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611, Bell at heel. A morrice-dancer wore from 20 to 252 bells on each leg.

613. Butts. The inarks at which the archers shot.

614. Robin Hood. At such festivals as this the games ofter. represented Robin Hood and his merry men.

630. Wight. Here probably an adjective, valiant or strong.

632–633. Cf. with the wrestling match in Shakespeare's As You Like It, I. ii.

638. Fare. The manner in which he fared.

641. A golden ring. “ The usual prize of a wrestling was a ram and a ring, but the animal would have embarrassed my story." — Scott. Did he plan the coincidence in that a ring had also been given to Douglas's daughter ?

653. Rood. Rod.

660. Ladies' Rock. A point between the castle and Greyfriars' Church, much used for viewing the games.

680-691. Thus judged ... known. Is this a universal truth ,

692. Gambols. Usually applied to children, or to the lower animals.

709. Struck. hound. Remember Scott's love of dogs. 724. Needs but a buffet. Needs but a buffet to fell the groom. 740. Misproud. Wrongly proud. 747. Ward. Confinement. 752. Misarray. Disorder.

776. These. Antecedent? This seems satirical. See the no bility of nature shown by the Douglas.

783. Kind Kindred. 794. Ward. Ward off. 810. Trailing arms. As at a soldier's funeral. 819. Common fool. Was fool suggested by the French foule; #

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crowd? Cf. Shakespeare's " fool multitude,” Merchant of Venice, II. ix. 26.

830–832. See Marmion, Canto VI., 1. 902: “O woman, in our hours of ease," et seq.

838. Cognizance. Heraldic markings.
847. Loose. Ungovernable.
856. Lost it. Explain what was lost.
868. Vulgar. Crowd. Latin, vulgus.
882. Civil jar. Civil war.

887. Earl William. The Douglas who was stabbed at Stirling by James II.

898. Pennons brown. Explain this closing personification.

GENERAL QUESTIONS ON CANTO FIFTH 1. Find the little touches which make this account of the combat so vivid and forceful.

2. What was the exact cause of the quarrel ?

3. What were the standing causes of feud between Lowlander and Highlander ?

4. Is there any artistic reason for the reference (1l. 301-303) to Rome's empire over this region ? 5. How do you interpret the lines

“ Thus Fate hath solved her prophecy,

Then yield to Fate, and not to me"? 6. How did each co int evince his courtesy ? Was **. to have been equally expected of each ?

7. How does the description of the sports at Stirling afford a pleasing respite from the combat ?

8. Why was this a skilful method of introducing the Douglas to the King and to us ?

9. Make out a careful outline of this Canto, filling in the sube topics :INTRODUCTION.

The stars of Faith and Courtesy shining amid war clouds.

I. On the way to Coilantogle Ford. Stanzas 11.-XII.
II. The Challenge and Reply. Stanzas XIII.-XIV.
III. The Combat. Stanzas xv.-XVII.
IV. On the way to Stirling. Stanzas xvIII.-XXI.
V. The Games. Stanzas xxII.-XXVI.
VI. The Outlaw and his King. Stanzas XXVII.-XXX.

VII. Message of intended Battle. Stanzas xxXI.-XXXII.

The coming of Sorrowful Evening.


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2. Dark city. Stirling.
3. Caitiff. Wretch. Often with a dishonorable meaning.

9. Kind nurse of men. Cf. 2 Henry IV., III. i. 5, and other references to sleep in Shakespeare, notably in Macbeth.

15. Gyve. Fetter for the ankle.
42. Harness. Armor of man and horse.

47. Adventurers. Scott tells that James V. was the first to introduce a body-guard of mercenaries, in contrast to the ordinary Scottish army, which was composed of the barons and their retainers,

53. Fleming. A native of Flanders, a fertile country.
60. Halberd. See picture in Webster's Dictionary.
63. Holytide Holiday.
65. Fray. See hint at close of Canto V.

78. Trent. A river in eastern England. 87. Troll. Sing. An old ballad word. 88. Buxom. Lively. The derivatiov and history are interesting.

129. Glee-maiden. A little girl who accompanied the mediæval juggler, and did tumbling and dancing. Therefore the epithet was gross disrespect to Ellen.

132. No, comrade. How dignified is Bertram. 136. Purvey. Furnish.

152. Tartan screen. The plaid with which she had covered her head.

167. I shame me. I am ashamed. Shame was used thus reflexively in our older English.

170. Needwood. A royal forest in Staffordshire, England. He had been outlawed from England for deer shooting.

183. Tullibardine, A home of the Murrays, some twenty miles from Stirling.

199. Errant Damosel. Like the damsels described in mediæval times, the feminine counterpart of the knight-errant. 212. This ring . . . own.

Prose order ? 214-215. Mean failed. Was not this a lame apology ? 222. Permit. way.

• Permit me to lead you." 234. Barret-cap. Cloth cap. He wore the purse as a knight wore a favor.

242. Master's face. Douglas. It was the minstrel's duty to be with his patriarchal chief.

265. But I loved. " Unless I had loved."

269. Thy Lord. Brent misunderstands him and takes him to Roderick.

295. Leech. Physician.

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306. Prore. Poetic for prov. Latin, prora. 319–320. Lady ... Douglas. Note the order of the questions. 336. Pine. Explain the reference. 346. That stirring air. The song beginning in l. 369.

369. Beal an Duine. 66 A skirmish actually took place at a pass thus called in the Trosachs, and closed with the remarkable incident mentioned in the text. It was greatly posterior in date to the reign of James V." -- Scott.

377. Erne. Eagle.

Study the skill with which the minstrel winds into his subject, and the use inade of the thunderstorm.

404. Barded. Armored. Many editions have barbed.
405. Battalia. Army.
414. Vaward. Vanguard.
447. Serried. Closely packed.
452. Tinchel. A circle of hunters surrounding the deer.
454. As tame. Complete the thought.
496. Doubling pass. Winding pass.
525. At weary bay. Wearily at bay.

539. Bonnet-pieces. Gold coins on which the king's head wore a bonnet instead of a crown.

565. Duncraggan's widowed dame. Cf. III. 428.

567. Naked dirk. Unsheathed dirk. One edition has her husband's dirk” (Rolfe).

583. Truce-note. Signal for stay of battle. 594. Feeling. Part of speech ?

603. Parting breath. Was not this a most appropriate passing away for fierce Roderick ?

631. Even she. Ellen.

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