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of the other Nations, as they come to condole withi you. You need not fear our being ready, at the first Notice. Our Ax is always in our Hands, but take Care that you be timely ready. Your Ships, that must do the principal Work, are long a fitting out. We do not design to go out with a small Company, or in sculking Parties ; but as foon as the Nations can meet, we shall be ready with our whole Force. If you would bring this War to a happy Iflue, you must begin foon, before the French can recover the Losses they have received from us, and get new Vigour and Life, therefore send in all Hafte to Neru-EnglandNeither you nor we can continue long in the Condition we are now in, we must order Matters so, that the French be kept in continual Fear and Aların at Home ; for this is the only way to be fecure, and in Feace here.

The Scahkok Indians, in our Opinion, are well placed 'where they are (to the Northward of Albany); they are a good Out-guard; they are our Children, and we shall take Care that they do their Duty: But you must take Care of the Indians below the Town, place them nearer the Town, fo as they may be of more Service to you.

Here 'we see the Mohawks acting like hearty Friends, and if the Value of the Belts given at that Time be considered, together with what they faid on that Occasion, they gave the strongest Proofs of their Sincerity. Each of these Belts amount to a large Sum in the Indian Account.

The English of New-York and the French of Canada were now entering into a War, in which the Part the Five Nations are to take is of the greatest Consequence to both; the very Being of the French Colony depended on it, as well as the Safety of the English. The Indians at this Time had the greatest Aversion to the French, and they desired nothing so much, as that the English might



join heartily in this War. We shall see by the Scquel how a publick Spirit, directed by wise Counsels, can overcome all Difficulties, while a selfish Spirit lofes all, even natural Advantages. In the present Case, the Turn Things took feems to have been entirely owing to one Thing. The French in making the Count de Frontenac Governor of Canada, chose the Man every way the best qualified for this Service: The English seemed to have little Regard to the Qualification of the Person they fent, but to gratify a Relation or a Friend, by giving him an Opportunity to make a Fortune; and as he knew that he was recommended with this View, his Counsels were chiefly employed for this Purpofe.

By this Means an English Governor generally wants the Etteem of the People; while they think that a Governor has not the Good of the People in View, but his own, they on all Occasions are jealous of him; so that even a good Governor, with more Difficulty, pursues generous Purposes and publick Benefits, because the People fuspect them to be mere Pretences to cover a private Design. It is for this Reason, that 'any Man, opposing a Governor, is sure to meet with the Favour of the People, almoft in every Case. On the other Hand, the Opinion the French had of the Count de Frontenac's publick Spirit, and of his Wisdom and Diligence, made them enter into all his Measures without hesitating, and chearfully obey all his Commands.


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The Five Nations continue the War with the French; the Mohawks incline to Peace; their Conferences with the Governor of New-York.


THE Governor of Canada received Hopes that

the Five Nations inclined to Peace, by their returning an Anfwer to Therawaet's Message, and thought he might now venture to send fome French to them with further Proposals. The Chevalier D'O, with an Interpreter called Collin, and some others, went ; but they had a much warmer Reception than they expected, being forced to run the Gauntlet through a long Lane of Indians, as they entered their Castle, and were afterwards delivered up Prisoners to the English.

The Five Nations kept out at this Time small Parties, that continually harassed the Frencb. The Count de Frontenac fent Captain Louvigni to Milfilimakinak, to relieve the Garison, and he had Orders, by all Means, to prevent the Peace which the Utawawas and Quatoghies were upon the Point of concluding with the Five Nations. He carried with him one hundred forty three French, and fix Indians, and was likewise accompanied with a Lieutenant and thirty Men, till he got one hundred twenty Miles from Montreal. They were met in Cadarackui River, at a Place called the Cats, by a Party of ihe Five Nations, who fell vigorously on their Canoes, killed several of the French, and made them give Way; but Louvigni, by putting his Men afhore, at last got the better, after a smart Engagement, in which the Indians had feveral Men killed, and two Men, and as many Women, taken Prisoners. I am obliged to rely on the French Account of these Skirmishes; they do not mena,



tion the Number of the Indians in this Recounter, but I suspect them to have been much fewer than the French; for when the Enemy are equal in Number, or greater, they feldom forget to tell it. One of the Indian Prisoners was carried by them to Misilimakinak, to confirm this Victory, and was delivered to the Utawawas, who eat him. The Lieutenant carried the other back with him. He was given to Therawaet.

To revenge this Lofs, the Five Nations sent a Party against the Island of Montreal, who fell on that Part called the Trembling Point; and though they were discovered before they gave their Blow, they attacked a Party of regular Troops, and killed the commanding Officer, and twelve of his Men; Another Party carried off fifteen or fixteen Prisoners from Riviere Puante, over-against Trois Rivieres. This Party was pursued, and finding that they were like to be over-powered, murdered their Prisoners and made their Êtcape. These Incursions kept all the River, from Montreal to Quebeck, in continual Alarm, and obliged the Governor to send all the Soldiers to guard the South Side of the River. Nothwithstanding this, five Persons were carried away in Sight of Sorel Fort, by a Inall fculking Party, but they were soon afterwards recovered by the Soldiers. About the fame Time another Party burnt the Plantations at St. Ours.

The Five Nations had conceived great Hopes from the Afittance of the English, as the Magiftrates of Albany had promised the Mohawks, when they came to condole, after the furprising of Schenectady; but the English were so far from performing these Promises, that many of the Inhabitants retired from Albany to New-York; and they who had the Administration of Affairs, were so intent on their Party-Quarrels, that they intirely neglected the Indian Affairs. Indeed the People of New


York have too often made large Promises, and have thereby put the Indians upon bold Enterprizes, when no Measures were concerted fór fupporting them. This made the Indians 'think, that the English were lavish of Indian Lives, and too careful of their own. The Mohawks, who lived nearest the English, were most sensible of these Things, and entertained Notions prejudicial to the Opinion they ought to have had of the English Prudence and Conduct; it is even probable, these Indians began to entertain a mean Opinion of both the English Courage and Integrity. It is not strange then, that the Mohawks at last gave Ear to the afliduous Application of their Countrymen, the praying Indians, who, with French Arguments, persuaded them to make Peace as foon as possible, without trusting longer to the English, who had fo often disappointed or de. ceived them.

The Mohawks fent one of their Sachers, Odigacege, to the praying Indians, who introduced him to the Count de Frontenac. The Count made him welcome, and told him, that he was forry for the Injuries his Predeceslors had done them; but that he would treat them like Friends, if their future Conduct did not prevent him, and gave him a Belt, with Propcsals of Peace to his Nation.

Colonel Slaughter, who was then Governor of New-York, being informed that the Five Nations were like to make Peace with the French, by their having loft much of their

Confidence in the English Assistance, found it neceffary to meet them, which he did in the End of May 1691. There were present at that Time fix Oneydo, eleven Onondaga, four Cayuga, and ten Seneka Sachems. He renewed the Covenant with them, and gave them Presents.

The Mohawks having entered into a Treaty with the French, did not join with the other four Nations in their Antwer.

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