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So that we may still obferve the Influence which the French Priests had obtained over those other Nacions, and to what Christian like Purpose they used it.

The Mohaws Speaker faid, Where shall I seck * the Chain of Peace; Where thall I find it but

upon our * Path? And whither doth our Path us lead us, but into this House;. This is a House 4 of Peace;" after this he fang all the Links of the Chain over, He afterwards sang by Way of Admonition to the Onnondagas, Oneydoes, and Cayugasgu and concluded all with a Song to the Virginia Indians.

The French Priests however still employed their Influence over the Onnondagas, Cayugas, and Oneya does; and it was easy for them to fpirit up the Indians (naturally revengeful) against their old Ene-mies. · A Party of the Oneydoes went out two Years after this against the Wayanoack Indiansgı Friends of Virginia, and killed some of the People of Virginia, who affifted those Indians.. They took fix Prisoners, but restored them at Albany, with an Excuse, that they did not know they were : Friends of Virginia. But Coll. Dungan on this Occasion told them, that he only had kept all the English in North-America from joining together to destroy them; that if ever he should hear of the like Complaint, he would dig up the Hatchet, and join with the rest of the English to cut them off Root and Branch; for there were many Complaints made of him to the King by the English, as well as : by the Governor of Canada, for his favouring of them.

We have now gone through the material Transactions which the Five Nations had with the En

„The Mobaroks Country is fituated between the other Nations and Albany,

D 6

glish, in which we find the English pursuing nothing but peaceable and Christian-like Measures ; and the Five Nations (tho' Barbarians) living with the People of New-York, like good Neighbours and faithful Friends, and generally

with all the English alfo, except when they were influenced by the Jesuits; at the same Time one cannot but admire the Zeal, Courage and Resolution of these Jesuits, that would adventure to live among Indians at War with their Nation; and the better to carry their Purposes, to comply with all the Humours and Manners of such a wild People, so as not to be disa tinguished by Strangers from meer Indians. One of them, named Milet, remained with the Oneydoes till after the Year 1694, he was advanced to the Degree of a Sachem, and had so great an Influence over then, that the other Nations could not preyail with them to part with him. While he lived with them, the Oneydoes were frequently turned against the Southern Indians (Friends of the English southern Colonies and were always wavering in their Resolutions sigainst the French at Canada.

We shall now fee what Effect the Policy of the French had, who pursued very different Measures from the English.


CH A P. IV. Mr. De la Barre's Expedition, and some remark

able Transactions in 1684. HE French, in the Time they were at

Peace with the Five Nations, built their Forts at Taidonderaghi and Mifilimakinak, and made a Settlement there. They carried on their Commerce ämong the numerous Nations that live on the Banks of the great Lakes, and the Banks of the Mifilipi; they not only prosecuted their Trade among thefe Nations, but did all they could to secure their Obedience, and to make them absolutely subject to the


Crown of France, by building Forts at the confiderable Paffes, and placing small Garrisons in them. They took in short all the Precautions in their Power, not only to restrain the Indians by Force, but likewise to gain their Affections, by sending Missionaries among them. The only Obstruction they met with was from the Five Nations, who introduced the English of New York into the Lakes to trade with the Indians that lived round them. This gave the French much Uneasiness, because they foresaw, that the English would not only prove dangerous Rivals, but that the Advantages which they had in Trade, beyond what it was possible for the Inhabitants of Canada to have, would enable the People of New-York so far to undersel them, that their Trade would soon be ruined, and all the Interest lost which they had gained with so much Labour and Expence. The Five Nations likewise continued in War with many of the Nations, with the Chittaghicks particularly, who yielded the most profitable Trade to the French; and as often as they discovered any of the French carrying Ammunition towards these Nations, they fell upon them, and took all their Powder, Lead and Arms from them. This made the French Traders afraid of travelling, and prevented their Indians from' hunting, and also lessened the Opinion they had of the French Power, when they found that the French were not able to protect them against the Insults of the Five Nations. ; - The Senakas lie next to the Lakes, and nearest to the Nations with whom the French carried on the greatest Trade, these people were fo averse to that Nation, that they would never receive any Priests among them, and of Consequence were most firmly attach'd to the English Interest, who supplied them with Arms and Powder (the Means to be revenged of their Enemies.) For these Reafons


Mr. De la Barré (Governor of Canada) fent a Messenger to Coll. Dungaw, to complain of the Injuries the Senakas had done to the Prenab; and to: fhew the Necessity he was under to bring the Five Nations to Reason by Ferce of Arms. This Meffenger happening to arrive at the Time the Indians met the Lord Howard at Albany, Coller Dungan told the Senakas the Complaints that the French Governor made of them. To which they gave him the following Answer, in Presence of Mr. De la Barre's Messenger, on the 5th of August, 1684.

“ We were sent for, and are come, and have u heard what you have said to us, that Corlear “ hath great Complaints of us, both from Virginia

and Canada. What they complain of from Ca« nada may possibly be true, that some of our “ young Men have taken some of their Goods, $1 but Yonnendio the Governor of Canada, is the “ Cause of it. He not only permits his People to “ carry Ammunition, Guns, Powder, Lead, and “ Axes to the Tiuhtuih-ronoons our Enemies, " but fends them thither on Purpose. Thefe " Guns which he fends knock our Bever Hunters * on the Head, and our Enemies carry the Be• vers to Canada that we would have broughtto « our Brethren. Our Bever-Hunters are Soldiers, « and could bear this no longer. They met " fome French in their Way to our Enemies, " and very near them, carrying Ammunition, 66. which our Men took from them. This is # agrecable to our Customs in War; and we

may therefore openly own it, tho we know s not whether it be practised by the Christians 4. in such like Cases.


Ronoon fignifies Nation or People, in the Language of the Five Nations; they Say Tiubtuih-ronoon, Chicbighik.ronpon, Deonondadik-rongon, &c.

When 6 When the Governor of Canada speaks to us

of the Chain, he calls us Children, and faith, I * am your Father, you must hold fast the Chain,

and I will do the same: I will protect you as a 46 Father doth his Children. Is this Protection, to “ fpeak thus with his Lips, and at the fame Time “ to knock us on the Head, by aftlifting our Ene46 mies with Ammunition?

« He always says, I am your Father, and you

are my Children; and yet he is angry with his “ Children, for taking these Goods.

« But, o Corlear! O Ajarigoa! we must com“ plain to you; you Corlear are a Lord, and

govern this Country: is it just that our Father is " going to fight with us for these Things, or is it “ well done? We rejoiced when La Sal was sent over the great

Water; and when Perot was re“.moved, because they had furnished our Enemies “ with Ammunition ; but we are disappointed in

our Hopes, for we find our Enemies are still “ fupplied. Is this well done? Yea, he often for" bids 'us tó make War on any of the Nations 6 with whom he trades; and at the fame Time

furnishes them with all sorts of Ammunition, to * enable them to destroy us.

66. Thus far in Answer to the Complaint the Go-' vernor of Canada hath made of us to Corleår. « Corlear said to us, that Satisfaction must be

made to the French for the Mischief we have * done them. This he said before he heard our * Answer. Now let him that hath Inspection over "all our Countries, on whom our Eyes are fixed, 6 let him, even Corlear, judge and determine. If

you say that it must be paid, we all pay it, bút

we cannot live without free Bever Hunting. 1:a Corlear, hear what we say, we thank you for * the Duke's Arms, which you have given us to

be put in our Castles,, as a Defence to them, - You command them. Have we wandered out

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