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elected to each house were present, he shall add “three-fifths being present."
1 R. S., 373, SS 13, 14, 15; 375, § 25, last clause.
Evidence of mode of passage.
§ 52. The addition, “by a two-third vote” or " three-fifths being present,” in the printed volume, is presumptive evidence that the bill was duly certified to have been so passed, and the absence of such addition is presumptive evidence that it was not so certified.
1 R. S., 374, § 16; 375, § 26.
List of officers to be published.
§ 53. There shall be prefixed to the statutes published in each year the names and residence of the governor, the lieutenant-governor, senators and members of assembly, and presiding officers of both houses, in office at the time of the passage of such statutes.
1 R. S., 375, S 30.
Distribntion of statutes.
$ 54. The statutes so published are to be distributed by the secretary of state, in the mode directed in article IV of chapter III of this title, entitled “General provisions respecting the seci etary of state."
Statutes to be transmit. ted to each county.
§ 55. The secretary of state shall transmit, in the order in which they are passed, to each county treasurer in the state, copies of all general statutes and of such local statutes as relate to the affairs of such county; and each treasurer shall cause the same to be published in the papers designated, as provided in the next section, the
expense of which, not exceeding twenty cents for each folio, will be a county charge.
1 R. S., 374, SS 20, 21, 23. § 56. The board of supervisors of each county Honisme shall, at their annual meeting, designate two papers paper. to publish these statutes in their county, as follows: Each member of the board shall designate, by ballot, one newspaper printed in the county, and the paper having the highest number of ballots and that having the next highest, shall be the two papers designated. In case there be but one paper printed in the county, the publication shall be in
1 R. S., 374, 22.
§ 57. The publication of all statutes thus pub- rum.com lished must be completed within four months after the final adjournment of the legislature in each year; and the whole of every statute which, in the ordinary type of the paper in which it is published, would not occupy more than two columns, must be published in one issue thereof, and when it exceeds that space it must be published as rapidly as it may be, by occupying that space in each successive issue.
1 R. S, 375, § 29.
General statutes in pamphlet
§ 58. The secretary of state shall also publish, as soon after the adjournment of the legislature form. as possible, all the general statutes, in a cheap
pamphlet form, and send them to the county clerks and supervisors for distribution, in the proportion of one for each hundred persons in the county.
This provision, in its application to all general statutes, is new.
OPERATION OF STATUTES.
SECTION 59. When statutes take effect.
60. Effect of amendment.
When stat. ates tako effect.
$ 59. Every statute, unless a different time is prescribed therein, takes effect on the twentieth day after its final passage.
1 R. S., 373, 8 12.
Effect of amendment.
$ 60. Where a section or part of a statute is amended, it is not to be considered as having been repealed and re-enacted in the amended form; but the portions which are not altered are to be considered as having been the law, from the time when they were enacted, and the new provisions are to be considered as having been enacted at the time of the amendment.
Court of Appeals, 1857, Ely v. Holton, 15 N. Y. R. (1 E.
P. Smith's), 595.
Construction of statutes.
§ 61. The rules for the construction of statutes are contained in the Code of Civil Procedure.
§ 62. Any statute may be repealed at any time, Repeal of except when it is otherwise provided therein. Parties acting under any statute shall be deemed to have acted in contemplation of this power of repeal.
ARTICLE I. Classification, number and designation.
II. Mode of election or appointment and term of office.
V. General provisions respecting the comptroller.
X. The duties and powers of other executive officers.
CLASSIFICATION, NUMBER AND DESIGNATION OF EXECUTIVE
SECTION 63. Classification.
64. Military officers.
§ 63. Executive officers are either :
Number aud desig. nation.
2. Special, for special duties in different parts of the state;
3. Local, for a particular part of the state.
$ 64. Military officers are designated and regulated by the militia laws.
§ 65. The number and designation of the civil executive officers are as follows:
A governor ;
A deputy for each of the eight last mentioned officers;"
A state superintendent of weights and measures ;
396, § 6; Laws of 1854, ch. 288 ; * Ib., 1168.
1 R. S. 1169; Laws of 1859, p. 882. Laws of 1859, p. 882.
• 1 R. S., 306. * Laws of 1854, ch. 97.
' Laws of 1859, ch. 311. 1 R. S., 387, § 27; 391, $ 21; • 1 R. S., 425, $ 12.