the other disengaged his hilts, and gave a crosse blow on covery of his secret, which be pretended had been taught his adversarie's head, which glanced towards his friend, who him by a Carmelite friar, who had learned it in Armenia, or hearing up his sore hand to save the blow, he was wounded on Persia. Let not the age of animal magnetism and metallic the back of his hand as he had been before within. It seems tractors smile at the sympathetic powder of Sir Kenelm some strange constellation reigned then against him, that he Digby. Reginald Scott mentions the same mode of cure in should lose so much bloud by parting two such dear friends, these terins:" And that which is more strange .. who, had they been themselves, would have hazarded both they can remedie anie stranger with that renie sword wheretheir lives to have preserved his ; but this involuntary effusion with they are wounded. Yea, and that which is beyond all of bloud by them, prevented that which they sholde have drawn admiration, if they stroke the sword upward with their finone from the other. For they, sceing Mr. Howel's face be gers, the partie shall feele no pain; whereas, if they draw smeared with bloud, by heaving up his wounded hand, they their fingers downwards, thereupon the partie wounded shall both ran to embrace him; and, having searched his hurts, feele intolerable pain." I presume that the success ascribed they bound up his hand with one of his garters, to close the to the sympathetic mode of treatment night arise from the veins which were cut, and bled abundantly. They brought pains bestowed in washing the wound, and excluding the him home, and sent for a surgeon. But this being heard at air, thus bringing on a cure by the first intention. It is inacourt, the King sent ore of his own surgeons ; for his Majesty troduced by Dryden in the Enchanted Island, a very unnemuch affected the said Mr. Howel.

cessary) alteration of the Tempest :" It was my chance to be lodged hard by him; and four or five days after, as I was making myself ready, he came to my " Ariel. Anoint the sword which pierced him with this house, and prayed me to view his wounds ; ' for I understand,"Weapon-salve, and wrap it close from air, said he, that you have extraordinary remedies on such occa- null I have time to visit him again.-- Ad v. sc. 2. sions, and my surgeons apprehend some fear that it may grow to a gangrene, and so the hand must be cut oft.' in effect, his Again, in scene 4th, Miranda enters with Hippolito's sword countenance discovered that he was in much pain, which he wrapt up:said was insupportable, in regard of the extreme inflammation. I told him I would willingly serve him; but if haply he Hip. O my wound pains me! knew the manner how I would cure him, without touching or Mlir. I am come to ease you. (She unwraps the Sword. seeing him, it may be he would not expose himself to my man- Hip. Alas, I feel the cold air came to me; ner of curing, because he would think it, peradventure, either My wound shoots worse than ever. ineffectual or superstitious. He replied, the wonderful Alir. Does it still grieve you? [She wipes and anoints the things which many have related unto me of your way of me

Sword.] dicament, makes me nothing doubt at all of its efficacy; and Hip. Now, methinks, there's something laid just upon it all that I have to say unto you is comprehended in the Spa- Wir. Do you find no ease ? nish proverb, Hagase el milagro y hagalo Jahoma-Let the Hip. Yes, yes; upon the sudden all this pain miracle be done, though Mahomet do it.'

Is leaving mic. Sweet heaven, how I am cased!" " I asked him then for any thing that had the blood upon it; so he presently sent for his garter, wherewith his hand was first bound; and as I called for a bason of water, as if I would wash my hands, I took a handful of powder of vitriol, which I had in my study, and presently dissolved it. As soon as the bloudy garter was brought me, I put it within the bason, observing,

NOTE 2 S. in the interim, what Mr. Howel did, who stood talking with a gentleman in a corner of my chamber, not regarding at all

On Penchryst glows a bale of fire.-P. 22. what I was doing: but he started suddenly, as if he had found some strange alteration in himself. I asked him what he Bale, beacon-fagot. The Border beacons, from their numailed? “I know not what ailes me; but I finde that I feel no ber and position, formed a sort of telegraphic communication more pain. Methinks that a pleasing kinde of freshnesse, as with Edinburgh - The act of Parliament 1455, c. 48, directs, it were a wet cold napkin, did spread over my hand, which that one bale or fagot shall be warning of the approach of hath taken away the infiammation that tormented me before.' the English in any manner; two bales that they are coming -I replied, “Since then that you feel already so good effect indred; four bales, blazing beside each other, that the of my medicament, I advise you to cast away all your play. enemy are in great force. “ The same thikenings to be sters; only keep the wound clean, and in a moderate temper be watched and maid at Eggerhope (Eggerstand) Castell, fra twist heat and cold.' This was presently reported to the Duke they se the fire of Hume, that they fire right swa. And in 0. Buckingham, and a little after to the King, who were both like manner on Sowtra Fdge, sall se the fire of Fggerhope very curious to know the circumstance of the businesse, which Castell, and mak taikening in like manner: And then may was, that after dinner I took the garter out of the water, and all Louthaine be warned, and in special the Castell of Edinput it to dry before a great fire. It was scarce dry, but Mr. burgh; and their four fires to be made in like manner, that Howel's servant came running, that his master felt as much they in Fife, and fra Striveling east, and the east part of burning as ever he had done, if not more ; for the heat was Louthaine, and to Dunbar, all may se them, and come to the such as if his hand were 't wixt coles of fire. I answered, al. defence of the realmc." These beacons (at least in latter though that had happened at present, yet he should find ease times) were a " long and strong tree set up, with a long iron

pole across the head of it, and an iron brander fixed on a stalk hare killed our fathers, our brothers, and uncles, and our in the middle of it, for holding a tar barrel."-STEVENSON's cousins; and they are coming, thinking to surprise you, upon History, vol. ii. p. 701.

weak grass nags, such as they could get on a sudden; and God hath put them into your hands, that we may take revenge of them for much blood that they have spilt of ours.' I desired they would be patient a while, and bethought my

self, if I should give them their will, there would be few or NOTE 2 T.

none of the Scots that would escape unkilled; (there was so

many deadly feuds among them ;) and therefore I resolved Our kin, and clan, and friends to raise.-P. 22. with myself to give them a fair answer, but not to give them

their desire. So I told them, that if I were not there myself, The speed with which the Borderers collected great bodies they might then do what they pleased themselves; but being of horse, may be judged of from the following extract, when present, if I should give them leave, the blood that should be the subject of the rising was much less important than that spilt that day would lie very hard upon my conscience. And supposed in the romance. It is taken from Carey's Me- therefore I desired them, for my sake, to forbear; and, if the moirs :

Scots did not presently make away with all the speed they “Upon the death of the old Lord Scroop, the Queen gave could, upon my sending to them, they should ihen have their the west wardenry to his son, that had married my sister. wills to do what they pleased. They were ill satisfied with He having received that office, came to me with great earnest- my answer, but durst not disobey. I sent with speed to the ness, and desired me to be his deputy, offering me that I Scots, and bade them pack away with all the speed they should live with him in his house; that he would allow me could; for if they stayed the messenger's return, they should half a dozen men, and as many horses, to be kept at his few of them return to their own home. They made no stay; charge ; and his fee being 1000 merks yearly, he would part it but they were returned homewards before the messenger had with me, and I should have the half. This his noble offer I made an end of his message. Thus, by God's mercy, I esaccepted of, and went with him to Carlisle; where I was no caped a great danger; and, by my means, there were a great sooner come, but I entered into my office. We had a stir- many men's lives saved that day." ring time of it; and few days past over my head but I was on horseback, either to prevent mischief, or take malefactors, and to bring the Border in better quiet than it had been in times past. One memorable thing of God's mercy shewed unto me, was such as I have good cause still to remember it.

NOTE 2 U. "I had private intelligence given me, that there were two Scottish men that had killed a churchman in Scotland, and

On many a cairn's grey pyramid, were by one of the Græmes relieved. This Græme dwelt

Where urns of mighty chic's lie hid.-P. 22. within five miles of Carlisle. He had a pretty house, and close by it a strong tower, for his own defence in time of The cairns, or piles of loose stones, which crown the sumneed. - About two o'clock in the morning, I took horse in mit of most of our Scottish hills, and are found in other reCarlisle, and not above twenty-five in my company, thinking markable situations, seem usually, though not universally. to surprise the house on a sudden. Before I could surround to have been sepulchral monuments. Six flat stones are the house, the two Scots were gutten in the strong tower, and commonly found in the centre, forming a cavity of greater or I could see a boy riding from the house as fast as his horse smaller dimensions, in which an urn is often placed. The could carry him; I little suspecting what it meant. But author is possessed of one, discovered beneath an immense Thomas Carleton came to me presently, and told me, that if cairn at Roughlee, in Liddesdale. It is of the most barI did not presently prevent it, both myself and all my com- barous construction; the middle of the substance alone hapany would be either slain or taken prisoners. It was strange ving been subjected to the fire, over which, when hardened, to me to hear this language. He then said to me, * Do You

the artist had laid an inner and outer coat of unbaked clay, see that boy that rideth away so fast? He will be in Scot- etched with some very rude ornaments; his skill apparently land within this half hour; and he is gone to let them know, being inadequate to baking the vase, when completely finished. that you are here, and to what end you are come, and the The contents were bones and ashes, and a quantity of bends small number you have with you ; and that if they will make | made of coal. This seems to have been a barbarous imitahaste, on a sudden they may surprise us, and do with us what tion of the Roman fashion of sepulture. they please.' Herenpon we took advice what was best to be done. We sent notice presently to all parts to raise the country, and to come to us with all the speed they could; and withall we sent to Carlisle to raise the townsmen; for without foot we could do no good against the tower. There

Note 2 V. we staid some hours, expecting more company; and within short time after the country came in on all sides, so that we

Fr pathless marsh and mountain cell, were quickly between three and four hundred horse; and,

The peasani lift his louly shed.-P. 23. after some longer stay, the foot of Carlisle came to us, to the number of three or four hundred men ; whom we presently The morasses were the usual refugo of the Border herdsset to work, to get to the top of the tower, and to uncover men, on the approach of an English army.-(Minstrelsy of the the roof; and then some twenty of them to fall down to- Scottish Border, vol. i. p. 393.) Caves, hewed in the most gether, and by that means to win the tower.— The Scots, see- dangerous and inaccessible places, also afforded an occasional ing their present danget, offered to parley, and yielded them- retreat. Such caverns may be seen in the precipitous banks selves to my mercy. They had no sooner opened the iron of the Teviot at Sunlaws, upon the Ale at Ancram, upon the gate, and yielded themselves my prisoners, but we might see Jed at Hundalee, and in many other places upon the Border. 400 horse within a quarter of a mile coming to their rescue, The banks of the Fske, at Gorton and Hawthornden, are and to surprise me and my small company; but of a sudden hollowed into similar recesses. But even these dreary dens they stayed, and stood at gaze. Then had I more to do than were not always secure places of concealment. “In the way ever; for all our Borderers came crying, with full mouths, as we came, not far from this place, (Long Niddry,) George Sir, give us leave to set upon them; for these are they that ( Ferres, a gentleman of my Lord Protector's

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