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Each two had a servant to wait upon them

of me to invade the realme of Scotlande, for the annoysaunce Before supper and dinner, most renowned,

of your highnes enemys, where they thought best exploit by The bells rung and the trumpets sowned ;

theyme might be done, and to have to concur withe theyine And more than that, I do confess,

the inhabitants of Northumberland, suche as was towards me They kept four and twenty pensioners.

according to theyre assembly, and as by theyre discretions Think not I lie, nor do me blame,

vpone the same they shulde thinke most convenient; and soo For the pensioners I can all name :

they dyde meet yppone Monday, before night, being the iži There's men alive, elder than I,

day of this instant moncthe, at Wawhope, upon Northe Tyne They know if I speak truth, or lie.

water, above Tyndaill, where they were to the number of xv Every pensioner a room 1 did gain,

c men, and soo invadet Scotland at the hour of viii of the clok For service done and to be done ;

at nyght, at a place called Whele Causay; and before xi of This let the reader understand,

the clok dyd send forth a forrey of Tyndaill and Ryddisdail, The name both of the men and land,

and laide all the resydewe in a bushment, and actyvely did Which they possessed, it is of truth,

set vpon a towne called Branxholme, where the Lord of BuBoth from the Lairds and Lords of Buckleugh." clough dwellythe, and purpesed theymeselves with a trayne

for hym lyke to his accustomed manner, in rysynge to all Accordingly, dismounting from his Pegasus, Satchells gives frayes; albeit, that knyght he was not at home, and so they us, in prose, the names of twenty-four gentlemen, younger brynt the said Branxholm, and other townes, as to say Whichbrothers of ancient families, who were pensioners to the house estre, Whichestre-helme, and Whelley, and haid ordered of Buccleuch, and describes the lands which each possessed theymself, soo that sundry of the said Lord Buclough's serfor his Border service. In time of war with England, the vants, who dyd issue fourthe of his gates, was takyn prisongarrison was doubtless augmented. Satchells adds, “These

ers. They dyd not leve one house, one stak of corne, nor one twenty-three pensioners, all of his own name of Scott, and shyef, without the gate of the said Lord Buclough vnbrynt Walter Gladstanes of Whitelaw, a near cousin of my lord's, and thus scrymaged and frayed, supposing the Lord of Buas aforesaid, were ready on all occasions, when his honour clough to be within iii or ijii myles to have trayned him to the pleased cause to advertise them. It is known to many of the bushment; and soo in the brey king of the day dyd the forrey country better than it is to me, that the rent of these lands, and the bushment mete, and reculed homeward, making which the Lairds and Lords of Buccleuch did freely bestow theyre way westward from theyre invasion to be over Lyddersupon their friends, will amount to above twelve or fourteen daill, as intending yf the fray frome theyre furst entry by the thousand merks a year."- History of the name of Scott, p. 45. Scotts waiches, or otherwyse by warnying, shuld haue bene An immense sum in those times.

gyven to Gedworth and the countrey of Scotland theyrea

bouts of theyre invasion ; whiche Gedworth is from the 1 Room, portion of land.

Wheles Causay vi miles, that thereby the Scotts shulde have comen further vnto theyme, and more out of ordre; and soo upon sundry good considerations, before they entered Lyddersdaill, as well accompting the inhabitants of the same to be towards your highness, and to enforce theyme the more there

by, as alsoo to put an occasion of suspect to the Kinge of NOTE C.

Scotts, and his counsaill, to be taken anenst theyme, amonges

theymeselves, made proclamacions, commanding, vpon payne with Jalwood-axe at saddlebowe.-P. 10.

of dethe, assurance to be for the said inhabitants of Lydders

daill, without any prejudice or hurt to be done by any Inglys"Of a truth,” says Froissart, “the Scottish cannot boast

man vnto theyme, and soo in good ordre abowte the howre of great skill with the bow, but rather bear axes, with which, in ten of the clok before none, vppon Tewisday, dyd pass through time of need, they give heavy strokes." The Jedwood-axe

the said Lyddersdail, when dyd come diverse of the said inwas a sort of partisan, used by horsemen, as appears from the habitants there to my servauntes, under the said assurance, arms of Jedburgh, which bear a cavalier mounted, and armed offerring theymselfs with any service they couthe make; and with this weapon. It is also called a Jedwood or Jeddart thus, thanks be to Godde, your highnes' subjects, abowte the staff.

howre of xii of the clok at none the same daye, came into this your highnes realme, bringing wt theyme above xl Scottsmen prisoners, one of theyme named Scot, of the surname and kyn of the said Lord of Buclough, and of his howsehold ; they

brought also ccc nowte, and above lx horse and mares, keping NOTE D.

in savetie frome losse or hurte all your said highnes subjects.

There was alsoo a towne, called Newbyggins, by diverse fotThey watch, against Southern force and guile,

mcn of Tyndaill and Ryddesdaill, takyn vp of the night, and Lest Scroop, or Honoard, or Percy's powers,

spoyled, when was slayne ii Scottsmen of the said towne, and Threaten Branksome's lordly lowers,

many Scotts there hurte; your highnes subjects was xiii myles From Warkworth, or Naworth, or merry Carlisle.-P. 10. within the grounde of Scotlande, and is from my house at

Werkworthe, above lx miles of the most evil passage, where Branksome Castle was continually exposed to the attacks great snawes doth lyo; heretofore the same townes now brynt of the English, both from its situation and the restless mili- haith not at any tyme in the mynd of man in any warrs been tary disposition of its inhabitants, who were seldom on good enterprised unto nowe; your subjects were thereto more enterms with their neighbours. The following letter from the couraged for the better advancement of your highnes service, Earl of Northumberland to Henry VIII. in 1533, gives an ac- the said Lord of Buclough beyng always a mortall enemy to count of a successful inroad of the English, in which the this your Graces realme, and he dyd say, within xiii days becountry was plundered up to the gates of the castle, although fore, he woulde see who durst lye near hym; wt many other the invaders failed in their principal object, which was to cruell words, the knowledge whereof was certainly haid to my kill, or make prisoner, the Laird of Buccleuch. It occurs in said servaunts, before theyre enterprice maid vpon him ; most the Cotton MS. Calig. b. viii. f. 222.

humbly beseeching your majesty, that youre highnes thanks "Pleaseth yt your most gracious highness to be aduertised, may concur vnto theyme, whose names be here inclosed, and that my comptroller, with Raynald Carnaby, desyred licence to have in your most gracious me ry, the paynfull and dili


the romance.

gent service of my pore servannte Wharton, and thus, as I am the gate unto your Grace, or else die for it.' The King tarried most bounden, shall dispose wt them that be under me f... still, as was devised ; and George Douglas with him, and ... annoysaunce of your highnes enemys." In resentment ot sundry other lords, sach as the Earl of Lennox, and the Lord this foray, Buccleuch, with other Border chiefs, assembled an Erskine, and some of the King's own servants ; but all the army of 3*) riders, with which they penetrated into Nor lave i resti past with the Farl of Angus to the field against the thumberland, and laid waste the country as far as the banks Laird of Buccleuch, who joyned and countered cruelly both of Bramish. They baffled, or defeated, the English forces the said parties in the field of Darneliover, either against opposed to them, and returned loaded with prey.---PINKER-, other, with uncertain victory. But at the last, the Lord Ton's Histry, vol. ii. p. 318.

Hume, hearing word of that matter how it stood, returned again to the King in all possible haste, with him the Lairds of Cessfoord and Fernyhirst, to the number of fou rscore spears,

and set freshly on the lap and wing of the Laird of Buccleuch's NOTE E.

field, and shortly bare them backward to the ground; which caused the Laird of Buccleuch, and the rest of his friends, to

go back and flee, whom they followed and chased; and espeBards long shall leil,

cially the Lairds of Cessfoord and Fernyhirst followed furiHow Lord Walter fell.-P. 10.

ouslie, till at the foot of a path the Laird of Cessfoord was

sloin by the stroke of a spear by an Elliot, who was then serSir Walter Scott of Buccleuch succeeded to his grandfather, vant to the Laird of Buccleuch. But when the Laird of CessSir David, in 1492. He was a brave and powerful baron, and foord was slain, the chase ceased. The Earl of Angus re Warden of the West Marches of Scotland. His death was turned again with great merriness and victory, and thanked the consequence of a feud betwixt the Scotts and Kerrs, the God that he saved him from that chance, and passed with the history of which is necessary, to explain repeated allusions in King to Melross, where they remained all that night. On the

men they past to Edinburgh with the King, who was very In the year 1526, in the words of Pitscottie,“ the Farl of sad and dolorous of the slaughter of the Laird of Cessfoord, Angns, and the rest of the Douglasses, ruled all which they and many other gentlemen and yeomen slain by the Laird of liked, and no man durst say the contrary; wherefore the Buccleuch, containing the number of fourscore and fifteen, King (James V. then a minor) was heavily displeased, and which died in defence of the King, and at the command of would fain have been out of their hands, if he might by any

his writing." way: And, to that effect, wrote a quiet and secret letter with

I am not the first who has attempted to celebrate in verse his own hand, and sent it to the Laird of Buccleuch, beseech- the renown of this ancient baron, and his hazardous attempt ing him that he would come with his kin and friends, and all to procure his sovereign's freedom. In a Scottish Latin poet the force that he might be, and meet him at Melross, at his we find the following verses :home passing, and there to take him out of the Douglasses hands, and to put him to liberty, to use himself among the

VALTERIUS Scott's BALCLICAT'S, lave (rest) of his lords, as he thinks expedient.

Egregio suscepto facinore, libertate Regis, ac aliis rebus gestis " This letter was quietly directed, and sent by one of the

clarus, sub JACOBO V. A°. Christi, 1526. King's own secret servants, which was received very thankfully by the Laird of Buccleuch, who was very glad thereof,

“ Intentata alis, nullique audita priorum to be put to such charges and familiarity with his prince, and Audet, nec pa vidum morsve, metasve quatit, did great diligence to perform the King's writing, and to bring

Libertatem aliis soliti transcribere Regis : the matter to pass as the King desired: And, to that effect, Subreptam hanc Regi restituisse paras; convened all his kin and friends, and all that would do for Si vincis, qnanta o succedunt præmia dextræ! him, to ride with him to Melross, when he knew of the King's

Sin victus, falsas spes jace, pone animam. homecoming. And so he brought with him six hundred spears,

Hostica vis nocuit: stant altæ robora mentis of Liddesdale, and Annandale, and countrymen, and clans

Atque decus Vincet, Rege probante, fides thereabout, and held themselves quiet while that the King

Insita queis animis virtus, quosque acrior ardor returned out of Jedburgh, and came to Melross, to remain

Obsidet, obscuris nox premat an tenebris ?" there all that night.

Hemnes ex omni Historia Scotica lectissimi, Auctore Johan. “But when the Lord Hume, Cessfoord, and Fernsherst, Jonstonio Abredonense Scoto, 1603. (the chiefs of the clan of Kert,) took their leave of the King, and returned home, then appeared the Lord of Buccleuch in In consequence of the battle of Melrose, there ensued a sight, and his company with him, in an arrayed battle, in- deadly feud betwixt the names of Scott and Kerr, which, in tending to have fulfilled the King's petition, and therefore spite of all means used to bring about an agreement, raged came stoutiy forward on the back side of Haliden hill. By for many years upon the Borders. Buccleuch was imprisoned, that the Earl of Angus, with George Douglas, his brother, and and his estates forfeited, in the year 1535, for levying war sundry other of his friends, secing this army coming, they against the Kerrs, and restored by act of Parliament, dated marvelled what the matter meant; while at the last they 15th March, 1542, during the regency of Mary of Lorraine. knew the Laird of Buccleuch, with a certain company of the But the most signal act of violence to which this quarrel gave thieves of Annandale. With him they were less affeared, and rise, was the murder of Sir Walter himself, who was slain by made them manfully to the field contrary them, and said to the Kerrs in the streets of Edinburgh in 1552. This is the the King in this manner, “Sir, yon is Buccleuch, and thieves event alluded to in stanza vii. ; and the poem is supposed to of Annandale with him, to unbeset your Grace from the gate,' open shortly after it had taken place. (i.e. interrupt your passage.) I vow to God they shall either The feud between these two families was not reconciled in fight or flee ; and ye shall tarry here on this know, and my 1596, when both chieftains paraded the streets of Edinburgh brother George with you, with any other company you please : with their followers, and it was expected their first meeting and I shall pass, and put yon thieves off the ground, and rid would decide their quarrel. But, on July 14th of the same

1 Darnwick, near Melrose. The place of conflict is still farther particulars concerning these places, of all which the called Skinner's Field, from a corruption of Skirmish Field. author of the Lay was ultimately proprietor.—ED.] (See the Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border, vols. i. and ii., for

year, Colvil, in a letter to Mr. Bacon, informs him, " that that their influence extended from the village of Prestonthere was great trouble upon the Borders, which would con- Grange, in Lothian, to the limits of England. Cessford tinue till order should be taken by the Queen of England and Castle, the ancient baronial residence of the family, is situthe King, by reason of the two young Scots chieftains, Ces- ated near the village of More battle, within two or three ford and Baclugh, and of the present necessity and scarcity of miles of the Cheviot Hills. It has been a place of great corn amongst the Scots Borderers and riders. That there had strength and consequence, but is now ruinous. Tradition been a private quarrel hetwixt those two lairds on the Bor- affirms that it was founded by Halbert, or Habby Kerr, a giders, which was like to have turned to blood; but the fear of gantic warrior, concerning whom many stories are current in the general trouble had reconciled them, and the injuries Roxburghshire. The Duke of Roxburghe represents Ker of which they thought to have committed against each other Cessford. A distinct and powerful branch of the same name were now transferred upon England: not unlike that emula- own the Marquis of Lothian as their chief. Hence the distion in France between the Baron de Biron and Mons. Je- tinction betwixt Kerrs of Cessford and Fairnihirst. verie, who, being both ambitious of honour, undertook more hazardous enterprises against the enemy than they would have done if they had been at concord together."—Birch's Memorials, vol. ii. p. 67.

Note H.

Lord Cranstoun.-P. 11.
Note F.
While Cessford orens the rule of Carr,

The Cranstouns, Lord Cranstoun, are an ancient Border
While Ettrick boasts the line of Scotl,

family, whose chief seat was at Crailing, in Teviotdale. They The slaughter'd chiefs, the mortal jar,

were at this time at feud with the clan of Scott; for it apThe harock of the feudal var,

pears that the Lady of Buccleuch, in 1557, beset the Laird of Shall never, never be forgot !--P. 10.

Cranstoun, seeking his lifc. Nevertheless, the same Cran

stoun, or perhaps his son, was married to a daughter of the Among other expedients resorted to for stanching the feud same lady. betwixt the Scotts and the Kerrs, there was a bond executed in 1529, between the heads of each clan, binding themselves to perform reciprocally the four principal pilgrimages of Scot

NOTE I. land, for the benefit of the souls of those of the opposite name who had fallen in the quarrel. This indenture is printed in

Of Bethune's line of Picardie.-P. 11. the Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border, vol. i. But either it never took effect, or else the feud was renewed shortly afterwards.

The Bethunes were of French origin, and derived their name Such pactions were not uncommon in feudal times; and, as from a small town in Artois. There were several distinmight be expected, they were often, as in the present case, guished families of the Bethunes in the neighbouring province void of the effect desired. When Sir Walter Mauny, the re- of Picardy; they numbered among their descendants the celonowned follower of Edward III., had taken the town of Ryol brated Duc de Sully; and the name was accounted among in Gascony, he remembered to have heard that his father lay the most noble in France, while aught noble remained in that there buried, and offered a hundred crowns to any who could country. The family of Bethune, or Beatoun, in Fife, proshow him his grave. A very old man appeared before Sir duced three learned and dignified prelates; namely, Cardinal Walter, and informed him of the manner of his father's death, Beaton, and two successive Archbishops of Glasgow, all of and the place of his sepulture. It seems the Lord of Mauny whom flourished about the date of the romance. Of this bad, at a great tournament, unhorsed, and wounded to the family was descended Dame Janet Beaton, Lady Buccleuch, death, a Gascon knight, of the house of Mirepoix, whose kins- widow of Sir Walter Scott of Branksome. She was a woman man was Bishop of Cambray. For this deed he was held at of masculine spirit, as appeared from her riding at the head feud by the relations of the knight, until he agreed to under- of her son's clan, after her husband's murder. She also pos. take a pilgrimage to the shrine of St. James of Compostelia, bessed the hereditary abilities of her family in such a degree for the benefit of the soul of the deceased. But as he returned that the superstition of the vulgar imputed them to supernathrough the town of Ryol, after accomplishment of his vow, tural knowledge. With this was mingled, by faction, the foul he was beset and treacherously slain, by the kindred of the accusation of her having influenced Queen Mary to the mur. knight whom he had killed. Sir Walter, guided by the old der of her husband. One of the placards, preserved in man, visited the lowly tomb of his father; and, having read Buchanan's Detection, accuses of Darnley's murder “the the inscription, which was in Latin, he caused the body to be Erle of Both well, Mr. James Balfour, the persoun of Fliske, raised, and transported to his native city of Valenciennes, Mr. David Chalmers, black Mr. John Spens, who was prinwhere masses were, in the rays of Froissart, duly said for the cipal deviser of the murder ; and the Quene, assenting thairto, soul of the unfortunate pilgrim.-Chronycle o Froissart, throw the persuasion of the Erle Bothwell, and the witchvol. i. p. 123.

craft of Lady Buckleuch."

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I The name is spelt differently by the various families who 2 This expression and sentiment were dictated by the situabear it. Carr is selected, not as the most correct, but as the tion of France, in the year 1813, when the poem was originalio most poetical reading.

written. 1821.

the principal school of necromancy. The Farl of Gowrie, 1 mention these popular fables, because the introduction of slain at Perth, in 1600, pretended, during his studies in Italy, the River and Mountain Spirits may not, at first sight, seem to have acquired some knowledge of the cabala, by which, he to accord with the general tone of the romance, and the susaid, he could charm snakes, and work other miracles; and, perstitions of the country where the scene is laid. in particular, could produce children without the intercourse of the sexes.- See the examination of Wemyss of Bogie before the Privy Council, concerning Gowrie's Conspiracy.

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A fancied moss-trooper, 81.-P. 12.

This was the usual appellation of the marauders upon the
His form no darkening shadow traced

Borders; a profession diligently pursued by the inhabitants l'pon the sunny wall !---P. N.

on both sides, and by none more actively and successfully

than by Buccleuch's clan. Long after the union of the crowns The shadow of a necromancer is independent of the sun. the moss-troopers, although sunk in reputation, and no longer Glycas informs us that Simon Magus caused his shadow to enjoying the pretext of national hostility, continued to purgo before him, making people believe it was an attendant sue their calling. spirt.-Heywood's Hirrarchie, p. 475. The vulgar conceive, Fuller includes, among the wonders of Cumberland, “ The that when a class of students have made a certain progress in moss-troopers : so strange in the condition of their living, if their mystic studies, they are obliged to run through a subter-, considered in their Original, Increase, Height, Decay, and raneous hall, where the devil literally catches the hindmost | Ruine. in the race, unless he crosses the hall so speedily that the * 1. Orig nal. I conceive them the same called Borderers arch-enemy can only apprehend his shadow. In the latter in Mr. Camden; and characterised by him to be a vild and case, the person of the sage never after throws any shade; warlike people. They are called moss-troupers, because dwelland those, who have thus lost their shadou, always prove the 'ing in the mosses, and riding in troops together. They dwell best magicians.

in the bounds, or meeting, of the two kingdoms, but obey the laws of neither. They come to church as seldom as the 29th of February comes into the kalendar.

" 2. Increase. When England and Scotland were united

in Great Britain, they that formerly lived by hostile incurNOTE M.

sions, betook themselves to the robbing of their neighbours.

Their sons are free of the trade by their fathers' copy. They The rieuless forms of air.-P. II.

are like to Job, not in piety and patience, but in sudden

plenty and poverty; sometimes having flocks and herds in the The Scottish vulgar, without having any very defined no- morning, none at night, and perchance many again next day. tion of their attributes, believe in the existence of an inter. They may give for their motto, rivitur ex raplo, stealing from mediate class of spirits, residing in the air, or in the waters; their honest neighbours what they sometimes require. They to whose agency they ascribe floods, storms, and all such are a nest of hornets; strike one, and stir all of them about phenomena as their own philosophy cannot readily explain. your ears. Indeed, if they promise safely to conduct a travelThey are supposed to interfere in the affairs of mortals, some- ler, they will perform it with the fidelity of a Turkish fani. times with a malevolent purpose, and sometimes with milder zary; otherwise, woe be to him that falleth into their quarters ! views. It is said, for example, that a gallant baron, having “3. Height. A mounting, forty years since, to some thoureturned from the Holy Land to his castle of Drummelziar, sands. These compelled the vicinage to purchase their secufound his fair lady nursing a healthy child, whose birth did rity, by paying a constant rent to them. Wben in their not by any means correspond to the date of his departure. greatest height, they had two great enemies.--the Lars of the Such an occurrence, to the credit of the dames of the Cru- Land, and the Lord William Howard of Naworth. He sent saders be it spoken, was so rare, that it required a miraculous many of them to Carlisle, to that place where the officer dok solution. The lady, therefore, was believed, when she averred always his work by daylight. Yet these moss-troopers, if posconfidently, that the Spirit of the Tweed had issued from the sibly they could procure the pardon for a condemned person river while she was walking upon its bank, and compelled of their company, would advance great sums out of their her to submit to his embraces; and the name of Tweedie common stock, who, in such a case, cast in their lots amongst was bestowed upon the child, who afterwards became Baron themscives, and all have one purse. of Drummelziar, and chief of a powerful clan. To those “4. Decay. Caused by the wisdom, valour, and diligence spirits were also ascribed, in Scotland, the

of the Right Honourable Charles Lord Howard, Earl of Car-" Airy tongues, that syllable men's names,

lisle, who routed these English Tories with his regiment. His

severity unto them will not only be excused, but commended, On sands, and shores, and desert wildernesses."

by the judicious, who consider how our great lawyer doth When the workmen were engaged in erecting the ancient describe such persons, who are solemnly outlawed. BRACchurch of Old Deer, in Aberdeenshire, upon a small hill ton, lib. viii. trac. 2. cap. 11.-- Ex tunc gerunt caput lupicalled Bissau, they were surprised to find that the work was num, ita quod sine judiciali inquisitione rite pereant, et secum impeded by supernatural obstacles. At length, the Spirit of suum judicium portent; et merito sine lege pereunt, qui secunthe River was heard to say,

dum legem virere recusárunt.'-' Thenceforward, (after that " It is not here, it is not here,

they are outlawed) they wear a wolf's head, so that they law

fully may be destroyed, without any judicial inquisition, as That ye shall build the church of Deer; But on Taptiliery,

who carry their own condemnation about them, and deWhere many a corpse shall lie."

servedly die without law, because they refused to live ac

cording to law.' The site of the edifice was accordingly transferred to Tap- " 5. Ruine. Such was the success of this worthy lord's tillery, an eminence at some distance from the place where severity, that he made a thorough reformation among them; the building had been commenced. -- MACFARLANE's MSS. and the ring-leaders being destroyed, the rest are reduced to legal obedience, and so, I trust, will continue."-FULLER's castell whete mele, good wynes, beffes, and fatte mottons, Worthies of England, p. 216.

pullayne, and wylde foule : We were ever furnyshed as tho The last public mention of moss-troopers occurs during the we had been kings. When we rode forthe, all the countrey civil wars of the 17th century, when many ordinances of Par- trymbled for feare: all was ours goyng and comynge. How liament were directed against them.

tok we Carlast, I and the Bourge of Companye, and I and Perot of Bernoys took Caluset; how dyd we scale, with lytell ayde, the strong castell of Marquell, pertayning to the Erl Dolphyn: I kept it nat past fyve days, but I receyved for it,

on a feyre table, fyve thousande frankes, and forgave one NOTE 0.

thousande for the love of the Erl Dolphin's children. By my

fayth, this was a fayre and a good lyfe! wherefore I repute -tame the Unicorn's pride,

myselfe sore deceyved, in that I have rendered up the fortress Exalt the Crescent and the Slar.-P. 12.

of Aloys; for it wolde have kept fro alle the worlde, and the

daye that I gave it up, it was fournyshed with vytaylles, to The arms of the Kerrs of Cessford were, Vert on a cheveron, have beeu kept seven yere without any re-vytayllinge. This betwixt three unicorns' heads erased argent, three mullets Erl of Armynake hath deceyved me: Olyve Barbe, and Perot sable; crest, a unicorn's head, erased proper. The Scotts of lo Bernoys, shewed to me how I shulde repente myselfe: Buccleuch bore, Or, on a bend azure; a star of six points be- certayne I wre repente myselfe of what I have done."". twixt two crescents of the first.

FROISSART, vol. Ü. p. 195.

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The lands of Deloraine are joined to those of Buccleuch in The kings and heroes of Scotland, as well as the BorderEttrick Forest. They were immemorially possessed by the riders, were sometimes obliged to study how to evade tho Buccleuch family, under the strong title of occupancy, al- pursuit of blood-hounds. Barbour informs us, that Robert though no charter was obtained from the crown until 1545. Bruce was repeatedly tracked by sleuth-dogs. On one occaLike other possessions, the lands of Deloraine were occa- sion, he escaped by wading a bow-shot down a brook, and sionally granted by them to vassals, or kinsmen, for Border ascending into a tree by a branch which overhung the water; service. Satchells mentions, among the twenty-four gentle thus, leaving no trace on land of his footsteps, he baffled tho men-pensioners of the family, “ William Scott, commonly scent. The pursuers came up: called Cut-at-the-Black, who had the lands of Nether Deloraine for his service." And again, “ This William of Delo- “ Rycht to the burn thai passyt ware, raine, commonly called Cut-at-the-Black, was a brother of the Bot the sleuth-hund made stinting thar, ancient house of Haining, which house of Haining is de- And waueryt lang tyme ta and fra, scended from the ancient house of Hassendean." The lands That he na certain gate couth ga; of Deloraine now give an earl's title to the descendant of Till at the last that John of Lorne Henry, the second surviving son of the Duchess of Buccleuch Perseu vit the hund the sleuth had lorne." and Monmouth. I have endeavoured to give William of

The Bruce, Book vii. Deloraine the attributes which characterised the Borderers of his day; for which I can only plead Froissart's apology, A sure way of stopping the dog was to spill blood upon the that, “it behoveth, in a lynage, some to be folyshe and out- track, which destroyed the discriminating fineness of his rageous, to maynteyne and sustayne the peasable." As a scent. A captive was sometimes sacrificed on such occasions. contrast to my Marchman, I beg leave to transcribe, from the Henry the Minstrel tells a romantic story of Wallace, founded same author, the speech of Amergot Marcell, a captain of on this circumstance :—The hero's little band had been joined the Adventurous Companions, a robber, and a pillager of the by an Irishman, named Fawdoun, or Fadzean, a dark, savage, country of Auvergne, who had been bribed to sell his strong and suspicious character. After a sharp skirmish at Blackholds, and to assume a more honourable military life under Erne Side, Wallace was forced to retreat with only sixteen the banners of the Earl of Armagnac. But “when he re- followers. The English pursued with a Border sleuth-bratch, membered alle this, he was sorrowful; his tresour he thought or blood-hound. he wolde not mynysshe; he was wonte dayly to serche for newe pyllages, wherbye encresed his profyte, and then he “ In Gelderland there was that bratchet bred, sawe that alle was closed fro' hym. Then he sayde and Siker of scent, to follow them that fled; imagyned, that to pyll and to robbe (all thynge considered) So was he used in Eske and Liddesdail, was a good lyse, and so repented hym of his good doing. On While (i. e. till) she gat blood no fleeing might avail." a tyme, he said to his old companyons, “Sirs, there is no sporte nor glory in this worlde amonge men of warre, but to In the retreat, Pawdoun, tired, or affecting to be so, would use suche lyfe as we have done in tyme past. What a joy was go no farther. Wallace, having in vain argued with him, in it to us when we rode forth at adventure, and somtyme hasty anger, struck off his head, and continued the retreat. found by the way a riche priour or merchaunt, or a route of When the English came up, their hound stayed upon the mulettes of Mountpellyer, of Narbonne, of Lymens, of Fon- dead body :gang, of Besyens, of Tholous, or of Carcasonne, laden with cloth of Brussels, or peltre ware comynge fro the fayres, or “The sleuth stopped at Fawdon, still she stood, laden with spycery fro Bruges, fro Damas, or fro Alysaundre; Nor farther would fra time she fund the blood." whatsoever we met, all was ours, or els ransoumed at our pleasures; dayly we gate new money, and the vyllaynes of The story concludes with a fine Gothic scene of terror. Auvergne and of Lymosyn dayly provyded and brought to our Wallace took refuge in the solitary tower of Gask. Here he

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