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Potier, Nicolas (Jean), Jesuit, 71, 135; arrives in Canada (1677 or 1679), 61, 273; at Lorette (1679-85), 273; at Quebec college (1685), 273; with Hurons, 249, 261, 273; writes letter for Hurons, 7, 15-16, 249-255, 265-267, 71, 199; death (1689), 61, 273; sketch, 273, 71, 155; conflicting statements regarding, 61, 273. Potier (Pothier), Pierre, Jesuit, 71, 135; arrives in Canada (1743). 69, 289; studies Huron at Lorette (1743-44), 289; at Niagara, 261; goes to Detroit to assist Richardie (1744), 261, 289, 305; superior at Detroit (1753 or 1754), 289, 306; says masses for habitants, 70, 45, 65, 71; baptisms by, 73-77; bookkeeper for mission, 306; connection with Pontiac's conspiracy, 69, 283; deatn (1781), 289; sketch, 289, 70, 85, 71, 175; facsimile writing, 70, 8, 64, 74, 71, 213. Grammaire Huronne, cited, 50, 326. Livre de Comple, 69, 8, 24-26, 265-277, 283, 70, 7, 9-10, 19-77, 303, 71, 207; cited, 69, 306; translation, 71, 235. POTTAWATTOMIES (Oupouteouatamik, Potéouatami, Poueteouatamis, Pouteatami, Pouteouatamiouec, Poutewatomi, Poutouatamis, Pouutouatami), Algonquian tribe: location at various times, 23, 325; -remove to Sault de Ste. Marie, 225; on Lake Michigan (1667), 51, 27; in 1670, 54, 211; live with Winnebagoes, 237, 58, 39; on Green Bay, 55, 103, 183, 62, 193, 203; route to, 59, 167; at St. Joseph River (1711), 66, 348. Population - village (1658), 44, 245, 324; in 1667, 51, 27. Language— speak Algonquian, 51, 27; have individual dialect, 58, 41. Characteristics, etc.— sedentary (village), 44, 245, 324, 51, 27; character and disposition, 27-29, 66, 285; folk-lore of, 51, 33-35; feasts among, 57, 295; sickness among, 46, 143; historical sketch, 23, 325.

Relations with other tribes: with Foxes and Winnebagoes, 23, 325 (see also above location). Iroquois - hold Iroquois slaves, 54, 219; captured by, 265; flee from, 55, 103, 183; project campaign against, 62, 151. Fear Sioux, 59, 165; Illinois with, 173, 179; friendly to Illinois, 66, 285.

Relations with French: Nicolet with (1634), 23, 325; Jesuits with and mission to, 1, 221, 23, 325, 51, 27-41, 54, 203-205, 211, 58, 37-41, 62, 205, 66, 279-281, 70, 245; desire Allouez, 54, 197, 237, 304-305; faith preached to, 55, 201; offer presents at mission of

St. Francis Xavier, 58, 267, French with, 54, 197, 203, 305-306, 55,
187; trade with, 54, 197, 305-307; one acts as letter-carrier, 67, 67.
Pottery, from Orient, 8, 312. See also Indians: ceramics.
Potugoët. See Penobscot and Pentegoët.

Poualak (Poualac, Poulacs, Pouarak, Poulak), Siouan tribe, 46, 69; meaning of term, 45, 239; racial affinities, 42, 296, 71, 376; identified, 376; location and villages, 42, 221, 296, 44, 247, 324; warlike, 45, 239; weapons, 239; burn coal, 239; cabins of, 239;

fear Iroquois, 239. See also Assiniboines, Assinipoualak, Daco-
tahs, Sioux, and Indians: stocks.

Pouches, bags or pockets, used by Indians: method of making
and wearing, 44, 295; Indian women make, 63, 205, 63.
231; material made of, 67, 137, 223; superstitious, Indians aban-
don, 24, 135-137, 25, 125; tobacco, 125; manitous carried in,
29, 201, 31, 193; convert carries image in, 227-229; food carried
in, 32, 265; eaten in time of famine, 67, 223.

Poudrerie (blizzards), in Canada, 66, 113; on St. Lawrence, 68,
95.

Poudrux,

memorandum by Potier, 69, 275.

Poueteouatamis, 60, 151. See Pottawattomies.

Poulain, Catherine, marriage, 62, 274.

Poulain, Claude, children lost or captured, 46, 175.
Poulak, 44, 247. See Poualak.

Poulet (Poullet),

French ship-captain: at Quebec, 28, 223,

34, 59-61, 38, 183, 43, 59; 49, 161; nuns sail with, 41, 243, 43,
25; brings immigrants to Montreal, 45, 117. See two following
captions.

Poulet, Jean, French ship-captain: at Quebec, 37, 115-117.

Poulet, Laurent, French ship-captain: at Quebec, 46, 183, 47, 285.
Poulin, William, Récollet, with Hurons, 1, 23.

Poultry, 65, 167, 70, 61, 243; at Jesuit missions, 13, 93, 101, 35, 27,
62, 169, 69, 269-271, 70, 41; at Quebec, 14, 137; Dutch keep, 25,
57; found in south, 47, 143; Indians raise, 65, 151, 66, 255, 68,
165, 275; Houmas do not kill, 65, 151; Indians sell, to French,
151, 68, 165. At Fort Biloxi, 65, 167; on English boats, 66, 199;
at La Malbaye, 69, 91; in Louisiana, 211; house, on Detroit Jes-
uit farm, 273.

Poupard, Catherine, marriage, 70, 306.
Poupau, 45, 119. See Veron.

Pouteouatamiouec (Pouteatami, Pouteatamis, Pouteautamis, Poute-
ouatami, Pouteouatamis, Poutewat, Poutewatomi, Poutouatamis),
Algonquian appellation of western tribe, 23, 225, 325, 46, 143,
51. 27, 29, 45, 54, 219, 237, 265, 55, 183, 201, 57, 295, 58, 37-41,
267, 289, 59, 165, 167, 173, 179, 62, 151, 193, 203, 66, 279, 281, 285,
67, 67, 70, 245. See Pottawatomies.
Poutrincourt, Claude de, wife of Jean: sponsor in baptism, I, 109.
Poutrincourt, Jeanne de, daughter of Jean: sponsor in baptism, 1.

III.

Poutrincourt (Potrincourt). Jean de Biencourt, sieur de, Acadian
explorer and settler, 1, 161, 165, 167, 177, 209, 307, 313, 318, 2, 19,
23, 83, 91, 95, 173, 177, 3, 175; opposed to Henry IV., 1, 305-306;
retires to estate, 306; inherits estate, 2, 127; rewarded by Henry
IV., 1, 127, 2, 125; associated with De Monts, 1, 65, 306, 2, 33, 127,

Poutrincourt (continued)-

187, 291; makes trial voyage to Acadia, 1, 65, 306; De Monts
grants Port Royal to, 5, 305-306, 2, 211, 3, 161-163; voyages to
Acadia, 1, 65-67, 99, 306, 2, 129-133, 187; on Maine and Acadian
coasts, I, 306, 2, 141-145, 3, 187, 298; in Acadia, 1, 129, 306, 2,
87-89, 127, 308, 3, 165, 299, 28, 318; meets pirates, 2, 131, 4, 264;
erects fort, 2, 294; hardships at Port Royal 1, 151-159, 3, 185;
zeal for religion, 1, 63-65, 71, 89, 95, 306, 311, 2, 145, 161-153.
Unfavorable to Jesuits, 1, 6, 306, 311, 318; complains of, to admir-
alty, 318; borrows from, 2, 235, 3, 235; delays, 165-167. In-
vites Fléché to Acadia, 1, 310; informs Lescarbot of baptisms,
77; sponsor in baptisms, 1, 109, 113, 121; cheated by agent and ad-
venturers, 65, 2, 127, 147, 181; contract with Dieppe merchants,
1, 133, 312, 2, 175; king and queen write to, 1, 133, 312; aids
Indians, 157, 2, 139; visits Indians, 1, 167, 2, 17, 143, 153; gives
Christian burial to Indian, 1, 169, 2, 151; hunts elk, 167; admon-
ishes traders, 179; in danger of shipwreck, 145, 183; reconciled to
Du Pont, 1, 171, 2, 101, 179, 3, 189-191; bargain with Mme. de
Guercheville, 231-233; losses at destruction of Port Royal (1613),
1, 306; visits ruins (1614), 306; returns to France (1611, 1614).
306, 2, 7, 219, 229, 3, 193; subsequent life in France, 1, 306;
Lescarbot eulogizes, 55, 63, 95; Biard eulogizes, 181, 189; a mu-
sical composer, 2, 147; sons of, 1, 113, 141; sketch, 305-306;
Acadian career, 71, 312.

Pouutouatami, 18, 231. See Pottawattomies.
Powder. See Ammunition.

Powell, J. W.: "Kinship," cited, 29, 293-294, 71, 267. “Limit.
Anthrop. Data," 71, 267. “Regimentation," 71, 268. "Prehist.
"Amer. Archæol." 71, 268. "Orig. Amer. In-
"Evol. of Language," 71, 274. "Indian Mythol-
Technology," 71, 287. "Wyandot Govern-
Indian Linguistic Families, cited, 68, 329, 71,

Man," 71, 268.
dian," 71, 268.
ogy," 71, 278.

ment," 71, 294.
274.

Pow-e-ting, 18, 259. See Batchewaung.

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Powhatans, Algonquian tribe: location, 10, 324; folk-lore, 324.
Pradere, Jean, miraculously cured, 51, 97-99.

Præsentis, 2, 67. See Plaisance.

Prairie, France: location, 39, 165.

Prairie de la Magdelaine (Madelaine, Madeleine, Magdeleine, Mag-
delene), 47, 269, 50, 57, 215, 327, 52, 243, 55, 33, 58, 241, 295, 296,
60, 322, 61, 51, 167, 173, 195, 199, 203, 63, 141, 153, 167, 193:
location, 61, 241; approach to, difficult, 50, 217; described, 55,
33; rendezvous for Indians, 35, 58, 249; Indian population,

(1670), 63, 161; French settlers at, 55, 33; owned by Jesuits,
47, 320, 50, 217, 51, 149, 65, 183; Iroquois converts settle there,
58, 171, 207-209, 247-249, 59, 257, 60, 275-277; tribes at, 61, 160,
201, 239-241, 63, 155-157, 169; Laval visits, 60, 309; tavern at,
63, 181, 199-201; attacked by English, 64, 99; tenants at, ruined
by Iroquois war, 65, 183. See also La Prairie, and Jesuits: mis-
sion colonies- St. Xavier des Prés.

Prairie du Rocher, Ill., founded, 71, 388; Jesuits at, 70, 311;
priests buried at, 71, 39, 388; parish register, cited, 388.

Prairies, 41, 127-129, 42, 37, 97, 54, 185, 58, 107.

Praslain, Blanche de, sponsor in baptism, 2, 159.

Praslain, Catherine de, sponsor in baptism, 2, 159.

Praslain, Claude de, sponsor in baptism, 2, 159.

Praslain, Madame de, sponsor in baptism, 2, 159. See Prasli 1.
Praslin,
sieur de sponsor in baptism, 2, 157; family, 157-

159; offices, 297.
Praslin, César Gabriel de Choiseul, duc de: in ministry of foreign
affairs, 70, 313. See Choiseul.

Prayer: sickness cured by, 18, 191; imparts skill, 193; for em-
peror, 32, 81, 312; for king, 91-93; council begins with, 41.
109; Indians apply name of, to Christian faith, 67, 175.
Prayers of converts, 18, 89, 149, 151, 161, 175, 191, 199, 205, 209,
19, 141, 143, 239, 251-257, 261, 20, 37, 175, 201, 30, 81, 95, 101, 117,
31, 147, 153, 173, 227, 32, 199-203, 207, 235, 251, 261, 275, 277,
33, 171-183, 34, 117, 121, 219, 35, 93, 171, 245, 247, 36, 31, 223,
37, 159, 195-199, 203, 207, 223, 38, 19-for benefactors. 16, 27, 31,
38, 143; for public welfare, 30, 177, 34, 41, 35, 31, 66, 199; for
rain, 28, 189; of Iroquois, set to music, 68, 273-275 (see als
Music); written in blood, 40, 123; in Indian tongues ·
see the
respective languages; length of Huron, 57, 39; regarded by Hu
rons as charms, 30, 227.

"Praying Indians," 62, 243, 276.

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Precedence (at church, etc.): that accorded to governor, 27, 95.
28, 179, 30, 157, 161, 32, 73, 85, 43, 31; disputes regarding, 27,
113, 119, 28, 159, 193, 35, 33, 43, 73, 45, 111, 121, 125, 149, 165,
46, 161, 163, 167, 177; disregarded in early days of colony, 11,
71; regulated by Jesuits, 35, 33.

Predestination, 21, 121, 135, 179, 245, 22, 161. 23, 33, 25, 117, 26,

21, 123, 179, 29, 59, 46, 107, 48, 93, 145, 51, 133, 221, 52, 13,
157, 247, 53, 63, 153, 159, 175, 257, 54, 55, 63, 103, 105, 119, 55,
41, 45, 73, 85, 313, 56, 35, 39, 41, 227, 57, 37, 103, 129, 163, 195,
58, 215, 243, 281, 60, 295, 63, 157, 165, 189, 239, 66, 165, 167, 68.
65, 69.

Prefect: apostolic, 71, 162; of classes, 56, 302.

Prejean,

Detroit habitant: dealings with mission, 69, 277.

Prescott, Ont., site of French fort, 62, 274.
Prescott, Sir Robert, twelfth English governor: term of office, 71,
119.

Presentiments of danger: experienced by missionaries, 31, III, 35,
121, 159, 37, 141; by Indians, 30, 247-251, 31, 165, 34, 129, 37, 173.
Presents, 8, 273, 12, 9, 47, 107, 189, 217, 243, 245, 249, 257, 13, 233,

15, 123, 20, 193, 21, 77, 23, 89, 125, 41, 131, 171, 43, 33, 159,
320, 45, 223, 46, 143, 47, 101, 177, 215, 237, 277, 48, 81, 127, 50,
29, 189, 253, 52, 161, 181, 55, 321, 56, 153, 163, 169, 267, 57, 217,
231, 58, 59, 81, 85, 135, 267, 59, 159, 231, 60, 29, 41, 49, 85, 119, 309,
61, 253, 255, 62, 83, 229, 247, 63, 57, 183, 203, 259, 281, 64, 23,
35, 163, 179, 211, 245, 65, 117, 121, 205, 207; exchanged by
French and Iroquois, 40, 91, 115, 155, 167, 191; rejected by French,
25, 263; given to Iroquois by Dutch, 63, 71, 39, 233—by Eng-
lish, 66, 203; to Indians by French, 9, 249, 285, 293, 18, 161,
19, 69, 27, 103, 32, 215, 65, 209, 66, 51, 67, 97, 69, 181 (see also
Montmagny) to Cha'htas, annually, 70, 239; to church at
Sault St. Xavier, 65, 31-33; to Quebec parish church, 42, 269-289.
Given to Indians by Jesuits, 14, 103, 195, 15, 37, 129, 159, 19,
99-103, 135, 21, 294, 23, 211, 223, 29, 105, 33, 243, 247, 39, 51,
129, 68, 47, 81, 115; this practice aids missionaries, 22, 311. To
converts, 24, 85, 99, 25, 221. See also Indians: gift-giving.
Preserves, dry, asked for hospital, 51, 115.
"Pretended religion,” 1, 141, 3, 173. 183, 4, 15, 11, 73; meaning of
term, 3, 299. See Calvinists, Huguenots, Lutherans, Protestants,
and Reformed religion.

Prevost,

-

French naval captain, sponsor in baptism, 28, 23.
Prevost, François, major of Quebec: at conference regarding Iro-

quois, 62, 157; sketch, 273.

Prevost, Martin, marries Indian girl, 5, 288. '

Prevôté: of Paris, 71, 73; of Quebec, 77.

Price, William, translator for this series, 9-19, v of each volume;
20-71, 5 of each volume; also 72, 5.

PRICES: ratio of, in Canada to those in France, 9, 173, 177; of la-
bor and materials in Canada, 20, 237; Detroit, regulated by Mont-
real, 70, 27; Hurons ask for cheaper goods, 32, 187; English
goods cheaper than French, 66, 173, 67, 125.

Quotations: beef, 69, 273, 70, 21, 29, 37-39, 49, 57, 63; belts,
55; blankets, 69, 257, 261, 70, 23, 41; borax, 69, 277; brandy,
63, 255-257, 273, 70, 29, 43-45, 61; bread, 27, 103; bronze cande-
labrum, 63, 243; canvas, 69, 83; caps, 70, 27; chairs, 23; cloth,

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