Proposed Constitutional Amendment to Permit Voluntary Prayer: Hearings Before the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Ninety-seventh Congress, Second Session on S.J. Res. 199 ... July 29, Aug. 18, and Sept. 16, 1982
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1982 - 504 páginas
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Abington School District activities adopted allow American authorities believe Bible Bill of Rights Chairman choose Christian church civil classroom clear committee concern Congress constitutional amendment course effect Engel Establishment Clause expression fact faith federal federal courts forced free exercise freedom going hear House important individual institutions intended interpretation issue Justice legislative LIBRARY majority matter meaning meetings ment moral official parents participate particular permit person practice pray prayer in public present President principle problem prohibit proposed amendment protect public schools question reading reason relations religion religious representatives resolution respect ruled school boards School District school prayer sectarian Senator separation simply society statement suggest Supreme Court teachers Thank things tion United values voluntary prayer wish
Página 29 - Neither a state nor the Federal Government can set up a church. Neither can pass laws which aid one religion, aid all religions, or prefer one religion over another.
Página 226 - I have sworn upon the altar of God, eternal hostility against every form of tyranny over the mind of man.
Página 180 - That no man shall be compelled to frequent or support any religious worship, place or ministry whatsoever, nor shall be enforced, restrained, molested, or burthened in his body or goods, nor shall otherwise suffer on account of his religious opinions or belief; but that all men shall be free to profess, and by argument to maintain, their opinions in matters of religion, and that the same shall in no wise diminish, enlarge, or affect their civil capacities.
Página 214 - If there is any fixed star in our constitutional constellation, it is that no official, high or petty, can prescribe what shall be orthodox in politics, nationalism, religion, or other matters of opinion or force citizens to confess by word or act their faith therein If there are any circumstances which permit an exception, they do not now occur to us.
Página 206 - The very purpose of a Bill of Rights was to withdraw certain subjects from the vicissitudes of political controversy, to place them beyond the reach of majorities and officials and to establish them as legal principles to be applied by the courts.
Página 74 - And let us with caution indulge the supposition that morality can be maintained without religion. Whatever may be conceded to the influence of refined education on minds of peculiar structure, reason and experience both forbid us to expect that national morality can prevail in exclusion of religious principle.
Página 35 - GOD, and for the support and maintenance of public Protestant teachers of piety, religion and morality, in all cases where such provision shall not be made voluntarily.
Página 148 - More things are wrought by prayer than this world dreams of.'" In Zorach v. Clauson, 343 US 306, 313 (1952), we gave specific recognition to the proposition that "[w]e are a religious people whose institutions presuppose a Supreme Being.