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teen Men killed, and eleven wounded. They returned to Albany the eleventh of August.

After the English under Major Schuyler had retired, an Owenagunga Indian came from NewEngland, with an Account of the Preparations

made there against Canada, and that they had actually failed.

This Fleet, which was commanded by Sir William Phips, was discovered in St. Laurence Bay, while the Count de Frontenac remained at Montreal, and thereupon he made all poffible Hafte to Quebeck, and carried three hundred Men with him.

The Fleet, which consisted of thirty Sail, did not reach Quebeck till the feventh of October, Sir William spent three Days in nothing but Consultation, while the French made all poffible Preparation for a Deferice, and, by this Means, suffered them to get over the Fright and Confternation, into which the first Appearance of the Fleet had thrown them; for the Place was not in any Posture of Defence. It gave them Time likewise to draw all the Country round them into the Town: And on the fourth Day Sir William summoned the Count to surrender, who returned him such an Answer as his Conduct deserved.

The English landed four Miles below the Town, and had thick Woods to march through, before they could come at it, in which Ambuscades of French and Indians were made at proper Distances, by whom the English were repulsed with confiderable Lofs. They attempted the Wood again the next Day with no better Success.

The French, in their Account of this Action, fay, that the Men, though they appeared to be as little disciplined as Men could be; behaved with great Bravery, but that Sir William's Conduct was such, that, if he had been in Concert with them, he could not have done more to ruin the Enterprize ; yet his Fidelity was never suspected. In short, this Descent was so ill managed, that the English got on Board again in the Night, with the Loss of all the Cannon and Baggage which they had landed.


The French thought themselves in such great Danger at that Time, that they attributed their Deliverance to the most immediate Protection of Heaven, in confounding the Devices of their Enemy, and by depriving them of common Sense; and for this Reason the People of Quebeck make an annual Proceffion, in Commemoration of this Deliverance.

Sir William cannonaded the Town for some Time with little Execution, and then returned in Haste, Winter approaching; indeed that Seafon was already so far advanced, that he loft eight Vessels in his Return.

The Five Nations continued their Incursions all along St. Laurence River, from Montreal to Quebeck, and carried away many Scalps. At one Time a French Officer, 'with thirty-eight Men, furprised some of the Five Nations in a Cabin, which they had built near Lake St. Pierre. Some of them escaped and informed two other Cabins, which the French had not discovered, and they returned with their Companions, and killed the Captain and Lieutenant, and one half of the Men.

Notwithstanding that the French preserved their Country, these warlike Expeditions, and the Necessity they were under of being on their Guard, prevented their cultivating the Ground, or of reaping the Fruit of what they had fowed or planted. This occafioned a Famine in Canada, and, to increase the Misery of the poor Inhabitants, they were forced to feed the Soldiers gratis, while their own Children wanted Bread.


In October the Onondagas, Cayugas, and Oneydoes came to Albany, to condolo with the English, for the Men lost in the Expedition against Montreal, as they had already done with the Mohawks. They said it was ever their Cuftom to condole with their Friends when they lost any Number of Men in Battle, though they had the Victory. They at the same Time, as they had often done before, complained of the Dearness of Powder : Why, fay they, do you call us your King's Soldiers, when you will not sell us Powder at the usual and reasons able Rates?

And in answer to a Complaint, of their not being a fufficient Number of English sent against Montreal, the People of Albany upbraided them with a Breach of Promise, in not sending that Party down Cadanackui River which they promised, which they said was the chief Reason of the Want of Success in that Expedition.


CHAP, VII. The French and the Five Nations continue the War

all Winter with various Success. The French burn a Captain of the Five Nations alive. THE old French Governor kept up his Vigour

rand Spirits wonderfully, no Fatigue made him ever think of Reft. He knew of what Use it would be to convince the Five Nations, that the joint Attack of the English and Indians had neither weakened him, nor frightened him from carrying on the War with as much Vigour as before. It was absolutely necessary that the

Utawawas and other Western Indians, who came to Montreal to trade, hould return safe to their own Country, otherwise there would be an End to the French Trade with those Nations, upon which the Being of Canada depends; for it is only by the Fur-trade with these



Nations, that they make Returns to Europe; and if these Nations did not return in Time, all the Western Indians would look on the French as loft, and consequently would make Peace with the Five Nations, and perhaps join in the Deftruction of Canada.

Captain la Forest, with one hundred and ten Men, was sent to conduct the Utawawas Home ; he carried with him considerable Presents sent by the King of France, to confirm these Nations in the French Interest.

Two Indian Prisoners, taken at la Prairie, were given to the Utawawas, and carried with them, to confirm the Stories they were to tell of their Successes against the English and Five Nations. These poor Men were there burnt alive, and if I should add, that it was done by the French Instigation, what I shall relate by and by will clear me of the Want of Charity. I believe it was so, in order to rivet the Hatred between these people and the Five Nations.

The Five Nations continued their Incurfions all Winter on Canada. Forty of the Mohawks fell upon Fort Vercheres, and carried off twenty of the Inhabitants ; but the Alarm reaching Montreal, Mr. de Crizaei, with one hundred Men of the regular Troops, was sent in Pursuit of them, who recovered most of the Prisoners.

The Count de Frontenac being informed, that a considerable Party of the Five Nations hunted Bever on the Neck of Land between Cadarackui Lake and Lake Erie, with great Security, resolved to give them a better Opinion of the Strength and Courage of the French. For this purpose he sent three hundred and twelve Men to furprise them, under the Command of Mr. Beaucour, a young Gentleman. The Praying Indians of Montreal were of the Party. This Expedition being in the Winter,

they they were obliged to undergo cruel Fatigues, while they marched on the Snow with Snow Shoes, and carried all their Provision on their Backs. . Several of the French had their Feet frozen, which obliged fifteen to return, with some old Indians, that could not bear the Fatigue ; and it was with much Difficulty that Beaucour could persuade the rest to continue their March. After a March to a surprizing Distance, at that Season of the Year, they surprised eighty of the Five Nations, who notwithstanding made a brave Defence, and did not run before they left most of their Men dead on the Spot. Three Women were made Prisoners, with whom the French immediately turned back to Montreal. Some ftragling Parties went towards Albany, but did no more Mischief than killing two or three stragling Persons, and alarming the Country.

The Trade to Misilimakinak being still intirely ftopt, by the Parties of the Five Nations investing Cadarackui River, by which, and Cadarackui Lake, the Passage in Canoes is made to the Western Indians, Captain la Noue, with a Command of the regular Troops, was ordered early in the Spring to guard the Traders through that Passage; but when he reached the Falls de Calumette, he difcovered the Enemy, and returned faster than he

La Noue had Orders, a second Time to attempt this Passage, and went as far as the River du Lievre (thirty Leagues from Montreal) without any ObItruction, but there discovering several Canoes of the Five Nations, he went back as fast as before.

The Quatoghies arid the Bullheads * having informed the French of another smaller River, which falls into Cadarackui River, and runs to the North, ward of it, by which a Passage might be made to


5* The Bullheads are said to be cowardly People.


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