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Pavilions.-P. 114.

Since first, then conquering York arose,

To Henry meck she gave repose.-P. 117. 1 do not exactly know the Scottish mode of encampment in 1513, but Patten gives a curious description of that which he Henry Vi., with his Queen, his heir, and the chiefs of his saw after the battle of Pinkey, in 1547:—" Here now, to say family, fled to Scotland after the fatal battle of Towton. In somewhat of the manner of their camp. As they had no pavi- this note a doubt was formerly expressed, whether Henry VI. lions, or round houses, of any commendable compass, so came to Edinburgh, though his Queen certainly did; Mr. Pinwear there few other tentes with posts, as the used manner kerton inclining to believe that he remained at Kirkcudof making is; and of these few also, none of above twenty bright. But my noble friend, Lord Napier, has pointed out foot length, but most far under; for the most part all very

to me a grant by Henry, of an annuity of forty marks to his sumptuously beset, (aftertheir fashion,) for the love of France, Lordship's ancestor, John Napier, subscribed by the King with fleur-de-lys, some of blue buckeram, some of black, and himself, at Edinburgh, the 28th day of August, in the thirtysome of some other colours. These white ridges, as I call ninth year of his reign, which corresponds to the year of God, them, that, as we stood on Fauxsyde Bray, did make so great 1461. This grant, Douglas, with his usual neglect of accudiuster toward us, which I did take tlıen to be a number of racy, dates in 1368. But this error being corrected from the tentes, when we came, we found it a linen drapery, of the copy in Macfarlane's MSS., p. 119, 20, removes all scepticism coarser cambryk in dede, for it was all of canvas sheets, and on the subject of Henry VI. being really at Edinburgh. John wear the tenticles, or rather cabyns and couches of their sol. Napier was son and heir of Sir Alexander Napier, and about diers; the which (much after the common building of their this time was Provost of Edinburgh. The hospitable reception country beside) had they framed of four sticks, about an ell of the distressed monarch and his family, called forth on Scotlong a piece, whearof two fastened together at ono end aloft, land the encomium of Molinet, a contemporary poet. The and the two endes beneath stuck in the ground, an ell asun- English people, he says,der, standing in fashion like the bowes of a sowes yoke; over ito such bowes (one, as it were, at their head, the other at

Ung nouveau roy créerent, their feet,) they stretched a sheet down on both sides, where

Par despiteux vouloir, by their cabin became roofed like a ridge, but skant shut at

La riel en deboutèrent, both ends, and not very close beneath on the sides, unless

Et son legitime hoir, their sticks were the shorter, or their wives the more liberal

Qui fustyf alia prendre, to lend them larger napery; howbeit, when they had lined

D' Escossé le garand, them, and stuff'd them so thick with straw, with the weather

De tous siecles le mendre, as it was not very cold, when they wear ones couched, they

Et le plus tollerant." were as warm as they had been wrapt in horses dung."

Recollection des Avantures. PATTEN'S Account u Somersei's Expedition.



- proud Scotland's royal shield, The ruddy lion ramp'd in gold.-P. 114.

-the romantic strain,
Whose Anglo-Norman tones whilere
Could win the royal Henry's ear.-P. 117.

The well-known arms of Scotland. If you will believe Boe- Mr. Ellis, in his valuable Introduction to the “ Specimens thius and Buchanan, the double tressure round the shield, of Romance," has proved, by the concurring testimony of La mentioned, counter Heur-de-lysed or lingued and armed Ravaillere, Tressan, but especially the Abbé de la Rue, that azure, was first assumed by Echaius, King of Scotland, con- the courts of our Anglo-Norman Kings, rather than those of temporary of Charlemagne, and founder of the celebrated the French monarch, produced the birth of Romance literaLeague with France; but later antiquaries make poor Bochy, turs. Marie, soon after mentioned, compiled from Armorican of Achy, little bettemthan a sort of King of Brentford, whom originals, and translated into Norman-French, or romanco old Grig (who has also swelled into Gregorius Magnus) asso- language, the twelve curious Lays, of which Mr. Ellis lias ciated with himself in the important duty of governing some given us a precis in the Appendix to his Introduction. The part of the north-eastern coast of Scotland.

story of Blondel, the famous and faithful minstrel of Richard I. needs no commentary.

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--Caledonia's Queen is changed.-P. 116.

The cloth-yard arroios.--P. 118. The Old Town of Edinburgh was secured on the rorth side This is no poetical exaggeration. In some of the counties by a lake, now drained, and on the south by n wall, which of England, distinguished for archery, shafts of this extraorthere was some attempt to make defensible even so late as 1745. dinary length were actually used. Thus, at the battle of The gates, and the greater part of the wall, have been pulled Blackheath, between the troops of Henry VII., and the Cordown, in the course of the late extensive and beautiful en- nish insurgents, in 1496, the bridge of Dartford was defended largement of the city. My ingenious and valued friend, Mr. by a picked band of archers from the rebel army, “whose arThomas Campbell, proposed to celebrate Edinburgh under rows," says Hollinshed!, " were in length a full cloth yard." the epithet here borrowed. But the Queen of the North " has The Scottish, according to Ascham, had a proverb, that every not been so fortunate as to receive from so eminent a pen the English archer carried under luis helt twenty-four Ecots, in proposed distinction.

allusion to his bundle of unerring shasts.

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To pass, to wheel, the croupe to gain,

A banquet rich, and costly teines. - P. 119.
And hiyh curvett, that not in rain

In all transactions of great or petty importance, and among
The sword sway might descend amain

whomsoever taking place, it would seem that a present of On foeman's casque belou.-P. 118.

wine was a uniform and indispensable preliminary. It was

not to Sir John Falstaff alone that such an introductory pre" The most useful air, as the Frenchmen term it, is terri- face was necessary, however well judged and acceptable on terr; the courbettes, cabrioles, or un pas et un sault, being fit- the part of Mr. Brook; for Sir Ralph Sadler, while on an ter for horses of parade and triumph than for soldiers: yet I embassy to Scotland in 15.09-40, mentions, with complacency, cannot deny but a demivolte with courbettes, so that they be the same night came Rothesay (the herald so called) to me not too high, may be useful in a fight or meslee; for, as La- again, and brought me wine from the King, both white and broue hath it, in his Book of Horsemanship, Monsieur de

red."-Clifford's Edition, p. 39. Montmorency having a horse that was excellent in performing the demirolle, did, with his sword, strike down two adversaries from their horses in a tourney, where divers of the prime gallants of France did meet; for, taking his time, when the horse was in the height of his courbette, and discharging a

NOTE 3 Q. blow then, his sword fell with such weight and force upon the two cavaliers, one after another, that he struck them

his iron-belt, from their horses to the ground."— Lord Herbert of Cher.

That bound his breast in penance parin, bury's Life, p. 48.

In memory of his father slain.-P. 120.

Few readers need to be reminded of this belt, to the weight of which James added certain ounces every year that he lived. Pitscottie founds his belief, that James was not slain in the

battle of Flodden, because the English never had this token NOTE 3 N.

of the iron-belt to show to any Scottishman. The person and

character of James are delineated according to our best hisHe saw the hardy burghers there

torians. His romantic disposition, which led him highly to March arm'd on foot with faces bare.-P. 118.

relish gaiety, approaching to license, was, at the same time,

tinged with enthusiastic devotion. These propensities someThe Scottish burgesses were, like yeomen, appointed to be times formed a strange contrast. He was wont, during his fits of armed with bows and sheaves, sword, buckler, knife, spear, devotion, to assume the dress, and conform to the rules of the or a good axe instead of a bow, if worth £100: their armour order of Franciscans; and when he had thus done penance to be of white or bright harness. They wore white hats, i. e. for some time in Stirling, to plunge again into the tide of bright steel caps, without crest or visor. By an act of James pleasure. Probably, too, with no unusual inconsistency, he IV. their weapon-schawings are appointed to be held four sometimes laughed at the superstitious observances to which times a-year, under the aldermen or bailiffs.

he at other times subjected himself. There is a very singular poem by Dunbar, seemingly addressed to James IV., on one of these occasions of monastic seclusion. It is a most daring and profane parody on the services of the Church of Rome, entitled,

« Dunbar's Dirige to the King, NOTE 3 0.

Byding over lang in Stririling.

On foot the yeoman too

We that are here, in heaven's glory,
Each at his back (a slender store)

To you that are in Purgatory,
His forty days' provision bore,

Commend us on our hearty wise ;
His arms were halbert, aze, or spear.-P. 118.

I mean we folks in Paradise,

In Edinburgh, with all merriness, Bows and quivers were in vain recommended to the pea

To you in Stirling, with distress, santry of Scotland, by repeated statutes; spears and axes

Where neither pleasure nor delight is, Beem universally to have been used instead of them. Their

For pity this epistle writis," &c. defensive armour was the plate-jack, hauberk, or brigantine ; and their missile weapons crossbows and culverins. All wore

See the whole in Sibbald's Collection, vol. i. p. 234. swords of excellent temper, according to Patten; and a voluminous handkerchief round their neck, “not for cold, but for cutting." The mace also was much used in the Scottish army: The old poem on the battle of Flodden mentions a

"Who manfully did meet their foes,

Sir Hugh the Heron's wife.-P. 120.
With leaden mauls, and lances long."

It has been already noticed, [sec note to stanza xiii. of canto When the feudal array of the kingdom was called forth, 1. ] that King James's acquaintance with Lady Heron of Ford each man was obliged to appear with forty days' provision. did not commence until he marched into England. Our his When this was expended, which took place before the battle torians impute to the King's infatuated passion the delays of Flodden, the army melted away of course. Almost all the which led to the fatal defeat of Flodden. The author of Scottish forces, except a few knights, men-at-arms, and the “The Genealogy of the Heron Family" endeavours, with Border-prickers, who formed excellent light-cavalry, acted laudable anxiety, to clear the Lady Ford from this scandal :

that she came and went, however, between the armies of

upon foot.

James and Surroy, is certain. See PINKERTON's History, and number of three hundred light axes, all clad in white livery, the authorities he refers to, vol. ii. p. 99. Heron of Ford had and black bends thereon, that they might be known for been, in 1511, in some sort accessory to the slaughter of Sir Cochran the Earl of Mar's men. Himself was clad in a ridRobert Kerr of Cessford, Warden of the Middle Marches. It ing pie of black velvet, with a great chain of gold about his was committed by his brother the bastard, Lilburn, and neck, to the value of five hundred crowns, and four blowing Starked, three Borderers. Lilburn and Heron of Ford were horns, with both the ends of gold and silk, set with a precidelivered up by Henry to James, and were imprisoned in the ous stone, called a berryl, hanging in the midst. This Coclıran fortress of Fastcastle, where the former died. Part of the had his heumont borne before him, overgilt with gold, and so pretence of Lady Ford's negotiations with James was the were all the rest of his horns, and all his pallions were of fine liberty of her husband.

canvas of silk, and the cords thereof fine twined silk, and the chains upon his pallions were double overgilt with gold.

This Cochran was so proud in his conceit, that he counted no lords to be marrows to him, therefore he rushed rudely at

the kirk-door. The council inquired who it was that per: NOTE 3 S.

turbed them at that time. Sir Robert Douglas, Laird of The fair Queen of France

Lochleven, was keeper of the kirk door at that time, who inSent him a turquois ring and glove,

quired who that was that knocked so rudely ? and Cochran And charged him, as her knight and love,

auswered, “This is I, the Earl of Mar.' The which news For her to break a lance.-P. 120.

pleased well the lords, because they were ready boun to cause

take him, as is before rehearsed. Then the Earl of Angus “ Also the Queen of France wrote a love-letter to the King

passed hastily to the door, and with him Sir Robert Douglas of Scotland, calling him her love, showing him that she had of Lochleven, there to receive in the Earl of Mar, and so many suffered much rebuke in France for the defending of his hon- of his complices who were there, as they thought good. And our. She believed surely that he would recompenso her, the Earl of Angus met with the Earl of Mar, as he came in again with some of his kingly support in her necessity; that is

at the door, and pulled the golden chain from his craig, and to say, that he would raise lier an army, and come three foot said to him, a towl would set him better. Sir Robert Douglas of ground on English ground, for her sake. To that effect she syne pulled the blowing horn from him in like manner, and sent him a ring off her finger, with fourteen thousand French said, 'He had been the hunter of mischief over long.' This crowns to pay his expenses.” PITSCOTTIE, p. 110.- A turquois Cochran asked, My lords, is it mows,? or earnest ?" They ring: probably this fatal gift is, with James's sword and dagger, answered, and said, 'It is good earnest, and so thou shalt preserved in the College of Heralds, London.

find; for thou and thy complices hare abused our prince this long time; of whom thou shalt have no more credence, but shalt have thy reward according to thy good service, as thou hast deserved in times bypast; right so the rest of thy fol

lowers.' NOTE 3 T.

Notwithstanding, the lords held them quiet till they

caused certain armed men to pass into the King's pallion, and Archibald Bell-the-Cal.-P. 122.

two or three wise mon to pass with them, and give the King

fair pleasant words, till they laid hands on all the King's serArchibald Douglas, Earl of Angus, a man remarkable for vants, and took them and hanged them before his cyes over strength of body and mind, acquired the popular name of the bridge of Lawder. Incontinent they brought forth CuchBell-the-Cat, upon the following remarkable occasion :- James ran, and his hands bound with a tow, who desired them to take the Third, of whom Pitscottie complains, that he delighted one of his own pallion tows and bind his hands, for he thought more in music, and “policies of building," than in hunting, shame to have his hands bound with such tow of hemp, like a hawking, and other noble exercises, was so ill advised, as to thief. The lords answered, he was a traitor, he deserved no make favourites of his architects and musicians, whom the better; and, for despight, they took a hair tether, and hanged same historian irreverently terms masons and fiddlers. His him over the bridge of Lawder, above the rest of his comnobility, who did not sympathize in the King's respect for the plices.”—PITSCOTTIE, p. 78, folio edit. fine arts, were extremely incensed at the honours conferred on those persons, particularly on Cochrane, a mason, who had been created Earl of Mar; and, seizing the opportunity, when, in 1482, the King had convoked the whole array of the country

NOTE 3 U. to march against the English, they held a midnight council in the church of Lauder, for the purpose of forcibly removing

Adminst the rear had Angus slood, these minions from the King's person. When all had agreed

dol chaped his royal Loril.-P. 122. on the propriety of this measure, Lord Gray told the assembly the npologue of the Mice, who had formed a resolution, that it Angus was an old man when the war against England was would be highly advantageous to their community to tie a resolved upon. He earnestly spoke against that measure from bell round the cat's neck, that they might hear her approach its commencement; and, on the eve of the battle of Flodden, at a distance; but which public measure unfortunately mis- remonstrated so freely upon the impolicy of fighting, that the carried, from no mouse being willing to undertake the task of King said to him, with scorn and indignation, “ if he was fastening the bell. "I understand the moral,” said Angus, afraid he might go home.” The Earl burst into tears at this "and, that what we propose may not lack execution, I will insupportable insult, and retired accordingly, leaving his sons bell-the-cal." The rest of the strange scene is thus told by George, Master of Angus, and Sir William of Glenbervie, to Pitscottie :

command his followers. They were both slain in the battle, "By this was advised and spoken by thir lords foresaid, with two hundred gentlemen of the name of Douglas. The Cochran, the Earl of Mar, came from the King to the council, aged Earl, broken-hearted at the calamities of his house and (which council was holden in the kirk of Lauder for the time,) his country, retired into a religious house, where he died about wbo was well accompanied with a band of men of war, to the a year after the field of Flodden.

· Rope.

2 Jcst,

3 Halter.

Note 3 V.

I do protest in trme of al my ringe,

Ye lyk subject had never ony keing."
Tantalion hold.-P. 122.

This curious and valuable reiic was nearly lost during the The ruins of Tantallon Castle occupy a high mek projecting civil war of 1745-6, being carried away from Douglas-Castle by into the German Ocean, about two miles east of North Ber some of those in arms for Prince Charles. But great interest wick. The building is not seen till a close approach, as there having been made by the Duke of Douglas among the chief is rising ground betwixt it and the land. The circuit is of partisans of the Stuart, it was at length restored. It resembles Iarge extent, fenced upon three sides by the precipice which a Highland claymore, of the usual size, is of an excellent overhangs the sea, and on the fourth by a double ditch and temper, and admirably poised. very strong out works. Tantallon was a principal castle of the Douglas family, and when the Earlof Angus was banished, in 1527, it continued to hold out against James V. The King went in person against it, and for its reduction, borrowed from the Castle of Dunbar, then belonging to the Duke of Albany,

NOTE 3 X. two great cannons, whose names, as Pitscottie inforins us with

Martin Suart.-P. 124. laudable minuteness, were “ Thrawn-mouth'd Meg and her Marrow;" also,"two great botcards, and two moyan, two

A German general, who commanded the auxiliaries sent double falcons, and four quarter falcons;" for the safe guiding by the Duchess of Burgundy with Lambert Simnel. Hie was and re-delivery of which, three lords were laid in pawn at defeated and killed at Stokefield. The name of this German Dunbar. Yet, not withstanding all this apparatus, James was general is preserved by that of the field of battle, which is forced to raise the siege, and only afterwards obtained pos- called, after him, Swart-moor.--There were songs about him session of Tantallon by treaty with the governor, Simon Pa- long current in England. - See Dissertation prefixed to Rir. nango. When the Earl of Angus returned from banishment, sox's Ancient Songs, 1792, p. Ixi. upon the death of James, he again obtained possession of Tantallon, and it actually afforded refuge to an English ambassador, under circumstances similar to those described in the text. This was no other than the celebrated Sir Ralph Sadler, who resided there for some time under Angus's protection,

YOTE 3 Y. after the failure of his negotiation for matching the infant Perchance some form was unobserved ; Mary with Edward VI. He says, that though this place was Perchance in prayer, or faith, he swerred.-P. 124. poorly furnished, it was of such strength as might warrant him against the malice of his enemies, and that he now tho ght It was early necessary for those who felt themselves obliged himself out of danger.!

to believe in the divine judgment being enunciated in the trial There is a military tradition, that the old Scottish March by duel, to find salvos for the strange and obviously precawas meant to express the words,

rious chances of the combat. Various curious evasive shifts,

used by those who took up an unrighteous quarrel, were supDing down Tantallon,

posed sufficient to conrert it into a just one. Thus, in the roMak a brig to the Enss.

mance of " Amys and Amelion," the one brother-in-arms,

fighting for the other, disguised in his armour, swears that he Tantallon was at length “ dung down" and ruined by the did not commit the crime of which the Steward, his antagoCovenanters; its lord, the Marquis of Douglas, being a gonist, truly, though maliciously, accused him whom he refavourer of the royal cause. The castle and barony were sold presented. Brantome tells a story of an Italian, who enin the beginning of the eighteenth century to President Dal-tered the lists upon an unjust quarrel, but, to make his cause rymple of North Berwick, by the then Marquis of Douglas. good, tied from his enemy at the tirst onset. “Turn, coward!"

exclaimed his antagonist. “ Thou liest," said the Italian, “coward am I none; and in this quarrel will I fight to the

death, but my first cause of coinbat was unjust, and I abanNOTE 3 W.

don it." "Je vous laisse à penser," adds Brantome,“ s'il

n'y a pas de l'abus la." Elsewhere he says, very sensibly, upon Their motto on his blade.-P. 122.

the confidence which those who had a righteous cause enter

tained of victory : “ Un autre abus y aroit-il, que ceux qui A very ancient sword, in possession of Lord Douglas, bears, avoient un juste suhjet de querelle, et qu'on les faisoit jurer among a great deal of flourishing, two hands pointing to a avant entrer au camp, pensoient estre aussitosi vainqueurs, heart, which is placed betwixt them, and the date 1329, being roire s'en assuroient-t-ils du tout, mesmes que leurs conf. escurs the year in which Bruce charged the Good Lord Douglas to parrains et confilants leurs en respondoient tout-à fait, comme carry his heart to the Holy Land. The following lines (the si Dieu leur en eust donné une potente ; et ne regardant point first couplet of which is quoted by Godscrost as a popular a d'autres fautes passées, et que Dieu en garde la punition a saying in his time) are inscribed around the emblem: ce coup pour plus grande, despileuse, et exemplaire."-Dis

cours sur les Duels.
“ So mony guid as of ye Dorglas beinge,
Of ane surname was ne'er in Scotland seine.

I will ye charge, efter yat I depart,

To holy grawe, and thair bury my hart ;
Let it remane ever BOTHE TIME AND HOWR,

The Cross.-P. 125.
To ye last day I sie my Saviour.

The Cross of Edinburgh was an ancient and curious strur

ture. The lower part was an octagonal tower, sixteen feet in · The very curious State Papers of this able negotiator were, diameter, and about fifteen feet high. At each angle there in 1810, published hy Mr. (liturd, with some noies by the was a pillar, and between them an arch, of the Grecian shape. Author of Marmion.

Above these was a projecting battlement, with a turret af

tach correr, and medallions, of rude but curious workman- whole in the mercy of God, and Christ Jesus his son.' Verily. ship, between them. Above this rose the proper Cross, a co- the author of this, that caused me write the manner of this lumn of one stone, upwards of twenty feet high, surmounted summons, was a landed gentleman, who was at that time with a unicom. This pillar is preserved in the grounds of the twenty years of age, and was in the town the time of the said property of Drum, near Edinburgh. The Magistrates of Edin- summons; and thereafter, when the field was stricken, he burgh, in 1756, with consent of the Lords of Session (proh swore to me, there was no man that escaped that was called pudor!) destroyed this curious monument, under a wanton in this summons, but that one man alone which made his propretext that it encumbered the street; while, on the one hand, testation, and appealed from the said summons; but all the they left an ugly mass called the Luckenbooths, and, on the lave were perished in the field with the king.” other, an awkward, long, and low guard-house, which were fifty times more encumbrance than the venerable and inoffensive Cross. From the tower of the Cross, so long as it remained, the he

NOTE 4 B. ralds published the acts of Parliament; and its site, marked by radii, diverging from a stone centre, in the High Street, is

One of his oun ancestry, still the place where proclamations are made.

Drore the Monks forth of Coventry.-P. 127.

This relates to the catastrophe of a real Robert de Marmion,

in the reign of King Stephen, whom William of Newbury deNOTE 4 A.

scribes with some attributes of my fictitious hero: Homo

bellicosus, ferocia, et astucia, fere nullo suo tempore impar." This awful summons came.-P. 125.

This Baron, having expelled the Monks from the church of

Coventry, was not long of experiencing the divine judgment, This supernatural citation is mentioned by all our Scottish as the same monks, no doubt, termed his disaster. Having historians. It was, probably, like the apparition at Linlith- / waged a feudal war with the Earl of Chester, Marmion's horse gow, an attempt, by those averse to the war, to impose upon rell, as he charged in the van of his troop, against a body of the superstitious temper of James IV. The following account the Earl's followers: the rider's thigh being broken by the from Pitscottie is characteristically minute, and furnishes, be- fall, his head was cut off by a common foot-soldier, ere he sides, some curious particulars of the equipment of the army could reccive any succour. The whole story is told by Wilof James IV. I need only add to it, that Plotcock, or Plu- liam of Newbury. tock, is no other than Pluto. The Christians of the middle ages by no means misbelieved in the existence of the heathen deities; they only considered them as devils ;' and Plotcock, so far from implying any thing fabulous, was a synonyme of

NOTE 4 C. the grand enemy of mankind. “ Yet all thir warnings, and uncouth tidings, nor no good counsel, might stop the King, at

the savage Dane this present, from his vain purpose, and wicked enterprize,

Al lol more deep the mead did drain.-P. 128. but hasted him fast to Edinburgh, and there to make his provision and furnishing, in having forth his army against the The Iol of the heathen Danes (a word still applied to Christday appointed, that they should meet in the Burrow-muir of mas in Scotland) was solemnized with great festivity. The Edinburgh: That is to say, seven cannons that he had forth of humour of the Danes at table displayed itself in pelting each the Castle of Edinburgh, which were called the Seven Sisters, other with bones; and Torfæus tells a long and curious story, casten by Robert Borthwick, the master-gunner, with other in the History of Hrolfe Kraka, of one Hottus, an inmate of small artillery, bullet, powder, and all manner of order, as the Court of Denmark, who was so generally assailed with the master-gunner could devise.

these missiles, that he constructed, out of the bones with which “ In this meantime, when they were taking forth their ar- he was overwhelmed, a very respectable intrenchment, against tillery, and the King being in the Abbey for the time, there those who continued the raillery. The dances of the northern was a cry heard at the Market-cross of Edinburgh, at the hour / warriors round the great fires of pine-trees, are commemorated of midnight, proclaiming as it had been a summons, which by Olaus Magnus, who says, they danced with such fury was named and called by the proclaimer thereof, The Sum- holding each other by the hands, that, if the grasp of any mons of Plotcock; which desired all men to compear, both failed, he was pitched into the fire with the velocity of a sling. Earl, and Lord, and Baron, and all honest gentlemen within the sufferer, on such occasions, was instantly plucked out, the town, (every man specified by his own name,) to compear, and obliged to quaff off a certain measure of ale, as a penalty within the space of forty days, before his master, where it for “spoiling the king's fire." should happen him to appoint, and be for the time, under the pain of disobedience. But whether this summons was proclaimed by vain persons, night-walkers, or drunken men, for their pastime, or if it was a spirit, I cannot tell truly; but it

NOTE 4 D. was shewn to me, that an indweller of the town, Mr. Richard Lawson, being evil-disposed, ganging in his galiery-stair fore

On Christmas eve.-P. 128. anent the Cross, hearing this voice proclaiming this summons, thought marvel what it should be. cried on his servant to bring In Roman Catholic countries, mags is never said at night, him his purse; and when he had brought him it, he took out except on Christmas ere. Each of the frolics with which that a crown, and cast over the stair, saying, “I appeal from that holyday used to be celebrated, might admit of a long and cu. summons, judgment, and sentence thereof, and takes me all rious note; but I shall content myself with the following de

| See, on this curious subject, the Essay on Fairies, in the dered as the * prince of the power of the air.” The most re" Border Minstrelsy," vol. ij. under the fourth head; also markable instance of these surviving classical superstitions, is Jackson on Unbelief, p. 175. Chaucer calls Pluto the “King that of the Germans, concerning the Hillof Venus, into which of Faerie;" and Dunbar names him, “ Pluto, that elrich in- she attempts to entice all gallant knights, and detains them cubus." If he was not actually the devil, he must be consi- there in a sort of Fools' Paradise.

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