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ritory, to be assessed and collected in the same manner and at the same time as the territorial taxes; it further provides for all fines for the breach of the penal laws, and all forfeitures, which may accrue on all land and other estates for want of heirs; it provides the income derived from school sections sixteen and thirty-six, or the land in lieu thereof. The library fund may be raised by a tax of one-tenth of a mill, and the school-house fund by a tax of not less than three and not more than five mills on the dollar valuation.

The question, whether we shall have an effective system of common schools in our Territory, will present itself to every member of this body as one of the greatest importance. Our present law, experience has shown, can not be made vital for want of two life-giving principles, and these are, first, the means to pay teachers and build schoolhouses, and second, an all regulating and superintending power to bring the system into operation. Both these defects are effectually met by this bill, and your committee therefore earnestly recommend its adoption.

The establishment of free schools in a free country is a sacred duty on the part of a commonwealth, for the intelligence of the people is admitted by all great minds to be the surest and most enduring foundation of a republican government. The better you pay your teachers, the more favorable will be the prospect to secure such as are competent, and the more beneficial will be the result thereof. Good schools exert upon the eastern emigrant another of the numerous attractions our fair country already holds out for him, and in many instances giving a decision in favor of our Territory, whenever the head of a large family, weighing and considering the advantages of schools and education in his eastern home, stands in doubt, whether he shall give up his old and comfortable homestead and migrate to a new and distant country, where his children may likely loose all prospect to receive even a common school education only.

Your committee, being of opinion that the bill under consideration is particularly well adapted to our future bright prospects of a largely increased population, having the necessary vitality to carry its provisions into practical operation, and also desiring that every member of this House may have an opportunity to make himself well acquainted with the provisions of this act, recommend this bill to be printed before it is put upon

its
passage.
All of which is respectfully submitted,

AUGUSTUS ROEDER,
HENRY W. DE PUY.

On motion of Mr. Lee, It was ordered that one hundred printed copies of the report and the bill accompanying the same be procured for the use of the House.

Mr. Fleming, from Committee on Federal Relations, to which was referred

H. B. No. 38, “ Joint resolution in relation to the extension of the time for pre-empting lands on certain conditions,"

Reported the same back without amendment, and recommended its passage.

The bill was then ordered engrossed for a third reading on to-morrow. Mr. Seymour, from Committee on Agriculture, to which was referred

H. B. No. 40, "An act for the encouragement and protection of live fences,"

Reported the same back with sundry amendments, and recommended its passage.

On motion,
The amendments reported were adopted.

Mr. Gwyer moved to amend the bill, by inserting in section one "two feet," instead of “six feet.”

Lost.
The bill was then ordered engrossed for a third reading on to-morrow.

Mr. Rankin gave notice of a memorial, praying Congress for an appropriation for the completion of the Capitol.

Mr. Gwyer gave notice of a bill, to authorize certain parties to construct a rail road from the head waters of the Missouri river, at or near Fort Benton, to the west line of Nebraska Territory.

On motion of Mr. Fleming,
Business on the Speaker's table was taken up.

C. B. No. 67, "A bill for an act to incorporate the Nemaha Valley Insurance Company,"

Was referred to a special committee consisting of Messrs. Daily, Clark and Stewart.

Mr. Gwyer moved to instruct the committee to report an amendment to the bill, restricting the charter to twenty-five years.

Carried.
Mr. Clayes moved to take up the homestead bill.
Lost.
The following message from the Council was received:

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COUNCIL CHAMBER,

Oct. 18, 1858. Mr. Speaker:

I am instructed to inform your honorable body that the Council has passed,

C. B. No. 3, "A bill for an act to exempt the homestead of families from. forcible sale,"

Also,
C. B. No. 72, "An act to incorporate the city of Dakota,"

Also,
C. B. No. 78, “ An act to incorporate the town of Saint Helena,"

Also, C. B. No. 83, " A bill for an act changing the title of probate judge and to define his duties,"

Also,

C. B. No. 85, "A bill for an act requiring the title of all bills to express truly the intent of the same,"

Also,
C. B. No. 87, “An act to amend the city charter of Plattsmouth."
And the concurrence of the House is respectfully requested.

I have also to inform you that the Council has concurred in the amendment to the House to C. B. No. 57, “ Joint resolution relative to the printing of the Criminal Code.”

S. M. ÇURRAN, Chief Clerk. C. B. No. 7, “A bill for an act to incorporate the Grand Lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows of Nebrasba,"

Was now taken up, and

The amendment reported by the Committee on Judiciary, adopted after being read a first, second and third time. Mr. Kline moved to amend by adding the following:

Provided, That nothing in this act shall be so construed to grant the powers of banking."

Mr. Collier moved to lay the motion to amend on the table.
Carried.
The bill was then passed and title agreed to.

C.. B. No. 70, "A bill for an act concerning the powers of district judges,"

Was read third time,
Passed and title agreed to.

C. B. No. 19, “A bill for an act to change the style of the enacting clause of the laws," Was read a third time, and

On motion of Mr. Rankin, Laid on the table.

C. B. No. 59, "A bill for an act to change the time for convening the Legislative Assembly,"

On motion of Mr. Briggs, Was indefinitely postponed.

C. B. No. 62, "An act to incorporate the Beatrice Town and Ferry
Company."
Was taken up, and,

On motion of Mr. Collier,
Amended by adding to section one the following:

“Provided, that nothing herein contained shall be so construed as to confer upon the said corporation the right to issue notes or paper for general circulation, nor any powers or privileges of a banking coporation."

The bill was now read third time, passed and title agreed to.

C. B. No. 74, “An act to establish a territorial road from Covington, via Crawford, on the Elkhorn, to a point on the Platte river, on the road from Omaha to Fort Laramie.

Was read a third time, passed and title agreed to.

C. B. No. 75, “An act to authorize H. C. Crawford, A. A. Patridge and others, to keep a ferry across the Missouri river,"

Was referred to a select committee of three, consisting of Messrs. Taffe, Bramble, and Collier.

C. B. No. 64, "A bill for an act to incorporate Columbus in Platte county,"

Was referred to a select committee of three consisting of Messrs. Steinberger, De Puy and Stewart.

Mr. Rankin, from Committee on Roads, to which was referred

C. B. No. 33, "A bill for an act to locate and establish a territorial road from Nebraska city to Salem,"

Reported the same back without amendment, and recommended its passage.

On motion, The bill was referred to a select committee of three, consisting of Messrs. Daily, Dean and Lee.

H. B. No. 27, “A bill to locate a territorial road from Rulo to Blue Springs,"

Was read a third time, passed and title agreed to.

H. B. No. 37, "A bill for an act to authorize John H. S. Grove and Charles F. Putnam to run a ferry across the Missouri river, at Ponca landing, Dakota county,"

Was read a third time, passed and title agreed to.

H. B. No. 48, "A bill for an act to locate a territorial road from Ponca, Dakota county, to Pacific city, on the Running Water river,"

Was read a third time, passed and title agreed to.

H. B. No. 51, “A bill for a territorial road from Nebraska city to Pawnee city,"

Read a third time, passed and title agreed to.

H. B. No. 53, "A bill for an act to locate a territorial road from Nebraska city to Platte river, Was ordered engrossed for a third reading on to-morrow.

Also,
H. B. No. 54, "A bill to locate a territorial road from Wyoming to
Salt creek,”

Also,
H. B. No. 46, "A bill to incorporate Rock Bluffs city,"

Also,
H. B. No. 31, “An act concerning limited partnerships.
C. B. No. 87, “An act to amend the city charter of Plattsmouth,"

Was read a first and second time, and referred to Committee on Corporations.

C. B. No. 72, “An act to incorporate the city of Dakota,"

Was read a first and second time, and referred to Committee on Corporations.

C. B. No. 78, "An act to incorporate the town of St. Helena,"
Was read a first and second time, and referred to same committee.

C. B. No. 83, “A bill for an act to change the title of probate judge, and to define his duties,"

Was read a first and second time, and referred to Committee on Judiciary.

C. B. No. 85, “A bill for an act requiring the titles of all bills to express truly the intent of the same,"

Was read a first and second time, and referred to same committee.

C. B. No. 3, "A bill for an act to exempt the homestead of families from forcible sale,"

Was read a first and second time.

Mr. Rankin moved to refer this bill, together with the various homestead bills which have been before the House, and the whole subject matter connected therewith, to a select committee of five, with instructions to report on Wednesday morning next, a bomestead bill limiting the amount of property to be exempt, in kind, without reference to value.

Mr. Clayes moved to lay the motion on the table.
Lost.
The following message from the Council was received:

COUNCIL CHAMBER,

Oct. 18, 1858. Mr. Speaker:

I am instructed to inform your honorable body that the Council has passed

C. B. No. 88, “A bill for an act to amend an act entitled an act to incorporate Nebraska city," And respectfully ask the concurrence of the House therein.

S. M. CURRAN,

Chief Clerk.

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Mr. Daily now moved to amend the motion before the House by instructing the committee to report a homestead bill, limiting in value.

Mr. Rankin moved that the motion to commit, and the consideration of the bills referred to in that motion, be deferred until Wednesday next, and made the special order for that day.

Mr. Clark moved to lay that motion on the table.
Lost.
The ayes and nays were now called on the motion to defer:

Ayes.-Messrs. Davis of Washington, Kline, Lee, Rankin, Roeder, Seymour, Shields, Steele, Steinberger, Stewart, Wasson.-11.

Nays.—Messrs. Bramble, Briggs, Cassell, Clark, Clayes, Collier, Davis of Cass, Daily, Dean, Doom, De Puy, Fleming, Gwyer, Hall, Marquette, Noel, Ramsey, Taffe, Wattles.—19.

Lost.

The question was now had on the motion to amend, as offered by Mr. Daily.

Carried.
Mr. Rankin moved that the motion as amended lie on the table.
Lost.

On motion,
The House adjourned at 1 o'clock P. M.

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