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On the second of June the Speaker, in Name of the other four Nations, told him, they were glad to see a Governor again in this place, that they had learned from their Ancestors, that the first Ship which arrived in this Country surprized them exceedingly; that they were curious to know what was in its huge Belly. They found Christians in it, and among them one Jacques, with whom they made a Chain of Friendship, which has been preserved to this Day. By that Chain it was agreed, that whatever Injury was done to the one, should be deemed, by both Sides, as likewise done to the other. Then they mentioned the Confusion that had lately been in the Government of New-York, which had like to have confounded all their Affairs, but hoped all would be reduced to their wonted Order and Quiet. They complained of several of the Brethren leaving Albany in Time of Danger, and praised those by Name who staid, and then said ; Our Tree of Peace, which grows in this Place, has of late been much fhaken, we must now secure and fasten its Roots; we must frequently manure and dress it, that its Roots may spread far.
They assured the Governor, that they were refolved to prosecute the War against the French as long as they lived, and that they would never speak of Peace, but with the common Confent. They abhor those that do otherwise, and desired that the Brethren might not keep a Correspondence with Canada by Letters. You need not (say they) press us to mind the War, we mind it above all Things ; do you but your Parts, lay aside all other Thoughts but that of the War, for it is the only Thing we have at Heart. They gave Bevers at the End of every diftinct Part of their Answer.
On the fourth the Mohawks spoke to the Governor, in Presence of the other four Nations:They confessed the Negotiations they had with the
praying Indians, and with the Governor of Canada, and that they had received a Belt from him. Then they restored one of the Prisoners taken at Schenečiady,t as 'the Fruit of that Negotiation. They desired the Governor's Advice, and the Advice of the whole House, what Answer to return to the Governor of Canada ; and lastly, desired the Senekas to release the Prisoners they had taken from the praying Iudians.
Colonel Slaughter check'd the Mohawks for entering into a feparate Treaty with the Enemy, and faid he could admit of no Proposals of Peace. He told them, that the Prisoners taken from the praying Indians must not be restored, putting them in mind, that some of them having been formerly released, soon after returned and murdered several People, and burnt several Houses.
He assured them of his Affistance, and then added, You must keep the Enemy in perpetual Alarm. The Mohawks thanked him for his Alfurance of Affiftance; but took Notice of his saying, You must keep the Enemy in perpetual Alarm. Why don't you say, they replied, We will keep the Enemy in perpetual Alarm. In the last Place, the Mohawks renewed their League with all the English Colonies ; adding, Though an angry Dog has endeavoured to bite the Chain in Pieces, we are resolved to keep it firm, both in Peace and in War: We now renew the old Chain, that so the Tree of Peace and Prosperity may Aourish, and spread its Roots through all the Country.
In the last Place, the four Nations answered the Mohawks.
“ Mohawks, our Brethren, in answer to your « Proposals from the Governor of Canada, we must put you
in Mind of his Deceit and Treachery; we need only give one recent Instance, how he 16 lately sent to the Senekas to treat of Peace, and " at the same Time fell upon Schenectady, and cut 66 that Place off. We tell you, that the Belt sent “ by the French Governor is Poison ; we spew it « out of our Mouths, we absolutely reject it, and " are resolved to prosecute the War as long as “ we live.” Then they left the Belt lying on the Ground.
c H A P. VI. The English attack Montreal, by Land, in Con
junction with the Indians, and Quebeck by Sea.
T was now evident that the Indians could no I Tonger be a mured with Words, and that, unles the English entered soon upon Action, the French would carry their Design of making Peace with the Five Nations, and the English be left to carry on the War in America by themselves. Certainly a inore proper Opportunity of doing it with Success could not be expected, than at present, while the French in Canada had neither recovered their Spirits, nor the Strength they had loft, by the terrible Incursions of the Five Nations. A joint Invasion on Canada was concerted with New-England; they were to attack Quebeck by Sea, while New-York attacked Montreal by Land. The Governor therefore proposed to the Indians to join with him in attacking Canada, for which Purpose he told them, that he designed to send a considerable Force this Summer. They desired Time to confult on it at their general Meeting, which was soon to be held at Onondaga, and to know what Number of Christians he defigned to fend, that they might join a suitable Number of their Men. To this the Governor answered, that he must not communicate the Particulars of his Design to fo many, because they could not then be kept secret from the Enemy; as he found by the
Discoveries that were last Year made to the French by that Means.
It was at last agreed, that the Mohawks should join with the Christians that were to march from New-York directly against Montreal, and that the other four Nations should send a confiderable Party down Cadarackui Lake, and join them before Montreal.
Major Peter Schuyler, the same whom the Indians call Zuider, commanded the Party sent from News York, which consisted of three hundred Men, one half Christians, the other Mohawks and Scahkook Indians. He fet out from Albany about Midsummer. As he was preparing his Canoes to pass Corlear's Lake, he was discovered by the French Indians, who immediately returned to Montreal, to give Information of what they had seen. The Chevalier Clermont was sent out to make further Discoveries : He found the English above Chamblie, and went immediately back with the Intelligence he there gained. In the mean while Mr. de Callieres, Governor of Montreal, did all in his power to give Major Schuyler a proper Reception, by drawing the Militia and regular Troops together for the Defence of the Place. There happened to be a very confiderable Number of Utawawas trading at that Time at Montreal : Mr. de Colliere, in Order to engage them to join him, made a great Feast for them, went among them, and, after the Indian Manner, began the War Song, leading up the Dance with his Axe in his Hand, and shouting and hollowing in the same wild Manner the Indians do. This done, he carried his whole Force, which consisted of twelve hundred Men, cross the River, and encamped on the south Side, at la Prairie de'la Magdeleine, together with a great Number of Utawawas; the praying Indians, and other French Indians. The famous Therawaet being now entirely gained by the
Caresses of the Count de Frontenac, made one of the
Major Schuyler having left forty of his. Men to guard his Canoes, which had carried him cross the Lake, marched on without stopping. He
He got into a Hollow, which led into the Meadow, without being discovered ; and marching under that Cover, he fell suddenly upon the Militia, who were soon put into Confusion, and many of them, and of the Utawawas, who were posted with then, were killed. He pursued them as they fled to the Fort, which he attacked briskly, but was obliged to leave it, by the Approach of the regular Troops who came to relieve it. He received them however bravely, and, after they had lost several Officers and many Men, they retired. Major Schuyler finding the Number of the Enemy much greater than was expected, and being informed that a considerable Party of the Enemy had marched southward, he began to apprehend, that this Party was sent to cut off his Retreat, by destroying his Canoes. It was resolved therefore immediately to follow this Party; he overtook them, and they covering themselves behind some large fallen Trees, he attacked them, and made his Way through them, but with considerable Lofs.
In this Attack the Mohawks signalized themselves, but the Scahkook Indians did not behave themselves well. The Mohawks, upon no Occasion, yielded an Inch of Ground, till the English first gave Way. The French, by their own Accounts, loft, in the several Attacks made by Schuyler, two Captains, fix Lieutenants, and aye Ensigns, and, in all, three hundred Men, so that their Slain were in Number more than Major Schuyler had with him. The Mohawks suffered much, having seven