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426;

MARYLAND, grant of to Lord Baltimore, | MicMacs, an Indian tribe of Maine, 310.
(1632), 487;

Mining in the Stone Age, 29.
boundaries and charter of, 487, 488 ; MINUIT, Peter, governor at Manhattan,
settlement of, (1634), 492, 493, 497 ;

(1626), 367;
political difficulties and revolution in, recalled, 435;
(1644], 511, 512.

in the Swedish service, (1637), 466
Mason, Captain John, governor in New-

et seq. :
foundland, 331;

his death, (1641), 469.
received the Laconia Grant with Gor- MIRUELO, DIEGO, expedition to Florida,
ges, (1623), 333;

(1516), 148.
divides his grant with Gorges, 336. Mississippi RIVER, supposed discovery by
MassACHUSETTS BAY COMPANY, estab-

Garay, (1519), 149;
lished, (1629), 518;

discovered by De Soto, (1541), 164.
control of, transferred to America, Mohicans, conquered by the Mohawks and
524, 525.

remove to Connecticut, 440.
MASSACHUSETTS INDIANS, hostility of, 407. MONGOL migration to America, theories
Massasoit, makes a treaty with the Plym-

concerning, 36.
outh colony, 402;

MONHEGAN, Island of, 315;
restored to health by Winslow, 408.

visited by Dermer, 331 ;
MASTODON, found in America, 16, 17.

purchased by Englishmen, 335.
MATANZAS Inlet, French colony at, 190; Morton, THOMAS, colonist at Mt. Wollas-
massacre at, 212, 214.

ton, 423;
MATTHEWS, CAPTAIN SAMUEL, a leader in deposes Fitchter and institutes the
the opposition to Maryland, 503 ;

Merry Mount festivities, 424;
and to Harvey, 503, 504.

twice arrested and sent to England,
MAVERICK, Rev. John, one of the Dor-
chester settlers, 531, 522.

his death, 427, note.
MAVERICK, SAMUEL, at Noddle's Island, 423. Moscoso DE ALVARADO, Luis, successor to
MAVILLA, Indian village near Mobile, 163.

De Soto, 167.
May, Cornelis Jacobsen, engages in the MounD BUILDERS, race preceding the North
American fur trade, 359 ;

American Indians, 20, 21 ;
Cape May named for him, 360 ;

civilization and culture of, 30.
takes the Walloons to America, 366; MOUNDs in Ohio, 20;
governor of New Netherland, (1624), in Mississippi Valley, 21 ;
367.

animal mounds, 22;
May, river of, now the St. John, in Florida, garden beds, 23;
191.

military mounds, 24;
“MAYFLOWER,” the, ship of the Plymouth classification of, 26 ;
Pilgrims, 385 et seq.;

altar mounds, 26 ;
at Salem in 1629, 520.

remains and relics found in, 28 et seq.
MEDFORD, Mass., settled, (1630], 532. Mount Desert ISLAND, named by Cham-
Medici, LORENZO DE PIER FRANCISCO

plain, 323;
DE, letter to from Vespucci, 124. French settlers at, (1613), 324;
MEDITERRANEAN Sea, in early geologic Argall at, (1613), 326.
period, 10.

Moussart, New Netherland patroon, 433.
MENENDEZ, PEDRO, expedition of, against Murphy, Henry C., his investigations into
the French colony, (1565), 205 ;

Verrazano's Voyage, 179, note.
attacks Fort Caroline, 207 ;

Muscovy COMPANY of England, 345.
massacres the Protestants, 208;
builds St. Augustine, 213;
his death, (1574], 220.

NAHANADA, an Indian of Maine, 317;
Merry Mount. (See Wollaston, Mt.)

welcomes the English, 318.
MEXICO, mounds in, 26 ;

Nahant Bay, visited and named Pye Bay
ancient sculptures of, 32.

by Adriaen Block, (1614), 359.
MICHAELIUS, Jonas, first minister in New NANSEMOND, settlement in Virginia, 294.
Netherland, [1628], 442.

NantASKET, now Hull, settlers at, 419.

36 ;

NANTUCKET, supposed visit of the North- | Nıça, FRIAR MARCO DE, visits Cibola,
men to, 40;

(1539), 192.
named Vieland by the Dutch, 360. Nicot, LORD, tobacco named for, 250, note.
NARRAGANSETT Bay, Northmen in, 41; No Man's LAND, island of, 265.

supposed visit of Verrazano to, 178; NORFOLK, DUKE OF, proposed settlement of
visited by Adriaen Block, 359 ;

in Virginia, 487, note.
Dutch trade along its coasts, 366. North CAROLINA, Raleigh's colony in,
NARRAGANSETT INDIANS, their hostile mes-

(1584), 241.
sage to Plymouth, 405.

NORTHEAST PASSAGE, search for by Sir
NARVAEZ, PAMPHILO DE, expedition of to

Hugh Willoughby, 228;
Florida, (1528), 151.

by William Barentz, 344;
NATCHEZ, Miss., fossils found at, 15.

by Henry Hudson, 345.
NAUMKEAG, now Salem, settled by Roger NORTHMEN, discover Iceland, (about 860),

Conant and others, 421.
NAWSET ISLAND (Isle Nawset), near Cape their discovery of Greenland, 37 ;
Cod, 41, 314.

voyages to America, (1000–1007), 41,
NEANDERTHAL skull, the, 33.

42, 45, 47;
NETHERLANDS, the, 340;

fights with Skraellings, 44, 52;
revolt against Spain, 341.

relics of them sought in New Eng.
NEUTRAL ISLAND, named St. Croix and set-

land, 59.
tled by the French, 314.

NORTHWEST Passage, search for by Sebas-
New ENGLAND, first landing of Northmen

tian Cabot, 137 ;
in, (1000), 40;

by Martin Frobisher, 230;
called North Virginia, 315;

by John Davis, 231.
named by.Prince Charles, 328. NORUMBEG A, earliest name of Maine, 310.
NEWFOUNDLAND, visited by the Northmen, NOTELMAN, CONRAD, Schout at Manhattan,
40;

435.
named Helluland, 40;

Nova Scotia, shell heaps in, 14;
visited by Cartier, 181 ;

named Markland by Northmen, 40;
Lord Baltimore's colony there, 486.

visited by De Monts, 313;
New GOTTENBURG, Swedish post founded granted to Sir William Alexander,
by John Printz, 471.

(1621), 332.
New HAMPSHIRE, aboriginal tribes in, 311; | Nuñez, Vasco. (See Balboa.)

first settlement of, (1623), 333;

named, 336.
New NETHERLAND Company, chartered, OCRACOKE ISLAND, on the coast of
(1614), 361 ;

North Carolina, 242.
charter expires, (1618), 363.

OJEDA, ALONZO DE, voyage to America,
NEW ORLEANS, fossils found in, 15.

(1499), 121;
NEWPORT, round tower at, 59.

voyage to Paria, 142.
NEWPORT, CAPTAIN CHRISTOPHER, com- OLDHAM, John, settles on Saco River,
mands expedition to Virginia,

(1660), 335;
(1606], 269;

at Plymouth, 413 ;
member of Virginia Council, (1607),

trial and banishment, (1624), 414;
270;

arrest and punishment, 415;
explores the James River, 271 ;

at Nantasket, 419;
returns to England, 273;

murdered by Indians, (1636), 557.
narrative of the colony, 274 ;

OLOTOCARA, an Indian chief in Florida, 216.
returns to Virginia, 285 ;

OPECHANCANOUGH, 280 ;
visits Powhatan, 286 ;

his hostility to the English, 479 ;
crowns Powhatan, 288;

directs the massacre of 1622, 479.
his administration in Virginia, 289 ; Orinoco RIVER, entered by Columbus,
third voyage to Virginia, (1609),

(1498), 118.
292.

Ortiz, Juan, story of, 158.
New SOMERSETSHIRE, Maine, thus named, Owen, Guttun, a Welsh bard, on Madoc
336.

tradition, 67.

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note.

432 et seq.

OWEN, GWYNNED, prince of North Wales, | Peterszoon OF AMSTERDAM, forms society
68.

for East India trade, (1597), 313,
OXENSTIERN, CHANCELLOR, patron of Swe-
dish colonization in America, 466. Petit Anse Island, fossils found on, 15.

PHILESIUS. (See Ringmann.)

Philip OF Spain, at war with England,
PACIFIC OCEAN, discovered, [1513),

253;
144.

his policy in the Netherlands, 341.
Palos, Columbus sets sail from, [1492], PHILLIPS, Rev. William, pastor at Water..
110;

town, 540.
Pinzon family in, 139.

PHENICIANS in America, theories concern-
Panuco, Spanish colony of, 155.

ing, 35.
PARADISE Point, near Cape Henlopen, Pilgrims, the, origin of the name as ap-
named by the Swedes, 467.

plied to the Plymouth colonists,
Paria, GULF OF, discovered by Columbus,

386;
(1498), 118.

their departure from Delft-Haven,
PASPAHEY, Indian king of, 291.

(1620), and from England, 386 ;
PASQUALIGO, LORENZO, letters of, 134, 136, reach Provincetown harbor, 387;
141, note.

their compact, 388 ;
PATROONS, establishment of the order in settle at Plymouth, (1621), 395.
New Netherland, 430 ;

Pinzon FAMILY, of Palos, 107, 139.
rights of, 431.

alleged visit of one of them to Labra-
Patuxet, Indian name of Plymouth, 401.

dor, (1488), 139.
Pauw, MICHAEL, New Netherland patroon, Pinzon, Martin Alonzo, captain in fleet

of Columbus, 110.
Pavonia, estate of Michael Pauw in New Pinzon, VICENTE YANEZ, captain in feet
Netherland, 432;

of Columbus, 110;
bought by the West India Co., 442.

sails to South America, 123;
PAWATAH, an Indian Chief in Virginia, in the Caribbean Sea, 142.
272.

PiscatAQUA River, English colonists at its
PEIRCE, John, secures a patent from the

mouth, (1623), 333 ;
Plymouth Company, (1621), 403 ;

Robert Gorges at, 334 ;
his second patent, (1623), 412.

forms eastern boundary New Hamp-
PEIRCE, WILLIAM, settles a dispute at Cape

shire, 336.
Ann, 419;

PIZAFETTA, historian of Magellan's voyage,
timely arrival of at Nantasket in

151, note.
1631, 533.

PIZARRO, FRANCIS, among the South Sca
PEMAQUID, on the coast of Maine, 315;

discoverers, [1513], 146.
Indian village in, 318;

Plantius, a Dutch geographer, 343 ;
English fishing at, 325 ;

his discussion with Hudson, 347.
purchased of Indians, 335.

PLYMOUTH, Mass, founded by the Pilgrims,
PENOBSCOT INDIANS, 310.

[1620-21), 395.
PENOBSCOT RIVER, 310;

PLYMOUTH COMPANY, organized, (1606), 267;
entered by Champlain, 314 ;

its separate charter confirmed, (1620),
Jesuit missionaries on, 323.

332;
PEQUODS, war with, 558.

resigns its patent, 336.
PERCY, Sir GEORGE, member of James- POCAHONTAS, different accounts of, 282, 283,
town colony, 269;

285;
in Newport's expedition, 273 ;

marriage and death, 303, 305.
his account of the colony quoted, 275; Point Lookout, Maryland, called St. Mi-
president of the colony, 295 ;

chael's by first Maryland colonists,
his second governorship, 298.

491.
PERESTRELLO, DOÑA FELIPA Moniz, wife POLLARD, ANNE, the first English woman
of Columbus, 99.

at Boston, 532.
PEREZ DE MARCHINA, Juan, prior of Santa POMME DE TERRE RIVER, fossils found on,
Maria de Rabida, 107.

17.
37

VOL. 1.

PONCE DE LEON, JUAN, governor of Porto | PRIVILEGES AND EXEMPTIONS, Charter of,
Rico, 146;

New Netherland, (1629), 430 ;
discovers Florida, (1512), 147;

changes in, (1640), 448.
search for Fountain of Youth, 147 ; PROVINCETOWN, Mass., 263 ;
death, 148.

harbor of, visited by the Pilgrims,
Pontgravé, expedition of, (1599), 312 ;

387 et seg
sails for Maine, (1603), 312.

PURITANS, the, their condition in Holland,
POPHAM, Sir Francis, continues the efforts

370, 379;
of his father, 321.

in England under James I., 371.
POPHAM, GEORGE, commands Popham col. Pynchon, Mr., settles at Springfield, Mass.,
ony, (1607], 268, 317;

552.
death of, 320.
Popham, Sir John, Chief Justice, tries Ra-
leigh, 261 ;

UEBEC founded, (1608), 321.
sends colony to Maine, (1606), 268; Quentin, Father, a Jesuit missionary,
Indian captives sent to, 316;

323.
death of, 320.

QUINTANILLA, ALONZO DE, assists Colum-
Port Mouton, Nova Scotia, 314.

bus, 109.
Porto Santo, residence of Columbus, 99. Quiros, FATHER, a Jesuit missionary, 221.
Port Royal, S. C., harbor of, entered by

Ribault, (1562), 193;
mission from, 220.

RABIDA, a residence of Columbus, 107.
Port Royal, Nova Scotia, colony at, (1604), RADCLIFFE, John, member of Virginia
314;

council, 270;
left uninhabited, 322 ;

his charges against Wingfield, 277 ;
destroyed by Argall, (1613), 327.

Captain in expedition to America,
PortsMOUTH, New Hampshire, settled,

292;
(1628), 333.

sent to Point Comfort, 294 ;
Potomac River, called Espiritu Santo, 220; death of, 295.
Spanish vessel in, 222 ;

RAFN, PROF. C. C., on the discoveries of
explored by John Smith, 287 ;

the Northmen, 40.
Argall's expedition on, 303.

Raleigh, Sir Walter, aids Sir Humphrey
POTTERY, of prehistoric races, 7;

Gilbert, 235;
of mound builders, 28.

his early life, 240;
Ports, Dr. John, governor of Virginia, sends his first American expedition,
[1629), 484.

(1584), 241 ;
POURTRINCOURT,

BARON DE, emigrates to names Virginia, 245;
Acadia, (1604), 313;

sends his first colony, (1585), 246 ;
on the New England coast, 322 ;

his execution, 247;
returns to Port Royal, 323.

sends colony under John White,
PowHATAN, mentioned by Strachey, 257 ;

(1587), 251;
John Smith brought before him, 280, fights against Spanish Armada, 253 ;
281;

sends final expedition to America,
accounts of, 283, 284;

[1602], 256 ;
visited by Newport, 288 ;

his American patent, (1584), 258 ;
his coronation, 288;

letters of, 259, note, 262;
sells lands to the English, 294 ;

introduces tobacco at court, 301.
his death, (1618), 305.

RAMUSIO, publishes Cabot's Discourse, 131 ;
PRESTER John, a mythical Eastern mon- publishes letters of Verrazano, 176 ;
arch, 106.

his account of Verrazano's death, 180.
Pring, Martin, voyage of, (1603), 266 ; RAPPAHANNOCK, early mission on, 222.

his second voyage, (1606), 268, 317. RARITAN INDIANS destroy De Vries's Staten
Printz, John, Swedish Governor at Fort

Island settlement, (1641), 451.
Christina, (1643), 470 et seq. ; RASIERRES, ISAAC DE, secretary of New
his quarrel with the English, 471, 472;

Netherland, sent to Plymouth col-
the Dutch, 473 et seq.

ony as ambassador, 427.

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175;

321.

REMUND, JAN VAN, secretary of New Nether- | Sable Island, attempt to colonize, [1518],

land, 435.
RENSSELAER, KILIAEN VAN, New Nether- French colony on, (1598), 312.
land patroon, 432 et seq.

Saco, MAINE, settled, 336.
RENSSELAERSWYCK, estate of K. van Rens- Saco River, entered by Champlain, (1605),
selaer in New Netherland, 432.

314.
Rhode Island coast visited by the North- SAGADOHOC RIVER, Maine, 319;
men, 41;

bounds the Laconia Grant, 336.
derivation of its name, 359.

SAGUENAY River, discovered by Cartier,
RIBAULT, John, leads colony to America,

(1535), 183.
(1562), 226 note, 310;

Saint Augustine, Florida, founded, (1565),
returns to France, 194 ;

213.
second expedition, (1565), 204 ; Saint BRANDON, mythical island of, 13.
murder of, (1565), 211.

SAINT CHARLES RIVER, Cartier winters on,
RICHELIEU River, visited by Champlain,

186.

SAINT CLEMENT'S ISLAND named and vis-
RingMANN, Mathius, edits letter of Ves-

ited by the Maryland settlers, 492.
pucci, (1505), 124.

Saint Croix Island, French colony on, 314;
RIO DE JANEIRO, Huguenot colony on, settlements there destroyed by Argall,
(1555), 189.

(1613), 327
RIVER OF DOLPHINS, 205, 206 ;

Saint CROIX River the modern Saint
St. Augustine on, 213;

Charles, 183;
Sir Francis Drake on, [1586], 222.

French fort on, 188.
RoanOKE ISLAND, 243,

Saint Dié, college at, 124.
English land at, (1584), 244;

Saint GEORGE's ISLAND, Maine, 319;
White's colony land on, (1587), 254.

Maryland, 495.
ROBERVAL, JEAN FRANCOIS DE LA ROQUE, Saint GEORGE'S RIVER, Maine, 316.

receives a French patent, (1540), Saint ILLA River, in Florida, 215.
187;

Saint INIGOE's, MARYLAND, the Jesuit es-
reaches America, (1542), 188 ;

tablishment there, 512.
failure of his expedition, 189.

SAINT John's, Newfoundland, Sir Hum-
Robinson, John, pastor at Leyden, 379 ;

phrey Gilbert at, (1583), 236.
his farewell sermon there, 385 ; Saint John's BLUFF, Florida, site of French
his letter on Standish's fight with In-

colony, (1564), 198.
dians, 409;

Saint John's Island, discovered by Cabot,
his death, 417.

(1497), 132, 133.
Robyn's Rift, in Staten Island Kills, 351. SAINT John's RIVER, Florida, French col-
Rochester, ROBERT, separatist at Scrooby,

ony on, (1562), 191.
fined, 376.

Saint LAWRENCE, GULF OF, explored,
Rocroft, Captain, voyage of, (1619), 331.

(1506), 175.
Rodrigo, Portuguese geographer, 96. Saint LAWRENCE RIVER, explored by Cai'-
ROLFE, John, his child born on the Bermu-

tier, (1535), 182.
das, 294 ;

Saint Mary's, first town in Maryland,
marries Pocahontas, 303 ;

founded, 497.
the first tobacco planter, 303

Saint Mary's RIVER, MARYLAND, first
Rossignol, CAPTAIN, ship of, confiscated

called St. George, 495.
by De Monts, 313.

Saint PATRICK, legend of his sending mis-
RossiTER, EDWARD, one of the Dorchester

sionaries to America, 36.
settlers, 531, 532.

SAINT SAUVEUR, Mount Desert, 324.
ROXBURY, Mass., settled, (1630), 532. Saint Thomas, legend of his preaching in
Rur, John, voyage to America, (1527], 226,

America, 36.
note, 310.

Saint Thomas, supposed monastery in

Greenland, 79, note.

SALAMANCA, Council of, 108.
SABINO, peninsula in Maine, landing: Samoset sells lands to English settlers, 335;
place of the Popham colony, 319.

visits the Plymouth Colony, 400.

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