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Of shone, 40 pair, at 135. 4d., .

£26 13 4

Summa of the commodaties that ar maid

and wrocht in the land, yeirlie and
everie yeir ourheid, is

• £169,097


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(3) The commodaties that the sea renderis yeirlie.
Of salmond, 140 last 6 barrell, extending
at £28 the barrell, to

£47,208 0
Of hering, 1247 last, extending, at £80
the last, to .

99,760 00 Of barrellit fishe, 34 last, at £6, 135. 4d. the barrell,

2,720 Of fishe in peale (dried and packed), 19,600, at £10 the hundrethe

1,9бо о о Of fishe oyle, 5 last, 4 barrellis, at £26, 135. 4d. the barrell .

1,706 13 4

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Summa that the commodaties of the sea extendis to yeirlie, is

· £153,354 0 0

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(4). The foirrane wairis that ar brocht in the countrie and ane

pairtt thairoff transpoirtted agane. Of rye, 267 bollis, at £5 the boll, is £1,335 0 Of peise, 27 bolls, at £ 5 the boll, is

135 Of walx, 106 shippund, extending, at £240 the shippund, to

25,440 Of greit saltt, 872 bollis, at 40s. the boll, 1,744 Of alme, 67 pund wechtt, at 35. 4d. the pund,

3 4 Of brissell, 72 pund wechtt, at gs. the pund wechtt,

32 8 0 Of auld brass, 222 staneis wechtt, at £6, 135. 4d. the stane, is

1,746 6 8
Of daillis, 7,400, at £40 the hundreth, 2,960
Of hempt, 57 staneis, at 4os. the stane, 114
Of irin, 120 staneis, 26s. 8d. the stane,

Of irin pottis, 7 dosaneis, at £18 the


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Of knappeld (oak staves), 1,200, at £24
the hundreth,

£288 0
Of Inglis claythe, 346 ellis, at £4 the ell.

Of leid, 800 pund wechtt, at 2s. the pund, 80
Of madir, 27 pund wechtt, at 6s. the pund, 8
Of hoip, 60 pund wechtt, at 3s. the pund, 9
Of orcheid (sic) litt, 20 barrellis, at £24
the barrell, to

Of pype staveis, 2,000, at £40 the thousand

Of pick and tar, 16 last, 6 barrellis, at
£7 the barrell

1,386 0
Of taickill, 80 staneis, at sos. the stane,
Of wyne, 2 tunis, 3 puncheonis, at £200
the tune.

Of vinagre, 5 tunis, 3 puncheonis, at £10 230
Of unzeone seid, 17 pund wecht, at 2os., 17
Of poulder, saipe, prumdames (plums),
unzeonis, for


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Conforme to the comptis maid and produceit.

Nota. This is besydis and attour the greit quantetie of lynning claythe, lynning yairne, sheip, nott, etc., that is transpoirtted be land dalie.

28. Early Travellers, etc., p. 148. 29. Reg. of Priv. Coun., IV. 255 (Second Series). As is well known, the manufacture of salt was an equally

* It will be noted that these numbers do not tally with the sums given above. It will also be observed that, owing probably to the omission of certain items, the summations are not correct.

lucrative industry in France. Fynes Moryson, who notes the numerous salt-pans in Scotland, has also some interesting remarks on the salt industry in that country. As illustrating the different conditions under which the manufacture was carried on in the two countries respectively, his words may be quoted. In Scotland there was no exorbitant gabelle, and the industry was in the hands of private persons with whom the government had no concern beyond exacting a moderate tax proportionate to the amount of the commodity produced. "All Writers," says Moryson, “obserue that Fraunce hath fowre loadstones to drawe Treasure, namely Corne, Wyne, Salt and linnen Cloth, and no doubt the Tribute or Import of wyne is great, and that of Salt greater, which in many places is proper to the King, and generally payes him Tribute especially baysalt whereof plenty is made in Fraunce especially in some Ilands, and in many places the selling of white salt is forbidden, that the bay Salt may be sold for the King's better profitt, but this Reuenue of Salt was said to be then ingaged to priuate men. And since I heare from french men that the King vseth commonly to Farme out this and other Gabels (or Impositions), and that Salt alone at this tyme is farmed out to Marchants at some six hundreth thousand pounds sterling yearely, and that the King particularly for each mued of Salt receiueth fower pounds tenn shillings sterling to make vpp the foresaid Rent, and that twelue Lettiers make a Mued, and each Lettier is about a quarter of our measure, and the french Marchants say that each Mued of wheate yeildeth the King three pounds sterling for Gabell or Import.”-Shakespeare's Europe, pp. 172-3.

The salt made in France and Scotland respectively was of different kind and quality, and the two countries interchanged their respective products. For the purpose of salting fish Scotland procured salt both from France and Spain.— Reg. of Prio. Coun., IV. 40, 41, 570 (Second Series).

30. Early Travellers, etc., p. 87.

The salt-pans were leased to private parties by the burgh on whose territory they were found. In 1567 the sali-pans of Newhaven were let to three Englishmen for fifty years. -Burgh Records of Edinburgh, III. 230.


1. Burgh Records of Edinburgh, II. 181-185.
2. Ib., IV. 57-8.
3. Ib., pp. 265, et seq.
4. Acts of Parl. of Scot., II. 8.
5. Ib., p. 13.
6. Ib., p. 14.
7. Ib., p. 15
8. Ib., p. 234.
9. Ib., p. 297.

10. Colston, The Incorporated Trades of Edinburgh (Edin., 1891), p. xxxiii.

11. Bain, Merchant and Cras Guilds of Aberdeen, Preface. In 1584 it was enacted that thenceforward the merchants and craftsmen should bear an equal proportion of the public burdens. Hitherto the merchants had contributed one-fourth and the craftsmen, one-fifth. ---Acts of Parl. of Scot., III. 363.

12. See Colston's Incorporated Trades of Edinburgh.

13. Acts of Parl. of Scot., II. 95. This arrangement was copied from the example of France, where it became as great an evil as in Scotland.

14. Burgh Records of Edinburgh, III. 83. Craftsmen were admitted into the town of Stirling in 1545. --Burgh Records of Stirling (1519-1666), p. 41.

15. Burgh Records of Edinburgh, IV. 266-7.

16. The following passage from the Burgh Records of Edinburgh, under date 1659, cogently illustrates the objection to craftsmen being in the Town Council. “The baillies and counsale, being convenit for electing of the new counsale for the yeir to cum, comperit Walter Wauhane, dekyn of the tailyouris, with vtheris deaconis, togither with James Young and Dauid Kinloch, prolocutouris for the hale craftis, and desyrit to

be hard to resoun for the saidis craftis concernyng the twa craftismen that suld be vpoun the counsale for the said yeir, quhilk wes grantit and efter lang resonyng it was desyrit be the saidis prolocutouris that the said Dauid Kinloch, baxter, and sic vtheris as thai wald joyne to him, to quhome it was ansuerit that nane sic as of thair occupatioun, sic as baxteris, maltmen, quhilkis had the handling of mennis sustentatioun, had bene vpoun the counsale of the toun in ony tyme bypast, nather aucht nor suld be, becaus thai mycht woit and persuade to thair awin particular commoditie, to the greit hurt of the King's liegis, and siclyke that na cordineris, nor littistaris, nor vtheris of sic rude ocupatioun, aucht to be vpoun the counsale, nouther wald thay admit nor receive any sic.”—III. 263-4.

17. Acts of Parl. of Scot., III. 174, 232.
18. Ib., II. 487.
19. Basilicon Doron.

20. An Act of Parliament already cited (supra, p. 149) shows that the craftsmen of different towns did enter into leagues with each other, and by so doing, gave alarm to the government.

21. Acts of Parl. of Scot., III. 138.
22. Lavisse, Histoire de France, IV. II. 142 (Paris, 1902).
23. Acts of Parl, of Scot., IV. 419.

24. Mrs Richard Green, Town Life in the Fifteenth Century, I. 152.

25. The same feeling prevailed among the English crafts.-Ib., II. 156.

26. Burgh Records of Edinburgh, II, 197, 199.
27. Ib., p. 283.
28. Acts of Parl. of Scot., II. 500.
29. Burgh Records of Edinburgh, III. 134.
30. Diurnal of Occurrents, p. 263.
31. Acts of Parl. of Scot., IV. 613.
32. Scotland Before 1700, p. 166.
33. Acts of Parl. of Scot., II. 18.
34. Knox, Works (Laing's Edit). IV. 225-6.
35. Acts of Parl. of Scot., III. 220.
36. Burgh Records of Aberdeen, II. 116.
37. Burgh Records of Edinburgh, III. 121.
38. Burgh Records of Aberdeen, II. pp. xli-ii.
39. Ib., p. 373

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