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that it is almost opposite to the Bay of Aros, in the Island of called Hirth, or Hirt, probably from “ earth," being in fact Mull. where there was another castle, the occasional residence the whole globe to its inhabitants. llay, which now belongs of the Lords of the Isles.

almost entirely to Walter Campbell, Esq. of Shawfield, is by far the most fertile of the Hebrides, and has been greatly improved under the spirited and sagacious management of the

present proprietor. This was in ancient times the principal NOTE B.

abode of the Lords of the Isles, being, if not the largest, the

most important island of their archipelago. In Martin's time, Rude Heiskar's seal through surges dark,

some relics of their grandeur were yet extant. “ Loch-FinWill long pursue the minstrel's bark.-P. 410.

lagan, about three miles in circumference, affords salmon,

trouts, and ecls: this lake lies in the centre of the isle. The The scal displays a taste for music, which could scarcely be

Isle Finlagan, from which this lake hath its name, is in it. It's expected from his habits and local predilections. They will

famous for being once the court in which the great Mac-DoJong follow a boat in which any musical instrument is played, nald, King of the Isles, had his residence ; his houses, chapel, and even a tune simply whistled has attractions for them.

&c. are now ruinous. His guards de corps, called LuchtThe Dean of the Isles sars of Heiskar, a small uninhabited

tach, kept guard on the lake side nearest to the isle; the wails rock, about twelve (Scottish) miles from the isle of Uist, that

of their houses are still to be seen there. The high court of an infinite slaughter of scals takes place there.

judicature, consisting of fourteen, sat always here; and there was an appeal to them from all the courts in the islcs: the cleventh share of the sum in debate was due to the principal

judge. There was a big stone of seven foot square, in which Note C.

there was a deep impression made to receive the feet of Mac

Donald; for he was crowned King of the Isles standing in this a turret's airy head,

stone, and swore that he would continue his vassals in the Slender and steep, and battleil round,

possession of their lands, and do exact justice to all his subO'erlook'd, dark Mull! thy mighty Sound.-P. 411. jects: and then his father's sword was put into his hand.

The Bishop of Argyle and seven priests anointed him king, in The Sound of Mull, which divides that island from the con

presence of all the heads of the tribes in the isles and contitinent of Scotland, is one of the most striking scenes which

nent, and were his vassals ; at which time the orator rehcarthe Hebrides afford to the traveller. Sailing from Oban to sed a catalogue of his ancestors,” &c.-Martin's Account u Arcs, or Tobermory, through a narrow channel, yet deep the Western Isles, 8vo, London, 1716, p. 240, 1. enough to bear vessels of the largest burden, he has on his left the bold and mountainous shores of Mull; on the right those of that district of Argyleshire, called Morven, or Morvern, successively indented by deep salt-water lochs, running up many milcs inland. To the south-castward arise a prodi

Note E. gious range of mountains, among which Cruachan-Ben is preeminent. And to the north-east is the no less huge and pic

- Mlingarry sternly placed, turesque range of the Ardnamurchan hills. Many ruinous

O'eraves the woodland and the waste.-P. 412. castles, situated generally upon cliffs overhanging the ocean, add interest to the scene. Those of Donolly and Dunstaffnage

The Castle of Mingarry is situated on the sea-coast of the are first passed, then that of Duart, formerly belonging to the district of Ardnamurchan. The ruins, which are tolerably chief of the warlike and powerful sept of Macleans, and entire, are surrounded by a very high wall, forming a kind of the scene of Miss Baillie's beautiful tragedy, entitled the Fa- polygon, for the purpose of adapting itself to the projecting mily Legend. Still passing on to the north ward, Artornish angles of a precipice overhanging the sea, on which the castle and Aros become visible upon the opposite shores; and, last- stands. It was anciently the residence of the Mac-lans, a ly, Mingarry, and other ruins of less distinguished note. In clan of Mao-Donalds, descended from Ian, or John, a grandfine weather, a grander and more impressive scene, both

son of Angus Og, Lord of the Isles. The last time that Minfrom its natural beautics, and associations with ancient his

garry was of military importance, occurs in the celebrated tory and tradition, can hardly be imagined. When the wea Leabhar dearg, or Red- book of Clanronald, a MS. renowned ther is rough, the passage is both difficult and dangerous, I in the Ossianic controversy. Allaster Mac-Donald, commonly from the narrowness of the channel, and in part from the called Colquitto, who commanded the Irish auxiliaries, sent number of inland lakes, out of which sally forth a number of over by the Earl of Antrim during the great civil war to the conflicting and thwarting tides, making the navigation peri- assistance of Montrose, began his enterprise in 1644, by taking lous to open boats. The sudden fiaws and gusts of wind which the castles of Kinloch-Alline, and Mingarry, the last of which issue without a moment's warning from the mountain glens, made considerable resistance, as might, from the strength of are equally formidable. So that in unsettled weather, a stran. the situation, be expected. In the meanwhile, Allaster Macger, if not much accustomed to the sca, may sometimes add Donald's ships, which had brought him over, were attacked to the other sublime sensations excited by the scene, that feels in Loch Eisord, in Skye, by an armament sent round by the ing of dignity which arises from a sense of danger.

covenanting parliament, and his own ressel was taken. This circumstance is said chiefly to have induced him to continue in Scotland, where there seemed little prospect of raising an

army in behalf of the King. He had no sooner moved castNote D.

ward to join Montrose, junction which he effected in the

braes of Athole, than the Marquis of Argyle besieged the " these scas behold,

castle of Mingarry, but without success. Among other warRound twice a hundred islands roll,

riors and chiefs whom Argyle summoned to his camp to assist From Hirt, that hears their northern roar,

upon this occasion, was John of Moidart, the Captain of Clan. To the green llay's fertile shore."--P. 412.

ronald. Clanronald appeared ; but, far from yielding effec

tual assistance to Argyle, he took the opportunity of being in The number of the western isles of Scotland exceeds two arms to lay waste the district of Sunart, then belonging to the hundred, of which St. Kilda is the most northerly, anciently adherents of Argyle, and sent part of the spoil to relieve the

Castle of Sfingarry. Thus the castle was maintained until re Angus Og," says an ancient manuscript translated from lieved by Allaster Mac-Donald (Colquitto), who had been de- the Gaelic, "son of Angus Mor, son of Donala, son of Ronald, tached for the purpose by Montrose. These particulars are son of Somerled, high chief and superior Lord of Innisgall, cor hardly worth mentioning, were they not connected with the the Isles of the Gael, the general name given to the Hebrides. memorable successes of Montrose, related by an eyewitness, he married a daughter of Cunbui, namely, Cathan; she was and hitherto unknown to Scottish historians.

mother to John, son of Angus, and with her came an unusual portion from Ireland, viz. twenty-four clans, of whom twenty. four families in Scotland are descended. Angus had another son, namely, young John Fraoch, whose descendants are called Clan-Fan of Glencoe, and the M‘Donalds of Fraoch. This Angus Og died in Isla, where his body was interred. His son

John succeeded to the inheritance of Innisgall. He had good NOTE F.

descendants, namely, three sons procrcate of Ann, daughter The heir of mighty Somerled.-P. 412.

of Rodric, high chief of Lorn, and one daughter, Mary, mar

ried to John Maclean, Laird of Duart, and Lauchlan, his Somerled was thane of Argyle and Lord of the Isles, about brother, Laird of Coll; she was interred in the church of the the middle of the twelfth century. He seems to have exer

the Black Nuns. The eldest sons of John were Ronald, Godcised his authority in both capacities, independent of the frey, and Angus. . . He gave Ronald a great inhericrown of Scotland, against which he often stood in hostility. tance. These were the lands which he gave him, viz. from He made various incursions upon the western lowlands during Kilcumin in Abertarf to the river Seil, and from thence to the reign of Malcolm IV., and seems to have made peace with Beilli, north of Eig and Rum, and the two Vists, and from him upon the terms of an independent prince, about the year thence to the foot of the river Glaichan, and threescore long 1157. In 1164, he resumed the war against Malcolm, and in-ships. John married afterwards Margaret Stewart, daughter vaded Scotland with a large, but probably a tumultuary army, to Robert Stewart, King of Scotland, called John Ferngear; collected in the isles, in the mainland of Argyleghire, and in she bore him three good sons, Donald of the Isles, the heir, the neighbouring provinces of Ireland. He was defeated and John the Tainister, li. e. Thane,) the second son, and Alex. slain in an engagement with a very inferior force, near Ren-ander Carrach. John had another son called Marcus, ot frew. His son Gillicolane fell in the same battle. This mighty whom the clan Macdonald of Cnoc, in Tirowen, are descendchieftain married a daughter of Olaus, King of Man. From ed. This John lived long, and made donations to Icolumkill; him our genealogists deduce two dynasties, distinguished in he covered the chapel of Eorsay-Elan, the chapel of Finlagam, the stormy history of the middle ages; the Lords of the Isles and the chapel of the Isle of Tsuibhne, and gave the proper descended from his elder son Ronald, -and the Lords of Lorn, furniture for the service of God, upholding the clergy and who took their sirname of M.Dougal, as descended of his ge monks; he built or repaired the church of the Holy Cross imcond son Dougal. That Somerled's territories upon the main-mediately before his death. He died at his own castlo ot land, and upon the islands, should have been thus divided Ardtorinish, many priests and monks took the sacrament at between his two sons, instead of passing to the elder exclu- his funeral, and they embalmed the body of this dear man, sively, may illustrate the uncertainty of descent among the and brought it to Icolumkill; the abbot, monks, and vicar, great Highland families, which we shall presently notice. came as they ought to meet the King of Fiongal, and out of

great respect to his memory mourned eight days and nights over it, and laid it in the same grave with his father, in the church of Oran, 1380.

“ Ronald, son of John, was chief ruler of the Isles in his father's lifetime, and was old in the government at his father's

death. NOTE G.

" He assembled the gentry of the Isles, brought the sceptre Lord of the Isles.-P. 412.

from Kildonan in Eig, and delivered it to his brother Donald,

who was thereupon called M‘Donald, and Donald Lord of the The represeutative of this independent principality, for such Isles, contrary to the opinion of the men of the Isles. it seems to have been, though acknowledging occasionally the “ Ronald, son of John, son of Angus Og, was a great sup. pre-eminence of the Scottish crown, was, at the period of the porter of the church and clergy; his descendants are called poem, Angus, called Angus Og; but the name has been, eu Clanronald. He gave the lands of Tiruma, in Uist, to the phoniæ gratia, exchanged for that of Ronald, which frequently minister of it for ever, for the honour of God and Colum kill; occurs in the genealogy. Angus was a protector of Robert he was proprietor of all the lands of the north along the coast Bruce, whom he received in his Castle of Dunnaverty, during and the isles; he died in the year of Christ 1386, in his own the time of his greatest distress. As I shall be equally liable mansion of Castle Tirim, leaving five children. Donald of the to censure for attempting to decide a controversy which has Isles, son of John, son of Angus Og, the brother of Ronald, long existed between three distinguished chieftains of this fa- took possession of Inisgall by the consent of his brother and the mily, who have long disputed the representation of the Lord gentry thereof; they were all obedient to him : he married of the Isles, or for leaving a question of such importance alto- Mary Lesley, daughter to the Earl of Ross, and by her came gether untouched, I choose, in the first place, to give such in the earldom of Ross to the M‘Donalds. After his succession formation as I have been able to derive from Highland genea- to that earldom, he was called M‘Donald, Lord of the Isles logists, and which, for those who have patience to investigate and Earl of Ross. There are many things written of him in such subjects, really contains some curious information con other places. cerning the history of the Isles. In the second place, I shall “He fought the battle of Garioch (i.c. Harlaw) against Duke offer a few remarks upon the rules of succession at that period, Murdoch, the governor, the Earl of Mar commanded the without pretending to decide their bearing upon the question army, in support of his claim to the earldom of Ross, which at issue, which must depend upon evidence which I have had was ceded to him by King James the First, after his release no opportunity to examine.

from the King of England; and Duke Murdoch, his two sons

i Western Isles and adjacent coast.

2 Innisgal.

and retainers, were beheaded : he gave lands in Holland Isla and Mac-Leod of the Lewis, and many of the gentry of the to the minister of Hi, and every privilege which the minister Isles, rose with him: they went by the promontory of Ardof lona had formerly, besides vessels of gold and silver to namurchan, where they met Alexander, the son of John CaColumkill for the monastery, and became himself one of the thanach, were reconciled to him, he joined his men with theirs fraternity. He left issue, a lawful heir to Innisgall and Ross, against Mac-Cean of Ardnamurehan, came upon him at a namely, Alexander, the son of Donald: he died in Isla, and place called the Silver Craig, where he and his three sons, and his body was interred in the south side of the temple of Oran. a great number of his people, were killed, and Donald Galda Alexander, called John of the Isles, son of Alexander of the was immediately declared Mac Donald: And, after the afIsles, son of Donald of the Isles. Angus, the third son of fair of Ardnamurchan, all the men of the Isles yielded to him. John, son of Angus Og, married the daughter of John, the son but he did not live above seven or eight weeks after it ; he of Allan, which connexion caused some disagreement betwixt died at Carnaborg, in Mull, without issue. He had thres the two families about their marches and division of lands, sisters' daughters of Alexander, son of Archibald, who were the one party adhering to Angus, and the other to John: the portioned in the north upon the continent, but the earldom of differences increased so much that John obtained from Allan Ross was kept for them. Alexander, the son of Archibald, all the lands betwixt Abhan Funda (i. e. the long river) and had a natural son, called John Cam, of whom is descended old na sionnach (i. e. the fox-burn brook, ) in the upper part Achnacoichan, in Ramoeh, and Donald Gorm, son of Ronald, of Cantyre. Allan went to the king to complain of his son-in-son of Alexander Duson, of John Cam. Donald Du, son of law; in a short time thereafter, there happened to be a great Angus, son of John of the Isles, son of Alexander of the Isles, mecting about this young Angus's lands to the north of Inver- son of Donald of the Isles, son of John of the Isles, son of Anness, where he was murdered by his own harper Mac-Cairbre, gus Og, namely, the true heir of the Isles and Ross, came by cutting his throat with a long knife. He ! lived a year after his release from captivity to the Isles, and convened the thereafter, and many of those concerned were delivered up to men thereof, and he and the Earl of Lennox agreed to raise a the king. Angus's wife was pregnant at the time of his mur- great army for the purpose of taking possession, and a ship der, and she bore him a son who was named Donald, and came from England with a supply of money to carry on the called Donald Du. He was kept in confinement until he was war, which landed at Mull, and the money was given to Macthirty years of age, when he was released by the men of Glenco, Lean of Duart to be distributed among the con manders of the by the strong hand. After this enlargement, he came to the army, which they not receiving in proportion as it should have Isles, and convened the gentry thereof. There happened been distributed among them, caused the army to disperse, great feuds betwixt these families while Donald Du was in which, when the Earl of Lennos heard, he disbanded his own confinement, insomuch that Mac-Cean of Ardnamurchan de- men, and made it up with the king. Mac-Donald went to Ircstroyed the greatest part of the posterity of John Mor of the land to raise men, but he died on his way to Dublin, at DrogIsles and Cantyre. For John Cathanach, son of John, son of heda, of a fever, without issue of either sons or daughters." Donald Balloch, son of John Mor, son of John, son of Angus Og, In this history may be traced, though the Bard, or Sean(the chief of the descendants of John Mor,) and Jolin Mor, son nachie, touches such a delicate discussion with a gentle hand, of John Cathanach, and young John, son of John Cathanach, the point of difference between the three principal septs deand young Donald Balloch, son of John Cathanach, were scended from the Lords of the Isles. The first question, and treacherously taken by Mac-Cean in the island of Finlagan, one of no easy solution, where so little evidence is produced, in Isla, and carried to Edinburgh, where he got them hanged respects the nature of the connexion of John, called by the at the Burrow-muir, and their bodies were buried in the Archdean of the Isles “the Good John of Ila," and "the last Church of St. Anthony, called the New Church. There were Lord of the Isles," with Anne, daughter of Roderick Macnone left alive at that time of the children of John Cathanach, Dougal, high-chief of Lorn. In the absence of positive eviexcept Alexander, the son of John Cathanach, and Agnes dence, presumptive must be resorted to, and I own it appears Flach, who concealed themselves in the glens of Ireland. to render it in the highest degree improbable that this conMac-Cean, hearing of their hiding-places, went to cut down nexion was otherwise than legitimate. In the wars between the woods of these glens, in order to destroy Alexander, and David II. and Edward Baliol, John of the Isles espoused the extirpate the whole race. At length Mac-Cean and Alex- Baliol interest, to which he was probably determined by his ander met, were reconciled, and a marriage alliance took alliance with Roderick of Lorn, who was, from every family place; Alexander married Mac-Cean's daughter, and she predilection, friendly to Baliol and hostile to Bruce. It seems brought him good children. The Mac-Donalds of the north absurd to suppose, that between two chiefs of the same dehad also descendants; for, after the death of John, Lord of the scent, and nearly equal power and rank, (though the MacIsles Earl of Ross, and the murder of Angus, Alexan- Dougals had been much crushed by Robert Bruce,) such a der, the son of Archibald, the son of Alexander of the Isles, connexion should have been that of concubinage; and it aptook possession, and John was in possession of the earldom of pears more likely that the tempting offer of an alliance with Ross, and the north bordering country; he married a daughter the Bruce family, when they had obtained the decided sureof the Earl of Moray, of whom some of the men of the north riority in Scotland, induced “the Good John of lla" to dishad descended. The Mac-Kenzies rose against Alexander, inherit, to a certain extent, his eldest son Ronald, who came and fought the battle called Blar na Paire. Alexander had of a stock so unpopular as the Mac-Dougals, and to call to only a few of the men of Ross at the battle. He went after his succession his younger family, born of Margaret Stuart, that battle to take possession of the Isles, and sailed in a ship daughter of Robert, afterwards King of Scotland. The setting to the south to see if he could find any of the posterity of John aside of this elder branch of his family was most probably a Mor alive, to rise along with him; but Mac-Cean of Ardna- condition of his new alliance, and his being received into murchan watched mim as he sailed past, followed him to Oran- favour with the dynasty he had always opposed. Nor were say and Colonsay, went to the house where he was, and he the laws of succession at this early period so clearly underand Alexander, son of John Cathanach, murdered him there. stood as to bar such transactions. The numerous and strange

“A good while after these things fellout, Donald Galda, son claims set up to the crown of Scotland, when vacant by the of Alexander, son of Archibald, became major; he, with the death of Alexander III., make it manifest how very little the advice and direction of the Earl of Moray, came to the Isles, indefeasible hereditary right of primogeniture was valued at

that period. In fact, the title of the Bruces themselves to the crown, though justly the most popular, when assumed with

the determination of asserting the independence of Scotland, | The murderer, I prezir.c, not the man who was mur was, upon pore principle, greatly inierior to that of Baliol. dered.

For Bruce, the competitor, claimed as son of Isabella, second

daughter of David, Earl of Huntingdon ; and John Baliol, as slain at Renfrew, in 1161. This son obtained the succession grandson of Margaret, the elder daughter of that same earl. of his mainland territories, comprehending the greater part of So that the plea of Bruce was founded upon the very loose the three districts of Lorn, in Argyleshire, and of course inight idea, that as the great-grandson of David I., King of Scotland, rather be considered as petty princes than feudal barons. and the nearest collateral relation of Alexander III., he was They assumed the patronymic appellation of Mac-Dougal, hy entitled to succeed in exclusion of the great-great-grandson of which they are distinguished in the history of the middle ages. the same David, though by an elder daughter. This maxim sa The Lord of Lorn, who flourished during the wars of Bruce, voured of the ancient practice of Scotland, which often called was Allaster (or Alexander) Mac-Dougal, called Allaster of a brother to succeed to the crown as nearer in blood than a Argyle. He had married the third daughter of John, called grand-child, or even a son of a deceased monarch. But, in the Red Comyn, who was slain by Bruce in the Dominican truth, the maxims of inheritance in Scotland were sometimes Church at Dumfries, and hence he was a mortal enemy of departed from at periods when they were much more dis- that prince, and more than once reduced him to great straits tinctly understood. Such a transposition took place in the during the early and distressed period of his reign, as we shall family of Hamilton, in 1513, when the descendants of James, have repeated occasion to notice. Bruce, when he began to third Lord, by Lady Janet Home, were set aside, with an ap- obtain an ascendency in Scotland, took the first opportunity panage of great value indeed, in order to call to the succes in his power to requite these injuries. He marched into sion those which he had by a subsequent marriage with Janet Argyleshire to lay waste the country. John of Lorn, son of Beatoun. In short, many other examples might be quoted the chieftain, was posted with his followers in the formidable to show that the question of legitimacy is not always deter- pass between Dalmally and Bunawe. It is a narrow path mined by the fact of succession ; and there seems reason to along the verge of the huge and precipitous mountain, called believe, that Ronald, descendant of " John of Ila,' by Anne of Cruachan-Ben, and guarded on the other side by a precipico Lorn, was legitimate, and therefore Lord of the Isles de jure, overhanging Loch Awe. The pass seems to the eye of a solthough de facto his younger half-brother Donald, son of his dier as strong, as it is wild and romantic to that of an ordinary father's second marriage with the Princess of Scotland, super- traveller. But the skill of Bruce had anticipated this diftiseded him in his right, and apparently by his own consent. culty. While his main body, engaged in a skirmish with the From this Donald so preferred is descended the family of men of Lorn, detained their attention to the front of their Sleat, now Lords Mac-Donald. On the other hand, from position, James of Douglas, with Sir Alexander Fraser, Sir Ronald, the excluded heir, upon whom a very large appanage William Wiseman, and Sir Andrew Grey, ascended the mounwas settled, descended the chiefs of Glengary and Clanronald, tain with a select body of archery, and obtained possession of each of whom bad large possessions and a numerous vassal. the heights which commanded the pass. A rolley of arrows age, and boasted a long descent of warlike ancestry. Their descending upon them directly warned the Argylesbire men common ancestor Ronald was murdered by the Earl of Ross, of their perilous situation, and their resistance, which had at the Monastery of Elcho, A.D. 1346. I believe it has been hitherto been bold and manly, was changed into a precipitate subject of fierce dispute, whether Donald, who carried on the flight. The deep and rapid river of Awe was then (we learn line of Glengary, or Allan of Moidart, the ancestor of the cap- the fact from Barbour with some surprise) crossed by a bridge. tains of Clanronald, was the eldest son of Ronald, the son of This bridge the mountaineers attempted to demolish, but John of Isia. A humble Lowlander may be permitted to waive Bruce's followers were too close upon their rear; they were, the discussion, since a Sennachie of no small note, who wrote therefore, without refuge and defence, and were dispersed in the sixteenth century, expresses himself upon this delicate with great slaughter. John of Lorn, suspicious of the event, topic in the following words :

had early betaken himself to the galleys which he had upon “I have now given yon an account of every thing you can the lake ; but the feelings which Barbour assigns to him, expect of the descendants of the clan Colla, (i. e. the Mac while witnessing the rout and slaughter of bis followers, exDonalds,) to the death of Donald Du at Drogheda, namely, culpate him from the charge of cowardice. the true line of those who possessed the Isles, Ross, and the mountainous countries of Scotland. It was Donald, the son “ To Jhone off Lorne it suld displese of Angus, that was killed at Inverness, (hy his own harper

I trow, quhen he his men mycht se, Mac-i Cairbre,) son of John of the Isles, son of Alexander,

Owie off his schippis fra the se, son of Donald, son of John, son of Angus Og. And I know

Be slayne and chassyt in the hill, not which of his kindred or relations is the true heir, except

That he mycht set na help thar till. these five sons of John, the son of Angus Og. whom I here set

Bot it angrys als gretumly, down for you, namely, Ronald and Godfrey, the two sons of

To gud hartis that ar worthi, the daughter of Mac-Donald of Lorn, and Donald and John

To se thar fuyis fulfill thair will Mor, and Alexander Carrach, the three sons of Margaret

As to thaim selff to thole the ill."-B. vii., v. 39+. Stewart, daughter of Robert Stewart, King of Scotland.”— Laubhar Dearg.

After this decisive engagement. Bruce laid waste Argyleshire, and besieged Dunstaffnage Castle, on the western shoro of Lorn, compelled it to surrender, and placed in that principal

stronghold of the Mac-Dougals a garrison and governor of his NOTE H.

own. The elder Mac-Dougal, now wearied with the contest, submitted to the victor; but his son, “rebellious," says Bar.

bour, “as he wont to be," fled to England by sea. -- The House of Lrn.--P. 412.

When the

wars between the Bruce and Baliol factions again broke out The House of Lorn, as we observed in a former note, was, in the reign of David II., the Lords of Lorn were again found like the Lord of the Isles, descended from a son of Somerled, upon the losing side, oving to their hereditary enmity to the

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hyuse of Bruce. Accordingly, upon the issue of that coutust, suing her wake through the darkness. These phosphoric ap they were deprived by David II. and his successor of by far pearances, concerning the origin of which naturalists are not the greater part of their extensive territories, which were con- agreed in opinion, seem to be called into action by the rapid ferred upon Stewart, called the Knight of Lom. The house motion of the ship through the water, and are probably owing of Mac-Dougal continued, however, to survive the loss of to the water being saturated with fish-spawn,cr other animal power, and affords a very rare, if not a unique, instance of a substances. They remind one strongly of the description of family of such unlimited power, and so distinguished during the sea-snakes in Mr. Coleridge's wild, but highly poetical bal. the middle ages, surviving the decay of their grandeur, and lad of the Ancient Mariner :flourishing in a private station. The Castle of Dunolly, near Oban, with its dependencies, was the principal part of what

“ Beyond the shadow of the ship remained to them, with their right of chieftainship over the

I watch'd the water-snakes, families of their pame and blood. 'Ihese they continued to

They moved in tracks of shining white, enjoy until the year 1715, when the representative incurred

And when they rear'd, the elvish light the penalty of forfeiture, for his accession to the insurrection

Fell off in hoary flakes." of that period ; thus losing the remains of his inheritance, to replace upon the throne the descendants of those princes, whose accession his ancestors had opposed at the expense of their feudal grandeur. The estate was, however, restored about 1745, to the father of the present proprietor, whom family experience had taught the hazard of interfering with

NOTE K.
the established government, and who remained quiet upon
that occasion. He therefore regained his property when many

The dark fortress.-P. 415.
Highland chiefs lost theirs.
Nothing can be more wildly beautiful than the situation of

The fortress of a Hebridean chief was almost always on the Dunolly. The ruins are situated upon a bold and precipitous sea-shore, for the facility of communication which the ocean promontory, overhanging Loch Etive, and distant about a mile afforded. Nothing can be more wild than the situations which from the village and port of Oban. The principal part which they choxe, and the devices by which the architects endearemains is the donjon or keep; but fragments of other build-voured to defend them. Narrow stairs and arched raulis ings, overgrown with ivy, attest that it had been once a place were the usual mode of access; and the drawbridge appears of importance, as large apparently as Artornish or Dunstaff at Dunstaff nage, and elsewhere, to have fallen from the gate nage. These fragments enclose a courtyard, of which the keep of the building to the top of such a staircase; so that any one probably formed one side; the entrance being by a steep as- advancing with hostile purpose, found himself in a state of excent from the neck of the isthmus, formerly cut across by a posed and precarious clevation, with a gulf between him and mont, and defended doubtless by outworks and a drawbridge. The object of his attack. Beneath the castle stands the present mansion of the family, These fortresses were guarded with equal care.

The duty having on the one hand Loch Etive, with its islands and moun of the watch devolved chiefly upon an officer called the Cocktains, on the other two romantic eminences tufted with copse-man, who had the charge of challenging all who approached wood. There are other accompaniments suited to the scene; the castle. The very ancient family of Mac-Nicl of Barra kept in particular, a huge upright pillar, or detached fragment of this attendant at their castle about a hundred years ago. Marthat sort of rock called plum-pudding stone, upon the shore, tin gives the following account of the difficulty which attended about a quarter of a mile from the castle. It is called Clach- his procuring entrance there :-" The little island Kismul lics na-cau, or the Dog's Pillar, because Fingal is said to have used about a quarter of a mile from the south of this isle (Larra); it as a stake to which he bound his celebrated dog Bran. it is the seat of Mackneil of Barra; there is a stone wall round Others say, that when the Lord of the Isles came upon a it two stories high, reaching the sea; and within the wall visit to the Lord of Lorn, the dogs brought for his sport were there is an old tower and an hall, with other houses about it. kept beside this pillar. Upon the whole, a more delightful There is a little magazine in the tower, to which no stranger and romantic spot can scarce be conceived; and it receives a has access. I saw the officer called the Cockman, and an old moral interest from the considerations attached to the resi cock he is ; when I bid liim ferry me over the water to the dence of a family once powerful enough to confront and de- island, he told me that he was but an inferior officer, his bufeat Robert Bruce, and now sunk into the shade of private siness being to attend in the tower; but if (says he) the conlife. It is at present possessed by Patrick Mac-Dougal, Esq., stable, who then stood on the wall, will give you access, I'll the lineal and undisputed representative of the ancient Lords ferry you over. I desired him to procure me the constable's of Lorn. The heir of Dunolly fell lately in Spain, fighting permission, and I would reward him ; but having waited some under the Duke of Wellington,-a death well becoming his hours for the constable's answer, and not receiving any, I was ancestry.

obliged to return without sceing this famous fort. Mackneil and his lady being absent, was the cause of this difficulty, and of my not seeing the place. I was told some weeks after, that the constable was very apprehensive of some design I might have in viewing the fort, and thereby to expose it to the conquest of a foreign power; of which I supposed there was no

great cause of fear." NOTE 1.

Awaked before the rushing prow,
The mimic fires of ocean glow,
Those lightnings of the wave.-P. 414.

NOTE L.
The phenomenon called by sailors Sen fire, is one of the
most beautiful and interesting which is witncssed in the He-

That keen knight, De Argentine.-P. 417. brides. At times the ocean appars entirely illuminated around the versel, and a long train of lambent coruscations Sir Egidius, or Giles de Argentine, was one of the most acare perpetually buisiig upon the sides of the re'sel, or pur-complished knights of the perical. He had served in the wars

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