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from Albany, the 12th at ten in the Night. The
Governor got the City Regiment under Arms by
eight the next Morning. It is
231 He called out to know who were willing to go
withqhimn to the Frontiers, they all immediately
threw up their Hats, and answered one and alf.
Indeed the People of this Province bave, upon all
Occasions, shewn their Courage and Resolution in
Defence of their Country; but the Misfortune is,
they are under no Discipline, and have been seldom
led by Men that knew their Duty. The Governor
order an hundred and fifty Voluntiers for this Ser-

, and as many more from Long-Inandi The River then happened to be open by a fudden Thaw, which does not, at that Time of the Year, happen once in twenty Years. He embarked three hundred Men in five Sloops, by four in the Afternoon of the 14th, and arrived at Albany the 17th at nine in the Morning. The fame Day the Governor went to Schenectady, and ordered the Men to follow, but before they could get every Thing ready for their March into the Woods, they had an Account, that Major Schuyler was upon his Return. Several Gentlemen of Albany, particularly Mr. Lanfear, a Gentleman of the best Estate there, went out Volun

tiers under Major Schuyler, which I ought not to, have forgot.

Coll. Fletcher made a Speech to the Mohawks at Albany, be blamed their supine Negligence, in fuffering themselves to be surprised in the Manner they were in Time of War. He told them that 9they had Reafon to be convinced, that the English were their Friends heartily, by the Number of Men he had marched to their Assistance in a very little Time, upon the first Notice. He promised to wipe away their Tears in the Spring, by considerable Presents; and that he would, in the mean while, take care of their Subsistence, by providing

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Houses and Victuals for them. He told them, he doubted they had some false Brethren among them, that gave the French Information, and favoured their Designs; and in the last Place, advised them to convince the French, that they had not lost their Courage with this Misfortune.

The Mohawks, in their Answer, called Coll. Fletcher by the Name of Cayenguirago ; and he was called so by the Indians always after this. It fignifies a great swift Arrow, as an Acknowledgement of the Speed he made to their Affistance. But they appeared in their Answer, to be quite dishearted; they had not, in the Memory of any Man, received such a Blow. They said their Strength was quite broke, by the Continuance of the War; but they added, if all the English Colonies would join, they could still eafily take Canada : Their being fo ill armed, was the Reason (they said) that the French had now escaped.

The French, continued they, arm their Indians compleatly, and furnish them with every Thing necessary for War, as we find every Time we meet with them.

The French had got a great Quantity of Furs, and other Peltry, at Misfilimakinak, by their Trade with the Indians; but the Five Nations had fo effećtually blocked up the Paffage between that and Canada, that they had remained there useless to the French for several Years. The Count de Frontenat, after his Success against the Mohawks, was in Hopes the Five Nations would keep more at home in Defence of their own Castles, and with these Hopes fent a Lieutenant, with eighteen Canadians, and twenty praying Indians, to open the Passage to MiJilimakinak; but this party fell in with another of the Five Nations, who entirely routed them, fo that a few escaped only, to give an Account of their Misfortune ; at last 200 Canoes, loaded with Fuss


from Mifilimakinak, arrived at Montreal, which gave as universal a Joy to Canada, as the Arrival of the Galleons give in Spain.

CHAP. X. The Treaties and Negotiations the Five Nations had

with the English and French, in the Years 1693 and 1694.

S by this Time the Reader may be tired with

the horrid Scenes of a barbarous War, it may be some Relief to observe the Indian Genius in the Arts of negotiating; and see how a barbarous People, without any of the Arts and Sciences in which we value ourselves, manage their Interest with the moft learned, and most polite, and artificial Nation in Europe. The Five Nations were informed, that the Governor of Canada had received from Europe a very considerable Recruit of Soldiers, and of all sorts of Ammunition. This, with the great Lofs the Mohawks had lately suffered, while they had been amused by the English with great Hopes, and very little real Asistance, made the Oneydoes at laft yield to the Solicitations of the Jesuit Milet, to send a Meffage to the French for Peace. It is probable he had the Art to influence the People at Albany to favour his Designs, by giving chem Hopes of being included in the Peace, as may be conjectured, from what will appear in the Sequel. • Coll. Fletcher being informed, that the Oneydoes had fent a Mefsenger to Canada, fent for the Five Nations to Albany. He spoke to them the third of July 1693 .

He first excused his not meeting them as he had promised, at the Time the Sap begins to run in the Trees, by Reason of his having received a Commif


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sson-to-be Governor of Penfilvania, to which Place he was obliged at that. Time to go. He put them in Mind with what Speed he came to their Agitance last Winter, and how effectual, in all Proba-> bility, it would have been, had they anly, retarded the Enemy's March till he could have reached them: He advised them to guard against being drunk, and thewed them the ill Consequences of it in Time of War.

Then he said, “ I have received Information; « that some of the Brethren are wavering, and « inclined to Peace with the Enemy; and am af“sured, that such Thoughts must arise from the “ Instigation of the Jesuit Milet, whom fome of " the Brethren have suffered to live so long among " them, and whose only Practice is to delude and “ betray them. Let me therefore advise you to

remove that ill Person from among you.

In the End he condoled their Dead, and mads them a very considerable Present of ninety Guns, eight hundred and ten Pound of Powder, eight hundred Bars of Leady, a thousand Flints, eightyseven Hatchets, four Gross of Knives, besides a considerable Quantity of Cloathing and Provisions: This Present, he told them, their King and Queen had sent them, and renewed the Covenant for all: the Englis, Colonies.

The King usually sends them a considerable Prefent with every new Governor sent to New-York, which is not always applied as it is designed.. If this Present had been made sooner, it had been of much more Use to the English, as well as to the Five Nations.

The Five Nations the next Day spoke as follows:

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Brother Cayenguirago,

We are involved in a bloody. War, which " makes us fit in Sorrow and Grief; and being

« about

about to fpeak of Matters of Importance, we " in the first Place, clear the Mouth and Throat " of our Interpretess, - by giving her these three 6 Bever Skins.

Then they repeated his Excellency's Speech, in Anfwer to which they faid,

* Brother Cayenguirago, we rejoice, that the

great King and Queen of England, take fuch « Notice of us, as we find, by the large Present "- fent us; we return hearty Thanks for the An& munition especially....

“We are glad that our Brother Cayenguirago « renews the Chain, not only between us and this « Government, but likewise with New-England, Virginia, Maryland and Pensilvania ; it shall be " kept inviolable by us the Five Nations, as long 5 as the Sun shines. We pray our Brother Cayenguirago to have a watchful Eye, that none « of the other Colonies keep any Correspondence “ with the Enemy, but use their Endeavours to de 5 ftroy them. We heard nothing of what you " told us of the Priest Milet, who lives at Oneydog .« till we came to this Town.. We have enquired " the Truth of our Brethren the Oneydoes, who con“ fess, that the Priest fent an Indian to Canada with "Letters, which has surprised us very much.

“ Brother Cayenguirago, you are our great Tree, 6. whose Roots extend to the utmost Bounds of this " Government; we desire you may not be disturb"tied when any of our Prisoners misbehave, for " they are not countenanced by us ; and all pro" per Methods fhall be taken to prevent the like 6 for the future. In like Manner we beg you to “také Care, that none of the Prisoners you have “ correspond with the Enemy, as we suspect the “ Chevalier D'0. did, and that he was sent with “ Letters to Canada by fome of our Brethren. (Ho " made his Escape from Bafton.)


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