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Fruits, 32

48

Forestairs, 101

Hides, export of, 135, 136
Forest, meaning of term in Middle Highlands, woods in, 11, 12
Ages, 8

their place in the economy
Forester, the town, 86

of the country, 27, 28
Freemen of the burghs, their High Street of Edinburgh, 47-49

privileges, 142; their responsi- Highways in Scotland, 57, et seq.
bilities, 143, 144

Horses of Galloway, 22
Horse-races, 166

Hospitals for the poor, 197, 202
GALLOWAY, description of, 22

Hostelries, 63-65
woods in, 11

Houses, stone more common in the
Games, outdoor, 166

building of, than in England, 42
Gardens, gentlemen's, 32

furnishing of, 102, 103
in Lothian, 19

Houses of correction, 204, 205
Garlies, wood of, 11

Howell, James, his description of
Gates of the towns, 88, 89

High Street of Edinburgh, 47,
Gaunt, John of, his invasion of

Scotland, 8, 9
Glasgow, 44, 45, 53, 54

INSTRUMENTS, musical, in Scotland,
population of, 52

164
Glencairn, Earl of, 75

Intercommunication, 55, et seq.
Glenmoriston, woods of, 12

Inverness, 53, 54
Golf, 166

Iona, 30
Gowrie, Carse of, its ancient Irvine, description of, 23
fertility, 26

Islands, the Western, or Hebrides,
Guilds, craft, their suppression in description of by Donald Monro,

England, 191, their importance 29, et seq.
in the time of Mary, 192, Islay, 30
193

Italy, wines imported from, by the
Guilds, merchant, their privileges, religious houses, 185
145, 146

JAMES II., laws of, ordaining plant-
Haddington, description of, 20 ing of trees, 9
53, 54

James VI., his visit to Scotland,
Hamilton, description of its neigh-
bourhood, 24, 44

his simile regarding Fife,
Hardyng, John, English chronicler,

25
21; his description of Nithsdale,

his “ Decreit Arbitral”

settling dispute between crafts
his description of Ayrshire, and merchants, 146; his Basili--
23, and of Clydesdale, 24

con

Doron quoted regarding
Harrison, William, his Description

craftsmen, 159
of England, quoted, 36

Jedburgh, lands of the Abbey of,
Hay, absence of in Scotland, 31
Hemp, 31, 32

without a town wall, 103
Hertford, Earl of, his invasion of Jura, 30
Scotland, 18

Justice, College of, 46

IO

22

18

Kelso, lands of the Abbey of, 18 Liveries, 170
Kenmure, wood of, 11

Lochs, disappearance of since
Kintail, woods of, 12

time of Mary, 12
Kirkcaldy of Grange, 75

Logan of Restalrig, 131
Knighton, Henry, English chron- Lothian, plantations in, 11

icler, his evidence regarding the shire where fences were
timber on the Border, 8

first introduced, 16
Knox, John, appealed to regarding fertility of, 18, 19

feminine attire, 168, 169 Lyndsay, Sir David, quoted, 79
Kyle, description of, 23

MACINTOSH, of Borlum, William,
LANGHOLM, 34

his book on planting and en-
Langton, 18

closing, 15, 16
Laud, Archbishop, secures churches Maitland of Lethington, William,
from secular uses, 97

183
Laws, sumptuary, against costly Major, John, his description of

apparel, 168, 169; against Scotland, 6
luxurious living, 172, 173

bis explanation of the absence
Leith, its trade relations with of enclosures, 14
Edinburgh, 131, 132

his proposals for improving
Leland, John, the English antiquary, the condition of the poor, 198,
5

199
Leslie, Bishop, his description of Manufactures of Scotland, 136,
Scotland, 6

137
says
that woods

Manures, 88
not infrequent on the Borders, Maree, Loch, woods round, 12
and that they abounded in Mary of Lorraine, her impressions
Upper and Lower Clydesdale,

of Fife, 25
II

Mary, Queen of Scots, prohibits
his mention of the Tor the Robin Hood games, 165,
Wood, 12

166
his opinion of the people of

her reign

a period of
the Merse, 18

gradual transition as well as of
his description of Lothian, revolution, 177, 178
19

Masons, 193
his description of Dumfries, Mearns, The, its fertility, 27

Melrose, lands of the Abbey of,
Letting of town property, 116-120 18
Linlithgow, 44, 53, 54

Merchants, conditions under which
Lithgow, William, his extensive they engaged in foreign trade,
travels, 5

132, 133
his
the ab-

their antagonism to the crafts-
sence of woods and enclosures, men, 144, 155-158
15

Merse, crops grown in, 18
denounces women for cover- Middens, 90, 91
ing their heads with plaids, Middle Ages, economical system
172

of, 188, 189

were

22

verses

on

of, 27

dee, 157

land, 13

to

Mills, let to the highest bidders, those of England, France and
08, 119

Germany, 36, 37
Montrose, 53, 54

Perth (or St Johnston), description
Moray, its high cultivation and
fertility, 27

44, 53, 54
Moryson, Fynes, says that trees claims precedence of Dun-
were rare in Fife, 9

his description of Hadding-Pig-sties, 91
ton, 20

Pinkie, battle of, 54
his description of a meal at a

Pirates, 70-72
knight's house, 173

Pitscottie, Lindsay of, his descrip-
Moss, the town, 86

tion of a royal hunting, 21
Mountains, cultivation of in Scot- Plaids, 170; worn by women as a

covering for the head, 171, 172
Mull, 30

Playing-fields, attached the

towns, 164
· Ness, Loch, woods round, 12 Pont, Timothy, his maps of Scot-
Netherhole, where prisoners were
confined, u

Poor, legislation regarding the, 199,
Nithsdale, description of, 21, 22
Nobles, Scottish, change in their Population of Scotland, 52; of
habits of life, 76

England, Ib.;
,

of Scottish
retained their power longer

towns, 16.
than those of other countries, Portmoak in Kinross-shire, 59
179; why the Crown failed Prices, fixing of, at first the privilege
to check them, 180, 181; of the municipalities, 158;
their power declined during the assumed by Parliament and Privy
reign of Mary, Ib.; religious Council, 1b.; the great eco-
and economical reasons for this, nomical question of

Mary's
181-184; deprived of their reign, 159-161
power by James VI., 184

fixing of, 190, 191
Prisoners, method of warding, 107

land, 5

et seq.

Oats, 31

32
Orchards in Lothian, 19

laws ordering planting of,

9, 10

“ "Out-burghers," 143, 144

,

RABBIT-WARRENS, 80, 86
Ray, John, the naturalist, his

description of Clydesdale, 24
Reformation, its influence on the

Scottish people, 205-209
Richardson, John, saddler in Edin-

burgh, 101
Robin Hood and Little John,

festival of, 165, 166
Rue St Jacques, Paris, +8

PALERMO compared with Edin-

burgh, 47
Patriotism in the Middle Ages,

56
Paving of Edinburgh Streets, 48

absence of in towns, 100
Peas, 31
Peasantry, Scottish, compared with

Q

Saints' Days, abolished at the

Reformation, 162
Salt, manufacture of, in Scotland, 8
illicit, 134

com-

Salt, export of, 137-139

their lack of walls of defence,
Sandilands, Sir James, 75

38-41
Scot of Scotstarvet, Sir John, 6 Towns, ruinous condition of, in
Scott, Sir Walter, his remarks on Scotland and England, 92 -

David I.'s planting religious 94
houses on the Borders, 17

security and self-defence,
Session, Court of, 46

their first consideration, 112,
Service, military, exacted of burg- et

seg.; jealousy between,
hers, 113-115

113
Sheep, multitude of, in Tweeddale,

the part they played at the
20

Reformation, 186; their quarrels
Skins, export of, 136

with the religious Orders,
Skye, 30

187
Stewart, Lord James, afterwards “ Town acres," 87, 88
Regent Moray, 75

Trade, privileges of, granted to the
St Andrews, 44, 51, 54

burghs, 120
St Boswells, 104

foreign, 129-134
St Giles's Church, Edinburgh,
disturbance in, 99

foreign, risks attending, 133,
poor-tax collected in, 201

134
St Kilda, 30, 31

Trees, planting of, made
Stirling, 53, 54

pulsory, 79, 80
Stirlingshire, its fertility, 24 Trinoda Necessitas, 58
Streets, dangers of the, 100

Tron, or weighing-beam, 104
« Summonds, Beggars'," 187, 197 Tucker, Thomas, English Com-
Swine in the towns, 91, 92

missioner of Excise in Scotland,
Sylvius, Æneas, his travels in Scot- his description of Fife, 25,
land, 7

says that in reign of James Tweeddale, its multitude of sheep,
1. there was little wood be-

20;

a royal hunting-ground,
tween Berwick and Edinburgh,
9

Udart, NICHOLAS, Edinburgh
TARIFFS, not levied on imported citizen, resigns his privileges,

goods till 1597, 129
Taverns, 65, 66, 161, 162
Taxation of the burghs, 54, 55 Unfreemen of the burghs, their dis-
Teinds, 81-83

abilities, 142
Tenant-farmers, 77, 78
Tennis (catchpully), 166

Vennels, 108, 109
Teviotdale, its fertility, 18

Villages, description of, 33-35;
Timber, its export from the High- English, as they appeared to
lands, 28

Spaniards, 35, 36
Tolbooths, 97, 106-108
Tor Wood, its extent and remains Weavers, Flemish, introduced into
in time of Mary, 11, 12

Scotland, 194
Towns, Scottish, described, 38; Wedel, Lupold von, a Pomeranian

26

21

114
Uist, 30

noble, visited Scotland in reign Woods, laws ordaining the planting
of James VI., 33

of, 9, 10
Weigh-houses, 105

Wool of the Galloway sheep, 22
Weldon, Sir Anthony, says there Wrights, 193

was not a tree in Scotland, 10
Windows, 41, 43

YARDS or gardens in the towns,
Wine, 174

108

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