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La Salle (continued)——

(1666, al., 1668), 57, 315, 60, 320; Jesuits hostile to, 1, 35, 57, 316;
receives grant of Lachine, 12, 273, 57, 315; establishes trading
post, 12, 273, 57, 315; project for reaching China, 12, 273; first
western voyage (1669–70), 8, 302, 57, 315; meets Joliet, 50, 324,
57, 315; discovers Ohio River, 315; in Seneca country, 27-31, 71,
294; friendship with Frontenac, 57, 315; sent to France (1674),
315; obtains grant of Fort Frontenac, 315; establishes colony, 315;
Tonty with (1677–87), 63, 304; obtains permission to explore West
(1678), 57, 315; commercial schemes, 315-316; La Motte with,
50, 320; erects blockhouses at Niagara, 60, 319, 63, 304; builds first
vessel on upper lakes (1679), 57, 316; builds Fort Crèvecœur
(1679), 316, 64, 279: Accault with, 280; returns to Montreal, 57,
316; his vessel, 62, 163; fur traders and merchants hostile to, 57,
316; expedition to Mississippi (1681), 316; Récollets with, 1, 35-36;
takes possession for France of Mississippi valley, and names it
Louisiana (1682), 57, 316; visits Koroas, 68, 327; at Starved Rock
(1682), 57, 316, 59, 314; La Barre hostile to, 57, 316; goes to
France (1683), 316; granted men and supplies, 316; expedition to
Mississippi (1684), 316, 62, 272; fails to find river, 57, 316, 65, 175,
70, 223; last expedition (1687), 57, 316, 65, 270; death (1687), I, 36,
57, 316, 63, 304, 306; sketch, 57, 315-317, 60, 319-320. His assas-
sins flee to Assenais, 65, 157, 177; fate of colony, 71, 378; friend-
ship with Villermont, 63, 303; transfers title to Wolfe Island, 71,
378; character, 57, 316. Books concerning - 57, 316–317, 71, 294;
memoir of expenses at Fort Frontenac, cited, 21, 315; voyages,
71, 252, 262, 317, 322, 339; biography, 334, 337. Writings - extract
from letter, 57, 317; memoirs and letters, 71, 251, 253; Relation,
cited, 65, 173.

Lascaris, Charles Emmanuel de, marquis of Urfé and Baugé, 63, 300.
Lascaris, Louis de, son of Charles: becomes Sulpitian, 63, 300.

La Saussaye, -, 2, 267, 281, 310, 4, 35, 233; head of Jesuit expe-
dition and settlement at St. Sauveur, 1, 229, 313, 2, 247, 3, 261;
neglects defenses of colony, 2, 249-251; cultivates land, 273; Eng-
lish attack, 229, 3, 279; commission stolen, 2, 255, 4, 9, 33; treats
with Argall, 2, 261, 4, 21; sent to France, 1, 231, 2, 263–265, 4, 23,
35; seeks redress in England, 79; his lieutenant, 65, 271.
La Sauzaie,

Laseur,

ship-captain: commands "Charante," 68, 231.
secular priest, 66, 33.

La Sitiere (Citiere). See Lauson, Louis de.

L'Assomption, Anne (Leriche) de, Hospital nun: arrives at Quebec,
32, 135, 312.

L'Assomption (Jérémie Islets, q.v.), French settlement: André
reconstructs church at, 57, 318. See also Jesuits: missions.

Lateran, council of: its canon, 32, 83.

La Tesserie, Jacques Descailhaut, sieur de: returns from Tadoussac,
47, 293; interpreter in New Holland, 50, 191; member of Quebec
council, 207; sketch, 325.

Latham, R. G., ethnologist: cited, 68, 329.

Lathe, used by Rale, 67, 245.

Lathing, contract for, at Detroit mission, 70, 31.

Latin: language, 46, 71, 61, 249; conjugation compared to Huron,
10, 121; taught in Quebec, 41, 231; lexicon of late, 71, 351. Play,
performed, 51, 147; school, maintained by Jesuits in New York,
64, 280.

La Touche: heirs, lands belonging to, 71, 83. See also Aulneau,
Mme.

La Tour,

La Tour, sieur

Jesuit servant: accompanies Allouez, 49, 161.
captain in Carignan regiment: gives drummer

to Jesuits, 49, 161–163.
La Tour, Charles Amador de, Huguenot and early Acadian settler,
30, 159; arrives in Acadia, 28, 318; with Indians, 319; Biencourt
appoints, as successor in Acadia, 319; lieutenant of Razilly (1632),
8, 288, 9, 309, 28, 319; quarrel with D'Aulnay, 319; seeks aid
from English colonies (1643), 319; allowed to enlist volunteers
in Massachusetts, 36, 243; aided by Gibbons, 101, 242; property
seized by D'Aulnay, 242; wife defends fort, 28, 319; expelled
from Acadia (1645, not 1646), 319, 30, 304; seeks refuge at
Quebec, 28, 223, 319; at Montreal, 30, 183; goes to war (1648),
32, 81; in religious procession, 91; in fur trade, 36, 242; gifts of,
to Quebec parish church, 42, 277; Gibbons writes to, 36, 93;
returns to Acadia (1651), 247; marries Mme. D'Aulnay, 247;
friendly to Denys, 37, 99; letters from, 113, 38, 179; aids Bourdon,
175; English capture (1655), 41, 257; sketch, 28, 318–319; descen-
dants, 3, 296.

La Tour, Mme. Charles Amador de: defends husband's fort, 28,
319; death, 319.

La Tour, Claude, father of Charles: in Acadia, 28, 318.

Latour (La Tour), Pierre. See Gournay.

La Tour, Pierre Urbain de, Jesuit scholastic, 71, 133; sketch, 161.
La Tour family, 71, 302.

La Treille,

de: sponsor in baptism, 9, 59; at Three Rivers, 306.
La Tremblade, capture of fisherman from, 36, 97.

Latrobe, Christian Ignatius, translator of Loskiel, 12, 271, 71, 288.
La Troche, M. and Mme. -, parents of Marie de St. Joseph,
Ursuline nun, 38, 69-79; live in Anjou, 69; permit daughter to
become nun, 81-87; oppose her voyage to Canada, 103-105, 145-
147; aid Indians, 143.

La Tronchaie,
L'Auberivière (Lauberivière), François Louis Pourroy de, fifth
bishop of Quebec: consecration, 69, 285; death, 47, 285; biog-
raphy, 285, 71, 262.

sieur de, friend of Bertrand, 1, 46, 119.

L'Aubiniere, sieur

conduct, 231-233.

de, arrives in Canada, 28, 231-233; evil

Laudonnière (Laudonière), René de, early French colonizer: in
Florida, 1, 3, 4, 105, 254.

Launay,

de, captain of grenadiers: in charge of military sup-

plies, 70, 165.
Launay, Alain Xavier de, Jesuit in France: agent for Quebec Ursu-
lines, 71, 21-23, 29-31; asks for news from Quebec, 49; preaches
at Ursuline convents, 51; says masses, 53; Well writes to, 25-27,
207; sketch, 387. Letter, cited, 71, 399; letters to Ursulines (1759–
60, 1768), 11-12, 21-23, 29-31, 49-55, 207, 383.

Launay, E. L. Couanier de: Relig. hosp. de Saint-Joseph, cited,
16, 255, 21, 312, 41, 258, 71, 307.

Launay, Pierre de, 32, 77; agent of Hundred Associates, 8, 312;
sponsor in baptism, 267; marriage, 312, 12, 275, 27, 97; leaves for
Tadoussac, 28, 189; Indians complain of, 8, 312, 28, 205; at
Quebec, 223; slain by Iroquois (1654), 8, 312; sketch, 312.
Launay, seigneur de. See Razilly, Claude.

LAURE, Pierre (Peter Michael), Jesuit, 71, 133; arrives in Canada
(1711), 68, 326; instructor at Quebec college (1711-15), 327; in
charge of library (1716), 327; ordained (1719), 327; reopens Sague-
nay mission (1720), 327; spends life in Saguenay region, I, 16, 59,
305, 68, 327; at Quebec, 25, 57-59; at Chicoutimi, 25-27, 51-77,
107-115; at Tadoussac, 35, 39, 79-83; on Saguenay River, 35-39;
at N. D. de Bon Désir, 83, 99; sends picture to Bégon, 87; winters
with Montagnais, 95; proposes education of Montagnais children,
III; proposes mission to Labrador, 115-117; erects cross over
Malherbe's grave, 71, 147; cartographer, 68, 327; death (1738), 327,
69, 129; sketch, 68, 326–327, 71, 162–163.

Writings, maps, and compilations: compiles Montagnais gram-
mar and dictionary, 1, 17; composes Montagnais catechism and
hymns, 68, 57; makes map of Saguenay region, 325; autograph
maps (1731, 1732, and 1733), cited, 59, 305-306 (see also Cartography
and maps). Journal, cited, 68, 326. Rel. du Saguenay (1720–
30), 68, 7-12, 25-117, 321, 325, 71, 205.

Laurel: as figure of speech, 38, 147; tree compared with, 43, 259;
oil, needed at hospital, 49, 205; wild, 67, 89 (see also Bayberry).
Laurence, Marie, marriage, 36, 245.

Laurette. See Lorette.

Laurus Camphora, 49, 276. See Camphor.

See Sassafras.

Laurus Sassafras, 43, 325.
Lauson, Catherine (Marie) de (née Nau): wife of Louis de Lauson,
36, 249, 45, 270; marries sieur du Menu, 270; goes to France, 107.
Lauson, Charles de, councilor of state (1636), 42, 300.
Lauson, Charles de, sieur de Charny (Charni), son of Jean, père,
43, 31; arrives in Canada (1652), 37, 107; title in New France,
265; marriage, 6, 327, 37, 113, 265; owns seigniory on Orleans
Island, 265; gifts to parish church, 42, 283, 287; governor ad
interim of New France (1656-57), 37, 266, 43, 323, 71, 116; grants
land to Mézeray (1656), 27, 313; confers with Iroquois, 43, 191,
195; attracted by religious life, 37, 266; first prefect of Congrega-
tion of Our Lady, 266, 43, 29; at Three Rivers, 42, 253, 43, 35;
orders to Frenchmen, 27; leaves office to D'Ailleboust (1657),
323; returns to France, (1657) 23, 328, 37, 266, 43, 59, 323, 71, 374,
(1666) 37, 266, 50, 203; enters priesthood, 37, 266; returns to Can-
ada with Laval (1659), 266, 45, 99; officiates at services, 125, 139-
143, 167; accompanies Laval to Three Rivers, 161; grand vicar
(1660), 37, 266, 45, 165, 49, 203; attends sick, 46, 163; in religious
procession, 47, 285; with Jesuits, 48, 233; with Laval, 233; direct-
or of Hospital nuns, 50, 153; sketch, 37, 265-266; his daughter
becomes Hospital nun, 265.

Lauson (Lauzon), Jean de, fifth governor of New France, 41, 23, 49,
53, 59, 89, 109, 115, 247, 253, 42, 49, 53, 55, 43, 25, 127, 165; one of
Hundred Associates, 4, 257, 6, 35, 325, 47. 269; official dignities,
6, 325; one of Cheffault-Rosée Company, 5, 288; receives grant of
Côte de Lauson (1636), 292; in land company (1636), 9, 307; ac-
count of campaign addressed to, 8, 311; friendly to Jesuits, 6, 35,
41, 325; asks Jesuits to remove to Three Rivers, 77; forbids send-
ing Indians to France, 85; acquires Montreal Island, 325, 12,
273; transfers Montreal Island (1640), 6, 325, 12, 273, 21, 311; con-
cedes and sells lands to Jesuits, (1647) 34, 55, 47, 269, (1652) 269,
(1653) 261, (1654) 265, 71, 87, (1656) 47, 263, (in Iroquois country,
1656) 41, 245-247; appointed governor of New France (1651), 6,
325, 46, 215; advocates choice of Charles Lalemant as bishop, 36,
71; arrives in Canada (1751), 6, 325, 36, 145, 161, 42, 300; wel-
comed at Jesuit college, 36, 147; marriage, 6, 325 (erratum, see
71, 370); land granted to (1652), 8, 305; at funeral of Ursuline
nun, 37, 95; at Montreal, 99; at Three Rivers, 99, 38, 173, 40,
101; sponsor in baptism, 37, 103; with Jesuits, 119; requests
prayers, 38, 159; present at announcement of Rouen's ecclesias-
tical authority over Canada, 185, 189; at peace conferences, 195,
40, 165-167, 177, 185-191; policy toward Iroquois, 38, 199, 42, 59;
requests Jesuits to fortify house (1653), 38, 295; writes to Dutch
governor (1653), 40, 143; permits Radisson and Groseilliers to

Lauson (continued)—

make explorations (1654), 42, 219; colonizing plans, 41, 39, 133,
43, 131; harangues Onondagas, 41, 63; provisions for, 211; sends
garrison to Onondaga, 49, 257; Iroquois given to, 44, 213; resigns
governorship (1656), 43, 323; leaves son in charge, 323; returns
to France (1656), 323; term as governor (1651-56), 6, 325, 71, 116;
death of his child, 46, 211; controversy regarding marriage, 23,
328, 32, 313, 43, 323; long term of service for New France, 46,
211; death (1666), 6, 325; sketch, 325; character, 325. Writings-
document authorizing Quebec Jesuits to fortify house, 71, 230.
Concession des Terres, 41, 16, 245-247, 253, 71, 192.
Lauson, Jean de, fils : marriage, 6, 325, 36, 147, 248–249, 37, 264,
71, 370; grand seneschal of New France, 36, 145, 248–249, 41, 247,
258; office created for, 36, 248-249; dines with Jesuits, 145; at
Three Rivers, 37, 93, 115; child born to, 115; attends church
services, 43, 31; slain by Iroquois (1661), 36, 249, 46, 179, 211-215,
47, 107; daughters become nuns, 36, 249; marriage of widow,
48, 296; sketch, 36, 248-249, 46, 215.

Lauson, Louis de, sieur de la Citière (Sitiere), son of Jean, père :
dines with Jesuits, 36, 145; canoe upsets, 95; marriage and death,
249; marriage of widow, 45, 270; sketch, 36, 249.

Lauson, Marie de, becomes a nun, 37, 265.

Lauzon (Lauson), Pierre (Jean) de, Jesuit, 71, 133; voyage across
Atlantic, 68, 227-229; arrives in Canada (1716), 67, 335, 68, 229;
at Sault St. Louis, 67, 77–81, 335, 68, 231, 269, 69, 41, 45-47; with-
drawn from Sault St. Louis, 67, 73, 79; Julien Garnier writes to
(1721), 13-14, 67-71, 328, 71, 213; superior of Canadian missions
(1732-39), 67, 335, 68, 237, 249; sends Aulneau to western tribes,
237, 249; attempts to resign office, 281; Aulneau sends respects
to, 305; at Quebec, 69, 57; death (1742), 67, 335; sketch, 335, 71,
125, 165.

Lauverjat (Lauverjeat), Étienne (Stephen), Jesuit, 71, 133; arrives
in Canada (1711), 66, 345; at Abenaki missions, 1, 15, 66, 205-207,
345, 69, 79; at Quebec college (1756), 70, 83; death (1761), 71, 163,
399; sketch, 66, 345, 71, 163.

Lauzier (Lozier), Guillaume, Jesuit brother, 71, 133; sketch, 148.
La Vacherie (cattle-pen): name given to Point aux Lièvres, 28, 317;
Jesuits' cattle-pen located at, 317; wood felled on lands of, 201;
increase in lands of, promised, 209; additional lands at, granted
Jesuits, 217-219.

La Val, Anne de, sponsor in baptism, 2, 161.

Laval, Antoine, Jesuit: sketch, 72, 18–19.

Laval de Montmorency, Mgr. François de, first bishop of New France,

16, 258, 45, 57, 71, 109, 119, 131, 139, 271, 46, 113, 183-187, 47,

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