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.. The Messenger from Canada had brought Letters, and some medicinal Powder, for the Jesuit Milet, who resided at Oneydo. These Letters and the Powder were delivered to the Interpreter from Albany to be carried thither, that the Contents of them might be made known to the Sachems of the several Nations. The Jesuit was present all this while in their Council,

Then the Interpreter was desired to speak what he had to say from their Brethren at Albany. He told them, that a'new Governor was arrived, who had brought a great many Soldiers from England. That the King of England had declared War against France, and that the People of New-England were -fitting out Ships against Canada. He advised them, that they should not hearken to the French, for when they talk of Peace, said he, War is in their Heart, and desired them toi enter into 110 Treaty but at Albany, for the French, he faid, would mind no Agreement made any where else.

After this they had Consultations for fome Time together, and then gave the following Answer by their Speaker. | Brethren, our Fire burns at Albany. We will not fend Dekanajora to Cadarackui. We adhere to our old Chain with Corlear; we will prosecute the War with Yonordio, and will follow your Advice in drawing off our Men from Cadarackui. Brethren, we are glad to hear the News you tell us, but tell us no Lies.

Brother Kinjani we hear you design to send Soldiers to the eastward against the Indians there; but we advise you, now lo many are united against the French, to fall immediately on them. Strike at the Root, when the Trunk shall be cut down, the Branches fall of Course..

Corlear and Kinsbon, Courage! Courage ! In the Spring to Quebeck, take that Place, and you'll have

your

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your Feet on the Necks of the French, and all their Friends in America.

After this they agreed to the following Answer to be sent to the Governor of Canada.

1. Yonandio, you have notified your Return to us, and that you'have brought back thirteen of our People that were carried to France, we are glad of it. You desire us to meet you at Cadarackui next Spring, to treat of the old Chain; but Yonondio, how can we trust you, after you have acted deceitfully so often? Witness what was done at Gadarackui ; the Usage our Meslengers met with at Utawawa, and what was done to the Senekas at Utam wawa,

This was their Answer; however, they sent a Belt with this, which always thews a Disposition to treat.

2. Therhansera, Oghuefle and Ertel, do you observe Friendship with us, if you have not, how come you to advise us to renew Friendship with Yonondig, they sent them likewise a Belt ?

3. Tawerahet, the whole Council is glad to hear, that you are returned with the other twelve. Tonondio, you must send Home Tawerahet and the others this very Winter, before Spring, and we will fave all the French that we have Prisoners till that Time.

4. Yonondio, you desire to speak with us at Cadarackui : Don't you know that your Fire there is extinguished ? It is extinguished with Blood, you must lend Home the Prisoners in the first Place. 5. We let

you

know that we have made Peace with the Wagunhas.

6. You are not to think, that we have laid down the Axe, because we return an Answer, we intend no such Thing: Our Far-fighters shall continue the War till our Countrymen return.

7. When our Brother Tawerahet is returned, then' will werspeak to you of Peace.

As

As soon as the Council broke up, their Refolu. tions were made publick to all their People, by the Sachems of their leveral Nations.

Two Sachems were sent to Albany, by their general Council, to inform their Brethren there of their Refolutions, and to bring back the Contents of the Letters sent from Canada to the Jesuit.

As soon as they arrived, one of the Mohawks, that had been sent from Albany to the Council, delivered the Wagunha Belt, and repeated over distinctly all the Articles agreed to with that Nation, and referred to the Onondaga Speaker, being one of thofe fent by the Council of Albany, to recite the Answer to the Governor of Canada. He rising up, repeated over the whole, as before set down, and added, The French are full of Deceit; but I call God to witnefs, we have hitherto used no Deceit with them; but how we shall act for the future, Time only can discover. Then he assured the Brethren, that the Five Nations were resolved to prosecute the War, in Token whereof he presented

Quider with a Belt, in which three Axes were represented. Perhaps by this Representation only three Nations joined in sending it, the Cayugas and Oneydoes being more under the Influence of the Jesuit Milet, who lived among them intirely, according to their Manner of Life, and was adopted by the Oneydoes, and made one of their Sachems.

The Letters from Canada to him were read; they contained nothing but common News and Compliments.

The Mohawk Messengers, that had been sent from Albany, had carried with them Goods to sell at the general Council. This was taken Notice of at the general Council, and gave the Indians a mean Opinion of the People of Albany, and particularly of

Peter Schyler, Mayor of Albany,

Peter

1

Peter Schyler; for it is exceedingly scandalous among the Indians, to employ a Merchant in publick Affairs; Merchants (I mean the Traders with the Indians) are looked upon by them as Liars, and People not to be trusted, and of no Credit, who by their Thoughts being continually turned upon Profit and Lofs, consider every Thing with that private View. As this made a Noise at Albany, by its giving the Jesuit an Opportunity of setting the Messengers from Albany in an ill Light, Peter Schyler cleared himself by Oath, of his having any Interest directly or indirectly in those Goods, and sent a Belt back with his publick Juftification. The Mohawk Messengers had refused to take the Goods, as being scandalous to the Business they went on; but were persuaded, by being told that the Goods belonged to Quider.

The Magistrates of Albany advised the Sachems, to send the Jesuit Prisoner to Albany, where he might be kept securely, without having it in his Power to do Mifchief, but they could not prevail. The Indians were resolved to keep all the Means of making Peace in their own Hands.

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CHAP. IV.
The French surprise Schenectady. The Mohawks

Speech of Condoleance on that Occasion.
HE Count De Frontenac being desirous, as

before observed, to raise the drooping Spirits of the French in Canada, by keeping them in Action, and engaging the most daring of them, in Enterprizes that might give Courage to the rest, had fent out three Parties against the English Colonies, in Hopes thereby to lessen the Confidence which the Five Nations had in the English Aflistance, now that England had declared War against France. The Party fent against New-York was commanded by

Monfr.

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Monfi. De Herville, and was ordered to attempt the surprising of Schenectady, the nearest Village to the Mohawks: It consisted of 150 French Buhlopers or Indian Traders, and of as many Indians, the most of them French Converts from the Wlobawks, commonly called the Praying Indians, settled at a Place near Montreal, called Cahnuaga. They were well acquainted with all that Part of the Country round Schenectady; and came in Sight of the Place the 8th of February 1689-90.

The People of Schenectady were at that Time in the greatest Security, notwithstanding that they had Information from the Indians, of a Party of French, and French Indians being upon their March that Way. They did not think it practicable, in that Season of the Year, while it was extremely cold, and the whole Country covered with Snow. Indeed. Europeans will hardly think it possible, that Men could make such a March through the Wilderness in the severest Frosts, without any Covering from the Heavens, or any Provision, except what they carried on their Backs.

Tho' the People of Schenectady were informed in the Evening before the place was surprised, that several sculking Indians were seen near the Place, they concluded, that they could be only some of the neighbouring Indians; and as they had no Officer of any Esteem among them, not a single Man could be persuaded to watch in such severe Weather, tho', as the French owned afterwards, if they had found the least Guard or Watch, they would not have attempted the Place, but have surrendered themselves Prisoners ; they were so exceedingly distressed with the Length of their March, and with Cold, and Hunger: But finding the Place in fatal Security, they marched into the Heart of the Village, without being discovered by any one Person; then they raised their War Shout, entered VOL. I. G

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