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spiracy, 10, 328, 70, 317, 71, 260, 288; Elliott describes Potier's
connection with, 69, 283; headquarters, 308; arrest of sympathi-
zers, 70, 305.

Pont Neuf. See Paris.

Poole, Eng.: mayor of, writes to privy council, 4, 265.

Poor, John A.: Vindication of Gorges, cited, 3, 297.

Popes, history, 71, 298. See also the several popes.

Popham, Me., history, 71, 313.

Popham Memorial, cited, 2, 292, 3, 297.

Popham, Sir Francis, son of John: sends trading and fishing ves-
sels to Kennebec, 2, 292.

Popham, Sir John: member of Plymouth Company, 2, 292 ; founds
Colony (1607), 292, 71, 313.

Poplar, a tree, 58, 298; French-Canadian appellation for, 47, 315.
Popple, Henry, map of British empire, 71, 364.
Poquaûhock, 8, 313. See Wampum.

[blocks in formation]

Porceau, appellation of Indian, 57, 293.

PORCELAIN, 8, 259, 273, 69, 71; origin and application of term, 8,
312. Value of, to Indians, 5, 61, 8, 269, 312, 36, 215, 53, 187;
value in beaver-skins, 103. As ornaments, I, 281, 44, 289, 70, 95-
97, 149, 185; in barter, 7, 217, 12, 189; as money, '9, 175, 281,
17, 77, 53, 117; as presents, 10, 177, 18, 111, 24, 59, 30, 143,
42, 43, 46, 225, 47, 85, 50, 137, 53, 221, 227-229, 235, 293-295,
54, 35, 64, 105; buried with dead, 10, 265; in ceremonial inter-
course, 12, 277; as ransom, 30, 247; Iroquois exact tribute in,
36, 105; as religious offering, 44, 255; as alms, 53, 129; idol
adorned with, 57, 277; Indians pledge, 63, 87; used in collar,
67, 165; sold at Detroit mission, 69, 265; history, 8, 312-314.
Beads: 10, 165, 217, 221, 293, 13, 151, 14, 101, 245, 23, 211, 32,
163, 33, 185, 243, 57, 47; material made of, 21, 201, 38, 271, 283;
varieties of, 22, 318, 54, 113, 70, 21; value, 5, 61, 14, 163, 38, 271,
283, 39, 266, 41, 171; as presents, 14, 21, 27, 15, 37, 27, 247, 281,
287, 18, 25, 243, 29, 57, 37, 47, 75, 38, 283, 40, 131-133, 167, 207,
42, 77-79, 87, 185, 189, 43, 37-39, 147, 44, 77, 103, 121, 255, 287,
45, 119, 54, 25, 57, 55; as ornaments, 14, 163, 15, 155, 44, 287,
291, 62, 179, 68, 265; as money, 15, 37; as insignia of rank, 223;
image of sun worked in, 42, 39; offered to fetish, 17, 209; placed
in drum or rattle, 20, 306; placed in grave, 24, 173; Jesuits use,
30, 175; as ransom, 39, 77, 40, 139; as religious offering, by con-
verts, 41, 165, 54, 299, 61, 107, 115; sorcerer finds, 42, 195; as
alms, 58, 141; transactions in, at Detroit mission, 69, 247, 259,
275, 70, 21, 37, 41, 47. See also Beads.

Porcelain (continued)-

Collars, etc.: collars or necklaces, 9, 281, 10, 29, 75, 81, 135, 187,
271, 289-291, 297, 303, 12, 247, 13, 209, 16, 205, 17, 209, 26, 227,
33, 161, 193, 40, 91, 187, 207, 44, 73, 45, 91, 51, 207, 53, 263, 269,
58, 185, 187, 63, 87, 205, 70, 97, 149, 185; size, 17, 205, 33, 123;
varieties of colors in, 40, 205, 54, 113; valued by Indians, 17,
205, 20, 223, 23, 221, 33, 123, 185, 34, 209, 35, 259, 36, 215; Oyan-
ders provide, 58, 185; regarded as deceased persons, 187. As
marriage dowry, 14, 19; as satisfaction for injuries, 101; as pres-
ents, 15, 179, 16, 157, 203, 18, 179-181, 20, 193, 21, 47, 53, 207,
211, 22, 289, 293, 23, 217, 25, 153, 263, 26, 159, 163, 27, 147, 253-
265, 28, 285, 29, 53-55, 189, 33, 121, 125, 34, 209, 35, 47, 165, 36,
103, 133, 215, 219, 38, 175, 194, 40, 91, 187, 203-207, 41, 21, 47,
51, 61, 71, 101, 111-115, 173, 42, 39, 49, 57, 95, 101-105, 119, 169,
191, 251-257, 43, 29, 41, 57, 61, 65, 107, 165, 171, 175, 183, 189, 203-
205, 215, 269, 281, 313, 44, 87-89, 99, 103, 125-127, 195, 207-211,
45, 87-89, 161, 46, 229, 47, 71, 79, 101-103, 189, 49, 145, 247, 50,
199, 52, 53, 183, 227, 235-237, 257, 53, 41, 113, 127, 243, 257, 275,
281-283, 54, 39-41, 75, 113-115, 119, 55, 281-283, 301-303, 307, 56,
25, 57, 57, 61-65, 109, 213, 255, 60, 35, 62, 93, 103-105, 147, 151-153,
229, 63, 31, 81, 99, 64, 57-61, 65, 207, 237, 67, 33-35, 187; placed
on captives, 15, 187, 53, 263; as stakes in gambling, 16, 197;
as ornaments, 205, 22, 279, 23, 217, 221, 26, 157, 55, 23, 56, 173,
57, 255, 67, 165; Iroquois cajole Hurons with, 29, 249; as ransom,
30, 247; as religious offerings, by converts, 40, 235, 241, 41, 165-
167, 171-175, 43, 239, 243, 58, 147-149, 60, 41, 75, 61, 47, 115, 141-
143, 205, 63, 27, 31, 243; as sacrifice, 42, 197; Indians despoiled
of, 44, 73; as legacy, 52, 257; Jesuit uses symbolically, 269-271;
at intertribal council, 58, 189; in Indian rhetoric, 59, 267; con-
verts send, to France, 61, 245-247, 271, 63, 299, 69, 69; sent from
Lorette to Sault St. Louis, 63, 193; buried with chief, 67, 157;
dead bodies adorned with, 23, 217. Sticks- II, 257, 40, 205.
Strings-13, 39, 26, 316, 43, 57, 53, 263, 54, 27. Branches
meaning of term, 27, 315; as presents, 295, 69, 163; lent to Hu-
rons, 247; sent to Caron, 261; used in trade at Detroit, 263.
Bracelets-28, 293, 31, 221, 33, 103. Crowns 31, 221.
See also Beads, Bracelets, and Wampum.
Porcelain-makers, appellation of Indian tribe: Iroquois hostile to,
50, 135.

-

Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatus), Algonquian name for, 56, 155;
described, 6, 305-307; habitat, 271, 9, 165, 14, 287, 56, 155, 159,
179, 183; in cold regions, 205; season for hunting, 6, 277, 7, 107,
121, 145; method of hunting, 6, 305; hunted, 7, 47, 159, 165, 11,

211, 32, 265, 269, 37, 185, 39, 113; used as food, 28, 27, 47, 171;
parts of, used as charms, 6, 203; superstition regarding bones,
211, 215. Quills-a
-as ornaments, 1, 281, 2, 294, 8, 261, 10, 291,
17, 165, 44, 293, 53, 89, 61, 271, 62, 27, 31, 87, 68, 203, 69, 69;
as money, 8, 314; pouch embroidered with, 25, 125; uses, 40,
239.
Porcupines (Algonquian, Kakouchac, Kakouchakhi, Kakwazakh:;
Fr., Porc-épics), Montagnais tribe: origin and meaning of name,
14, 287, 56, 155; location, 14, 287, 24, 311, 46, 287, 304, 56,
155; population, 14, 287-288, 56, 155-157; language, words and
phrases, 56, 155; disposition, 21, 117; intercourse with other
tribes, 18, 227; Iroquois hostile to, 14, 287, 56, 155; ask for
instruction, 14, 225; faith preached to, 24, 155; mission to,
and Jesuits with, 1, 15, 14, 287, 31, 249-255, 37, 211-229, 40, 235,
247, 44, 237, 46, 304; sketch, 14, 287.

Porée, Thomas, in Company of Associates, 4, 257.

Pork: produced in Canada, 6, 73, 79, 40, 215; in Louisiana, 65,
167; at La Malbaye, 69, 89-91; sent to New Orleans from Illinois,
213; dealings in at Detroit mission, 259, 70, 23, 39; price, in
barter, 23. Salted, Hurons steal, 27, 91. See also Swine.
Porlier, Louis B.: "Capture of Mackinaw,” 71, 322.
Pornetton district, district about Huron Bay, 66, 85.
Pornetton district, district about Hudson Bay, 66, 85.
Porphyry, 46, 265, 47, 193; on St. Pierre Islands, 63, 287, 291.
Porphyry, Greek philosopher and anti-Christian: allegorical tree
of, 66, 318.

Porpoises: fishery, 1, 69, 9, 169; as food, 2, 131; appear at time
of earthquake, 48, 27, 45, 215; indicate approach of storm, 60,
117. White-in St. Lawrence, 5, 19, 48, 173; uses of oil of,
68, 89. Gray, in St. Lawrence, 48, 175.

Porret (Allium porrum), identified, 69, 286; seed, Gonnor asks
for, 63.

Port Baleines (Cape Bret. Island), Scotch colony at, 4, 270.
Port aux Coquilles: identified, 3, 300; French at, 199, 201, 209.
Port Jackson, N. Y., Iroquois site near, 51, 295.

Port Mouton (au Mouton): origin of name, 2, 304; Poutrin-
court at, 1, 65; French at, 4, 27.

Port Nelson, 68, 291; location, 28, 320, 45, 223, 272; English
winter at, 272; Radisson takes possession of, for England (1669),
28, 320; English at, 63, 285; French expeditions against,
305, 64, 119; French at, 281. See also Forts: York.
Port Royal (Portrail), Acadia, 1, 312, 318, 2, 133, 135, 145, 147,
167, 207, 223, 231, 235, 239, 247, 249, 291, 306, 308, 3, 59, 185,
30, 304, 49, 171; location, 1, 307, 2, 69, 67, 197; description,

Port Royal (continued)—

1, 67-69; fertility, 13; climate, 3, 55; fisheries, 2, 171; river of, 171, 3, 63; harbor and fort, 209; copper at, 69; Indians, 71; maps, I, viii, 124, 309, 2, viii, 118, 192, 294, 299, 71, 214. De Monts founds, 1, 4, 3, 43; ceded to Poutrincourt, 1, 305-306, 2, 211; Poutrincourt at, 1, 67, 71, 306, 3, 165; Fléché at, 1, 311; Lescarbot at, 65; Bertrand at, 123; Jesuits at, 6, 129, 139, 151, 3, 49; Jesuits leave, 2, 249; hardships of colonists at, 1, 169; sickness at, 291, 3, 51; Membertou dies at, 201-203; baptisms at, 1, 109-113, 155-161, 24, 147; church and chapel at, 1, 109, 169, 2, 89-91, 135; buildings at, 1, 165; excepted from grant to Mme. de Guercheville, 2, 239, 3, 233; English capture and destroy (1613), 1, 8, 131, 306, 2, 267, 3, 11-13, 4, 39-45, 269; Scotch settle in (1627), 270; Razilly receives from English (1632), 8, 288; French colonization scheme (1635), 288; Kirk seizes (1627), 28, 319; Cadillac at (1683), 65, 271; English capture (1690), 58, 295, 64, 41, (1710) 66, 343, 67, 207-209, 69, 233, 302; English attack (1707), 67, 336; French expedition against (1746), 69, 292; history, 71, 301.

Port St. John: French at, 1, 153, 163; sagamore of, 163. See also La Héve.

Portage township, Ind.: site of French fort in, 66, 348.

Portage, Wis., origin of name, 58, 294; Indian site at, 54, 308. Portages, 12, 119, 129, 40, 205, 59, 169, 181; why so called, 37, 211-213; method of making, 8, 77, 39, 53, 99, 49, 263; canoes and goods carried over, 1, 245, 12, 121, 19, 99, 251, 33, 65, 37, 65; Jogues carries sick boy over, 13, 87; length of, on route to Hurons, 39, 47; fatigues of, 40, 219-221, 48, 133-135, 68, 47. Around rapids and waterfalls, 4, 195, 30, 125, 38, 29; at Allumettes Island, 5, 291; on Ottawa route, 31, 19; along northern Canadian routes, 249, 37, 37, 51, 211, 247-249, 43, 53, 46, 259, 271, 287-289, 304, 49, 47, 56, 169, 181-185, 201, 207, 213, 59, 29, 45, 69, 117; near Three Rivers, 37, 99, 141; along route to Huronia, 39, 177; on Keweenaw Point, 46, 141; of Cat Rapids, 50, 253. Chicago (Chicago-Desplaines) - Marquette at, 50, 322, 59, 161, 173, 315; length, 315; canals along route of, 315. At Lake St. Sacrement, 51, 185, 70, 111. Ooukocitiming-location, 54, 307; Allouez at, 217. Kekaling-variants of name, 54, 307; early importance, 307; Allouez at, 217; see also Kaukauna. St. Joseph-Kankakee - location, 59, 314; Marest at, 66, 285287; fort near, 348; history, cited, 348, 71, 317. Fox-Wisconsin, Marquette at, 58, 95, 59, 105, 308. Sturgeon Bay - Jesuits at, 59, 167, 60, 153, 320; ship canal along route of, 59, 314. Be

tween Illinois River and Lake Michigan, 59, 313-314; Arkansas-
Missouri, location, 65, 125; near Biloxi, 167, 171; Wolf-
Tombigby, 266; along route to Abenakis, 67, 95.
Cross-location, 67, 305; Jesuits traverse,
of, 309. At Long Sault, Céloron at, 69, 153.
69, 157; Céloron at, 157-159; French at, 306.
tion, 69, 295; Céloron at, 159-161, 295-296.
outlet, 69, 163-165.

Of the
305-309; difficulties
Niagara - location,
Chautauqua- loca-
Along Chautauqua

Porter, J. H.: "Artificial Deformities of Children," 71, 281.
Porter, Peter A., antiquarian: aid from, acknowledged, I, xii-xiii.
Porteret, Pierre, serves Jesuits, 59, 165.

Portland, Me., 67, 338; site of Fort Loyal, 64, 274; captured by
French and Indians, 274.

Portneuf. See Seigniories.

Portraits published in this series, 4, frontispiece, viii, 5, frontis-
piece, viii, 16, frontispiece, 8, 23, frontispiece, 8, 32, frontispiece,
8, 34, frontispiece, 8, 249, 38, frontispiece, 8, 40, frontispiece,
8, 45, frontispiece, 8, 59, frontispiece, 9, 62, frontispiece, 8, 176,
64, frontispiece, 9, 67, frontispiece, 9, 44, 71, frontispiece, 9, 209-
210, 400-403; of royal family, 29, 235-239; Canadian, 71, 354;
collected by Viger, 400.

Portsmouth, N. H., first settled, 36, 243.

Portugal, 60, 113, 61, 269; American colonies of, 12, 276; imports
codfish, 32, 35; Talon shipwrecked on coast of, 53, 27, 55, 105;
Jesuits expelled from, 70, 313, 71, 43.

Portuguese: as discoverers, I, I; settlers in Newfoundland, 1;
land cattle on Sable Island, 2, 294; visit English ship, 3, 13-15; in
Indies, 6, 145, 9, 97; expel French from Maranham, 8, 287; mis-
sions in American possessions, 12, 221; at Fort Orange, 31, 99;
aid shipwrecked sailors, 34, 235; introduce Barbadoes nuts into
Brazil, 43, 326; honor Tracy, 49, 217. Language of inter-
preter of, 50, 324; 1roquois compared to, 68, 265; in North Amer-
ica, 71, 309.

Post St. Ange (Poste du Ouabache, Post Vincennes). See Vin-

cennes.

Poste aux Akansas, 69, 301. See Arkansas Post.

Posts of the King's Domain, Coquart's memoir upon, 69, 81-127. See
also Domain: King's.

Potato: Micmac, 2, 307 (see also Ground-nut). In Mississippi val-
ley, 66, 227; Indians eat, 67, 215; cultivated in Louisiana, 69,

211.

Pote, William: Journ. of Captivity, 71, 258.
Potéouatami, 55, 103. See Pottawattomies.
Pothier, Louise, marriage, 69, 309.

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