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6 Brother Corlear,

The Sachems of the Five Nations have with great Attention heard Corlear (peak; we shall make a Thort Recital, to fhew you with what Care we have hearkened. After the Recital he continued.

We heartily thank Corlear, for his coming to this Place to view the Strength thereof, for his bringing Forces with him, and for his Resolution of putting Garisons into the Frontier Places. Giving five Bevers and a Belt.

Brother Corlear, as to what you blame us for, let us not reproach one another, such Words do not favour well among Friends. They gave nothing with this Article.

Brother Corlear, be patient under the Loss of your Men, as we are of the Mohawks our Brethren that were killed at the same Time. You take no Notice of the great Loffes we have suffered. We designed to have come to this Place to have condoled with you in your Loss, but the War took up all our Time, and employed all Hands. They gave five Bevers, four Otters, and one Belt, as a Gift of Condolence.

Brother Corlear, we are all Subjects of one great King and Queen, we have one Head, one Heart, one Interest, and are all ingaged in the

same War. You tell us, that we must expect no Peace while the Kings are at War on the other Side the great Water. We thank you for being so plain with us. We aflure you we have no Thoughts of Peace. We are resolved to carry on the War, though we know we only are in Danger of being Losers. Pray do you prosecute the War with the same Refolution. You are strong and have many People. You have a great King, who is able to hold out long. We are but a small People, and decline daily, by the Men we lose in this War, we do our utmost

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6148 to destroy the Enemy, but how strange does it seem to us! How unaccountable! that while our great King is so inveterate against the French, and you are so earnest with us to carry on the War, that Powder is now fold dearer to us than ever? We are poor, and not able to buy while we neglect hunting; and we cannot hunt and carry on the War at the fame Time : We expect, that this Evil we fo justly complain of be immediately remedied. Giving nine Bevers. Dans

Brother Corlear, you desire us to keep the Enemy in perpetual Alarm, that they may have no Rest, till they are in their Graves ; Is it not to fecure your own Frontiers? Why then not one Word of your People that are to join us ? We assure you we shall continue to carry on the War into the Heart of the Enemies Country. Giving eight Bevers.

We the Five Nations, Mohawks, Oneydoes, 0nondagas, Cayugas, and Senekas, renew the Silver Chain whereby. we are linked fast with our Brethren of Afjarigoa (Virginia) and we promise to preserve it as long as the Sun shall shine in the Heavens. Giving ten Bevers.

But Brother Corlear, How conies it that none of our Brethren fastened in the fame Chain with offer their helping Hand in this general War, in which our great King is engaged against the French? Pray Corlear, how come Maryland, Delaware River, and New England, to be disengaged from this War? You have always told us, that they are our Brethren, Subjects of the fame great King. Has our King fold them? Or do they fail in their Obedience? Or do they draw their Arms out of our Chain? Or has the great King commanded, that the few Subjects he has in this place, should make War against the French alone? Pray make plain to us this Mystery? How can they and we



be Brethren, and make different Families? How can they and we be Subjects of the same great King, and not be engaged in the same War? How can they and we have the same Heart, the fame Head, and the fame Interest, as you tell us, and not have the same. Thoughts? How comes its that the Enemy burns and destroys the Towns in New-England, and they make no Resistance? How comes our great King to make War, and not to destroy his Enemies? When, if he would only command his Subjects on this Side the great Lake to join, the Destruction of the Enemy would not make one Summer's Work.

You need not warn us of the Deceit and Treachery of the French, who would probably infinuate Thoughts of Peace; but Brethren, you need not fear us, we will never hearken to them: Thor at the same Time, we must own, that we have not been without Thoughts of your being inclined to Peace, by Reason of the Brethrens Backwardness in pushing on the War. The French spread Reports among us to this purpose, and say, that they had in a Manner concluded the Matter with you. We rejoice to be now assured of this Falfhood. We shall never defist fighting the French as long as we fhall live. And gave a Belt of Wampum. .

We now renew the old Chain, and here plant the Tree of Prosperity and Peace. May it grow and thrive, and spread its Roots even beyond Canada, Giving a Belt.

We make the House clean, where all our Affairs of Importance are transacted with these five Otters. an We return you Thanks for the Powder and Lead given us, but what thall we do with them without Guns, shall we throw them at the Enemy?! We doubt they will not hurt them fo. Before this we always had Guns given us. It is no Wonder the Governor of Canada gains upon us, for he supplies 3 ${ {&


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his Indians with Guns as well as with Powder ; he fupplies them plentifully with every Thing that can hurt us. “: Giving five Otters.

As to the Dionondadas setting two of our Nation at Liberty, we must tell you that it was not the Act of that Nation, but the private Act of one Per fon: We are desirous to make Peace with that Nation as soon as we can, upon honourable Terms And gave a Belt.

The Mohawks, before they left the Place, defired a private Conference with the Governor, and told him, that they were exceedingly diffatisfied, that the other English Colonies gave no Affiftance, and that it might prove of ill Consequence. Captain Ingoldsby promised to write to them, and hoped it would have a good Effect.

CHAP. IX. The French surprise and take three Mohawk Caffles.

HE Praying Indians promised their Endeab

vours to reconcile their Brethren the Mohawks to the French, on whom the French expeeted they would have much Influence; but their Endeavours proving ineffectual, their Correspondence began to be suspected. The French thought they did more Hurt than Good, by the Intelligence the Enemy by their Means received. The French in Canada began to lose their Spirits, by being obliged to remain so long upon the Defensive, as the Five Nations gained more Courage by it. The Count de Frontenac thought it therefore absolutely necessary to undertake some bold Enterprize, to shew the Five Nations, that they had to do with an Enemy still able to act offensively : An Attack on the Mohawks he thought would be most effectual for this Purpose, because it would shew, at the fame Time, that the English would not protect



their neareft Neighbours. As this was designed to be done by Surprize, the Winter Season was chosen for this purpose, as least to be suspected at such a Time; and when the Enemy could not, without great Hardfhip, keep Scouts abroad to discover them, or the English give any Affistance.

The Body of the French designed for this Expe dition was put under three Captains of the regular Troops, and thirty Subalterns, and confifted of picked Men of the regular Troops of the common Militia of the Country of the Praying Indians, the Quatogbies of Loretto, Adirondacks, and Sobokies, who live to the Eastward of Boston, making in all about fix or feven hundred Men, so that a great Part of the Force of Canada was employed in it. They were well fupplied with all sorts of Ammunition, Provision, Snow-Shoes, and such Conven niencies for Carriage, as were practicable upon the Snow, and through such great Forefts as they had to pass. The French at Canada have a Kind of light Sledges made with Skins, and are drawn by farge Dogs on the frozen Snow. They

fet out from la Prairie de Magdaleine the 15th of January 1692-3, after having endured what might have been thought unsurmountable Hard thips; they passed by Schenectady at some Distance from it, on the 8th of February, at which Time one that had been taken Prisoner, when that Place was sacked, made his Escape from them, and gave the People of Schenectady Intelligence of the French, who by an Express, immediately informed the Commandant of Albany. The Militia was expe- ' ditiously raised, and a Lieutenant with fifty-five Horfe was immediately dispatched to Schenectady ; but no Care was taken to give the Mohawks Notice, which might have been done without much Danger, by sending up the South Side of the River, whilst the French marched on the North. The



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