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Schoolcraft, Henry R., American ethnologist, 9, 308, 12, 271, 54, 307. Algic Researches, cited, 5, 286, 10, 320, 71, 268. Amer. Indians, 71, 271. Hiawatha, 12, 270, 71, 278. Hist. Ind. Tribes, cited, I, 310, 5, 283-286, 6, 328-330, 69, 297, 71, 271. Notes on Iroquois, 21, 313, 71, 294. Thirty Years, 71, 271. Western Scenes, 71, 278.

Onéota, 71, 268.

Schoudon, Etechemin chief: friendly to French, 3, 298; his name after death, 131. See also Chkoudun.

Schuyler, Peter: first mayor of Albany, 64, 277; confers with Milet, 103.

Sciana (weakfish, maigre), 32, 312.

Scillery, 36, 83, 89. See Sillery.

Scioto, 69, 298. See Sinhioto.

Scioux, 65, 173, 187, 227, 66, 31, 39, 289, 68, 299, 313. See Sioux. Scissors, given to cure sick, 43, 267; needed in hospital, 49, 209. Sciurida, zoological order, 6, 329.

Scot, Dominique, Jesuit brother, 21, 291, 71, 136; arrives in Canada (1639), 18, 73-75; with Hurons, 22, 87; returns to France (1645), 87; sketch, 71, 143.

Scotch: in settlement of Acadia, 4, 270, 71, 309; heresy among, 4. 115; at Nipisiguit, 24, 310; at Fort Orange, 40, 143–145; in British army, 71, 25.

Scotland, 66, 189, 67. 339; Jesuits in, 71, 25.

Scott, Rev. Henry A., Canadian writer: aid from, acknowledged, - 72, II. N.-D. de Sainte Foye, 71, 311.

Scott, Thomas, member of commission of inquiry, 71, 93.

Scow, used at a ferry, 71, 69.

Scrofula, among Indians, 6, 263, 25, 129, 41, 195, 65, 47, 68, 61–63. Scull, Gideon D.: editor, 71, 259.

Scurvy (mal de terre): described, 3, 51; causes, 53; spruce a remedy for, 12, 269; attacks white men, 2, 291, 3, 293, 7, 269, 8, 292-293, 12, 265, 25, 29, 32, 35-37, 45, 61, 64, 155, 251, 255, 66, 69, 103; among Indians, 24, 310, 32, 35-37, 59, 53; banished from Miscou, 32, 37-39.

Scycotypus canaliculata, 8, 313. See Periwinkle.

Scythia, its cold climate, 30, 255; its people called “ sages," I,

73-75.

Sea: called by Indians "stinking water," 38, 239, 45, 219, 51, 55 (see Ouinipeg, Winnipeg); "nation of," 42, 221 (see Stinkards, and Winnebagoes).

Sea-bean, 64, 280. See Beans.

Sea-biscuit: Indians eat, 20, 189, 37, 25–27; offered to weather-god,

68, 43.

Sea-cows, in St. Lawrence, 48, 45.

Sea-dogs, hunted by bears, 45, 227. Seas: Acadian, 18, 233, 31, 187 (see Bays: Fundy). California, 54, 137, 59, 87, 141. Caribbean, 71, 356. China—4, 191, 8, 295, 40, 61, 45, 185, 221, 46, 249, 293, 48, 143, 55, 237, 58, 103, 59, 87; boundary of New France, 2, 199, 3, 43. Florida, 54, 137, 55, 97, 207. Fresh-water, 38, 49, 235, 237, 39, 99 (see Lakes: Huron; and Mer douce). Icy, 38, 227 (see Oceans: Arctic). Japan, 45, 225, 46, 251, 291, 54, 135-139, 55, 237, 58, 103. Northern-18, 239, 37, 67, 38, 237, 41, 183, 185, 43, 53, 44, 241-243, 45, 187, 219, 223, 46, 109, 181, 253, 255, 263, 271, 275, 287, 47, 153, 279, 49, 69, 71, 50, 29, 177, 51, 55, 63, 211, 54, 133, 135, 201, 251, 55, 99, 56, 155, 157, 177, 58, 65, 73, 93, 59, 65, 67, 68, 43; speculations regarding, 45, 221, 46, 249, 291, 54. 135-137; search for land routes to, 18, 235-237, 55, 235; discovered by Albanel, 61, 151; routes to, from Canada, 44, 235-245-dangers of, 46, 283-295; tribes near, 18, 25, 42, 221, 44, 239, 49, 71, 51, 57; trade at, 21, 125, 239; see Bays: Hudson. Red-Gulf of California resembles, 59, 307. South-14, 285, 45, 187, 221, 223, 47, 147, 51, 55, 54, 191, 55, 107, 57, 263, 58, 65, 71, 59, 67, 235; its discovery undertaken, 55, 235, 58, 93. Vermillion, 45, 223, 47, 147, 316, 55, 207, 58, 103, 59, 87, 141, 143, 307 (see Gulfs: California). Western — 54, 137, 139, 191, 55, 99, 101, 60, 205; search for, 68, 233, 283, 69, 235, 304, 70, 251.

Sea-salt, remedy for rattlesnake bite, 69, 167.

Sea-sickness, French suffer from, 60, 109-111, 115. See also Oceans: voyages.

Sea-wolves: hunted by white bears, 45, 227; found in St. Lawrence, 48, 175. See also Seals.

“Sea-wrack,” on Saguenay River, 68, 33.

Seals: described, 68, 85-89; compared to dog-fish, 85; food of, 85; various kinds of, 87; bladders of, described, 91. In St. Lawrence, 5, 19, 48, 175, 59, 51, 68, 83; in Canada, 6, 271; at Tadoussac, 32, 93, 35, 57; in Eskimo country, 45, 67; at Isle Rouge, 107-109; in Gulf of St. Lawrence, 68, 91-93; in river of Koatiouak, 293. Season for hunting, 3, 79; method of hunting, 6, 313, 48, 175, 49, 97; hunted (fisheries), 1, 69, 32, 93, 35, 57, 36, 113, 45, 107-109, 50, 241, 67, 65, 69, 95, 99, 107-109, 121; location of fisheries, 32, 93, 35, 37, 67, 65, 69, 95, 99,, 107-109, 121; profit from fisheries, 50, 241; white bears hunt, 45, 227. Oil made from, 3, 79, 115, 32, 93, 59, 51, 59, 68, 89-93; uses of, 3, 115, 68, 83, 89–91; varieties of, 89; preparation of, 89, 93. As food, 3, 79, 45, 67, 59, 59, 68, 87-89. Skins — shipped from Tadoussac, 69, 95-97: from Jérémie Islets, III; in barter, 3, 69; trade in, 4, 113, 69, 127; value in beaver (money), 127; uses of, 1, 281, 3, 77, 45, 67, 68, 85, 69, 95; Hospital nuns desire, 51, 115.

Seasons: spirits of, 6, 161 (see also Genii, and Spirits); of year, how

counted by Indians, 15, 157.

Seawant. See Sewan. I.

Seaweed, seals find food in, 68, 85.
Secondon. See Schoudon.

Secular priests: with De Monts, 1, 5, 185, 301; with Poutrincourt, 129, 2, 87, 91; among Souriquois, 1, 14; with Iroquois on St. Lawrence, 32; in western missions, 35; powers of, 2, 137. See also Missions, Séminaire des Missions Étrangères, Seminarists, and Sulpitians.

Seeds: used as food by Indians, 31, 91; Jesuits furnish, for Detroit farm, 69, 253.

Seever, William J.: Prehist. Remains, cited, 59, 313, 71, 269.
Séguin-Laderoute, Jeanne, marriage, 70, 307.

Seignelay, French secretary of state, son of Colbert: death (1690), 64, 277.

SEIGNIORIES (see also Fiefs, and Jesuits: estates): extent of, 41, 245; on St. Lawrence, 4, 268, 47, 259-271; domains within, reserved for seigniors, 261, 267, 71, 67-69. Anticosti, 50, 325; its first seignior, 71, 334. Batiscan, 25, 289, 43, 321-322, 65, 183, 71, 81-83. Beauharnais, 67, 332. Beauport, 4, 268, 6, 326, 48, 159, 296, 71, 67, 71, 73. Beaupré, 5, 288, 11, 278, 42, 285, 300, 48, 159. Bécancour, 36, 249. Belair, 71, 77, 79, 391. Berthier, 50, 320. Boucherville, 28, 316. Cap de la Magdelaine, 25, 289, 37, 266, 48, 295, 65, 183, 71, 83, 85. Chambly, 49, 275. Champigny, 71, 75. Champlain, 36, 247, 71, 81, 85. Chateauguay, 27, 312. Cournoyer, 8, 309. Demaure, 71, 77. Gaudarville (Godarville), 27, 313, 71, 77–79. 8, 310. Isle aux Ruaux, 47, 267, 269, 71, 71. Jemseg, 63, 300, 67, 336. Jolliet, 50, 325. Lachenaye, 8, 309. Lachine (St. Sulpice), 12, 273, 57, 315. La Poterie, 30, 167, 193, 306, 36, 119, 131. La Prairie de la Magdelaine, 47, 320, 55, 319, 59, 316, 63, 149-151, 65, 183, 71, 91. Lauson (côte de), 5, 292, 21, 318, 35, 290, 47, 261, 66, 43, 71, 310. Lirec, 37, 265. Longueuil, 27, 312, 71, 91. Lussaudière, 50, 320. Mines, 3, 296. Montreal, 6, 325, 12, 273. Neuville, 71, 77. N.

Dusablé, 71, 87. Isle aux Cochons, Isle Percée, 48, 296. Kamouraska, 62, 274.

D. des Anges, 6, 326, 11, 277, 47, 261, 48, 159, 296, 65, 183, 71, 67– 71 (see Charlesbourg). Onondaga, 41, 245-247. Orleans Island, 42, 300. Orsainville, 49, 275, 71, 67. Pachirigny, 71, 87. Petite Nation, 5, 291. Portneuf, 8, 309, 30, 306, 36, 249. Rivière Jacques Cartier, 35, 289, 71, 77. St. Augustin, 71, 77. St. Christophe Island, 71, 87. St. Étienne de Beauce, 69, 291. St. Gabriel, 6, 326, 58, 296, 65, 183, 66, 45, 70, 209, 71, 71–75, 79 (see Lorette). St. Maurice, 69, 291. St. Michel, 60, 71, 70, 207, 209, 71, 79. St.

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Michel de Sillery, 27, 311. St. Sulpice, 12, 273 (see Lachine). Ste. Croix, 8, 311. Ste. Marie, 71, 81. Sault St. Louis, 12, 272, 273, 59, 316, 71, 91. Sillery-47, 263, 65, 183, 66, 43, 71, 75, 79, 81, 89; habitants resident, 47, 263. Sorel, 49, 275. Terrebonne, 9, 314. Three Rivers, 4, 261, 47, 265, 71, 87-91. Two Mountains, 58, 295. Vieuxpont, 62, 274. Vincennes, 70, 316. In France. in Anjou, 16, 15; Harenvilliers, 71, 51-53; La Troche, 16, 15; Manselmont, 42, 300; St. Germain, 16, 15; Vaubegon, II. Seigniorial rights and dues: 28, 209-211; cens et rentes, 65, 183, 271; brenage, 71, 380; fealty and homage, 47, 271, 71, 67–69, 73, 77-85; fief, 269-271; fishing, 77-79, 91; franc-fief, 67, 390; game, 77; justice, 41, 245-247, 257, 47, 261, 269-271, 71, 73-75, 79, 89-91 (see also Justice); lods et ventes, 65, 185, 271, 71, 71, 85; mass said annually, 28, 209, 247; new purchase, 71, 67; nomination, 47, 267; obligation to avoid drunkenness, 60, 89; pasnage, 71, 380; passage across land, 79; redemption and relief, 69; rent, 8, 309, 28, 211, 30, 201, 65, 183; residence, 71, 77; seigniory, 41, 245, 47, 263-265, 269, 317, 49, 278, 71, 73, 91, 101, 390; tournage, 380; vassal furnishes substitute, 67; waters within seigniory, 41, 245, 71, 91.

Seigniorial tenure: under trading companies, 4, 258; during French régime, 71, 65-95; seigniors compel sale of lands donated by concessionary, 42, 285: technical terms not translated, 390; books relating to, 301, 308–309. Titres seigneuriaux, cited, 4, 261. See also Feudal tenure, and Mortmain. Seine: marriage of, 17, 197-201; spirit or oki of, 199. Nets.

See also

Selwyn, A. R. C.: "Geol. L. Superior," 71, 344. Séminaire (Société) des Missions Étrangères (Seminary [society] of Foreign Missions): organization founded in Paris (1663), 45, 269, 52, 261; work of, 261. Quebec seminary-founded (1663), 1, 17, 45, 269-271, 52, 47-51, 261; purpose of, 45, 269; united with, 269, 52, 261; branch of, 261; directs Petit-Séminaire, 49; destroyed by fire (1705), 45, 270; lands of, 27, 311, 42, 300, 71, 37, 79; boarders at, 45, 119, 49, 89; servant at, 45, 159; tithes for support of, 48, 296; Joliet at, 50, 324; receives money for missionary, 66, 133; illegal sale of Illinois property, 71, 37-39; exempt from tithes, 376; Briand's services to, 388; Journal des Jésuites bequeathed to, 27, 307; books relating to, 71, 261, 287, 302. Superiors of, 45, 271, 47, 320; priests of (seminarists), 1, 17, 36, 24, 310, 42, 301, 45, 119, 269, 271, 51, 87, 109, 149, 177, 60, 97, 62, 169, 64, 139, 278, 65, 57-61, 83-85, 262-263, 265, 66, 37, 41, 131, 137, 339, 342, 69, 149, 225, 70, 293; missions in Acadia, 1, 18; missions in Mississippi valley, 18, 36, 64, 278, 65, 59-61, 83, 262-263, 265, 66, 37, 41, 137, 339, 342, 69, 149, 223, 70, 293, 71, 37-39; in charge of Illinois mis

Seminaire (continued)—

sions, 64, 278, 66, 339, 69, 149; sent to Mississippi country, 65, 83-85; abandon Mississippi missions, 262, 66, 41; missions among western Algonquians, 65, 262; minister to French in Illinois, 69, 223. St. Vallier embroiled with, 63, 301; relations with Jesuits, 64, 278, 65, 59-61, 83-85, 262, 265, 66, 37, 133, 339, 68, 235, 69, 223; privileges of, at capitulation, 71, 394.

Seminaries: for Indian children (see Jesuits, and Quebec: ecclesiastical and educational); projected for Montreal, 22, 209. Seminarists, Ursuline. See Ursulines.

Seminary of St. Sulpice: at Paris — established (1641), 12, 273, 21, 312; proprietors of Montreal, 12, 273; landgrants by, 273; priests sent to Montreal from, 52, 43. At Montreal-superior of, 21, 312, 67, 339; seigniory granted to, 58, 295; Lamberville with priests of, 69, 255; masses sent to, 71, 111; memoir relating to, 299. See also Sulpitians.

Seminary, Ursuline, Quebec. See Ursulines.

Seminoles, southern tribe: of Maskoki stock, 65, 268; compared to Iroquois, I, 11; seclusion of women at childbirth, 9, 309; description, 71, 295.

Senat, Antoine, Jesuit, 71, 136; arrives in Louisiana, 171, 72, 19; with Illinois, 68, 309; burned at stake (1736), 309–311, 328, 335, 69, 29–31, 39, 70, 249, 71, 171; sketch, 171. Sendetsi, a Huron: murders his brother, 13, 11-17. Seneca Falls, N. Y., sporting club at, 56, 301. Senécal, Joseph (Adrien), in Detroit trade, 70, 305. SENECAS (Eng., Senekas; Dutch, Sennecas, Sinnekens; Fr. and Huron, Entouhonorons, Sonnontouans, Sonontoerrhonons, Tsonnontouans; local, Nan-do-wah-gaah, Nun-dá-wa-o-nó), tribe

belonging to Iroquois league, 8, 298; origin, 293; minor confederacy, 293; last to consent to Iroquois league, 300; rank in league, 293, 300; historical sketch, 293-294; books, etc., relating to, 71, 293-294.

Name: etymology, 8, 293; called "people (nation) of the great hill (mountain)," 293, 52, 195; upper Iroquois, 195.

Location: near lakes Ontario and Erie, I, 11, 49, 259; near Neutrals, 33, 65; with regard to French, 41, 229, 43, 99, 49, 141, 151, 58, 237, 66, 187; most western of Iroquois tribes, 61, 165; between New France and New England, 66, 187; on Alleghany River (1749), 69, 296. Country of, called Sonnontouan, 40, 163; trail to, 41, 255; burning spring near, 43, 326; spread east and west, 51, 293; country, described, 44, 21, 56, 49; villages, 8, 293, 302, 13, 270, 44, 21, 49, 259, 51, 293, 57, 27, 61, 165, 66, 187; Huron village, 45, 243, 57, 27; sites of villages, 51, 293.

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