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dal. Sir Edward Bruce, it seems, lored Ross's sister, par NOTE 2 T.
amours, to the neglect of his own lady, sister to David de Strath bogie, Earl of Athole. This criminal passion had evil
consequences; for, in resentment to the affront done to his Each to Loch Ranza's margin spring :
sister, Athole attacked the guard which Bruce had left at That blast was winded by the King !-P. 437.
Cambuskenneth, during the battle of Bannockburn, to protect
his magazine of provisions, and slew Sir William Keith, the The passage in Barbour, describing the landing of Bruce, commander. For which treason he was forfeited. and his being recognised by Douglas and those of his followers In like manner, when in a sally from Carrickfergus, Neil who had preceded him, by the sound of his horn, is in the Fleming, and the guards whom he commanded, had fallen, original singularly simple and affecting.–The king arrived in after the protracted resistance which saved the rest of Edward Arran with thirty-three small row-boats. He interrogated a Bruce's army, he made such moan as surprised his followers : female if there had arrived any warlike men of late in that
“ Sic moan he made men had ferly, 3 country. “Surely, sir," she replied, “I can tell you of many
For he was not customably who lately came hither, discomfited the English governor, and
Wont for to moan men any thing, blockaded his castle of Brodick. They maintain themselves
Nor would not hear men make moaning." in a wood at no great distance." The king, truly conceiving that this must be Douglas and his followers, who had lately Such are the ice traits of character so often lost in general bet forth to try their fortune in Arran, desired the woman to history. conduct him to the wood. She obeyed.
NOTE 2 V.
“ The king then blew his horn on high ;
BARBOUR'S Bruce, Book v., p. 115, 116.
Thou heard'st a wretched female plain
This incident, which illustrates so happily the chivalrous generosity of Bruce's character, is one of the many simple and natural traits recorded by Barbour. It occurred during the expedition which Bruce made to Ireland, to support the pretensions of his brother Edward to the throne of that kingdom. Bruce was about to retreat, and his host was arrayed for moving.
NOTE 2 U.
his brother blamed,
“ The king has heard a woman cry,
He asked what that was in hy.
BARBOUR's Bruce, Book xvi. pp. 30, 40.
The kind, and yet fiery character of Edward Bruce, is well painted by Barbour, in the account of his behaviour after the battle of Bannockburn. Sir Walter Rose, one of the very few Scottish nobles who fell in that battle, was so dearly beloved by Edward, that he wished the victory had been lost, so Ross had lived.
" Out-taken him, men has not seen
Where he for any men made moaning."
And here the venerable Archdeacon intimates a piece of scan
1 Asked. --- Without liris.- 3 Wonder.-4 Haste.-5 Laundress.-6 Child-bed.
7 Stop:-8 Certainly.-9 Pity.-10 Caused.-11 Pitched.19 Moyed.
surprised a considerable supply of arms and provisions, and NOTE 2 W.
nearly took the castle itself. Indeed, that they actually did
80, has been generally averred by historians, although it does O'er chasms he pass'd, where fractures wide
not appear from the narrative of Barbour. On the contrary, Craved wary eye and ample stride.-P. 442.
it would seem that they took shelter within a fortification of
the ancient inhabitants, a rampart called Tor an Schian. The interior of the island of Arran abounds with beautiful When they were joined by Bruce, it seems probable that they Highland scenery. The hills, being very rocky and precipi- had gained Brodick Castle. At least tradition says, that from tous, afford some cataracts of great height, though of incon- the battlements of the tower he saw the supposed signal-fire siderable breadth. There is one pass over the river Machrai, on Turnberty-nook. . . . The castle is now much modernized, renowned for the dilemma of a poor woman, who, being but has a dignified appearance, being surrounded by flourishtempted by the narrowness of the ravine to step across, suc- ing plantations. ceeded in making the first movement, but took fright when it became necessary to move the other foot, and remained in a posture equally ludicrous and dangerous, urtil some chance passenger assisted her to extricate herself. It is said she remained there some hours.
NOTE 2 Z.
on, too, with unaccustom'd ears,
Alanguage much unmeet he hears.-P. 442.
Barbour, with great simplicity, gives an anecdote, from
which it would seem that the vice of profane swearing, afterWhere Druids erst heard victims groan ;
wards too general among the Scottish nation, was, at this time, And at the cairns upon the wild,
confined to military men. As Douglas, after Bruce's return O'er many a heathen hero piled.—P. 442.
to Scotland, was roving about the mountainous country of
Tweeddale, near the water of Line, he chanced to hear some The isle of Arran, like those of Man and Anglesea, abounds persons in a farm-house say “the devil.” Concluding, from with many relics of heathen, and probably Druidical, super- this hardy expression, that the house contained warlike guests, stition. There are high erect columns of unhewn stone, the he immediately assailed it, and had the good fortune to make most early of all monuments, the circles of rude stones, com- prisoners Thomas Randolph, afterwards the famous Earl of monly entitled Druidical, and the cairns, or sepulchral piles, Murray, and Alexander Stuart, Lord Bonklo. Both were then within which are usually found urns enclosing ashes. Much in the English interest, and had come into that country with doubt necessarily rests upon the history of such monuments, the purpose of driving out Douglas. They afterwards ranked nor is it possible to consider them as exclusively Celtic or among Bruce's most zealous adherents. Druidical. By much the finest circles of standing stones, excepting Stonehege, are those of Stenhouse, at Stennis, in the island of Pomona, the principal isle of the Orcades. These, of course, are neither Celtic nor Druidical ; and we are assured that many circles of the kind occur both in Sweden and Norway.
NOTE 3 A.
For, see! the ruddy signal made,
The remarkable circumstances by which Bruce was induced NOTE 2 Y.
to enter Scotland, under the false idea that a signal-fire was
lighted upon the shore near his maternal castle of Turnberry Ord Brodick's gothic towers were seen;
-the disappointment which he met with, and the train of From Hastings, late their English Lord,
success which arose out of that very disappointment, are too Douglas had won them by the sword.-P. 442. curious to be passed over unnoticed. The following is the nar
rative of Barbour. The introduction is a favourable specimen Brodick or Brathwick Castle, in the Isle of Arran, is an an of his style, which seems to be in some degree the model for cient fortress, near an open roadstead called Brodick-Bay, that of Gawain Douglas :and not far distant from a tolerable harbour, closed in by the
“ This wes in ver, quhen wynter tid, Island of Lamlash. This important place had been assailed a
With his blastis hidwyss to bid, short time before Bruce's arrival in the island. James Lord
Was our drywyn: and byrdis smale, Douglas, who accompanied Bruce to his retreat in Rachrine,
As turturis and the nychtyngale, seems, in the spring of 1306, to have tired of his abode there,
Begouth 2 rycht sariely 3 to syng; and set out accordingly, in the phrase of the times, to see
And for to mak in thair singyng what adventure God would send him. Sir Robert Boyd ac
Swete notis, and sownys ser, 4 companied him; and his knowledge of the localities of Arran
And melodys plesand to her. appears to have directed his course thither. They landed in
And the treis begouth to ma 5 the island privately, and appear to have laid an ambush for
Burgeans, and brycht blomys alsus, Sir John Hastings, the English governor of Brodwick, and
wyn the helyng off thair hewid,
I Spring.-? Began._3 Loftily.-4 Several.
5 Make.- Buds. - 7 Covering.
That wykkyt wyntir had thaim rewid. 1
And his menye sa ner ws lyis,
That ws dispytis mony wyss ;
Ga we and wenge 10 sum off the dispyte
And that may we haiff done alss tite ; 11
For thai ly traistly,'? but dreding
Off ws, or off our her cummyng.
And thoucht we slepand slew thaim all,
Repruff tharof na man sall.
For werrayour na forss suld ma,
Quhethir he mycht ourcom his fa
Throw strenth, or throw sutelté;
Bot that gud faith ay haldyn be.'"
BARBOUR'S Bruce, Book iv., v. l.
NOTE 3 B.
Now ask you whence that wondrous light,
Whose fairy glow beguiled their sight 9–
It ne'er was known.—P. 445.
The following are the words of an ingenious correspondent,
to whom I am obliged for much information respecting TurnAnd met them at thair arywing.
berry and its neighbourhood. “The only tradition now reHe wes wele sone broucht to the King,
membered of the landing of Robert the Bruce in Carrick, reThat speryt at him how he had done.
lates to the fire seen by him from the Isle of Arran. It is still And he with sar hart tauld him sone,
generally reported, and religiously believed by many, that How that he fand nane weill luffand;
this fire was really the work of supernatural power, unassisted Bot all war fayis, that he fand:
by the hand of any mortal being; and it is said, that, for seAnd that the lord the Persy,
veral centuries, the flame rose yearly on the same hour of the With ner thre hundre in cumpany,
same night of the year, on which the king first saw it from the Was in the castell thar besid,
turrets of Brodick Castle ; and some go so far as to say, that Fullfillyt off dispyt and prid.
if the exact time were known, it would be still seen. That Bot ma than twa partis off his rowt
this superstitious notion is very ancient, is evident from the War herberyt in the toune without ;
place where the fire is said to have appeared, being called the * And dyspytyt yow mar, Schir King,
Bogles' Brae, beyond the remembrance of man. In support of Than men may dispyt ony thing.'
this curious belief, it is said that the practice of burning heath Than said the King, in full gret ire ;
for the improvement of land was then unknown; that a • Tratour, quhy maid thow than the fyr?'
spunkie (Jack o'lanthorn) could not have been seen across the 'Al Schyr,' said he, 'sa God me se!
breadth of the Porth of Clyde, between Ayrshire and Arran; The fyr wes newyr maid for me.
and that the courier of Bruce was his kinsman, and never susNa, or the nycht, I wyst it nocht;
pected of treachery.”—Letter from Mr. Joseph Train, of NewBot fra I wyst it, weill I thocht
ton Stuart, author of an ingenious Collection of Poems, illusThat ye, and haly your menye,
trative of many ancient Traditions in Galloway and Ayrshire, In hy7 suld put yow to the se.
Edinburgh, 1814. (Mr. Train made a journey into Ayrshire at For thi I cum to mete yow her,
Sir Walter Scott's request, on purpose to collect accurate inTo tell perellys that may aper.'
formation for the Notes to this poem ; and the reader will
find more of the fruits of his labours in Note 3 D. This is “ The King wes off his spek angry,
the same gentleman whose friendly assistance is so often acAnd askyt his prywé men, in hy,
knowledged in the Notes and Introductions of the Waverley Quhat at thaim thoucht wes best to do.
NOTE 3 C.
They gain'd the Chase, a wide domain
Left for the Castle's silvan reign.-P. 445.
The Castle of Turnberry, on the coast of Ayrshire, was the
property of Robert Bruce, in right of his mother. Lord Hailes
i Bereaved.--9 Men.-3 Before. --A Dark.-5 Clear.-6 Adventure.-7 Haste.
8 Soon after. - Prepare.-10 Avenge.-11 Quickly. -1° Confidently.
mentions the following remarkable circumstance concerning tresses after the battle of Methven, was affected by a scorbutic the mode in which he became proprietor of it:~"Martha, disorder, which was then called a leprosy. It is said he expeCountess of Carrick in her own right, the wife of Robert rienced benefit from the use of a medicinal spring, about a Bruce, Lord of Annandale, bare him a son, afterwards Robert mile north of the town of Ayr, called from that circumstance 1. (11th July, 1274.) The circumstances of her marriage were King's Ease. The following is the tradition of the country, singular: happening to meet Robert Bruce in her domains, collected by Mr. Train :-“After Robert ascended the throne, she became enamoured of him, and with some violence led him he founded the priory of Dominican monks, every one of whom to her castle of Turnberry. A few days after she married him, was under the obligation of putting up to Heaven a prayer once without the knowledge of the relations of either party, and every week-day, and twice in holydays, for the recovery of the without the requisite consent of the king. The king instantly king; and, after his death, these masses were continued for seized her castle and whole estates : She afterwards atoned the saving of his soul. The ruins of this old monastery are by a fine for her feudal delinquency. Little did Alexander now nearly level with the ground. Robert likewise caused foresee, that, from this union, the restorer of the Scottish mo houses to be built round the well of King's Case, for eight narchy was to arise."- Annals of Scotland, vol. ii. p. 180. lepers, and allowed eight bolls of oatmeal, and £28 Scotch The same obliging correspondent, whom I have quoted in the money, per annum, to each person. These donations were laid preceding note, gives me the following account of the present upon the lands of Fullarton, and are now payable by the Duke state of the ruins of Turnberry:—“Turnberry Point is a rock of Portland. The farm of Shiels, in the neighbourhood of projecting into th sea; the top it is about eighteen feet Ayr, has to give, if required, a certain quantity of straw for the above high-water mark. Upon this rock was built the castle. lepers' beds, and so much to thatch their houses annually. There is about twenty-five feet high of the wall next to the Each leprous person had a drinking-horn provided him by the sca yet standing. Upon the land-side the wall is only about king, which continued to be hereditary in the house to which four feet high; the length has been sixty feet, and the breadth it was first granted. One of those identical horns, of very forty-five: It was surrounded by a ditch, but that is now near- curious workmanship, was in the possession of the late Colonel ly filled up. The top of the ruin, rising between forty and Fullarton of that Ilk." fifty feet above the water, has a majestic appearance from the My correspondent proceeds to mention some curious remsea. There is not much local tradition in the vicinity con- nants of antiquity respecting this foundation. “ In complinected with Bruce or his history. In front, however, of the ment to Sir William Wallace, the great deliverer of his coun. rock, upon which stands Culzean Castle, is the mouth of a try, King Robert Bruce invested the descendants of that hero romantic cavern, called the Core of Colean, in which it is said with the right of placing all the lepers upon the establishment Bruce and his followers concealed themselves immediately of King's Case. This patronage continued in the family of after landing, till they arranged matters for their farther en- Craigie, till it was sold along with the lands of the late Sir terprises. Burns mentions it in the poem of Hallowe'en. The Thomas Wallace. The burgh of Ayrthen purchased the right only place to the south of Turnberry worth mentioning, with of applying the donations of King's Case to the support of the reference to Bruce's history, is the Weary Nuik, a little ro-poor-house of Ayr. The lepers' charter stone was a basaltic mantic green hill, where he and his party are said to have block, exactly the shape of a sheep's kidney, and weighing an rested, after assaulting the castle."
Ayrshire boll of meal. The surface of this stone being as Around the Castle of Turnberry was a level plain of about smooth as glass, there was not any other way of lifting it than two miles in extent, forming the castle park. There could be by turning the hollow to the ground, there extending the arms nothing, I am informed, more beautiful than the copsewood along each side of the stone, and clasping the hands in the and verdure of this extensive meadow, before it was invaded cavity. Young lads were always considered as deserving to be by the ploughshare.
ranked among men, when they could lift the blue stone of Xing's Case. It always lay beside the well, till a few years ago, when some English dragoons encamped at that place wantonly broke it, since which the fragments have been kept by the freemen of Prestwick in a place of security. There is
one of these charter stones at the village of Old Daily, in CarNote 3 D.
rick, which has become more celebrated by the following
event, which happened only a few years ago :-The village of The Bruce hath won his father's hall!-P. 449.
New Daily being now larger than the old place of the same
name, the inhabitants insisted that the charter-stone should I have followed the flattering and pleasing tradition, that the be removed from the old town to the new, but the people of old Bruce, after his descent upon the coast of Ayrshire, actually Daily were unwilling to part with their ancient right. Demands gained possession of his maternal castle. But the tradition is and remonstrances were made on each side without effect, till at not accurate. The fact is, that he was only strong enough to last man, woman, and child, of both villages, marched out and by alarm and drive in the outposts of the English garrison, then one desperate engagement put an end to a war, the commencecommanded, not by Clifford, as assumed in the text, but by ment of which no person then living remembered. Justice Percy. Neither was Clifford slain upon this occasion, though and victory, in this instance, being of the same party, the vilhe had several skirmishes with Bruce. He fell afterwards inlagers of the old town of Daily now enjoy the pleasure of keep the battle of Bannockburn. Bruce, after alarming the castle ing the blue-stane unmolested. Ideal privileges are often atof Turnberry, and surprising some part of the garrison, who tached to some of these stones. In Girvan, if a man can set were quartered without the walls of the fortress, retreated his back against one of the above description, he is supposed into the mountainous part of Carrick, and there made himself not liable to be arrested for debt, nor can cattle, it is imagined, so strong, that the English were obliged to evacuate Turn- be poinded as long as they are fastened to the same stone. berry, and at length the Castle of Ayr. Many of his benefac- That stones were often used as symbols to denote the right of tions and royal gifts attest his attachment to the hereditary possessing land, before the use of written documents becamo followers of his house, in this part of the country.
general in Scotland, is, I think, exceedingly probable. The It is generally known that Bruce, in consequence of his dis- charter-stone of Inverness is still kept with great care, set in a
1 Sir Walter Scott had misread Mr. Train's MS, which gave of the royal foundation described below. Mr. Train's kindnot King's Ease, but King's Case, i. e. Casa Regis, the name ness enables the Editor to make this correction.---1832.
frame, and hooped with iron, at the market-place of that gear." This illustrates and authenticates a striking passage town. It is called by the inhabitants of that district Clack na in the history of the house of Douglas, by Hume of Godscroft. Couddin. I think it is very likely that Carey has mentioned The last Earl of Douglas (of the elder branch) had been rethis stone in his poem of Craig Phaderick. This is only a con- duced to monastic seclusion in the Abbey of Lindores, by jecture, as I have never seen that work. While the famous James II. James III., in his distresses, would willingly have marb air was allowed to remain at Scoon, it was con recalled him to public life, and made him his lieutenant. “But sidered as the charter-stone of the kingdom of Scotland." he," says Godscroft,“ laden with years and old age, and
weary of troubles, refused, saying, Sir, you have keept mee, and your black coffer in Sterling, too long, neither of us can doe you any good: I, because my friends have forsaken me, and my followers and dependers are fallen from me, betaking themselves to other masters ; and your black trunk is too farre
from you, and your enemies are between you and it: or (as Note 3 E.
others say) because there was in it a sort of black coyne, that
the king had caused to be coyned by the advice of his cour“ Bring here," he said, " the mazers four,
tiers; which moneyes (saith he) sir, if you had put out at the My noble futhers lored of yore."-P. 449.
first, the people would have taken it; and if you had employed
mee in due time I might have done you service. But now These mazers were large drinking-cups, or goblets. Men
there is none that will take notice of me, nor meddle with tion of them occurs in a curious inventory of the treasure and
your money."—HUME's History of the House of Douglas, fol. jewels of James III., which will be published, with other
Edin. 1614, p. 206. curious documents of antiquity, by my friend, Mr. Thomas Thomson, D. Register of Scotland, under the title of " A Collection of Inventories, and other Records of the Royal Wardrobe, Jewel-House," &c. I copy the passage in which mention is made of the mazers, and also of a habiliment, called “King Robert Bruce's serk," i. e. shirt, meaning, perhaps, his shirt of mail; although no other arms are mentioned in the inven
NOTE 3 F. tory. It might have been a relic of more sanctified description, a penance shirt perhaps.
Arouse old friends, and gather ncio.-P. 449.
Extract from “ Inventare of ane Parte of the Gold and Silver
As soon as it was known in Kyle, says ancient tradition, conyeit and unconyeit, Jowellis, and uther Stuff perteining to that Robert Bruce had landed in Carrick, with the intention Umquhile oure Soverane Lords Fader, that he had in Depois of recovering the crown of Scotland, the Laird of Craigie, and the Tyme of his Deceis, and that come to the Bandis of oure forty-eight men in his immediate neighbourhood, declared in Soverane Lord that now is, M.CCCC. LXXXVIII."
favour of their legitimate prince. Bruce granted them a tract
of land, still retained by the freemen of Newton to this day “ Memorandum fundin in a bandit kist like a gardeviant,' The original charter was lost when the pestilence was raging in the fyrst the grete chenye ' of gold, contenand sevin score at Ayr; but it was renewed by one of the Jameses, and is datsex linkis.
ed at Faulkland. The freemen of Newton were formerly offi
cers by rotation. The Provost of Ayr at one time was a freeItem, thre platis of silver.
man of Newton, and it happened to be his turn, while proItem, tuelf salfatis.3
vost in Ayr, to be officer in Newton, both of which offices he Item, fyftene discheis 4 ouregilt.
discharged at the same time. Item, a grete gilt plate.
The forest of Selkirk, or Ettrick, at this period, occupied all Item, twa grete bassingis 5 oure ilt.
the district which retains that denomination, and embraced Item, pour MASARIS, CALLED King ROBERT THE Brocis, the neighbouring dales of Tweeddale, and at least the Upper with a cover.
Ward of Clydesdale. All that tract was probably as waste as Item, a grete cok maid of silver.
it is mountainous, and covered with the remains of the ancient Item, the hede of silver of ane of the coveris of masar. Caledonian Forest, which is supposed to have stretched from Item, a fare dialle. 6
Cheviot Hills as far as Hamilton, and to have comprehended Ilem, twa kasis of knyffis.7
even a part of Ayrshire. At the fatal battle of Falkirk, Sir Ilem, a pare of auld kniffis.
John Stewart of Bonkill, brother to the Steward of Scotland, Ilem, takin be the smyth that opinnit the lokkis, in gold fourty commanded the archers of Selkirk Forest, who fell around the demyis.
dead body of their leader. The English historians have comItem, in Inglys grotis 8 -.-.-.- xxiiii. li. and the said silver memorated the tall and stately persons, as well as the ungiven again to the takaris of hym.
swerving faith, of these foresters. Nor has their interesting Item, ressavit in the clossat of Davidis tour, ane haly water-fat fall escaped the notice of an elegant modern poetess, whose
of silver, twa boxis, a cageat tume, a glas with rois-water, subject led her to treat of that calamitous engagement. a dosoune of torchis, King ROBERT BRUCIS SERK."
“ The glance of the morn bad sparkled bright The real use of the antiquarian's studies is to bring the On their plumage green and their actons light; minute inforination which he collects to bear upon points of The bugle was strung at each hunter's side, history. For example, in the inventory I have just quoted, ; As they had been bound to the chase to ride; there is given the contents of the black kist, or chest, belong. But the bugle is mute, and the shafts are spent, iug to James III., which was his strong box, and contained a The arm unnerved and the bow unbent, quantity of treasure, in money and jewels, surpassing what And the tired forester is laid might have been at the period expected of "
Far, far from the clustering greenwood shade!
5 Basins.- Dial.--7 Cases of knives.-3 English
1 Gard-rin, or wine-cooler. - Chain.-3 Salt-cellars, an. cently the object of much curious workmanship.
4 Dishes. groats.