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full intention of submitting to them the motion in his hand, he hoped he should not violate the delicacy of its author, by proposing, that the tract of “the Dairyman's Daughter," the merit of which had been so generally recognised, should be translated into the German, Swedish and Danish languages. Another member then rose and said, that he trusted he should be excused for adding an amendment to the motion, by recommending that the above tract be translated into all the European languages, as far as means and opportunities might occur for that purpose.

The resolution was unanimously carried in this amended form. The tract has since been translated into most of the Continental languages. It has also obtained a wide circulation in America : the Old and the New World have alikę stamped it with the seal of popular approbation. At home, several editions of 20,000 copies each were printed within a very short period, and the copies which have been circulated in the English language alone, to the present time, are estimated at two millions. It has found its way to the palaces of kings,* and been seen in the hut of the Indian.† Its author was informed of thirty instances in which it was acknowledged to have been instrumental to the conversion of its readers, of whom one was a female convict at Botany Bay. The last instance of its usefulness was communicated to him only within twentyfour hours of his decease; and from its peculiarity deserves to be mentioned.

A clergyman, who had conceived a violent antipathy against the Religious Tract Society and all its publications, was induced to select “ The Dairyman's Daughter,” for the purpose of criticising and exposing its defects. In the perusal of it he was, however, so arrested by the interest of the story, and so penetrated by the power of the religious truths which it contained, that the pen of criticism dropped from his hand, prejudice was charmed into admiration, and he was added, as another trophy of that grace which had shone so brightly in the life and death of the dairyman's daughter.

After what we have stated, we may justly inquire, to what are we to attribute the great popularity of this tract?

No doubt, the happy union of interest and simplicity in the story, the graces of its style, and the beautiful imagery of its descriptions, have rendered it attractive to every reader ; but the stamp of truth and reality which marks its details, and the

* A copy was presented by the Rev. Mr. Paterson to the late Emperor of Russia, the circumstances of which we shall soon mention. + A copy was seen by a traveller in the hut of a North American Indian.

expression of feelings which find a response in every awakened mind, constitute its principal charm. It is needless, however, to prove the excellence of a tract, of which four millions of copies are said to have been circulated in the nineteen languages into which it has been translated; or to adduce testimonies to their usefulness, which have been already printed in almost every report of the Tract Society, in addition to numerous instances privately received by Mr. Richmond, and which are frequently alluded to in his letters.

A few extracts from the “ Annals of the Poor,” will illustrate the spirit and style of the author.

We begin with his reflections as he contemplated his church of Yaverland, by which he was accustomed to pass, in his way to the Dairyman's daughter.

“ Here the rich and poor meet together in mutual acknowledgment that the Lord is the Maker of them all; and that all are alike dependent creatures, looking up to one common Father to supply their wants, both temporal and spiritual.

“ Again, likewise, will they meet together in the grave, that undistinguishing receptacle of the opulent and the needy.

“ And once more, at the judgment seat of Christ, shall the rich and poor meet together, that every one may receive the things done in his body according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad.

“How closely connected in the history of man are these three periods of a general meeting together!

“ The house of prayer—the house appointed for all livingand the house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens. May we never separate these ideas from each other ; but retain them in a sacred and profitable union! So shall our worshipping assemblies on earth be representative of the general assembly and church of the first-born, which are written in heaven."* We insert another reflection.

“ Travellers, as they pass through the country, usually stop to inquire whose are the splendid mansions, which they discover among the woods and plains around them. The families, title, fortune, or character of the respective owners, engage much attention. Perhaps their houses are exhibited to the admiring stranger. The elegast rooms,-costly furniture --valuable paintings,-beautiful gardens and shrubberies,-are universally approved; while the rank, fashion, taste, and riches of the possessor afford ample materials for entertaining discussion. In

* Dairyman's Daughter, pp. 70, 71.

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the mean time, the lowly cottage of the poor husbandman is passed by, as scarcely deserving of notice.

Yet perchance such a cottage may often contain a treasure of infinitely more value than the sumptuous palace of the rich man,--even the pearl of great price.' If this be set in the heart of the cottager, it proves a gem of unspeakable worth, and will shine among the brightest ornamenis of the Redeemer's crown, in that day when he makes up his .jewels.'

“ Hence the Christian traveller, while, in common with others, he bestows his due share of applause on the decorauions of the rich, and is not insensible to the beauties and magnificence which are the lawfully-allowed appendages of rank and fortune, cannot overlook the hunible dwelling of the

And if he should find true piety and grace beneath the thatched roof, which he has in vain, perhaps, looked for amidst the worldly grandeur of the rich, he remembers the declarations in the word of God. He sees with admiration, that “the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is Holy, who dwelleth in the high and holy place, dwelleth with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit.' (Isa. Ivii. 15.) And although heaven is His throne, and the earth His footstool, yet when a habitation is to be sought, and a place of rest selected for himself, He says, To this man will I look, even to him that is poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word.'--Isa. Ixvi. 1, 2.

“When a house is thus tenanted, faith beholds this inscription written on the walls-- The Lord lives here.'»*

The death of the Dairyman's daughter :

" I sat down by the bed-side. The mother could not weep, but now and then sighed deeply, as she alternately looked at Elizabeth and at me. The big tear rolled down the brother's cheek, and testified an affectionate regard. The good old man stood at the foot of the bed, leaning upon the post, and unable to take his eyes off the child from whom he was so soon to part.

• Elizabeth's eyes were closed, and as yet she perceived me not. But over the face, though pale, sunk, and hollow, the peace of God, which passeth all understanding, had cast a triumphant calm.

6. The soldier, after a short pause, silently reached out his Bible towards me, pointing with his finger at 1 Cor. xv. 55, 56, 58. I then broke silence by reading the passage, • 0 Death, where is thy sting? ( Grave, where is thy victory? The sting of death is sin, and the strength of sin is the law. But thanks

* Dairyman's Daughter, pp. 97-99.

666

be to God which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.'

“ At the sound of these words her eyes opened, and something like a ray of divine light beamed on her countenance, as she said, · Victory, victory! through our Lord Jesus Christ!'

“She relapsed again, taking no farther notice of any one present.

“God be praised for the triumph of faith,' said I. "• Amen ! replied the soldier.

“ The Dairyman's uplifted eye, shewed that the amen was in his heart, though his tongue failed to utter it.”

She recovers for a short interval.

" At length I said to Elizabeth—Do you experience any doubts or temptations on the subject of your eternal safety ?'

No, Sir; the Lord deals very gently with me and gives me peace.'

66. What are your views of the dark valley of death, now that you are passing through it ?' 66 : It is not dark.'

Why so ?' "My Lord is there, and he is my light and my salvation !

“ She did not again revive while I remained nor ever speak any more words which could be understood. She slumbered for about ten hours, and at last sweetly fell asleep in the arms of that Lord who had dealt so gently with her.

“ I left the house an hour after she had ceased to speak. I pressed her hand, as I was taking leave, and said, Christ is the resurrection and the life.' She gently returned the pressure, but could neither open her eyes, nor utter a reply.

“I never had witnessed a scene so impressive as this before. It completely filled my imagination as I returned home.

6. Farewell, thought I, dear friend, till the morning of an eternal day shall renew our personal intercourse. Thou wast a brand plucked from the burning, that thou mightest become a star, shining in the firmament of glory. I have seen thy light and thy good works, and will therefore glorify our Father which is in heaven. I have seen in thy example, what it is to be a sinner freely saved by grace.

I have learned from thee, as in a living mirror, who it is that begins, continues, and ends the work of faith and love. Jesus is all in all : he will and shall be glorified. He won the crown, and alone deserves to wear it. May no one attempt to rob him of his glory! He saves, and saves to the uttermost. Farewell, dear sister in the Lord! Thy flesh

and thy heart may fail, but God is the strength of thy heart, and shall be tny portion for ever!" "*

The followiny description is taken from the “ Young Cottager, or Little Jane;" and pleasingly illustrates his method of imparting instruction to children.

On the summer evenings, I frequently used to assemble this little group out of doors, in my garden, sitting under the shade of some trees, which protected us from the heat of the sun. From hence a scene appeared which rendered my occupation the more interesting. For adjoining to the spot where we sat, and only separated from us by a fence, was the churchyard, surrounded with beautiful prospects in every direction.

“I had not tar to look for subjects of warniog and exhortation, suitable to my little flock of lambs that I was feeding. I could point to the heaving sods, that marked the different graves and separated them from each other, and tell my pupils, that, young as they were, none of them were too young to die; and that probably more than half of the bodies that were buriell there, were those of little children. I hence took occasion to speak of the nature and value of a soul; and to ask them, where they expected their souls to go, when they departed hence, and were no more seen on earth ?

“ I told them who was the resurrection and the life,' and who alone could take away the sting of death. I used to remind them that the hour was 'coming, in which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, and shall come forth : they that have done good unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.

“ Sometimes I sent the children to the various stones which stood at the head of the graves, and bid them learn the epitaphs inscribed upon them. I took pleasure in seeing the little ones this dispersed in the church-yird, each com nitting to memory a few verses, written in commemoration of the departed. They would soon accomplish the desired object, and eagerly return to me, ambitious to repeat their tasks.

“ Thus my church-yard became a kind of book of instruction, and every grave-stone a leaf of edification for my young disciples.

" The church itself stood in the midst of the ground. , If was a spacious, antique structure. Within those very walls, I first proclaimed the message of God to sinners. As these children surrounded me, I sometimes pointed to the church; spoke

* Dairyman's Daughter, p. 125, and following pages.

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