« AnteriorContinuar »
of chastity, were subjected to the same penalty as the Roman' - B Ah, mercy! the dead-bell went throngh my head just Vestals in a similar case. A small niche, sufficient to enclose now with such a knell as I never heard. '—* 1. I heard it too their bodies, was made in the massive wall of the convent; a - B. Did you indeed? That is remarkable. I never knew of Blender pittance of food and water was deposited in it, and the two hearing it at the same time before.'-' 1. We will not go awful words, VADE IN PACE, were the signal for immuring to Midgehope to-night.'—B. I would not go for all the world! the criminal. It is not likely that, in latter times, this punish. ' I shall warrant it is my poor brother Wat; who knows what ment was often resorted to; but, among the ruins of the Abbey these wild Irishes may have done to him?'"-Hoog's Mounof Coldingham, were some years ago discovered the remains tain Bard, 3d Edit. p. 31-2.] of a female skeleton, which, from the shape of the niche, and position of the figure, seemed to be that of an immured nun.
[The Edinburgh Reviewer, on st. xxxii. post, suggests that the proper reading of the sentence is rade in pacem--not part in peace, but go into peace, or into eternal rest, a pretty intel. ligible mittimus to another world.)
NOTE 2 P.
The Goblin-Hall.-P. 10.
NOTE 2 N.
A vaulted hall under the ancient castle of Gifford or Yes.
ter, (for it bears either name indifferently,) the construction The village inn.-P. 99.
of which has from a very remote period been ascribed to ma
gic. The statistical Account of the Parish of Garvald and The accommodations of a Scottish hostelrie, or inn, in the Baro gives the following account of the present state of this 16th century, may be collected from Dunbar's admirable tale castle and apartment :-* Upon a peninsula, formed by the of " The Friars of Berwick." Simon Lawder, " the gay ost- water of Hopes on the east, and a large rivulet on the west, lier," seems to have lived very comfortably; and his wife de stands the ancient castle of Yester. Sir David Dalrymple, in corated her person with a scarlet kirtle, and a belt of silk and his Annals, relates, that · Hugh Gifford de Yester died in silver, and rings upon her fingers; and feasted her paramour 1267; that in his castle there was a capacious cavern, formed with rabbits, capons, partridges, and Bourdeaux wine. At by magical art, and called in the country Bo-Hall, i. e. Hobleast, if the Scottish inns were not good, it was not for want of goblin Hall.' A stair of twenty-four steps led down to this encouragement from the legislature ; who, so early as the reign apartment, which is a large and spacious hall, with an arched of James l., not only enacted, that in all boroughs and fairs roof; and though it hath stood for so many centuries, and there be hostellaries, having stables and chambers, and pro- been exposed to the external air for a period of fifty or sixty
ision for man ar horse, but by another statute, ordained years, it is still as firm and entire as if it had only stood a few that no man, travelling on horse or foot, should presume to years. From the floor of this hall, another stair of thirty-sır lodge anywhere except in these hostellaries; and that no steps leads down to a pit which hath a communication with person, save innkeepers, should receive such travellers, under Hopes water. A great part of the walls of this large and anthe penalty of forty shillings, for exercising such hospitality.1 cient castle are still standing. There is a tradition, that the But, in spite of these provident enactments, the Scottish hos- castle of Yester was the last fortification, in this country, that tels are but indifferent, and strangers continue to find recep- surrendered to General Gray, sent into Scotland by Protector tion in the houses of individuals.
Somerset." Statistical Account, vol. xj. I have only to add, that, in 1737, the Goblin Hall was tenanted br the Mar quis of Tweeddale's falconer, as I learn from a poem by Boyse, entitled " Retirement," written upon visiting Yester. It is
now rendered inaccessible by the fall of the stair. NOTE 20.
Sir David Dalrymple's authority for the anecdote is in For
dun, whose words are, -"A. D. MCCLXVII. Hugo Giffard de The death of a dear friend.-P. 101.
Yester moritur; cujus castrum, vel saltem cream, el dongion
nem, arte dæmonica antiquæ relationes ferunt fabrifuctus. Among other omens to which faithful credit is given among nam ibidem habetur mirabilis specus subterraneus, opere mirithe Scottish peasantry, is what is called the “dead bell," ex- fico constructus, magno terrarum spatio protdatus, qui com plained by my friend James Hogg, to be that tinkling in the muniter Bo-Hall appellatus est.” Lib. X. cap. 21.--Sir ears which the country people regard as the secret intelli- David conjectures, that Hugh de Gifford must either bare gence of some friend's decease. He tells a story to the pur- been a very wise man, or a great oppressor. pose in the “ Mountain Bard," p. 26.
(“O lady, 'tis dark, an' I heard the dead-bell!
An' I darena gae yonder for gowd nor fee."
"By the dead-bell is meant a tinkling in the ears, which our
NOTE 2 Q. peasantry in the country regard as a secret intelligence of some friend's decease. Thus this natural occurrence strikes many with a superstitious awe. This reminds me of a trifling
There floated Haco's banner trim anecdote, which I will here relate as an instance :-Our two
Above Norweyan warriors grim.-P. 103. servant-girls agreed to go an errand of their own, one night atter supper, to a considerable distance, from which I strove In 1263, Haco, King of Norway, came into the Frith of to persuade them, but could not prevail. So, after going to Clyde with a powerful armament, and made a descent at the apartment where I slept, I took a drinking-glass, and, Largs, in Ayrshire. Here be was encountered and defeated, cuming close to the back of the door, made two or three on the 20 October, by Alexander III. Haco retreated to Orksweeps round the lips of the glass with my finger, which caused ney, where he died soon after this disgrace to his arms. a loud shrill sound. I then overheard the following dialogue: There are still existing, near the place of battle, many bar
rows, some of which, having been opened, were found, as 1 James I. Parliament I cap. 24; Parliament III. cap. 56. usual, to contain bones and urns.
NOTE 2 R.
ghostly opponent sprung up, and darting his spear, like a
javelin, at Osbert, wounded bim in the thigh. Osbert returned The wizard habit strange.-P. 103.
in triumph with the horse, which he committed to the caic
of his servants. The horse was of a sable colour, as well as “Magicians, as is well known, were very curious in the his whole accoutrements, and apparently of great beauty and choice and form of their vestments. Their caps are oval, or vigour. He remained with his keeper till cock-crowing, when, like pyramids, with lappets on each side, and fur within. with eyes flashing fire, he reared, spurned the ground, and Their gowns are long, and furred with fox-skins, under which vanished. On disarming himself, Osbert perceived that he they have a linen garment reaching to the knee. Their gir- was wounded, and that one of his steel boots was full of dles are three inches broad, and have many cabalistical blood." Gervase adds, that, “as long as he lived, the scar of names, with crosses, trines, and circles inscribed on them. his wound opened afresh on the anniversary of the eve on Their shoes should be of new russet leather, with a cross cut which he encountered the spirit.” Less fortunate was the upon them.
Their knives are dagger-fashion; and their gallant Bohemian knight, who, travelling by night with a swords have neither guard nor scabbard."-See these, and single companion, “came in sight of a fairy host, arrayed many other particulars, in the Discourse concerning Devils under displayed banners. Despising the remonstrances of and Spirits, annexed to REGINALD Scott's Discovery of his friend, the knight pricked forward to break a lance with Witchcraft, edition 1665.
a champion, who advanced from the ranks apparently in defiance. His companion beheld the Bohemian overthrown, horse and man,
his aërial adversary; and returning to the
spot next morning, he found the mangled corpses of the knight Note 2 S.
and steed."- Hierarchy of Blessed Angels, p. 554.
Besides these instances of Elfin chivalry above quoted, Upon his breast a pentacle.-P. 103.
many others might be alleged in support of employing fairy
machinery in this manner. The forest of Glenmore, in the A pentacle is a piece of fine linen, folded with five cor- North Highlands, is believed to be haunted by a spirit called Ders, according to the five senses, and suitably inscribed with Lham-dearg, in the array of an ancient warrior, having a characters. This the magician extends towards the spirits bloody hand, from which he takes his name. He insists upon which he invokes, when they are stubborn and rebellious, those with whom he meets doing battle with him; and the and refuse to be conformable unto the ceremonies and rites clergyman, who makes up an account of the district, extant of inagic."-See the Discourses, &c. above mentioned, p. 66. in the Macfarlane MS. in the Advocates' Library, gravely as
sures us, that, in his time, Lham-dearg fought with three
brothers whom he met in his walk, none of whom long surNOTE 2 T.
vived the ghostly conflict. Barclay, in his “Euphormion,"
gives a singular account of an officer who had ventured, with As born upon that blessed night,
his servant, rather to intrude upon a haunted house in a town When yauning graves and dying groan
in Flanders, than to put up with worse quarters elsewhere. Proclaim'd Hell's empire overthroun.-P. 103. After taking the usual precautions of providing fires, lights,
and arms, they watched till midnight, when behold! the scIt is a popular article of faith, that those who are born on vered arm of a man dropped from the ceiling; this was folChristmas, or Good Friday, have the power of seeing spirits, lowed by the legs, the other arm, the trunk, and the head of and even of commanding them. The Spaniards imputed the the body, all separately. The members rolled together, haggard and downcast looks of their Philip II. to the disa- united themselves in the presence of the astonished soldiers, greeable visions to which this privilege subjected him. and formed a gigantic warrior, who defied them both to com
bat. Their blows, although they penetrated the body and amputated the limbs of their strange antagonist, had, as the
reader may easily believe, little effect on an enemy who posNote 2 U.
sessed such powers of self-union ; nor did his efforts make
more effectual impression upon them. How the combat terYet still the knightly sprear and shield
minated I do not exactly remember, and have not the book The Elfin warrior doth wield
by me; but I think the spirit made to the intruders on his Upon the brou hil's breast.-P. 104.
mansion the usual proposal, that they should renounce their
redemption ; which being declined, he was obliged to retract. The following extract from the Essay upon the Fairy Super- The most singular tale of the kind is contained in an exstitions, in the “Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border," vol. ii., tract communicated to me by my friend Mr. Surtees of Mainswill show whence many of the particulars of the combat be- forth, in the Bishopric, who copied it from a MS. note in a tween Alexander Ill. and the Goblin Knight are derived :- copy of Burthogge. “Ou the Nature of Spirits, 8vo, 1694,"
Gervase of Tilbury Otia Imperial ap. Script. rer. Brunsvic, which had been the property of the late Mr. Gill, attorney(vol
. i. p. 797) relates the following popular story concerning a general to Egerton, Bishop of Durham. “It was not,” says fairy knight: “Osbert, a bold and powerful baron, visited a my obliging correspondent, “in Mr. Gill's own hand, but pronoble family in the vicinity of Wandlebury, in the bishopric bably an hundred years older, and was said to be, E libro of Ely. Among other stories related in the social circle of Convent. Dunelm. per T. C. extract., whom I believe to have his friends, who, according to custom, amused each other by been Thomas Cradocke, Esq. barrister, who held several ofrepeating ancient tales and traditions, he was informed, that fices under the See of Durham a hundred years ago. Mr. Gill if any knight, unattended, entered an adjacent plain by moon was possessed of most of his manuscripts." The extract, light, and challenged an adversary to appear, he would be which, in fact, suggested the introduction of the tale into the immediately encountered by a spirit in the form of a knight. present poem, runs thus :Osbert resolved to make the experiment, and set out, attended * Rem miram hujusmodi quæ nostris temporibus evenit, teste by a single squire, whom he ordered to remain without the viro nobili ac fide dignissimo, enarrare haut pigebit. Rudullimits of the plain, which was surrounded by an ancient plus Bulmer, cum e castris, quæ tunc temporis prope Norham intrenchment. Un repeating the challenge, he was instantly posita erant, oblectationis causu, exiisset, ac in ulteriore Tueda assailed by an adversary, whom he quickly unhorsed, and ripá prædam cum canibus leporariis insequeretur, forte cum seized the reins of his steed. During this operation, his Scoto quodam nobili, sibi antchac, ul ridebatur, familiariter
cognilo, congressus est ; ac, ut fas erat inter inimicos, flagrante haps, in the degree of individual affection entertained for himn bello, brerissimd interrogationis mord interpositd, alter utros bv his friends, as well as in the general respect and esteem of invicem incitato cursu in festis animis petiere. Noster, primo , seutland at large. His ** Life of Beattie," whom te befnended occursu, equo præacerrimo hostis impetu labante, in terram and patronised in life, as well as celebrated after his decease, erersus pectore et capite laso, sanguinein, mortuo similis, era was not long published, before the benevolent and arction mebat. Quem ut se ægre habentem comiter allocutus est alter, I ate biographer was called to follow the subject of his narrapollicitusque, modo auxilium non ahneurrt, monitisque oblem- tive. This melancholy event very short succeeded the mar. perans ab omni rerum sacrarum cogitatione abstineret, nec Deo, riage of the friend, to whom this introduction is addi essed, Deipara Virgini, Sanctore ullo, preces aut rota (fferret re in with one of Sir William's daughters. ter sese conciperet, se breri eum sanum vultumque restitutu
Præ angore oblata corditio accepta est; ac retera tor ille nescio quid obscuni murmuris insusurians, prihowa manu, dicto citius in perles sanum ut antea sublerurit. Noster
NOTE 2 X. autem, maxima pra rei inauditá noritate formidine perculsus, Mi JESU! exclamat, vel quid simile; ac subito respiciens nec
Friar Rush.-P. 108. hostem nec ullam alium conspicit, equum so'um grarissimo nuper casu afflictum, per summum pacem in rice fluri pascen- Alius, " Willo' the Wisp." This personale is a strolling tem. Ad castra itaque mirabundus revertens, finiei dubius, demon, or esyn it folet, who, once upon a time, got admittai.ce rem primo occultarit, dein, confecto bello, Confissori suo totam
into a monastery as a scullion, and played the monks many asseruit. Delusoria procul dubio res tota, ac mula veteratoris pranhs. He was also a sort of Robin Goodfellow, and Jack o' illius aperitur fraus, qua hominem Christianum ad vetitum
Lanthern. It is in allusion to this n;isch.evous demon that tale auxilium pelliceret. Nomen utcunque illius (nobilis alias
Milton's clowa speaks, ac clari) reticendum duco, cum haud dubium sit quin Dabo
1 lus, Deo permittente, formam quam libueril, immo angeli lucis,
" She was pinched, and pulled, she said, sacro oculo Dei teste, posse assumere." The MS. chronicle,
And he by Friar's lanthern led." from which Mr. Cradocke took this curious extract, cannot now be found in the Chapter Library of Durham, or, at least, " The History of Friar Rush" is of extreme rarity, and, for has hitherto escaped the researches of my friendly correspon- some time, even the existence of such a book was doubted, dent.
although it is expressly alluded to by Reginald Scott, in his Lindesay is made to allude to this adventure of Ralph Bul- ** Discovery of Witchcraft." I have perused a copy in the mer, as a well-known story, in the 4th Canto, Stanza xxii.' valuable library of my friend Mr. Heber; and I observe, frora
Mr. Beloe's “ Anecdotes of Literature," that there is one in The northern champions of old were accustomed peculiarly the excelle collection of the Marquis of Stafford. to search for, and delight in, encounters with such military spectres. Sec a whole chapter on the subject, in BARTHOL..NLS, De Causis contemptæ Jortis a Danis, p. 253.
NOTE 2 Y.
Sir Darid Lindesay of the Mount,
Lord Lion King-at-arms.-P. 109.
The late elaborate edition of Sir David Lindesay's Works,
by Mr. George Chalmers, has probably introduced him to The morn may find the stiffen'd sain.---P. 106. many of my readers. It is perhaps to be regretted, that the
learned Editor had not bestowed more pains in elucidating his I cannot help here mentioning, that, on the night in which author, eren although he should have omitted, or at least these lines were written, suggested, as they were, by a sud- i reserved, his disquisitions on the origin of the language used den fall of snow, beginning after sunset, an unfortunate man by the poet :' But, with all its faults, his work is an acceptperished exactly in the manner here described, and his body able present to Scottish antiquaries. Sir David Lindesay was was next morning found close to his own house. The acci- I well known for his early efforts in favour of the Reformed dent happened within five miles of the farm of Ashestiel. doctrines; and, indeed, his play, coarse as it now seems, must
have had a powerful effect upon the people of his age. I am
uncertain if I abuse poetical licence, by introducing Sir David Note 2 W.
Lindesay in the character of Lion-Herald, sixteen years before
he obtained that office. At any rate, I am not the first who Forles.-P. 117.
i has been guilty of the anachronism ; for the author of “Flod
den Field" despatches Dallamount, which can mean wvbody Sir William Forbes of Pitsligo, Baronet ; unequalled, per- ' but Sir David de la Mont, to France, on the message of de
1 I beg leave to quote a single instance from a very interest- say?"2 and that the subsequent words begin another sening passage. Sir David, recounting his attention to King tenceJames V. in his infancy, is made, by the learned editor's punctuation, to say,
l'pon the lute
Then played I twenty springis perqueir," &c.
In another place, " justing lumis," i. e. looms, or in:plerents
of tilting, is facetiously interpreted “playful limbs." dlany Quhilk was great plesour for to hear."
such minute errors could be pointed out; but these are only
Vol. i. p. 7. 257. mentioned incidentally, and not as diminishing the real inerit Mr. Chalmers does not inform us, by note or glossary, what of the edition. is meant by the King "muting pa, la, lyn, upon the lute;" but any old woman in Scotland will bear witness, that pa, da, lyir ? It is suggested by an ingenious correspondent, that Pu, da are the first efforts of a child iv say, “ "l'hure'r Duvid Linde- lyn, ought rather to be interpreted, pury, Duy Lyndesay.
fiance from James IV. to Henry VIII. It was often an office sion; but the present state of the rum shows the contrary imposed on the Lion King-at-arms, to receive foreign ambas- In 1483, it was garrisoned by Lord Crichton, then its proprie sadors; and Lindesay himself did this honour to Sir Ralph tor, against King James III., whose displeasure he had in. Sadler, in 1539-40. Indeed, the oath of the Lion, in its first curred by seducing his sister Margaret, in revenge, it is said, article, bears reference to his frequent employment upon for the Monarch having dishonoured his bed. From the Toyal messages and embassies.
Crichton family the castle passed to that of the Hepburns, The office of heralls, in feudal times, being held of the ut- Earls Bothwell; and when the forfeitures of Stewart, the last most importance, the inauguration of the Kings-at-arms, who Earl Both well, were divided, the barony and castle of Crichton presided over their colleges, was proportionally solemn. In fell to the share of the Earl of Buccleuch. They were afterfact, it was the mimicry of a roval coronation, except that the wards the property of the Pringles of Clifton, and are now unction was made with wine instead of oil. In Scotland, a that of Sir John Callander, Baronet. It were to be wished namesake and kinsman of Sir David Lindesay, inaugurated in the proprietor would take a little pains to preserve theso 15:12, " was crowned by King James with the ancieut crown splendid remains of antiquity, which are at present used as of Scotland, which was used before the Scottish kings assumed a fold for sheep, and wintering cattle; although, perhaps, a close crown;" and, on occasion of the same solemnity, dined there are very few ruins in Scotland which display so well at the King's table, wearing the crown. It is probable that the strle and beauty of ancient castle-architecture. The casthe coronation of his predecessor was not less solemn. So tle of Crichton has a dungeon vault, called the Massy Jore. sacred was the herald's office, that, in 1515, Lord Drummond | The epithet, which is not uncommonly applied to the prisons was by Parliament declared guilty of treason, and his lands of other old castles in Scotland, is of Saracenic origin. It ocforfeited, because he had struck with his fist the Lion King- curs twice in the “ Epistolæ Itinerariæ" of Tollius. at-arms, when he reproved him for his follies. Nor was he cer subterraneus, sive, ut Jauri appellant, MAZMORRA," p. restored, but at the Lion's earnest solicitation.
147; and again, “ Coguntur omnes Captivi sub noctem in ergastula subterranea, que Turce Algezerani rocant MAZMORRAS," p. 243. The same word applies to the dungeons of the ancient Moorish castles in Spain, and serves to show from
what nation the Gothic style of castle-building was originally NOTE 2 Z.
derived. Crichtoun Castle.-P 110.
A large ruinous castle on the banks of the Tyne, about ten
NOTE 3 A. miles from Edinburgh. As indicated in the text, it was built at different times, and with a very differing regard to splen
Earl Adam Hepburn.-P. 110. dour and accommodation. The oldest part of the building is a narrow keep, or tower, such as formed the mansion of a
He was the second Earl of Both well, and fell in the field of lesser Scottis: baron; but so many additions have been made Plodden, where, according to an ancient English poet, he disto it, that there is now a large court-yard, surrounded by tinguished himself by a furious attempt to retrieve the day:-buildings of different ages. The eastern front of the court is raised above a portico, and decorated with entablatures, bear- " Then on the Scottish part, right proud, ing anchors. All the stones of this front are cut into diamond
The Earl of Both well then out brast, facets, the angular projections of which have an uncommonly And stepping forth, with stoinach good, rich appearance. The inside of this part of the building ap
Into the enemies' throng he thrast; pears to have contained a gallery of great length, and uncom
And Bothuell! Bothuell! cried bold, mon elegance. Access was given to it by a magnificent stair
To cause his souldiers to ensue, case, now quite destroyed. The softits are ornamented with But there he caught a wellcome cold, twining cordage and rosettes; and the whole seems to have
The Englislımen straight down him threw. been far more splendid than was usual in Scottish castles. Thus Haburn through his hardy heart The castle belonged originally to the Chancellor, Sir William
His fatal fine in conflict found," &c. Crichton, and probably owed to him its first enlargement, as
Fludden Field, a Poem; edited by well as its being taken by the Earl of Douglas, who imputed
H. Weber. Edin. 1808. to Crichton's counsels the death of his predecessor, Earl William, beheaded in Edinburgh Castle, with his brother, in Adam was grandfather to James, Earl of Both well, too well 1440. It is said to have been totally demolished on that occa- known in the history of Queen Mary.
The record expresses, or rather is said to have expressed, chieftain of high rank, some say Scott of Buccleuch, was to the cause of forfeiture to be, --" Eo quod Leonem, armorum pass his dwelling on his return from court. The Lord of CrichRegem pugno violassct dum cum de ineptiis suis auimonel." ton made great preparation to banquet his expected guest, See Nisber's Heraldry, Part iv. chap. xvi.; and LESLÆl His- who nevertheless rode past the castle without paying the toria ad drinum 1515.
expected visit. In his first burst of indgnation, the Baron s(" In Scotland, formerly, as still in ome parts of Greece, pursued the discourteous traveller with a body of horse, made the great chieftains required, as an acknowledgment of their him prisoner, and contined him in the dungeon, while he himauthority, that those who passed through their lands should self and his vassals feasted upon the good cheer which had repair to their castle, to explain the purpose of their journey, been provided. With the morning, however, came reflection, and receive the hospitality suited to their rank. To neglect and anxiety for the desperate feud which impended, as the this was held discourtesy in the great, and insolence in the necessary consequence of his rough proceeding. It is said, inferior traveller; and so strictly was the etiquette insisted that, by way of amenile honorable, the Baron, upon the second on by some feudal lords, that the Lord Oliphant is said to day, placed his compelled guest in his seat of honour in the have planted guns at his castle of Newtyle in Angus, so as to hall, while he himself retired into his own dungeon, and thus command the high road, and compel all restive passengers to did at once penance for his rashness, satisfied the honour of
the stranger chief, and put a stop to the feud which must " It chanced when such ideas were predominant, that the otherwise have taken place between them."—Sir Walter Lord of Crichton Castle received intelligence that a Southern Scott's Miscellaneous Prose Works, vol. vii. pp. 1923. ). -ED
do this act of homage.
NOTE 3 B.
apparition was seen. I know not by what means St. Andrew
got the credit of having been the celebrated monitor of James For that a messenger from heaven,
IV.; for the expression in Lindesay's narrative, “My mother in vain to James had counsel given,
has sent me," could only be used by St. John, the adopted son Against the English war.-P. 111.
of the Virgin Mary. The whole story is so well attested, that
we have only the choice between a miracle or an imposture. This story is told by Pitscottie with characteristic simpli- Mr. Pinkerton plausibly argues, from the caution against incity:-"The King, seeing that France could get no support of continence, that the Queen was privy to the scheme of those him for that time, made a proclamation, full hastily, through who had recourse to this expedient to deter King James all thu realm of Scotland, both east and west, south and north, from his im politic war. as well in the isles as in the firm land, to all manner of men between sixty and sixteen years, that they should be ready, within twenty days, to pass with him, with forty days victual, and to meet at the Burrow-muir of Edinburgh, and there to
Note 3 C. pass forward where he pleased. His proclamations were hastily obeyed, contrary the Council of Scotland's will; but
The wild-buck bells.-P. 111. every man loved his prince so well that they would on no ways disobey him ; but every man caused make bis proclama- I am glad of an opportunity to describe the cry of the deer tion so hastily, conform to the charge of the King's procla- by another word than braying, although the latter has been mation.
sanctified by the use of the Scottish metrical translation of "The King came to Lithgow, where he happened to be the Psalms. Bell seems to be an abbreviation of bellow. for the time at the Council, very sad and dolorous, making his This sylvan sound conveyed great delight to our ancestors, devotion to God, to send him good chance and fortune in his chiefly, I suppose, from association. A gentle knight in the voyage. In this meantime there came a man, clad in a blue reign of Henry VIII., Sir Thomas Wortley, built Wantley gown, in at the kirk door, and belted about him in a roll of Lodge, in Wancliffe Forest, for the pleasure (as an ancient linen cloth; a pair of brotikingsl on his feet, to the great of inscription testifies) of " listening to the hart's bell." his legs; with all other hose and clothes conform thereto: but he had nothing on his head, but syde 9 red yellow hair behind, and on his hatfets, 3 which wan down to his shoulders; but his forehead was bald and bare. He seemed to be a man of two
NOTE 3 D. and-fifty years, with a great pike-staff in his hand, and came first forward among the lords, crying and speiring * for the
June saw his father's overthrow.-P. 111. King, saying, he desired to speak with him. While, at the last, he came where the King was sitting in the desk at his | The rebellion against James III. was signalized by the prayers; but when he saw the King, he made him little reve. ' cruel circumstance of his son's presence in the hostile army rence or salutation, but leaned down groffling on the desk When the King saw his own banner displayed against him. before him, and said to him in this manner, as after follows: and his son in the faction of his enemies, he lost the little "Sir King, my mother hath sent me to you, desiring you not to courage he had ever possessed, fled out of the field, fell from pass, at this time, where thou art purposed; for if thou does, his horse as it started at a woman and water-pitcher, and thou wilt not fare well in thy journey, nor none that passeth was slain, it is not well understood by whom. James IV., with thee. Further, she bade thee mells with no woman, nor after the battle, passed to Stirling, and hearing the monks of use their counsel, nor let them touch thy body, nor thou the chapel-royal deploring the death of his father, their fountheirs; for, if thou do it, thou wilt be confounded and brought der, he was seized with deep remorse, which manifested itto shame.'
self in severe penances. See a following Note on stanza ix. “By this man had spoken thir words unto the King's grace, of canto v. The battle of Sauchie-burn, in which James III. the evening song was near done, and the King paused on thir fell, was fought 18th June, 1488. words, studying to give him an answer; but, in the meantime, before the King's eyes, and in the presence of all the lords that were about him for the time, this man vanished away, and could no ways be seen or comprehended, but vanished away
NOTE 3 E. as he had been a blink of the sun, or a whip of the whirlwind, and could no more be seen. I heard say, Sir David Lindesay
The Borough-moor.--P. 114. Lyon-herauld, and John Inglis the marshal, who were, at that time, young men, and special servants to the King's grace, The Borough, or Common Moor of Edinburgh, was of rery were standing presently beside the King, who thought to have great extent, reaching from the southern walls of the city to laid hands on this man, that they might have speired further the bottom of Braid Hills. It was anciently a forest; and, in tidings at him: But all for nought; they could not touch that state, was so great a nuisance, that the inhabitants of him; for he vanished away betwixt them, and was no more Edinburgh had permission granted to them of building wooden
galleries, projecting over the street, in order to encourage Buchanan, in more elegant, though not more impressive them to consume the timber, which they seem to have done language, tells the same story, and quotes the personal infor- very effectually. When James IV. mustered the array of the mation of our Sir David Lindesay: “ In iis, (i. e. qui propius kingdoin there, in 1513, the Borongh-moor was, according to astiterant) fuit David Lindesius, Montanus, homo spectata Hawthornden, “a field spacious, and delightful by the shade fidei et probitatis, nec a literarum studiis alienus, cujus lo- of many stately and aged oaks." Upon that, and similar octius vitæ tenor longissime a mentiendo aberrat; a quo nisi ego casions, the royal standard is traditionally said to have been hæc uti tradidi, pro certis accepissem, ut vulgatam vanis ru- displayed from the Hare-Stane, a high stone, now built into moribus fabulum, omissurus eram."-Lib. xiii. The King's the wall, on the left hand of the high-way leading towards throne, in St. Catherine's aisle, which he had constructed for Braid, not far from the head of Burntsfield Links. The Harehimself, with twelve stalls for the Knights Companions of the Stane probably derives it name from the British word Har, Order of the Thistle, is still shown as the place where the signifying an army.