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Winter to visit Yonnendio, (the Name they give to the Governor of Canada ;) these Vifits are always made with much Shew. Under this Pretence they gathered together 1000 or 1200 Men. Their out Scouts met with Piskaret near Nicolet River, and still pretending a friendly Visit to the Governor of Canada, as their only Design, he told them, that the Adirondacks were divided into two Bodies, one of which hunted on the North Side of St. Laurence River at Wabmake, three Leagues above Trois Rivieres, and the other at Nicolei. As soon as they had gained this Information, they killed him, and returned with his Head to the Army. The Five Nations divided likewise into two Bodies; they surprized the Adirondacks in both Places, and in both cut them in Pieces.

Thus the most warlike and polite Nation of all the Indians in North America, was almost intirely destroyed by a People they at first despised, and by a War which their Pride and Injustice brought upon them ; and we here see, that all the Advantages of Numbers, Courage and Weapons, is not equal to good Discipline in an Army.

A very few Adirondacks only now remain in some Villages near Quebeck, who still waste away and decay, by their drinking strong Waters, though when the French first settled at Quebeck, 1500 fighting Men of them lived between that Place and Sillerie, which are only a League distant, besides those that lived at Saquenay, Trois Rivieres, and some other places. And since this decisive Battle, the Adirondacks have never been considered

any Consequence, either in Peace or War. The Quatoghies and Utawawas now soon began to be in Want of the European Commodities, which had made them considerable among their new Friends. In order therefore to supply themselves anew, they returned to Trade at Quebeck; and by this Means the Place of their Retreat was discovered to the Five Nations ; and they not having their Revenge satiated, while the Quatoghies had a Being, foon convinced them, that no Extent of Country could set Bounds to that Paffion, when it rages in the Hearts of the Five Nations, for they soon after attack'd them in their new Settlement. The Quatoghies had the good Fortune to discover the Five Nations Time enough to make their Escape, and fled to the Putewatemies, who lived a Day's Journey further, where they, and all the Neighbouring Nations, secured themselves in a large Fort. The Five Nations followed, but, being in Want of Provifion, they could not attempt a Siege, and therefore proposed a Treaty with the Putewatemies, which was accepted. The Putewatemies acknowledged the Five Nations as Masters of all the Nations round them, applauded their Valour, and promised them their Friendship, and to supply them with Provisions"; they would not, however, trust themselves out of their Fort, but sent out a Supply; and even this they did, only with Design to do that by Treachery, which they durft not attempt by Force ; for the Provisions were poisoned. The Treachery was discovered however to the Five Nations, by an old Quatoghie, who had a Son Prifoner among them ; his Affection for his Son overcoming even his Hatred to his Country's Enemics. This Treachery highly enraged the Five Nations against the Putewatemies, and the neighbouring People ; but Famine obliging them to retire at this Time, they divided their Armies into Parties, the better to provide for their Subsistence, by Hunting; one of these Parties in their Chace fell in with a Village of the Chicktaghicks (called by the French Hinois) and surprized the old Men, Women and Children, when the young Men were abroad Hunting; but the young Men, upon their Return, ga

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thering together all the rest of the Villages, pursued this Party of the Five Nations, and recovered the Prisoners.

This was the first Time that the Five Nations had been seen in those Parts, but their Name was become so terrible, that the Chicktaghicks, notwithstanding this Advantage, left their Country, and Aled to the Nations that lived westward, till the General Peace was settled by the French, and not till on that Occasion returned to their own Country.

The Wars and Treaties of Peace of the Indians of

the Five Nations with the French, from 1665 to
1683, and their Affairs with New-York in that
N June 1665, Monsieur De Trasi, appointed,

Vice-Roy of America by the French King, arrived at Quebeck, after he had visited the French Islands in the West-Indies, and brought with him four Companies of Foot; and in September of the fame Year, Mr. Coursel arrived Governour-General of Canada; he brought with him a Regiment and several Families, with all Things necessary for establishing of a Colony. Their Force being now thus confide. rably augmented, the French Governour resolved to chastise the Infolence of the Five Nations; and for that Purpose, in the Winter, sent out a Party against the Mohawks, but these by the Cold, and their not knowing the Use of Snow Shoes, fuffered very much, without doing any Thing against the Enemy.

This Party, however, fell in with * Skenectady, a small Town which Corlear a (considerable Man

among The French call this Town Corlear, from the Pera fon's Nadie who firtt fettled there. It is situate on the Mohawks River sixteen Miles from Albany,


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among the Dutch) had then newly settled. Wheri they appeared near Skenectady, they were almost dead with Cold and Hunger; and the Indians, who were then in that Village, had entirely destroyed them, if Corlear (in Compassion to his FellowChristians) had not contrived their Escape. He had a mighty Influence over the Indians; and it is from him, and in Remembrance of his Merit, that all Governors of New-York are called Corlear by the Indians to this Day, though he himself was nerer Governor. He persuaded the Indians, that this was a small. Party of the French Army come to amuse them, that the great Body was gone dircctly towards their Castles, and that it was necefsary for them immediately to go in Defence of their Wives and Children. This they believed, and readily obeyed; and as soon as the Indians were gone, he sent to the French, and supplied them with Provisions and other Necessaries to carry them back. The French Governour, in order to reward fo fignal a Service, invited Corlear to Canada; but as he went through the great Lake, which lies to the Northward of Albany, his Canoe was overfet, and he was drowned ; and from this Accident that Lake has ever since been called Corlear's Lake, by the People of New York. There is a Rock in this Lake, on which the Waves dash and Ay up to a great Height; when the Wind blows hard, the Indians believe, that an old Indian lives under this Rock, who has the Power of the Winds; and therefore, as they pass it in their Voyages over, they always throw a Pipe, or some other small Prefent to this old Indian, and pray a favourable Wind. The English that pass with them fometimes laugh at them, but they are sure to be told of Corlear's Death. Your great Countryman Corlear (say they) as he passed by this Rock, jested at our Fathers making Presents to this old Indian, and


in Derision turned up his Backside, but this Affront cost him his Life.

In the following Spring, the Vice-Roy and the Governor of Canada, with twenty-eight Companies of Foot, and all the Militia of the Colony, marched into the Country of the Mohawks, with a Design to destroy this Nation, which by their Wars not only prevented their Commerce with the Western Indians, but likewise often put their Colony in Danger. It certainly was a bold Attempt, to march above 700 Miles from Quebeck through vast unknown Forests. The Mohawks, however, on their Approach, Men, Women and Children, retired into the Woods, and all that the French were able to do, was to barn some Villages, and to murder some old Sachems that (like the old Roman Senators) chose rather to die than to desert their Houses.

The French were so conceited before, of their Superiority over the Indians in their Skill of War, and their Weapons, that they thought they could not escape, but the little Honour or Advantage they got by this Expedition, lessened their Vanity, and made them desirous of Peace; and the Five Nations remaining fearful of the French fire Arms, it was without much Difficulty concluded in the Year 1667.

The Five Nations, however, being naturally very enterprizing and haughty, one of their Parties fome Time after met with some French in their hunting, and quarrelled with them. The Indians had the Advantage, they killed several of the French, and carried one Prisoner into their own Country. Monsieur de Coursel fent on this to threaten the Five Nations with War, if they did not deliver up thefe Murderers ; and the Five Nations, to fhew their publick Displeasure at this Breach of Peace, fent Agariata, the Captain of the Company that did C 5


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