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abstraction accidental accidents according affirmative agree animal antecedent applied apprehension argument Aristotle asserts attribute belong body called cause cloth common common term compared complex comprehension conception conclusion conditional consequent considered consists constitutes contained contradictory converse deduced defined definition denied denotes differentia distinct distinguish distributed divided division Edition equal essence essential example excluded existence expressed extension extremes fallacy false figure flowers formal genus Hence ideas implied included individuals inductive inference judgment kinds knowledge logical major major premiss matter means middle term mind minor moods moral nature necessary negative notion objects occurs original particular planets position predicate premisses principle proposition proved question rational reasoning reduced reference regard relation respect rules sense separate signifies simple singular sorites species star substance syllogism taken things third thought tion true truth universal virtue vols whole
Página 139 - Again ; the mathematical postulate, that " things which are equal to the same are equal to one another," is similar to the form of the syllogism in logic, which unites things agreeing in the middle term.
Página 46 - There are not some names which are exclusively genera, and others which are exclusively species or differentiae; but the same name is referred to one or another Predicable, according to the subject of which it is predicated on the particular occasion. Animal, for instance, is a genus with respect to Man or John ; a species with respect to substance or Being. The words genus, species, &c., are therefore relative terms ; they are...
Página 46 - It is to be remarked of these distinctions," says the author we are quoting, " that they express not what the predicate is in its own meaning, but what relation it bears to the subject of which it happens on the particular occasion to be predicated.