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Monsieur Campagnie marched eight or ten Days. before the rest of the Army, with between two and three hundred Cannadians. As soon as they arrived at Cadaračkui, they surprised two Villages of the Five Nations, that were settled about eight Leagues from that Place, to prevent their giving

any Intelligence to their own Nation of the French Preparations, or of the State of their Army, as it was supposed they did in the last Expedition under Monfieur de la Barre. These People were surprised when they least expected it, and by them from 'whom they feared no Harm, because they had settled there at the Invitation, and on the Faith of the French. They were carried in cool Blood to the Fort, and tied to Stakes, to be tormented by the French Indians, (Christians, as they call them) while they continued singing in their country Manner, and upbraiding the French with their Perfidy and Ingratitude.

While Monsieur de Nonville was at Cadarackui Fort; he had an Account, that the Chicktaghicks and Twihtwies waited for the Quatoghies and Utawawas at * Lake St. Clair, with whom they defigned to march to the general Rendezvous, at the Mouth of the Senekas River. For this Expedition was chiefly designed against the Senekas, who had abfolutely refused to meet Monfieur de la Barre, and were most firmly attached to the English. The Senekas, for this Reafon, were designed to be made Examples of the French Resentment to all the other Nations of Indians.

The Messenger having assured the General, that it was Time to depart, in order to meet with the "western Indians, that came to his Affiftanee, he fet out the twenty-third of June, and sent one Part of

* In the Straights between Lake Erie and Quatogbie Lake,

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his Army in Canoes, along the North Shore of the Lake, while he, with the other Part, pafled alang the South, that no Accidents of Wind might prevent the one or the other reaching, within the Time appointed, at the Place the Indians were to meet him. It happened, by reason of the good Weather, that both arrived on the same Day, and joined the western Indians at Trondequat. As soon as the Men were put on Shore, they hawled up the Canoes, and began a Fort, where four hundred Men were left to guard the Canoes and the Baggage. Here a young Cannadian was shot to Death, as a Deferter, for conducting the English into the Lakes, though the two Nations were not only at Peace, but their Kings in stricter Friendship than usual. But this Piece of Severity is not to be wondered at, when this War was undertaken, chiefly to put a Stop to the English Trade, which now began to extend itfelf far into the Continent, and would in its Consequence ruin theirs. The next Day the Army began to march towards the chief Village of the Senekas, which was only seven Leagues distant, every Man carrying ten Biskets for his Provision. The Indian Traders made the Van with Part of the Indians, the other Part marched in the Rear, while the regular Troops and Militia composed the main Body. The Army marched four Leagues the first Day without discovering any Thing; the next Day the Scouts advanced before the Army, as far as the Corn of the Villages, without seeing any Body, though they paffed within Pistol-fhot of five-hundred Senekas, that lay on their Bellies, and let them pass and repass without disturbing them.

On the Report which they made, the French haftened their March, in hopes to overtake the Women, Children, and old Men; for they no longer doubted of all being fled. But as soon as the French reached the foot of a Hill, about a Quarter

of

of a League from the Village, the Senekas suddenly raised the War-fhout, with a Discharge of their Fire-arms. This put the regular Troops, as well as the Militia, into such a Fright, as they marched through the Woods, that the Battalions immediately divided, and run to the Right and Left, and, in the Confusion, fired upon one another. When the Senekas perceived their Disorder, they fell in among them pell-mell, till the French Indians, more used to such Way of fighting, gathered together and repulsed the Senekas. There were (according to the French Accounts) a hundred Frenchmen, ten French Indians, and about fourscore Senekas killed, in this Rencounter.

Monsieur de Nonville was so dispirited with the Fright that his Men had been put into, that his Indians could not persuade him to pursue. He halted the Remainder of that Day. The next Day he marched on with Design to burn the Village, but when he came there, he found that the Senekas had favéd him the Trouble ; for they had laid all in Ashes before they retired. Two old Men only were found in the Castle, who were cut into Pieces and boiled to make Soup for the French Allies. The French staid five or fix Days to destroy their Corn, and then marched to two other Villages, at two or three Leagues distance. After they had performed the like Exploits in those Places, they returned to the Banks of the Lake.

Before the French left the Lakes, they built a Fort of four Bastions at Oniagarà, on the South-side of the Straights, between Lake Erie and Cadarackui Lake, and left a hundred Men, with eight Months Provisions in it. But this Garrison was so closely blocked up by the Five Nations, that they all died of Hunger, except seven or eight, who were accicidentally relieved by a Party of French Indians.

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The western Indians, when they parted from the French General, made their Harangues, as usual, in which they told him, with what Pleasure they faw

Fort fo well placed to favour their Designs against the Five Nations, and that they relied on his never finishing the War, but with the Destruction of the Five Nations, or forcing them to abandon their Country. He assured them, that he would act with such Vigour, that they would soon see the Five Nations driven into the Sea.

He sent a Detachment of Soldiers to Teiodonderaghie, and in his Return to Canada, which was by the North Side of the Lake, he left a fufficient Number of Men, and a Quantity of Provisions, at Cadarackui Fort.

The French having got nothing but dry Blows by this Expedition, sent thirteen of the Indians, ti at they surprised at Cadarackui, to France, as Trophies of their Victory, where they were put into the Galleys, as Rebels to their King.

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c H A P. VI. Colonel Dongan's Advice to the Indians. Adario's

Enterprize, and Montreal facked by the Five
Nations.
YOlonel Dongan, who had the Indian Affairs
yery

much at Heart, met the Five Nations at Allany as soon as possible after the French Expedition, and spoke to them on the fifth of August, in the following Words, viz.

- Brethren, " I am very glad to see you here in this House, “ and am heartily glad that you have sustained no

greater Lofs by the French, though I believe it " was their Intention to destroy you all, if they “ could have surprised you in your Castles.

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« As foon as I heard their Design to war with you,

I

gave you Notice, and came up hither ** myself, that I might be ready to give all the * Afiftance and Advice that fo fhort a Time 66' would allow me.

*** I am now about sending a Gentleman to 56 England, to the King, my Master, to let him T know, that the French have invaded his Terri<s ritories on this Side of the great Lake, and " warred upon the Brethren his Subjects. I there" fore would willingly know, whether the Brethren “ have given the Governor of Canada any Provo" cation or not; and if they have, how, and in < what Manner; because I am obliged to give a " true Account of this Matter. This Business

may cause a War between the King of England " and the French King, both in Europe and here, 66 and therefore I must know the Truth.

66 I know the Governor of Canada dare not enter « into the King of England's Territories, in a “ hoftile Manner, without Provocation, if he

thought the Brethren were the King of England's « Subjects; but you have, two or three Years ago, " made a Covenant-chain with the French, contrary “ to my Command, (which I knew could not hold “ long) being void of itself among the Christians ; * for as much as Subjects (as you are) ought not 366 to treat with any foreign Nation, it not lying in

your Power, you have brought this Trouble on 1 << yourselves, and, as I believe, this is the only “ Reason of their falling on you at this Time.

“ Brethren, I took it very ill, that after you had “ put yourselves into the Number of the great « King of England's Subjects, you should ever offer

to make Peace or War without my Confent. * You know that we can live without you, but

you cannot live without us. You never found " that I told you a Lye, and I offered you the

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“ Amistance

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