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look on it as an absolute Breach of the Chain with us: If the French attempt it give me Notice, and I will march the whole Force of my Government to your Afiftance. We shall find afterwards, how. ever, that the Government of New-York was far from making good this Promise.

The Governor told them, that they had loft much of their Honour in creeping to the French in such an abject Manner ; for, says he, the Governor of Canada's Paper, which you brought with you, fays, that you came in the moft humble and penitent Manner, and begged Peace. To which they answered, the Governor of Canada has no Reafon to make such Reflexions, we have many of his Belts to shew, by which he again and again sued to us for Peace, before we would hearken to him. But, replies the Governor, how .came you to call him Father ? For no other Rea, fon, they replied, but because he calls us Children, These Names fignify

nothing. They desired the Governor not to say any Thing particularly of Cadarackui, in his publick Speech that he was to make next Day, for they had, they said, fome among them that would tell all to the Governor of Canada; and concluded, with withing that they had some one, who could write and read all that the Governor had said to them, that they might not forget any Part of it, when they come to consult and resolve on this weighty Affair at their General Council at Onondaga.

Here we see these Barbarians, these Savages, as we call them, acting with the greatest Regard to the Treaties they had entered into with their Allies, and that at a Time when the Exigences of their own Affairs, and when the faint feeble Aflistance, which their Allies had contributed in the common Cause, would, among Christian Potentates, have been thoughat a fufficient Excuse for their taking


Care of themselves separately, in Breach of the most folemn Confederacy they could enter into. 300

The Sachems of the Five Nations being met at Onondaga, to consult on the Terms offered by the French, they were divided in their opinions, the Cayugas, and Part of the Senekas, were not favourable to the French Propofals; but the major Part was absolutely against allowing the French tô rebuild a Fort at Cadarackui, nor would they con sent to include all the French Allies in the Treaty, with some of which they had particular Caufes of Animosity. ...

The Party that was 'moft for Peace obtained Leave to go to Canada, to try whether they could obtain Terms less disagreeable. They accordingly went thither, within the Time prefixed by the Go. vernor of Canada, for an Antwer; and to make themselves more acceptable to the French, they car: sied thirteen Prisoners with them, and dehvered them up. The Jesuit Milet was of this Number, who had been taken in the Year 1689, and one Jonscaire, who had been long a Prisoner among the Senekas : He had been delivered up to a Family of the Senekas, that had lost some considerable Relation, and was by them adopted. He ingratiated himself fo much with that Nation, that he was ada vanced to the Rank of a Sachem, and preserved their Esteem to the Day of his Death ;. whereby he became, after the general Peace, very useful to the French in all Negotiations with the Five Nations; and to this Day they thew their Regard to his Family and Children.

When the Governor of Canada came to Particulars with thefe Deputies, he could obtain nothing but ambiguous or dubious Anfwers, as to the re building of Cadarackui Fort, and the including of all the French Allies in the Peace. Whereupon he dismissed them with Presents, and made them


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many fair Promises, in Cafe of their Compliance ; but threatened them with utter Destruction, in Cafe of their refusing the Terms he had offered. Many of the French Indian Allies were present, when the Governor of Canada refused any Agreement without his Allies being included in it, and this attached them exceedingly to the French Interest. This Regard, which the French generally shew for the Interest of their Allies, is a Piece of Policy which, upon all Occasions, proves useful to them ; whereas, the Neglect of this Piece of natural Justice has as often been prejudicial to others, who have not had lo tender a Sense of it. But it is not so easy for a weak State to keep up its Honour in such Cases, as it is for a powerful Prince.

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The War renewed. The French repolless themselves.

of Cadarackui Fort, and find Means to break

off the Treaty between the Five Nations and 9. Dionondadies.

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THE Five Nations refufing to come to the

Governor of Canada's Terms, he refolved to force them; and as he suspected that they continued bbftinate, by the Advice of the English, and the Confidence they had of the English Assistance, he thonght he would most effectually lessen that Coa fidence, by attacking and destroying the remainder of the Mohawks, who liv'd adjoining to the English Settlements. For this purpose he refolved to march, in the Winter, the whole Force of Canada against that Nation; but one of the Prisoners learning their Design, made his Escape, and informed the Mar hawks of it. This made him alter his Measures, knowing well enough, that if the Englih were

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prepared to receive them, such an Enterprize would only lead thofe engaged in it to certain Deftruction. He then sent three hundred Men into the Neck of Land between Lake Erie and Cadarackui Lake, the ufual hunting Place of the Five Nations, in Hopes of furprising them while they hunted carelessly there, and at the same time to view the old French Fort there, to observe in what Condition it remained.

• This Party met with three or four Men, who' defended themselves obftinately, till they all fell dead on the Spot. They surprifed likewife a Cabin, where they took some Men and Women Prisoners; and four of them were publickly burnt alive at Montreal. So far the Count de Frontenac thought it more proper to imitate the Indians in their most savage Cruelties, than to instruct them, by his Example, in the Compassion of the Christian Doctrine.. A Party of one hundred and fifty of the Five Nations fell upon the Dewagunhas, in their Way to Canada, and entirely routed them. Ten Prisoners were taken, nine of which were burnt alive, in Revenge of the fame Fate the four Men of the Five Nations had received at Montreal.

This Year also some sculking French Indians murdered some People near Albany and Schenectady.

The Party sent to view Cadarackui Fort found it in a better Condition than they expected, the Indians having neglected to demolish and level the Bastions, and probably they had not Instruments fufficient to do it. The Count de Frontenac therefore, in the Summer of the Year 1695, fent a confiderable Body of Men, both French and Indians, thither, to repair the Fortifications, and to cover those that should be at work. The Five Nations, in August, sent Messengers to Albany, to acquaint



the English that the French had taken Poffeffion of Gadarackui, and were repairing of it. They demanded, in Consequence of the Promise Colonel Fletcher had given them, the Affistance of five hundred Men and some Canon, which they promised they would draw over Land, where they could not be carried by Water. At the fame Time they desired, that the People of New-England' might be told, that many of the Owenagungas

gone with the French to Cadarackui, and that this was a proper Time to fall upon thofe that remained, and to destroy them, and the Women and Children.

Coll. Fletcher came to Albany in September; there, in a Speech to the Five Nations, he blamed them. for being asleep, when they fuffered the French to take Poffeffion of Cadarackui ; it would have been much eafier, he said, to have prevented their getting the Poffeffion, than to drive them out, now they are in it, especially as now you yourselves are convinced, that it is impossible to carry Cannon thither from this Place, All, says he, I can now do, is to advise you to invest the place with your Parties, so as to prevent their receiving any Supply of Provisions : By this Means you may force them to defert it. Then he gave them 1000 Pound of Powder, two thousand Pound of Lead, 57 Fufees, one Hundred Hatchets, three Hundred and fortyeight Knives, and two Thoufand Flints, befides Cloathing, &c. But in my Opinion, the Government of New-York have, on all Occasions, been exceedingly to be blamed, in not having some Men of Experience among the Five Nations to advise and direct them on all Emergencies of Importance. The French are very careful of this, and the Officers of the regular Troops are obliged to take their Tours among their Indians, while the


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