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“ This History from New York soon went to England, and I have been informed, that a Publication, with a Continuance of that Work, would be acceptable. I have the more chearfully complied with this Notice, because of the War, threatened from France, believing that a publication of this kind may be useful, whether the present Inquietudes between the two Nations end in a War or a Treaty. The French have encouraged seyeral Publications of this sort at Paris, and certainly such may be more useful in a British Government, where the People have so great a share in it, than it can be in a French Government, intirely directed by the Will of their Prince.

“I now continue this History to the Peace of Reswick, and if I find this acceptable, and that a farther Continuation of it be desired, I shall, if my Life and Health be preserved, carry it down farther; but as I have too much reason to doubt my own Ability to give that Pleasure and Satisfaction which the Publick may expect in things thus submitted to their View, I think its not justifiable to trouble them with too much at once.”

While Mr. Collinson had the matter in hand in 1743, Colden wrote: “If that book could in any measure draw the attention of the Ministry or of the Parliament to regard


the Interest of North America in refpect to the Fur Trade, and the Incroachments which the French are daily making on our Trade and Settlements, I should hope I have been of some use to my Country. For this purpose you may, perhaps, think it not amifs to add by way of Appendix what I formerly wrote of the natural advantages which the Province of New York have in carrying on the Fur Trade beyond what the French of Canada have, and which was sent to you by Mr. Alexander with some other printed papers.

Mr. Collinson does not seem at this time to have found a publisher. It was at first proposed to print it with Middleton's Voyage to Hudson's Bay, but the project of issuing that work fell through.

The war which broke out in 1744 seems for a time to have stopped all further movement in regard to it, but in 1747 Collinson offered it to Thomas Osborne, who undertook to get out an edition.

The following is the title and description of Osborne's edition as it appeared in 1747:

“The || History || of the || Five Indian Nations || of || Canada, || Which are dependent || On the Province of New York in America, || And || Are the Barrier between the English and French || in that part of the World.

With || Accounts of their Religion, Manners, Customs, Laws, and Forms of || Government; their several Battles and Treaties with the European Na- || tions; particular Relations of their several Wars with the other Indians; || and a true Account of the present State of our Trade with them. || In which are shewn || The great Advantage of their Trade and Alo liance to the British Nation, || and the Intrigues and Attempts of the French to engage them from us ; || a Subject nearly concerning all our American Plantations, and highly meriting the Consideration of the British Nation at this Juncture. || By the Honourable Cadwallader Colden, Esq;|| One of his Majesty's Counsel, and Surveyor-General of New-York. || To which are added, || Accounts of the several other Nations of Indians in North-America, their || Numbers, Strength &c. and the Treaties which have been lately || made with them. A Work highly entertaining to all, and particular || ly useful to the Persons who have any Trade or Concern in that Part of the World. || London. || Printed for T. Olborne, in Gray'sInn. MDCCXLVII. Verso blank.

Dedication “To the Honourable || General || Oglethorpe” || pp. iii-ix. Verso blank.

The | Preface || to the || First Part || xi-xiv.
A Vocabulary &c. xv, xvi.


The Contents, 4 pp., without folios. The Introduction, 1-19. Verso blank.

The || History || of the || Five Indian Nations || depending || on the Province of NewYork.

Part I. 21-90.
Part II. Bastard title. Verso blank.

The Preface to the Second Part, 2 pp. (ii), IV.

Part II. 91–204.

Papers || Relating to || An Act of the Afsembly || of the || Province of New York, || for || the Encouragement of the Indian Trade &c. and || for prohibiting the selling of Indian Goods || to the French, viz. of Canada. || 1 ...... VI..... Verso blank. Pp. (1)44. This is a reprint of the Bradford pamphlet of 1724, with an additional letter.

The || Treaty || Held with the || Indians || of the || Six Nations || at || Philadelphia, || in July 1742. Verso blank. Pp. (451–86.

A || Treaty, || Held at the Town of || Lancaster, in Pennsylvania, || By the Honourable the || Lieutenant-Governor of the Province, || and the Honourable the || Commissioners for the Provinces || of Virginia and Maryland, || with the || Indians || of the || Six Nations | in June 1744

Verso blank (87)-152. A || Treaty || Between || His Excellency || The Honourable George Clinton, || Captain


General and Governor in Chief of the || Province of New York, and the Territories || thereon depending in America, Vice- || Admiral of the same, and Vice-Admiral of || the Red Squadron of His Majesty's Fleet. || And || The Six United Indian Nations, depending on the Province of New York. || Held at Albany, in the months of August and || September 1746. Verso blank (153)-196.

A || Collection || of||Charters || and other Public Acts || relating to the || Province of Pennsylvania, || viz. || 1. The Royal Charter to William || Penn, Esq. || II. The first Frame of Government, granted in || England in 1682. || III. Laws agreed upon in England. || IV. Certain Conditions or Concessions. | V. The Act of Settlement made at Chester, 1682. || VI. The second Frame of Government, granted 1683. || VII. The Charter of the City of Phila || delphia, granted October 25, 1701. || VIII. The new Charter of Privileges || to the Province, granted October 28, 1701. Verso blank. Text (197)–283. Verso advertisements. Sigs. (A)-O and B–T.

The third edition, London, 1755, has nearly the same title:

The || History || of the || Five Indian Nations || of || Canada, || which are dependent || On the Province of New York, in America, || and || Are the Barrier between the English and


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