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Your attention is directed also to the law now in force relative to Notaries Public and Commissioners of Deeds. You will find that while only one Commissioner is allowed to the largest cities in the Union, Notaries are to be commissioned without limit in the smallest towns of the Territory. A new law regulating the appointment of these officers is needed. Appropriations have heretofore been made by Congress to construct two roads in the Territory. One from Platte river to L'Eau qui Court, and the other from the Missouri river to Fort Kearney, but have proved inadequate to complete them as designed. A further appropriation is therefore necessary. The roads are of great importance to the people of the Territory and the General Government, and it is believed that further appropriations will be made and the road speedily completed.

At the last session of the Legislature, the then Acting Governor in his Message made the following recommendation: “A memorial should also be forwarded praying for an appropriation for a Military Bridge across the Platte river. All good citizens ardently desire that the sectional alienation heretofore existing between the two sections of the Territory should cease forever, and will heartily approve the endeavors of your honorable body to contribute to such a result. The importance of the earliest transmission of these memorials to Congress should elicit immediate action."

The subject is important enough to be again referred to.

There are other subjects which will demand your attention and consideration during the present session, and it will afford me great pleasure to co-operate in whatever will conduce to the public welfare. I congratulate you,

gentlemen, upon the present prosperous condition of the Territory. We have enough produce to supply the wants of our own people, together with those of the emigrant, and yet more for exportation to those upon whom the harvest sun has smiled less propitiously. The husbandman has drawn wealth from the cultivation of our broad and fertile prairies by that untiring industry which has in all ages of the world been the sure and certain precursor of a Nation's greatness, power and wealth. But this wealth of the soil sinks into comparative insignificance when contrasted with that wealth which is hidden beneath it—those vast stores of mineral and coal which underlie the greater portion of the Territory. The most superficial investigations prove the existence of coal and iron in abundance. And now hundreds of our sturdy sons of the border are en route for the western portion of our Territory, in pursuit of gold. And giving credence to apparently well authenticated reports from Cherry creek and Laramie peak, a new Eldorado has been opened in our very midst which shall give an impetus to every branch of industry, and eventually make the great valley of the Missouri not only the garden, but the central money power of the Union.

In this connection, the importance of a memorial to Congress asking an appropriation to defray the expense of a geological survey of Nebraska, can but be appreciated. Such a memorial from you will, undoubtedly, secure the desired assistance, and greatly aid in revealing the untold mineral wealth of the country.

The Pacific Rail Road, which thus far has only had its existence in the thoughts and plans of men, will soon become a reality, having a permanent being. And the true route for that road and the true interests of its constructors will most certainly lead it up the rich and beautiful valley of the Great Platte. American energy and enterprise are as determined to carry out this great project of connecting the two oceans by bonds of iron, as they were to bring Europe and America into talking distance with each other, by means 'of the Atlantic Telegraph Cable, and the success of the one only establishes the more certain fulfillment of the other.

Nebraska occupies a position in the very heart of this great Republic, and as she now is the geographical center of the Union, so shall she soon become the commercial. Standing, as we do, midway between the Atlantic and the Pacific, where the wealth and commerce of both oceans shall pay tribute to our people, their wealth, their advancement, and their power is inevitable. With a soil unsurpassed in fertility, and a climate whose healthful influences are admitted by all, settled upon by a class of people whose industry, enterprise and intelligence is fast converting the wilderness into a garden, who shall dare portray the fullness and prosperity of that splendid destiny which is reserved for the future State of Nebraska ?

Since the adjournment of the last Legislative Assembly, the Territory has lost one of her brightest intellects, one whose genius and attainments had inspired his many friends with high hopes, and marked out for him a brilliant and useful future. T. B. Cumming, Secretary of the Territory, has been called away forever.

Having resigned the place I now occupy, my official connection with you will soon cease; I can therefore have no interest, no wish, and no inclination to enter into any local agitation. But, upon the other hand, I wish in some degree to contribute to the advancement and improvement of the Territory.

I shall recur with pleasure to the many kindnesses of the people of the Territory towards me, and carry with me the recollection that I have endeavored faithfully to promote the public welfare.

In conclusion, permit me to urge you, gentlemen, to discard all local feeling, all jealousies, and unite where interests are the same and where opinions can not be divided in passing the laws so necessary for the interests of those you represent.

I hope peace, concord and harmony may characterize your deliberations, and that you may so discharge your duties as to merit and receive the approval of your constituents after your labors shall have been completed.

W. A. RICHARDSON. Executive Department, Omaha, Sept. 22, 1858.

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Omaha, Neb., Sept. 20, 1858.
To His Excellency W. A. Richardson,

Governor of Nebraska: Sir-In compliance with the requirements of the law specifying the duties of the Territorial Treasurer, I herewith submit a statement of the condition of the Treasury.

It will be seen that five counties only, viz: Dodge, Douglas, Cass, Otoe and Nemaha, have paid any revenue into the Territorial Treasury, and the counties mentioned have not paid in the full amount due from them


to this time. Complaints have been made by County Treasurers, of inability to collect the Territorial Revenue, on account of the insufficiency of the Revenue Law, and the lack of authority necessary to warrant the proper officers in forcing the sale of property for taxes. Under this state of things, the propriety and the necessity of a stringent Revenue Law can not be doubted, and it is advisable that the Legislature should enact such a law, and make ample provision for carrying it into effect. It is important for the credit and well being of the territory, that its indebtedness should be promptly met, both principal and interest. The holders of the territorial warrants are pressing in their demands for payment; and the neglect by former Legislatures of making provision for their payment, has caused these warrants to be thrown into the market, and sold at rates ruinous to the credit of the Territory, and profitable to the speculator.

The interest due since July 1, 1857, on the loan authorized by the Territory, remains unpaid (with the exception of $55), no funds having been in my hands to meet such payment of interest.

Respectfully submitted,


Territorial Treasurer.

Territory of Nebraska, in account with W. W. Wyman, Territorial

Treasurer. 1856.

DR. CR. May 14. By amount received of W. Caldwells, Treasurer Cass County,..

$66.30 June 16. By amount received of Isaac Underwood, Treasurer Dodge County,

20.20 do 16. To amount paid I. Underwood, Treasurer, mileage and fees,.

$14.50 do 16. By amount received of W. Hoblitzell, Treasurer Nemaha County,...

30.00 July 1. By amount received of F. R. West on Territorial Bonds,...

4000.00 To amount of Warrants redeemed by Loan Fund,






DR. Dec. 15. To paid Warrant No. 18, E. L. Sharp,... $5.00 do 18.

for books for Treasurer's office,.. 5.00 do 18. do drawing Territorial Bonds,...

5.00 1857. Jan. 1. do semi-annual interest on Ter. Bonds, 300.00 Feb. 13. By amount received of J. W. Pearmon, Trea

surer Otoe County,... July 7. By amount received of Admin. T. G. Good

will, Treasurer Douglas County,.... do 7. To paid semi-annual interest on Ter. Bonds, 300.00 do 18. By amount received of J. W. Pearman, Trea

surer Otoe County, Aug. 13. By amount received of Admin. T. G. Good

will, Treasurer Douglas County,.. Sept. 10. By amount received of J. D. W. Thompson,

Deputy Treasurer Douglas County,. do 26. To paid Warrant No. 9, C. B. Smith,

Jan. 4. To paid G. C. Monell on interest due on Ter-
ritorial Bond, Jan. 4, 1858,..

To amount of Warrants in the Treasury,
received of County Treasurers,






Balance due W. W. Wyman, Treasurer,...

$6097.76 $6097.76


Amount of Warrants redeemed with cash,..
Amount of Warrants received from County Treasurers,

4180.00 1238.21





Sept. 15, 1858. Hon. Wm. A. Richardson,

Governor of Nebraska : Dear Sir In compliance with your request, I herewith submit for your examination, the statement of the issue of treasury warrants from July 11th, 1855, to September 1st, 1858, comprising the total amount issued from the organization of the Territory to the present time: For expenses incurred during the different sessions of the

Legislature, as firemen, engrossing clerks, indexing
journals, &c., &c.,...

$6328.05 For canvassing election returns and a special messenger bearing returns, &c., &c.,..



For incidental expenses, hauling guns, rent of arsenal, re

pairing capital, &c.,. .
For salaries of Territorial officers, Auditor, Librarian and

For services paid for taking census,..
For amount issued to District Attorneys,.

2511.25 2336.25 4913.86

Total amount of warrants'issued,..


Add to the above:
Amount of bonds issued by Treasurer according to an act of

the Legislature,


Amount forward,...
Amount of interest due on bonds, July 1, 1858 (unpaid),..




Deduct from the above:
Amount of warrants redeemed with cash by

$4180.00 Amount rec'd from County Treasurers for taxes, 1238.26


Total outstanding warrants, bonds, and interest on bonds, $15774.95

The foregoing amount embraces all the debts of the Territory, for which the warrants or other obligations of the Territory have been issued.

The necessity for an efficient and just Revenue Law, is so apparent, that I deem it only necessary for me to allude to the same; your Excellency having, no doubt, duly considered the wants of the Territory in this respect.

As a law will undoubtedly be passed, at the coming session of the Legislature, for the collection of the Revenue of the Territory, which law will not in all probability go into effect before next year, I have thought it proper to call your attention to the unpaid taxes of the present year. The Collectors of the Revenue, in the different counties, complain of the inefficiency of the present law, in aiding them in making their collections; and I would suggest the propriety of passing a special act providing for the collection of the taxes of 1858; or so to amend the present law as to enable them to collect promptly, and pay the funds into the Treasury, to meet the present indebtedness of the Territory. Another matter of great importance, in connection with the foregoing, is, the most of the counties have not been able to procure, from the different Land Officers, a list of all the pre-exempted lands in their respective counties, as they have no correct means of ascertaining the names of the persons entering the lands, and a description of the same, except through the Land Office. I would suggest, that some officer be empowered to procure a

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