Imágenes de páginas

of Henry of Luxemburg with suwn high reputation, that he The fainily tradition bears that it was the property of Neil was, in popular estimation, the third worthy of the age. Those Ghlunc dhu, or Black-knec. But who this Neil was, no one to whom fame assigned precedence over him were, Henry of pretends to say. Around the edge of the cup is a legend, perLuxemburg himself, and Robert Bruce. Argentine had warred fectly legible, in the Saxon black-letter, which seems to run in Palestine, encountered thrice with the Saracens, and had thus : slain two antagonists in each engagement:-an easy matter, he said, for one Christian knight to slay two Pagan dogs. His Ulo: Johis: flich : || Sign: 33ucipis :De: 1 death corresponded with his high character. With Aymer de Valence, Earl of Pembroke, he was appointed to attend im- Hr: Manae : Cich : || Liahia : Mgrmneil : 11 mediately upon the person of Edward II. at Bannockburn. Et: Spat:30:Jhu:Ba:Clea:Jildra Iya:li When the day was utterly lost they forced the king from the Fecit: Ano:Dí:Dr : 930 Onili: Oimi : || field. De Argentine saw the king safe from immediate danger, and then took his leave of him; “God be with you, sir," he said, “it is not my wont to fly." So saying, he turned his The inscription may run thus at length: Ufo Johanis Mich horse, cried his war-cry, plunged into the midst of the comba- Magni Principis de Hr Janae l’ich Liania Magryneil et sju tants, and was slain. Baston, a rhyming monk who had been

rat Domino Ihesu dari clementiam illorum opera. Fecit Anna brought by Edward to celebrate his expected triumph, and

Domini 993 Onili Oimi. Which may run in English: Ufo who was compelled by the victors to compose a poem on his the son of John, the son of Magnus, Prince of Man, the grand. defeat, mentions with some feeling the death of Sir Giles de son of Liahia Macgryneil, trusts in the Lord Jesus that their Argentine :

works (i. e. his own and those of his ancestors) will obtain

mercy. Oneil Oimi made this in the year of God ninc hun. Nobilis Argenten, pugil inclyte, dulcis Egidi,

dred and ninety-three. Vir scieram mentem cum tc succumbere vidi.

But this version does not include the puzzling letters in

before the word Manae. Within the mouth of the cup the The first line mentions the three chief requisites of a true letters Jhs. (Jesus) are repeated four times. From this knight, noble birth, valour, and courteousness. Few Leonine and other circumstances it would seem to have been a cha. couplets can be produced that have so much sentiment. 1 lice. This circumstance may perhaps account for the use of wish that I could have collected more ample memorials con- the two Arabic numerals 13. These figures were introduced cerning a character altogether different from modern manners. by Pope Sylvester, A.D. 991, and might be used in a vessel Sir Giles d'Argentine was a hero of romance in real life." So formed for church servicc so early as 993. The workmansnip observes the excellent Lord Hailes.

of the whole cup is extremely clegant, and resembles, I am told, antiques of the same nature preserved in Ireland.

The cups, thus elegantly formed, and highly valued, were by no means utensils of mere slow. Martin gives the following account of the festivals of his time, and I have heard similar instances of brutality in the Lowlands at no very distant period.

“ The manner of drinking used by the chief men of the Isles NOTE M.

is called in their language Streah, i. c. a Round; for the com

pany sat in a circle, the cup-bearer fili'd the drink round to Fill me the mighty cup!" he said,

them, and all was drank out, whatever the liquor was, whe“ Erst own'd by royal Somerled."--P. 417.

ther strong or weak; they continued drinking sometimes

twenty-four, sometimes forty eight hours: It was reckoned a A Hebridean drinking cup, of the most ancient and curious piece of manhood to drink until they became drunk, and workmanship, has been long preserved in the castle of Dun- there were two men with a barrow attending punctually on vegan, in Skye, the romantic seat of Mac-Leod of Mac-Leod, such occasions. They stood at the door until some became the chief of that ancient and powerful clan. The horn of drunk, and they carry'd them upon the barrow to bed, and Rorie More, preserved in the same family, and recorded by returned again to their post as long as any continued fresh, Dr. Johnson, is not to be compared with this piece of anti- and so carried off the whole company, one by one, as they quity, which is one of the greatest curiosities in Scotland. The became drunk. Several of my acquaintance have been witfollowing is a pretty accurate description of its shape and di- nesses to this custom of drinking, but it is now abolished.” mensions, but cannot, I fear, be perfectly understood without This savage custom was not entirely done away within this a drawing.

last generation. I have heard of a gentleman who happened This very curious piece of antiquity is nine inches and three to be a water-drinker, and was permitted to abstain from the quarters in inside depth, and ten and a half in height on the strong potations of the company. The bearers carried away outside, the extreme measure over the lips being four inches one man after another, till no one was left but this Scottish and a half. The cup is divided into two parts by a wrought Mirglip. They then came to do him the same good office, ledge, beautifully ornamented, about three-fourths of an inch which, however, he declined as unnecessary, and proposed to in breadih. Beneath this ledge the shape of the cup is walk to his bedroom. It was a permission he could not obrounded off, and terminates in a flat circle, like that of a tea- tain. Never such a thing had happened, they said, in the cascup; fo ur short feet support the whole. Above the project- tle! that it was impossible but he must require their assisting led se the shape of the cup is nearly square, projecting ance, at any rate he must submit to receive it; and carried outward at the brim. The cup is mixle of wood, (oak to all him off in the barrow accordingly. A classical penalty was appearance,) but most curiously wrought and embossed with sometimes imposed on those who balked the rules of good felsilver work, which projects from the vessel. There are a lowship by evading their share of the banquet. The same number of regular projecting sockets, which appear to have author continues :been set with stones; two or three of them still hold pieces of " Among persons of distinction it was reckoned an affront coral, the rest are empty. At the four corners of the project- put upon any company to broach a piece of wine, alc, or aquaing ledge, or cornice, are four sockets, much larger, probably vitæ, and not to see it all drank out at one meeting. If any for pebbles or precious stones. The workmanship of the sil- man chance to go out from the company, though but for a few Ver is extremely clegant, and appears to have been highly minutes, he is obliged, upon his return, and before he take gilded. The ledge, brim, and legs of the cup, are of silver. his sent, to make an apology for his absence in rhyme; which If he cannot perform, he is liable to such a share of the reck- 1 prevent disorder and contention; and though the Marischal oning as the company thinks fit to impose : which oustom ob-might sometimes be mistaken, the master of the family in tains in many places still, and is called Bianchiz Bard, which. curred no censure by such an escape; but this custom has in their language, signifies the poet's congratulating the com- been laid aside of late. They had also cup-bearers, who al pany."

ways filled and carried the cup round the company, and he Few cups were better, at least more actively, employed in himself always drank off the first draught. They had like the rude hospitality of the period, than those of Dunvegan ; wise purse-masters, who kept their money. Both these offione of which we have just described. There is in the Leabhar cers had an hereditary right to their office in writing, and Dearg, a song, intimating the overflowing gratitude of a bard each of them had a town and land for his service : some of of Clan-Ronald, after the exuberance of a Hebridean festival those rights I have seen fairly written on good parchment." at the patriarchal fortress of Mac-Lcod. The translation MARTIN'S Wetern Isles. being obviously very literal, has greatly flattened, as I am informed, the enthusiastic gratitude of the ancient bard; and it must be owned that the works of Homer or Virgil, to say nothing of Mac-Vuirich, might have suffered by their transfusion through such a medium. It is pretty plain, that when the tribute of poetical praise was bestowed, the horn of Rorie More had not been inactive.

Note 0.


Upon Sir Roderic Mor Macleod, by Niall Mor MacV uirich.

the rebellious Scottish crere, “ The six nights I remained in the Dunvegan, it was not a

Who to Rath-Erin's shelter dreu. show of hospitality I met with there, but a plentiful feast in

With Carrick's outlaw'd Chief !--P. 418. thy fair hall among thy numerous host of heroes.

“ The family placed all around under the protection of It must be remembered by all who have read the Scottish their great chief, raised by his prosperity and respect for his history, that after he had slain Comyn at Dumfries, and aswarlıke feats, now enjoying the company of his friends at the serted his right to the Scottish crown, Robert Bruce was refeast, - Amidst the sound of harps, overflowing cups, and duced to the greatest extremity by the English and their adhappy youth unaccustomed to guile, or feud, partaking of the herents. He was crowned at Scone by the general consent of generous fare by a flaming fire.

the Scottish barons, but his authority endured but a short Mighty Chief, liberal to all in your princely mansion, time. According to the phrase said to bave been used by his filled with your numerous warlike host, whose generous wine wife, he was for that year “a summer king, but not a winter would overcome the hardiest heroes, yet we continued to en- one." On the 29th March 1306, he was crowned king at Scone. joy the feast, so happy our host, so generous our fare."— Upon the 19th June, in the same year, he was totally defeatTranslated by D. MacIntos

ed at Methven, near Perth ; and his most important adherents,

with few exceptions, were either executed or compelled to It would be unpardonable in a modern bard, who has expe- embrace the English interest, for safety of their lives and forrienced the hospitality of Dunvegan Castle in the present day, tunes. After this disaster, his life was that of an outlaw, rato omit paying his own tribute of gratitude for a reception ther than a candidate for monarchy. He separated himself more elegant indeed, but not less kindly sincere, than Sir Ro- from the females of his retinue, whom he sent for safety to derick More himself could have afforded. But Johnson has the Castle of Kildrummie, in Aberdeenshire, where they afalready described a similar scene in the same ancient patriar-terward became captives to England. From Aberdeenshire, chal residence of the Lords of Mac-Leod :—" Whatever is Bruce retreated to the mountainous parts of Breadalbane, and imaged in the wildest tales, if giants, dragons, and enchant- approached the borders of Argyleshire. There, as mentioned ment be excepted, would be felt by him, who, wandering in in the Appendix, Note H, and more fully in Note P, he was the mountains without a guide, or upon the sea without a pi- defeated by the Lord of Lorn, who had assumed arms against lot, should be carried, amidst his terror and uncertainty, to him in revenge of the death of his relative, John the Red Cothe hospitality and elegance of Raasay or Dunvegan,” myn. Escaped from this peril, Bruce, with his few atten.

dants, subsisted by hunting and fishing, until the weather compelled them to seek better sustenance and shelter than the Highland mountains afforded. With great difficulty they crossed, from Rowardennan probably, to the western banks of Lochlomond, partly in a miserable boat, and partly by

swimming. The valiant and loyal Earl of Lennox, to whose NOTE N.

territories they had now found their way, welcomed them with

tears, but was unable to assist them to make an effectual With solemn step, and silver wand,

head. The Lord of the Isles, then in possession of great part The Seneschal the presence scann'd

of Cantyre, received the fugitive monarch and future restorer Of these strange guests.--P. 418.

of his country's independence, in his castle of Dunnaverty, in

that district. But treason, says Barbour, was so general, that The Sewer, to whom, rather than the Seneschal, the office the King durst not abide there. Accordingly, with the remof arranging the guests of an island chief appertained, was an nant of his followers, Bruce embarked for Rath-Erin, or Kachofficer of importance in the family of a Hebridean chief.- rine, the Recina of Ptolemy, a small island lying almost oppo “ Every family had commonly two stewards, which, in their site to the shores of Ballycastle, on the coast of Ireland. The language, were called Marischal Tach: the first of these islanders at first tied from their new and armed guests, but scrved always at home, and was obliged to be versed in the upon some explanation submitted themselves to Bruce's soPedigree of all the tribes in the isles, and in the highlands of vereignty. Ho resided among them until the approach of Scotland; for it was his province to assign every man at ta spring (1306,) when he again returned to Scotland, with the ble his seat according to his quality; and this was done with desperate resolution to reconquer his kingdom, or perish in out one word speaking, only by drawing a score with a white the attempt. The progress of his success, from its commencerod, which this Marischal hd in his hand, before the person ment to its completion, forms the brightest period in Scottish who wis bid by him to sit down and this was necessary to history.

| party, had scarce room to manage his steed. Here his three

toes sprung upon him at once. One seized his bridle, but NOTE P.

received a wound which hewed off his arm; a second grasped The Brooch or Lorn.-P. 419.

Bruce by the stirrup and leg, and endeavoured to dismount

him, but the King, putting spurs to his horse, threw him down, It has been generally mentioned in the preceding notes, that still holding by the stirrup. The third, taking advantage of Robert Bruce, after his defeat at Methven, being hard pressed an acclivity, sprung up behind him upon his horse. Bruce, by the English, endeavoured, with the dispirited remnant of however, whose personal strength is uniformly mentioned as his followers, to escape from Breadalbane and the mountains exceeding that of most men, extricated himself from his of Perthshire into the Argyleshire Highlands. But he was en grasp, threw him to the ground, and cleft his skull with his countered and repulsed, after a very severe engagement, by sword. By similar exertion he drew the stirrup from his the Lord of Lorn. Bruce's personal strength and courage

grasp whom he had overthrown, and killed him also with his Fere never displayed to greater advantage than in this con

sword as he lay among the horse's feet. The story seems roflict. There is a tradition in the family of the MacDougals of mantic, but this was the age of romantic exploit ; and it must Lorn, that their chieftain engaged in personal battle with be remembered that Bruce was armed cap-a-pie, and the as. Bruce himself, while the latter was employed in protecting sailants were half-clad mountaineers. Barbour adds the fol. the retreat of his men ; tha: Niac-Dougal was struck down by lowing circumstance, highly characteristic of the sentiments the king, whose strength of body was equal to his vigour of of chivalry. Mac-Naughton, a Baron of Cowal, pointed out mind, and would have been slain on the spot, had not two

to the Lord of Lorn the deeds of valour which Bruce perof Lorn's vassals, a father and son, whom tradition terms

formed in this memorable retreat, with the highest expresMac-Keoch, rescued him, by seizing the mantle of the monarch,

sions of admiration. " It seems to give thee pleasure," said and dragging him from above his adversary. Bruce rid hin- Lorn, “ that he makes such havoc among our friends."self of these foes by two blows of his redoubted battle-axe, “Not so, by my faith,” replied Mac-Naughton : “ but be he but was so closcly pressed by the other followers of Lorn, that friend or foe who achieves high deeds of chivalry, men should he was forced to abandon the mantle, and brooch which fas bear faithful witness to his valour; and never have I heard tened it, clasped in the dying grasp of the Mac-Keochs. A of one, who, by his knightly seats, has extricated himself from studded brooch, said to have been that which King Robert such dangers as have this day surrounded Bruce.” lost upon this occasion, was long preserved in the family of Mac-Dougal, and was lost in a fire which consumed their temporary residence.

The metrical history of Barbour throws an air of credibility upon the tradition, although it does not entirely coincide either in the names or number of the vassals by whom Bruce

NOTE Q. was assailed, and makes no mention of the personal danger of Lorn, or of the loss of Bruce's mantle. The last circum

Wrought and chased with fair device, stance, indeed, might be warrantably omitted.

Studded fair with gems of price.-P. 419. According to Barbour, the King, with his handful of followers, not amounting probably to three hundred men, encounter- Great art and expense was bestowed upon the fibula, or ed Lorn with about a thousand Argyleshire men, in Glen-Dou- brooch, which secured the plaid, when the wearer was a perchart, at the head of Breadalbane, near Tegndrum. The son of importance. Martin mentions having seen a silver place of action is still called Dalry, or the King's Field. The brooch of a hundred marks value. “ It was broad as any orfe.d of battle was unfavourable to Bruce's adherents, who dinary pewter plate, the whole curiously engraven with vawere chiefly men-at-arms. Many of the horses were slain by rious animals, &c. There was a lesser buckle, which was the long pole-axes, of which the Argyleshire Scottish had wore in the middle of the larger, and above two ounces weight; learned the use from the Norwegians. At length Bruce com- it had in the centre a large piece crystal, or some finer manded a retreat up a narrow and difficult pass, he himself stone, and this was set all round with several finer stones of bringing up the rear, and repeatedly turning and driving back a lesser size."-Western Islands. Pennant has given an enthe more venturous assailants. Lorn, observing the skill and graving of such a brooch as Martin describes, and the workvalour used by his enemy in protecting the retreat of his fol- manship of which is very elegant. It is said to have belonged lowers, “ Methinks, Murthokson,” said he, addressing one of to the family of Lochbuy.--See Pennant's Tour, vol. iii. p. his followers, " he resembles Gol Mak-morn, protecting his 14. followers from Fingal."—" A most unworthy comparison," observes the Archdeacon of Aberdeen, unsuspicious of the future fame of these names; “ he might with more propriety have compared the King to Sir Gaudefer de Layrs, protecting the foragers of Gadyrs against the attacks of Alexander."1 Two brothers, the strongest among Lorn's followers, whose james Parbour calls Mackyn-Drosser, (interpreted Dur

NOTE R. ward, or Porterson,) resolved to rid their chief of this formidable foe. A third person (perhaps the Mac-Keoch of the

Vain was then the Douglas brandfamily tradition) associated himself with them for this pur

Vain the Campbell's raunted hand.-P. 419. pose. They watched their opportunity until Bruce's party had entered a pass between a lake (Loch Dochart probably) The gallant Sir James, called the Good Lord Douglas, the and a precipice, where the King, who was the last of the most faithful and valiant of Bruce's adherents, was wounded

1 “This is a very curious passage, and has been often quoted a more proper prototype for the Bruce, occurs in the romanco in the Ossianic controversy. That it refers to ancient Celtic of Alexander, of which there is a unique translation into tradition, there can be no doubt, and as little that it refers Scottish verse, in the library of the Honourable Mr. Maule, to no incident in the poems published by Mr. Macpherson as 110w Earl of Panmure."-See WEBER's Romances, vol. 1. A7

Gaelic. The hero of romance, whom Barbour pendix to Introduction, p. lxxiii.

at the battle of Dalry. Sir Nigel, or Neil Campbell, was also able family of Kirkpatrick in Nithsdale. Roger de K. was in that unfortunate skirmish. He married Marjorie, sister made prisoner at the battle of Durham, in 1346. Roger de to Robert Bruce, and was among his most faithful followers. Kirkpatrick was alive on the 6th of August, 1357 ; for, on that In a manuscript account of the house of Argyle, supplied, it day, Humphry, the son and heir of Roger de K., is proposed as would seem, as materials for Archbishop Spottiswoode's His one of the young gentlemen who were to be hostages for David tory of the Church of Scotland, 1 find the following passage | Bruce. Roger de K. Miles was present at the parliament concerning Sir Niel Campbell: -“Moreover, when all the heidat Edinburgh, 25th September, 1357, and he is mentioned nobles in Scotland had left King Robert after his hard success, as alive 3d October, 1357, (Fadera ;) it follows, of necessary yet this noble knight was most faithful, and shrinked not, as consequence, that Roger de K., murdered in June 1357, must it is to be seen in an indenture bearing these words :- Memo- have been a different person.'--Annals of Scotland, vol. ii. randum quod cum ab incarnatione Domini 1348 conventum fuit p. 242. et concordatum inter nobiles tiros Dominum Alexandrum de “ To this it may be answered, that at the period of the reSeatoun militem et Dominum Gilbertum de Haye militem et gent's murder, there were only turo families of the name of Dominum Nigellum Campbell militem apud monasterium de Kirkpatrick (nearly allied to each other) in existence-SteCambuskenneth 9° Septembris qui facta suncta cucharista, mag. phen Kirkpatrick, styled in the Chartulary of Kelso (1970) noque juramento facto, jurarunt se debere libertatem regni et Dominus rilla de Closeburn, Filius et hures Domini Adele Robertum nuper regem coronatum contra omnes mortales Fran. Kirkpatrick, dilitis, (whose father, Ivone de Kirkpatrick, cos Anglos Scotos defendere usque ad ultimum terminum vita witnesses a charter of Robert Brus, Lord of Annandale, beipsorum. Their sealles are appended to the indenture in fore the year 1141,) had two sons, Sir Roger, who carried on greene wax, togithir with the seal of Gulfrid, Abbot of Cam- the line of Closeburn, and Duncan, who married Isobel, buskenneth."

daughter and heiress of Sir David Torthorwald of that ilk; they had a charter of the lands of Torthorwald from King Robert Brus, dated 10th August, the year being omitted Umphray, the son of Duncan and Isobel, got a charter of

Torthorwald from the king, 16th July, 13.2 - his son, Roger NOTE S.

of Torthorwald, got a charter from John the Grahame, son of

Sir John Grahame of Moskessen, of an annual rent of 40 shilWhen Comun fell beneath the knife

lings, out of the lands of Overdryft, 1355-- his son, William Of that fell homicide The Bruce.-P. 416.

Kirkpatrick, grants a charter to John of Garroch, of the twi Vain Kirkpatrick's bloody dirk,

merk land of Glengip and Garvellgill, within the tenement of

Wamphray, 22 April, 1372. Froin this, it appears that the Making sure of murder's work.-P. 419.

Torthorwald branch was not concerned in the affair of Comyn's

murder, and the intlictions of Providence which ensued : DunEvery reader must recollect that the proximate cause of can Kirkpatrick, if we are to believe the Blind Minstrel, was Bruce's asserting his right to the crown of Scotland, was the

the firm friend of Wallace, to whom he was related :death of John, called the Red Comyn. The causes of this act of violence, equally extraordinary from the high rank both of

• Ane Kyrk Patrick, that cruel was and keyne, the perpetrator and sufferer, and from the place where the In Esdail wod that half yer he had beyne; slaughter was committed, are variously related by the Scot

With Ingliss men he couth nocht weyll accord, tish and English historians, and cannot row be ascertained.

Of Torthorowald he Barron was and Lord, The fact that they met at the high altar of the Minorites, or

Cff kyn lie was, and Wallace modyr ner ;-&c. Greyfriar's Church in Dumfries, that their difference broke

B. v., v. 920. out into high and insulting language, and that Bruce drew his dagger and stabbed Coluyn, is certain. Rushing to the But this Baron seems to have had no share in the adventures door of the church, Bruce met two powerful barons, Kirk- of King Robert; the crest of his family, as it still remains on patrick of Closeburn, and James de Lindsay, who eagerly a carred stone built into a cottage wall, in the village of Torasked him what tidings? “Bad tidings," answered Bruce; “I thorwald, bears some resemblance, says Grose, to a rose. doubt I have slain Comyn."_"Doubtest thou?" said Kirk. “ Universal tradition, and all our later historians, have atpatrick ; "I make sicker," (i. e. sure.) With these words, ho tributed the regent's death-blow to Sir Roger K. of Closeburn. and Lindsay rushed into the church, and despatched the The author of the MS. History of the Presbytery of Penpont, wounded Comyn. The Kirkpatricks of Closeburn assumed, in the Advocates' Library, affirms, that the crest and motto in memory of this deed, a hand holding a dagger, with the were given by the King on that occasion; and proceeds to rememorable words, “I make sicker." Some doubt having been | late some circumstances respecting a grant to a cottager and started by the late Lord Hailes as to the identity of the Kirk- his wife in the ricinity of Closeburn Castle, which are cerpatrick who completed this day's work with Sir Roger, then tainly authentic, and strongly vouch for the truth of the other representative of the ancient family of Closeburn, my kind and report. The steep hill,' (says he,) 'called the Dune of Tyningenious friend, Mr. Charles Kirkpatricke Sharpe, has fur- ron, of a considerable height, upon the top of which there nished me with the following memorandum, which appears hath been some habitation or fort. There have been in anto fix the deed with his ancestor :

cient times, on all hands of it, very thick woods, and great “The circumstances of the Regent Cummin's murder, from about that place, which made it the more inaccessible, into which the family of Kirkpatrick, in Nithsdale, is said to have which K. Ro. Bruce is said to have been conducted by Roger derived its crest and motto, are well known to all conversant Kirkpatrick of Closeburn, after they had killed the Cumin at with Scottish history; but Lord Hailes has started a doubt Dumfriess, which is nine miles from this place, whereabout it as to the authenticity of this tradition, when recording the is probable that he did abide for some time thereafter; and it murder of Roger Kirkpatrick, in his own Castle of Caerla is reported, that during his abode there he did often divert verock, by Sir James Lindsay. “Fordun,' says his Lordship, to a poor man's cottage, named Brownrig, situate in a small

remarks that Lindsay and Kirkpatrick were the heirs of the parcel of stoney ground, encompassed with thick woods, two men who accompanied Robert Brus at the fatal confer: where lie was content sometimes with such mean accommoence with Comyn. If Fordun was rightly informed as to this dation as the place could afford. The poor man's wife being particular, an argument arises, in support of a notion which I advised to petition the King for somewhat, was so modest in have long entertained, that the person who struck his dagger her desires, that she sought no more but security for the croft in Comyn's heart, was not the representative of the bonour. in her husband's possession, and a liberty of pasturage for a


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rery few cattle of different kinds on the hill, and the rest of their character; for neither their panegyricks nor satyres are the bounds. Of which priviledge that ancient family, by the regarded to what they have been, and they are now allowed injury of time, hath a long time been, and is, deprived: but but a small salary. I must not omit to relate their way of the croft continues in the possession of the heirs and succes-study, which is very singular: They shut their doors and sours lineally descended of this Brownrig and his wife; so that windows for a day's time, and lic on their backs, with a stone this family, being more ancient than rich, doth yet continue upon their belly, and plads about their heads, and their eyes in the name, and, as they say, retains the old charter."...AS. being covered, they pump their brains for rhetorical encoHistory nf the Presbytery of Penpont, in the Advocates' Library | mium or panegyrick; and indeed they furnish such a style of Edinburgh.

from this dark cell as is understood by very few; and if they purchase a couple of horses as the reward of their meditation, they think they have done a great matter. The poet, or bard, had a title to the bridegroom's upper garb, that is, the plad

and bonnet; but now he is satisfied with what the bridegroom NOTE T.

pleases to give him on such occasions."-MARTIN's Western Isles.

Barendoun fied fast auay,
Flel the fiery De la Haye.-P. 419.

These knights are enumerated by Barbour among the small number of Bruce's adherents, who remained in arms with him after the battle of Metliven.

“ With him was a bold baron,
Schyr William the Baroundoun,

Was't not enough to Ronald's bouer

I brought thee, like a paramour.-P. 422.
Schyr Gilbert de la Haye alsua."

It was anciently customary in the Highlands to bring the There were more than one of the noble family of Hay engaged bride to the house of the husband. Nay, in some cases the comin Bruce's cause; but the principal was Gilbert de la Haye, plaisance was stretched so far, that she remained there upon Lord of Errol, a stanch adherent to King Robert's interest, trial for a twelvemonth; and the bridegroom, even after this peand whom he rewarded by creating him hereditary Lord High riod of cohabitation, retained an option of refusing to fulfil his Constable of Scotland, a title which he used 16th March, 1308, engagement. It is said that a desperate feud ensued between where, in a letter from the peers of Scotland to Philip the the clans of Mac-Donald of Sleate and Mac-Leod, owing to the Fair of France, he is designed Gilbertus die Hay Constabularius former chicf having availed himself of this license to send back Scotia. He was slain at the battle of Halidoun-hill. Hugh to Dunvegan a sister, or daughter of the latter. Mac-Leod, de la Haye, his brother, was made prisoner at the battle of resenting the indignity, observed, that since there was no wedMethvcn.

ding bonfire, there should be one to solemnize the divorce. Accordingly, he burned and laid waste the territories of MacDonald, who retaliated, and a deadly feud, with all its accompaniments, took place in form.


Well hast thou framal, Old Man, thy strains,
To praisc the hand that pays thy pains.-P. 419.


The character of the Highland bards, however high in an

Since matchless Wallace first had been earlier period of society, seems soon to have degenerated. In mock'ry crown'd with wreaths of green.-P. 422. The Irish affirm, that in their kindred tribes severe laws became necessary to restrain their avarice. In the Highlands Stow gives the following curious account of the trial and they seem gradually to have sunk into contempt, as well as execution of this celebrated patriot :-"William Wallace, the orators, or men of speech, with whose office that of family who had oft-times set Scotland in great trouble, was taken poet was often united.—“ The orators, in their language called and brought to London, with great numbers of men and women Isdane, were in high esteem both in these islands and the con- wondering upon him. He was lodged in the house of Wiltinent; until within these forty years, they sat always among liam Delect, a citizen of London, in Fenchurch-street. On the nobles and chiefs of families in the streah, or circle. the morrow, being the eve of St. Bartholomew, he was brought Their houses and little villages were sanctuaries, as well as on horseback to Westminster. John Legrave and Geffrey, churches, and they took place before doctors of physick. knights, the mayor, sheriffs, and aldermen of London, and The orators, after the Druids were extinct, were brought in many others, both on horseback and on foot, accompanying to preserve the genealogy of families, and to repeat the same him; and in the great hall at Westminster, he being placed at every succession of chiefs ; and upon the occasion of mar. on the south bench, crowned with laurel, for that he had said riages and births, they made epithalamiums and panegyricks, in times past that he ought to bear a crown in that hall, as it which the poet or bard pronounced. The orators, by the forco was commonly reported; and being appeached for a traitor of their eloquence, had a powerful ascendant over the greatest by Sir Peter Malorie, the king's justice, he answered, that he men in their time; for if any orator did but ask the habit, was never traitor to the King of England ; but for other things arms, horse, or any other thing belonging to the greatest man whereof he was accused, he confessed them; and was after in these islands, it was readily granted them, sometimes out headed and quartered."-Stow, Chr. p. 209. There is someof respect, and sometimes for fear of being exclaimed against thing singularly doubtful about the mode in which Wallace by a satyre, which, in those days, was reckoned a great dis- was taken. That he was betrayed to the English is indubithonour. But these gentlemen becoming insolent, lost ever able; and popular fame charges Sir John Menteith with the since both the profit and esteem which was formerly due to indelible infamy. "Accursed," says Arnold Blair, “be the day

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