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Nicolas (Nicholas), Louis, Jesuit, 51, 151, 59, 306, 71, 135; arrives
in Canada (1664), 48, 235, 297; with St. Lawrence Algonkins
(1664-67), 297, 50, 207; illness, 49, 171; at Montreal, 50, 213;
accompanies Allouez to Ottawa country, 1, 33, 48, 297, 51, 73, 261;
with Iroquois (1670), 48, 297, 53, 239; at Sept Isles (1673), 48,
297, 59, 51-53; returns to France (1675), 48, 297; leaves order
(1678), 297; sketch, 297, 71, 149. Works by, 71, 377; abstract
of letter (Rel. 1673-74), 58, 7, 59, 7, 12, 49-53, 71, 198; Memoire
(1673), 59, 7, 12, 57-63, 293, 71, 198.

Nicole, Huron child: drowned, 37, 169.

Nicolet, Gilles, secular priest: arrives in Canada (ca. 1640), 27,
312; at French settlements, 97, 312, 28, 247; accompanies Mont-
magny, 27, 87; Jesuits aid, 97; participates in procession, 28,
195, 30, 191; dines with Jesuits, 153; Jesuits give present to, 155;
returns to France (1647), 27, 312, 30, 195; sketch, 27, 312.
Nicolet (Nicollet), Jean, interpreter and explorer, 8, 247, 257, 267,
9, 125, 131, 299, 312, 12, 41, 43, 151, 163, 177, 203, 253, 20, 291;
Indian name, 28, 183; arrives in Canada (1618), 8, 295; with
Island tribe (1620-22), 295, 23, 275; in Iroquois country, 8, 295;
with Nipissings (1622-31), 295, 23, 277; returns to Quebec (ca.
1633), 8, 295; at Allumettes Island, 99, 295; on western expedi-
tion (1634-35), 295; explorations by, 295-296, 71, 318; with
Mascoutens (1634), 5, 280, 8, 295; first white man in Wisconsin,
295; with Winnebagoes, 15, 248, 23, 277-279; reconciles tribes,
15, 248; tribes visited by, 18, 233, 237; with Pottawattomies, 23,
325; interpreter for Hundred Associates, 8, 295, 18, 233, 23, 275-
279; skill in dealing with Indians, 279; gives memoirs to Jes-
uits, 9, 215-217; aids Indians, II, 143; marriage (1637), 8, 295,
12, 273; land granted to, 8, 295-296; confers with Iroquois, 21,
39, 43-47; Iroquois invite to conference, 51; death (1642), 8, 296,
23, 275, 281-283, 24, 57; bibliography, 8, 295-296, 23, 275-281, 71,
220, 335; marriage of daughter, 8, 296; river and lake named for,
296, 12, 135, 273; wife remarries, 28, 243, 320.
Nicolet, Mme. Jean (née Couillard), marriages, 8, 295, 28, 243, 320,
Nicolet, Marguerite, daughter of Jean: marriage, 8, 296, 9, 314.
Nicolini, G. B.: Hist. Jesuits, cited, 1, 312, 71, 239.
Nicolls, Colonel Richard, English officer: expedition against Dutch
colonies, 50, 321; New Amsterdam surrenders to (1664), 321;
governor of New York, 321, 52, 262; succeeded by Lovelace
(1668), 262.

Nicotiana (see also Tobacco): species, 6, 329-330; quadrivalvis,
10, 325; rustica, quality, 6, 329-preferred by Iroquois, 10, 325;
tabacum, southern species, 6, 330.

Nictouche, Souriquois convert: miraculously cured, 30, 131.

Niel, Marie, marriages, 64, 273.

Nieufhaven, 36, 101. See New Haven.

Nieuw Nederland, 28, 105. See New Netherlands.

Nightcap: Jesuits wear, 12, 121; Indians wear, 44, 289.

Nightingale: French appellation of marmot, 6, 271, 313; origin of

name, 329. See also Marmot.

Nigouaouichirinik, Algonquian tribe: location, 33, 151.
Nikalokita, Joseph, Fox Indian: piety, 59, 225-227.

Nikanis, Algonquian word: term of salutation, 21, 105, 115.

Nikaubau. See Nekouba.

Nikikouek (Nikikouets), Algonquian tribe, 44, 251; location, 33,
149; Nouvel with, 62, 203.

Niles, Mich., French fort near, 66, 348.

Nine, number: dedicated to holy angels, 40, 153, 155.

Nioueskou, Abenaki name for superhuman being, 37, 253. See also
Manitou and Oki.

Nipekasou, Marie, Montagnais convert: baptized, 59, 61.

Nipiciriniens, 16, 47. See Nipissings.

Nipigigwi, 32, 41. See Nipisiguit.

Nipikiwigan, Vincent Xavier, son of Nenaskoumat, 29, 83. See
Nenaskoumat, Vincent Xavier.

Nipinoukhe, spirit of spring, 6, 161, 173; etymology, 161. See also
Manitou and Oki.

Nipisiguit (Nepegigouit, Nepegigwit, Nepisiguit, Nepisiquit, Nipigi-
guit, Nipisikouit), early Algonquian and French settlement, and
river in Miscou district, 45, 59; Récollets at, 24, 310; Capu-
chins at, 310; Jesuits at, 1, 221, 237, 30, 127, 32, 41; Jesuit resi-
dence at, 28, 25, 35, 30, 133; Indian settlement at, 28, 213;
Denys at, 24, 310; French expelled by Indians (1692), 310;
Scotch trading post at, 310; site of Bathurst, 310; sketch, 310.
Nipissing (Nepissing), Nipissing village, 56, 105, 57, 243, 60, 51.
See also Lakes: Nipissing.
NIPISSINGS (Bissiriniens, Nepissériens, Nepissing, Nepissirinen, Ne-
pissiriniens, Nipiciriniens, Nipissiriniens, Nipissiriens, Nipis-
tingues; Huron, Askikwanehronons; Fr. Sorciers, Sorcerers"),
Algonquian tribe, 9, 123, 275, 10, 322, 12, 129, 16, 47, 207, 21,
121-123, 247, 297, 23, 207, 215, 217, 221, 227, 233, 277, 24, 249,
269, 25, 27, 131, 153, 155, 27, 47, 55, 57, 29, 145, 32, 221, 38, 294,
42, 241, 44, 239, 324, 325, 45, 217, 46, 251, 269, 49, 95, 243, 51,
63, 65, 69, 52, 227, 55, 147, 149, 56, 99, 175, 58, 75, 60, 211, 217,
227, 61, 95, 62, 193, 201, 67, 27. Generic name, 2, 303; true
Algonkins, 5, 288; Algonkin and Huron names, 21, 239; origin
of name, 44, 243.

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Nicolas (Nicholas), Louis, Jesuit, 51, 151, 59, 306, 71, 135; arrives
in Canada (1664), 48, 235, 297; with St. Lawrence Algonkins
(1664-67), 297, 50, 207; illness, 49, 171; at Montreal, 50, 213;
accompanies Allouez to Ottawa country, 1, 33, 48, 297, 51, 73, 261;
with Iroquois (1670), 48, 297, 53, 239; at Sept Isles (1673), 48,
297, 59, 51-53; returns to France (1675), 48, 297; leaves order
(1678), 297; sketch, 297, 71, 149. Works by, 71, 377; abstract
of letter (Rel. 1673-74), 58, 7, 59, 7, 12, 49-53, 71, 198; Memoire
(1673), 59, 7, 12, 57-63, 293, 71, 198.

Nicole, Huron child: drowned, 37, 169.

Nicolet, Gilles, secular priest: arrives in Canada (ca. 1640), 27,
312; at French settlements, 97, 312, 28, 247; accompanies Mont-
magny, 27, 87; Jesuits aid, 97; participates in procession, 28,
195, 30, 191; dines with Jesuits, 153; Jesuits give present to, 155;
returns to France (1647), 27, 312, 30, 195; sketch, 27, 312.
Nicolet (Nicollet), Jean, interpreter and explorer, 8, 247, 257, 267,
9, 125, 131, 299, 312, 12, 41, 43, 151, 163, 177, 203, 253, 20, 291;
Indian name, 28, 183; arrives in Canada (1618), 8, 295; with
Island tribe (1620-22), 295, 23, 275; in Iroquois country, 8, 295;
with Nipissings (1622-31), 295, 23, 277; returns to Quebec (ca.
1633), 8, 295; at Allumettes Island, 99, 295; on western expedi-
tion (1634-35), 295; explorations by, 295-296, 71, 318; with
Mascoutens (1634), 5, 280, 8, 295; first white man in Wisconsin,
295; with Winnebagoes, 15, 248, 23, 277-279; reconciles tribes,
15, 248; tribes visited by, 18, 233, 237; with Pottawattomies, 23,
325; interpreter for Hundred Associates, 8, 295, 18, 233, 23, 275-
279; skill in dealing with Indians, 279; gives memoirs to Jes-
uits, 9, 215-217; aids Indians, II, 143; marriage (1637), 8, 295,
12, 273; land granted to, 8, 295-296; confers with Iroquois, 21,
39, 43-47; Iroquois invite to conference, 51; death (1642), 8, 296,
23, 275, 281-283, 24, 57; bibliography, 8, 295-296, 23, 275-281, 71,
220, 335; marriage of daughter, 8, 296; river and lake named for,
296, 12, 135, 273; wife remarries, 28, 243, 320.

Nicolet, Mme. Jean (née Couillard), marriages, 8, 295, 28, 243, 320,
Nicolet, Marguerite, daughter of Jean: marriage, 8, 296, 9, 314.
Nicolini, G. B.: Hist. Jesuits, cited, 1, 312, 71, 239.
Nicolls, Colonel Richard, English officer: expedition against Dutch
colonies, 50, 321; New Amsterdam surrenders to (1664), 321;
governor of New York, 321, 52, 262; succeeded by Lovelace
(1668), 262.

Nicotiana (see also Tobacco): species, 6, 329-330; quadrivalvis,
10, 325; rustica, quality, 6, 329- preferred by Iroquois, 10, 325;
tabacum, southern species, 6, 330.

Noah: deluge of, 1, 61, 75; legends about, 73-75; story of, told to

Indians, 12, 151.

Nobrega, Emmanuel, Jesuit: founds Brazilian mission (1549), 12,
276.

Noce (Nopce), 27, 93, 313, 36, 121, 44, 119. See Mézeray, René.
Nochpeems, Mohegan tribe, 36, 244.

Noel (Negabamat?), Algonkin convert: present to, 27, 103; goes
hunting, 45, 89.

letter by, cited, 5, 281.

Noel, Jacques, grandnephew of Cartier:
Noël, Jacques, a servant: slain by Iroquois, 43, 322.

Noël, Jean Baptiste, Jesuit: arrives in Canada (lay brother; 1752),
71, 179; at Quebec college, 70, 83; ordained to perpetuate order
(1766), 71, 179; sketch, 179.

Noela, Michel, slain by Iroquois, 38, 183.

Noirclair (Noircler), Nicolas, Jesuit brother, 71, 135; at Sillery,
30, 197; at Quebec, 32, 71; goes to France, 35, 55; sketch, 71,
146.

Noiseux, François, Canadian priest: Liste chronologique, cited, 4,
260.

Noland (Nolan), Pierre, dit Le Chevalier: nephew of D'Avaugour,
47, 277; expedition against Iroquois, 305; marriage, 317; dines
with Jesuits, 48, 225; goes to France, 237; sketch, 47, 317.
Nomination, right of, in feudal tenures, 47, 267. See also Seign-
iories.

Nopce. See Noce.

Nördlinger Register (1480), cited, 49, 276-277.

Norembega (Norambegua, Norambegue, Norembegua, Norembegue,
Norombega, Norumbega, Norumbegua), appellation of district, vil-
lage, and river: scope of term, 1, 309; true form of word, 309;
confused with Acadia, 309, 3, 267, 273; disused, 1, 155, 3, 41; lo-
cation, 1, 309, 3, 41; climate, 63; fertility of soil, 63; De Monts
in, 43; researches concerning, 71, 314. See also Arâmbec and
Rivers.

Norman Charter, 1, 57, 2, 189. See Chartre Normand.
Normand, Jean, dit La Guay: death of wife, 46, 181; sketch, 303.
Normand, Jean Baptiste, furnishes hay to Jesuits, 71, 105.
Normandy, northern district of France, 5, 292, 10, 320, II, 277,
24, 309, 27, 311, 313, 36, 247, 39, 39, 46, 303, 47, 316, 64, 274, 69
288; emigration from, to New France, 7, 309-310, 16, 257; de-
pendence of New France upon, 257; ship from, 45, 157, 50.
217; commerce with New France, 47, 305-307, 48, 235-237, 49,
169, 173; books relating to, 71, 221, 305, 327.

Normans, inhabitants of Normandy, II, 276; Indian name for all

French, 2, 89, 3, 147; in Newfoundland fisheries, I, I; early voy-
ageurs among, 2, 203; discoveries and explorations, 203, 3, 39, 4,
105, 71, 338-339.
Normanville,
testifies for Albanel, 50, 185.
Normanville, Thomas Godefroy, sieur de, interpreter, 24, 311; re-
mains in Canada during English occupation (1629-32), 21, 311; at
Three Rivers (1634-52), 311; Iroquois capture and return, 10,
321, 21, 23-45, 311, 24, 197, 27, 263, 37, 113, 38, 59, 44, 99; accom-
panies Le Jeune to France, 24, 197; at Fort Richelieu, 197-199,
215; instructs Indians, 199; with Attikamègues, 36, 117, 129, 37, 19,
25, 35, 59; slain by Iroquois (1652), 21, 311; sketch, 311.
Norridgewock, Me., 37, 267; etymology of name, 36, 238; Rale
founds, 66, 346; English at, 67, 337; history, 71, 313. See also
Narantsouat.

Norridgewocks. See Canibas and Nurhântsuaks.

Norsemen. See Northmen.

North Carolina (colony and state): Verrazano explores coast near,
I, 2; English in, 65, 266.

North, Lord Frederick, cited, 70, 311.

North Channel, 66, 81-83. See Straits: Hudson.
North Land, district about Hudson Bay, 66, 83.
North Orillia, Ont., Indian sites in, 34, 256.
Northampton, Mass., Smith college at, 67, 337.

Northern Indiana Historical Society Publications, cited, 66, 348.
Northern passage, 1, 91. See Northwest passage.
Northern sea, 5, 55, 33, 67. See Bays: Hudson.

Northmen (Norsemen): discoverers of America, I, I in Massa-
chusetts, 309; on North American coast, 71, 315.
Northwest, geographical region of North America, 55, 320; Per-
rot takes possession of, 66, 337; La Vérendrye, commandant in,
68, 334; La Vérendrye resigns commandancy in, 69, 290. Tribes
of - 42, 296, 44, 324-325; Perrot describes, 55, 321; Du Luth
trades with, 62, 274; aid French against Iroquois, 274. History,
71, 318-322.

Northwest coast, history, 71, 296.

Northwest passage, hypothetical navigable route to Orient: search
for and conjectures regarding, 1, 91, 45, 221-225, 46, 249-251, 54,
135, 71, 249.

Norumbega, 2, 65, 71, 314. See Norembega.

Nose-rings, Indians wear, 44, 289, 70, 95, 149.

Nostre Dame, Anne de, Ursuline: sent to Canada, 25, 223.
Notaries: public - at Quebec, 71, 71, 93-95; at Paris, 83. Royal,
at Quebec, 45, 271, 71, 395.

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