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RIVERS: American (continued)—

Niobrara, Indians on, 69, 301.

Nipisiguit (Nepegigwit, Nepisiquit) - described, 24, 310; Indians rendered sedentary on, 153; settlement on, 310.

Niska (White Water), tributary of Arkansas, 67, 319.
Norembega. See Norembega, and below Penobscot.

North-I. See above Hudson. II. Outlet of Bass Lake, 20, 305; Indian sites near, 306.

Nottawasaga-origin of name, 23, 326; Indian sites near, 34, 251; Chabanel at, 35, 149.

Nottoway, early name, 44, 323; location, 323.

Ochoueguen. See below Oswego.

Oconto (Oukatoum) — identified, 58, 298; French on, 54, 306; mission on, 57, 319; sturgeon in, 58, 275.

Ohio (Beautiful River, Belle Rivière, Ohohio, Ouabache, Ouaboukigou, Ouabouskigou, Oyo Riviere de St. Jêrome)-59, 309. 65, 105, 69, 151, 155, 163, 181, 193; names and application of, 59, 312, 65, 107, 266, 66, 227, 347, 69, 296; on old map, 21, 314; location, 54, 131; tributary of Mississippi, 59, 143, 66, 227, 293; flows from east, 59, 145; Mississippi less rapid below, 65, 109; alleged iron mine on, III; boundary of Canada, 71, 391. La Salle discovers, 57, 315; Indians on or near, 64, 279, 66, 237, 339, 69, 167, 300; trading post on, 65, 268; fort on, projected, 66, 237, 69, 217; Mermet on, 66, 339; Céloron on, 69, 151-199, 288, 294; lead plates buried on, 165, 183, 296; English on, 183; settlements on, 185, 297; Detroit convenient to, 193; mission to Indians on, 70, 91. Works relating to, 69, 300, 71, 246, 291, 316, 320, 323. Oiogué. See above Hudson.

Oneida (Oneiout, Tethiroguen) — identified, 42, 295; source, 81, 295; location, 41, 255, 42, 83; deep, 41, 125; Jesuits on, 125, 42, 83.

Onguiaahra. See above Niagara.

Onnondokoui. See above Gananoque.

Onondaga — rapids in, 43, 149-151; French on, 41, 125, 255, 43,

147.

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Ontonagon, (Nantounagan) — copper on, 50, 327, 54, 163-165; fisheries in, 151.

Osage, Osages on, 64, 279-280.

Ossipee, Sokokis on, 24, 311.

Oswegatchie Indian route to St. Lawrence, 40, 147-149, 51, 295; Picquet founds mission on, 69, 295.

Oswego (Ochouéguen) –

125; Indian sites on, 51, 293.

described, 56, 51; Le Moyne on, 41,

Otihatangue (Ontiahatangué). See below Salmon.

-

Ottawa (Algomequi, Rivière des Algommequins, Des Prairies,
Great or Grand River, River of Petite Nation) — 16, 171, 44, 324;
names, 1, 21, 2, 205, 303, 5, 291, 8, 294, 12, 21, 43; fur-trade route,
I, 21; tributary of St. Lawrence, 2, 205; rapids in, 8, 294, 12, 275,
30, 75; dangers and difficulties of navigation, 14, 245, 255, 33, 67;
route to Hurons, 45, 247, 251; expansion of, called Lake of Two
Mountains, 58, 295; Island at mouth of, 67, 331. Indians along,
2, 303, 12, 21, 43, 18, 229, 35, 205; Iroquois infest, 17, 223, 20,
77, 30, 221, 35, 201; tributaries, 18, 258; Indian sites near, 258;
French ascend, 35, 201; fur trade on, 55, 320. Valley of Grand
River, 71, 312.

Ouabache (Ouabachei, Ouabachi, Ouabacho, Ouaboukigou, Oua-
bouskigou, Waboukigou). See above Ohio and below Wabash.
Ouachitas, River of the. See below Washita.
Ouakouingouechiouek, location, 44, 243, 323-324.
Oukatoum. See above Oconto.

Outaragauesipi. See above Assumption.

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rapids in, 47; Nouvel at, 45, 50, 33.

Oyo. See above Ohio.

Ozages, River of. See above Missouri.

Papinachois, River of the. See below Shipshaw.

Parana, mission villages on, 12, 276.

Parant's, location, 70, 305.

Passamaquoddy (Pessemouquote). See below St. Croix I.
Pastagoutsie (Pastagoutchichiou sipiou), Crépieul on, 63, 249.
Pearl, location, 66, 343.

Pecot. See below Thames.

Pechetik. See below Peshtigo.

Pekatonica, branch of Rock River, 59, 311.

Penobscot (Chiboctous, Norembega, Pemptegwet, Pentegoët) -
names, 1, 309, 2, 69, 291, 293; wide spread of, 49, 293; identified,
205; described, 47-49; French on, 1, 67, 155, 2, 27, 47-49, 99, 133,
292-293, 3, 225, 8, 287, 63, 299; Indians along, 2, 205-207, 3, 89,
III, 12, 274, 60, 263-265; Jesuit settlement on, 2, 211, 249, 281, 3,
55, 271; English on, 2, 292, 8, 287; Dutch on, 293; trade on, 36,
239; Abenaki mission on, 1, 13-15, 62, 271, 66, 345-346, 67, 85,
121, 337. See also Castine, Norembega, and Penobscot.

Pepawetiche, sawmill on, 69, 121.

Pequot (Pecot, Pequott). See below Thames.

Pentegoët (Pentagouet). See above Penobscot.

Peribonca (Peribonka) - meaning of name, 68, 325; source,

RIVERS: American (continued) —

18, 257; tributary of Lake St. John, 44, 323; curious stones on,

68, 41-43.

Peritibistokou. See above Outardes.

Peshtigo (Pechetik) — identified, 58, 298; sturgeon in, 275.
Pessemouquote. See above Passamaquoddy.

Petite Nation—I. Location, 18, 258. II. River of. See above
Ottawa.

Piribisticou. See above Outardes.

Piscataqua, English settle at, 36, 242-243.

Platte-headwaters of, 59, 312; north branch, 68, 329. Indians
along, 65, 269.

Pontgravé. See above Nicolet.

Pornetton. See above Nelson.

Portneuf (Kouakoueou) — Indian name, 49, 43; location, 273;
effects of earthquake on, 45.

Potomac - English settlement on, 36, 244; Indians along, 63,
272, 69, 297; trade on, 1, 3.

Port, River of the (Port Royal). See above Annapolis.

Rappahannock, Spanish colony on, 71, 326.

Red - Indian site on, 59, 313; French on, 65, 155; Indians
along, 173, 267, 269; Jesuits on, 265-266; Iberville explores region
of, 268.

René Maheu, Iroquois on, 46, 179.

Restigouche, boundary of Gaspé, 3, 300.

Ribbon, location, 44, 324.

Richelieu (Chambly, Iroquois Riviere des Iroquois, Sorel) — 2,
309; names, I, 319, 9, 307, 12, 131-133, 272, 38, 233, 45, 87, 49,
265, 60, 251; identified, 9, 307; described, 49, 265-267; Indian
trail connects with St. Lawrence, 24, 287-289; tributary of St.
Lawrence, 29, 61, 48, 205; islands of, 43, 69, 49, 267; rapids in,
43, 71, 49, 165; game on, 171; leads to Mohawks, 253, 261,
265. Council held at, 9, 117, 245, 249; Jogues captured near, 314;
forts on, 315, 12, 272, 22, 89, 203-205, 247, 277, 26, 53, 29, 49,
293, 30, 305, 49, 8, 253-255, 266, 275, 50, 83, 71, 215; Iroquois
trophies on, 22, 283; Indians on, 26, 53, 27, 229, 29, 59, 48, 99,
49, 249; French on, 29, 49; Algonkins captured on, 34, 55; Pon-
cet on, 40, 155; lands along, cultivated, 50, 245; English plan ex-
pedition on (1690), 64, 97.

Richibouctou (Rigibouctou)-trade on, 45, 59; landgrant on,
63, 300.

Rimbegui. See above Kennebec.

Rock-location, 54, 308; branch of, 59, 311; voyages on, 71,

Rocky. See above Miami, Great.

Rupert 44, 324; headwaters, 323; location, 56, 303; source,
304; fort on, 28, 320.

Saco (Chouacoet) — origin of name, 2, 294; flows to south,
205; Indians on, 207, 229, 3, 209, 24, 311, 67, 332.

Sacqué. See below St. Lawrence.

Sagadahoc (Sagadahock). See above Kennebec.

Saguenay (Saghuny, Sagnay, Sagné, Saguenai, Saguené, Sag-
uéné, Thaydoyseau)-2, 301, 6, 305, 21, 123, 27, 27, 52, 223, 62, 223,
65, 47; origin of name, 2, 302; importance, 302; describerl,
302, 5, 21, 31, 249-251, 68, 29-33, 39; length, 2, 205,
302, 48, 205; tributary of St. Lawrence, 2, 207, 44, 239, 56, 171;
depth, 37, 211; source, 213, 45, 233, 46, 261, 56, 155; navigation, 37,
211, 69, III, 121; rapids in, 44, 241; tide in, 46, 257; compared with
Rhone, 48, 205; compared with Betsiamites, 68, 99; winds on, 33-35.
Route to northwest passage, 1, 91; for northern tribes, 31, 209; to
Hudson Bay, 44, 323. Map of region, 68, 325. White whales in,
5, 275; precious stones at, 281. Jesuits on, 1, 16, 8, 291, 14, 287,
41, 199, 44, 235, 45, 217, 49, 43, 51, 271, 56, 73, 87, 153, 302, 59,
27-29, 68, 35, 69, 129-131; mission on, 1, 219, 237; Indians of, ask
for Jesuits, 22, 219, 235. Indians on, 1, 319, 21, 81, 95, 99, 22, 75,
223, 24, 311, 26, 113, 141, 49, 273, 62, 215; Indians of, at Tadous-
sac, 22, 223; at Sillery, 24, 161; Iroquois raids on, 44, 219, 48,
Indians flee up, 46, 175. Champlain on, 2, 300; settlements
on, 51, 277, 59, 305; French ships on, 64, 53.

61;

Ste. Anne, name, 42, 285, 300.

Ste. Anne des Monts, 2, 300.

St. Charles (St. Croix II.) - 12, 195; origin of names, 2, 306;
location, 50, 173; tributary of St. Lawrence, 2, 304; rapid current,
19, 63; natural protection to Quebec, 48, 185. Hébert's fief on, 2,
308; Ursuline concession on, 28, 207; Récollet concession on, 43,
324; Jesuit concessions on, 47, 261, 71, 67. Cartier on, 2, 306, 3,
292; missions on, 4, 227, 259; convents on, 6, 326; Jesuit residence
on, 12, 139, 60, 316; frozen, 30, 165; ice in, melts, 34, 51; opens,
35, 41; Huron village on branch of, 58, 296; Jesuits maintain fer-
ry on, 71, 69, 105.

St. Croix-I. (Rivière des Etechemins, Passamaquoddy, Schood-
ic), names, 2, 291; boundary of Nova Scotia (old grant), 4, 270;
French on, 1, 307, 2, 27, 291, 8, 288; fisheries of, 2, 133; Indians
on, 12, 274, 60, 263. II. See above St. Charles. III. (Wis.), a trade
route, 66, 338.

St. Esprit. See above Mississippi.

St. Eustache, location, 59, 59.

RIVERS: American (continued)—

St. Francis (Ark.), Indians on, 59, 313.

St. François-I. (in Que.), location, 24, 291; settlement on,
291; route for Iroquois, 291, 41, 21. II. (St. Francis, St. François
Xavier). See above Fox. III. Location, 65, 115.

St. Jean. See above Nicolet.

St. John- described, 2, 69; location, 1, 79, 2, 223; direction of
flow, 205; entrance to, 209; on route to Abenaki country, 37, 247;
grapes on, 3, 67; iron on, 69. French on, 1, 67, 2, 27-31, 229, 239,
291, 3, 197, 211; Indians on, 1, 308, 60, 263, 67, 85, 121; saga-
more of, 3, 89; Jesuits on, 245, 71, 27; Récollets on, 4, 259; fort
on, 28, 319, 36, 242, 66, 344; missions on, 46, 67, 66, 344, 67, 337;
seigniory on, 63, 300, 67, 336; French abandon, 66, 344; English
on, 67, 29; memorial tablet of chapel on, 9, 122, 71, 218.

St. Joseph-Indians call Ouabachi, 65, 107; portage at, 59, 314,
66, 285, 71, 317; favorite route for voyageurs, 64, 279; rapids in,
66, 279; Detroit cenvenient to, 69, 193. Mission on, 63, 302, 64,
279, 66, 215, 339; Indians on, 348; French commandant desires
fort on, 69, 189.

St. Lawrence (Canada, Canadian, Great River, River of Great
Bay, Sacqué)-1, 61, 87, 91, 101, 7, 47, 67, 107, 195-207, 310, 8,
291, 297, 307, 309, 9, 135, 10, 319, 321, 11, 71, 83, 119, 12, 153, 193,
207, 211, 217, 231, 16, 19, 179, 233, 17, 233, 243, 18, 151, 197, 205,
229, 231, 239, 20, 309, 21, 23, 47, 57, 59, 91, 107, 113, 22, 47, 111, 133,
24, 67, 207, 311, 25, 95, 26, 71, 28, 47, 267, 29, 65, 30, 293, 31, 21,
31, 32, 131, 137, 37, 213, 259, 267, 39, 163, 40, 143, 167, 41, 53, 55,
189, 256, 43, 37, 57, 105, 109, 193, 197, 44, 113, 123, 201, 223, 45,
99, 46, 227, 47, 103, 48, 289, 49, 17, 21, 39, 45, 73, 50, 29, 119,
321, 53, 41, 73, 77, 93, 54, 71, 55, 33, 59, 271, 281, 291, 60, 117, 63,
181, 64, 139, 65, 47, 67, 333, 69, 289; names (origin, etc.), I, 245,
307, 2, 199, 205, 301-302, 3, 41, 12, 135. Described, 1, 245, 2, 205,
4, 191-193, 18, 15, 79, 41, 91-95, 46, 153, 48, 155-159, 165-167; de-
termines extent of Canada, 3, 41, 36, 83-85; greatest river of New
France, 2, 237; watershed for, 303; navigability of, 9, 161, 22,
205; shores of, suitable for settlement, 24, 265; distance to which
its waters are salt, 48, 155; coast of, harborless, 203. Source, 21,
191, 38, 221, 39, 37, 44, 245, 48, 157, 201-203; constant volume of
water of, 203-205; branches of, 33, 63, 67, 38, 233, 237, 49, 261;
tributaries, 2, 302-304, 7, 309, 22, 207, 29, 61, 293, 31, 209-211,
32, 313, 40, 147, 43, 321, 44, 239-241, 48, 205, 49, 43, 273, 54, 305,
56, 302, 62, 223, 69, 290; flows into gulf, 2, 67, 39, 35; en-
trance to, 45, 59. Size, 2, 304, 8, 19, 9, 157-159, 32, 261, 37, 183,
233, 38, 231, 39, 37, 44, 203, 48, 185, 201-203, 50, 173, 62, 139, 167,

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