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MONTMAGNY (Continued)—

eler to Europe, 235; his chapel burned, 19, 65; builds forts at
Richelieu River, 22, 89-91, 247, 277, 24, 287; advises sending Le
Jeune to France, 23, 269; prohibits liquor traffic with Indians, 24,
143; protects Dutch, 273, 25, 49; advises Hospital nuns, 193;
connection with parish church, 27, 95, 109, 115, 155, 28, 179, 193,
30. 197-199, 32, 85; gifts thereto, 42, 273-275, 299; punishes
drunkards, 27, 119; various official acts, 312, 28, 137, 173, 199,
201, 205-207, 211, 32, 93, 131; correspondence, 24, 293–297, 305,
31, 87-89, 115, 119, 289–290, 36, 75, 39, 266; landgrants by, 71, 89;
quiets discontent of habitants, 28, 157; death of his brother,
223; honored by French, 29, 127; horse presented to, 30, 183;
plans fort at Sillery, 179; aids Sillery Christians, 31, 171, 175;
superseded, 23, 328, 32, 101; leaves Canada, 105; his excellent
administration, 22, 39, 23, 273, 28, 47, 271; term as governor, 71,
116; sketch, 8, 307; facsimile writing, 23, 224, 71, 211. Personal
character-generosity, 12, 147, 16, 23; humility, 14, 145; strict-
ness, 18, 127; piety, 16, 21, 99, 18, 87, 22, 143; acts of piety, 16,
105, 19, 23, 27, III, 28, 247, 30, 155; defends converts, 22, 125;
policy toward apostates, 25, 261-263.

Dealings with Indians: policy toward, 12, 257; councils with, 9,
227-235, 12, 161-165, 21, 41-43, 49-61, 24, 47, 25, 265-271, 26, 59–71,
27, 137, 239-243, 251-267, 289-303, 28, 291-303, 315, 29, 233; attends
their ceremonies, 9, 49, 22, 69; sends embassies, 9, 314, 14, 243, 31,
109, 32, 69; feasts Indians, 11, 185-187, 15, 229, 18, 127, 24, 75, 27,
117, 267; asks Hurons to settle near French, 12, 195, 255; forbids
Abenakis to trade in Canada, 187-189; hostilities with Iroquois, 16,
51, 217, 39, 201; they seek peace, 27, 247-249; generosity and aid to
Indians, 14, 137, 141, 265, 15, 231, 18, 93–95, 105, 19, 67, 20, 221–227,
21, 83, 91, 22, 139–141, 24, 117, 26, 83, 27, 297, 303, 29, 235, 40, 59;
advises them, 18, 101, 20, 161–163, 25, 153; captives given to, 27,
229, 233, 241, 245, 277, 295, 36, 21; other gifts to, 24, 23, 28, 205;
redeems or liberates captives, 23, 283, 24, 193, 25, 53, 27, 243-245.
253, 257, 295, 28, 279, 32, 151, 36, 23; delivers others to Algonkins,
30, 195, 32, 23; Algonkins acknowledge, as chief, 22, 91; Attika-
mègues visit, 24, 69; sends Frenchmen to Indian villages, 27, 271,
28, 47, 29, 47; dissuades Hurons from war, 30, 165-167; other inci-
dents, 20, 151, 21, 63, 25, 27, 119, 143-147, 187, 27, 113, 235, 297-299,
28, 153, 215, 225, 279; attitude of Indians toward, 27, 269, 285;
Huron-Iroquois appellation of, 20, 221, 61, 272.

Montmartre: origin of name, 8, 310; church at, 237; convent, 10, 7,
11, 59; history, 8, 311.

Montmignon, abbé Jean Baptiste, edits Lettres édifiantes, 66, 329.
Montmirel, 70, 65, 309. See Durand, P.

Montmorency, Charlotte de: marriage, 2, 296.

Montmorency, Henri, duc de: constable of France, 24, 309; viceroy
of New France, 2, 296, 4, 257, 267; asks redress for Argall's raid,
2, 309; treatment of De Caen's company, 4, 257, 17, 243; befriends
Viau, 35, 292.

Montmorency, sault de, 32, 109. See Falls: Montmorency.

Montpellier, France, 28, 317; university of, founds botanical garden,
49, 277; cathedral at, 71, 400.

Montpellier, 28, 203, 317. See Martin, Antoine.

MONTREAL (Mon real, Mon-real, Mon-réal, Monreal, Mont-Real, Mont-
Reale, Mont Royal, Mont-Royal, Ville-Marie), Que., metropolis of
Canada, 8, 305, 12, 273, 23, facing 224, 267, 321, 323, 24, 195, 277,
289, 293, 297, 25, 19, 25, 283, 289, 26, 316, 27, facing 106, 309,
28, facing 104, 305, 29, 59, 223, 30, 171, 173, 255, 265, 32, 85, 101,
105, 33, 65, 249, 35, 197, 36, 123, 149, 233, 40, 93, 115, 41, 63, 67,
71, 77, 85, 91, 97, 111, 129, 199, 201, 219, 221, 235, 241, 251, 253, 257,
258, 42, 37, 47, 49, 61, 69, 77, 93, 103, 109, 191, 215, 237, 245, 253,
297, 43, 21, 31-35, 47, 51-55, 63, 67, 69, 101, 137, 139, 143, 207, 319,
320, 322-324, 44, 53, 67, 71, 85, 87, 91, 99, 103, 105, 109-119, 127–129,
155, 161, 163, 167, 183, 187, 193-197, 201, 207, 211, 213, 219-225, 229,
320, 322, 323, 45, 95-99, 105, 107, 111, 113, 117, 119, 151, 161, 163,
245, 259, 46, 29-33, 75, 117, 119, 123, 171, 177, 181-185, 203, 205,
211, 217, 223-227, 233, 239, 243, 245, 297, 302, 304, 47, 35, 43-49, 69-
73, 77, 81, 95, 97, 101, 105, 107, 111, 151, 155, 157, 177, 189, 193, 213,
217, facing 268, 277, 281, 283, 289, 291, 299, 307, facing 308, 314,
318, 48, 51, 85, 89-95, 99, 149, 153, 167, 171, 233-237, 259, 292, 295,
296, 49, 107, 125, 141, 145, 159, 50, 127, 187, 189, 207, 209, 213, 315,
319, 320, 322, 323, 326, 51, 147, 173, 177, 243, 275, 290, 291, 52, 23,
25, 201, 203, 221, 243, 261, 53, 41, 43, 241, 247, 255, 257, 54, 47, 71,
113, 55, 33, 107, 123, 249, 318, 56, 39, 43, 267, 301, 57, 27-29, 107,
141, 143, 149, 209, 253, 281, 308–309, 316, 318, 58, 93, 113, 117–123, 294,
295, 59, 79, 89, 257, 269, 273, 281, 285, 291, 305, 60, 287, 315, 322,
61, 105, 169, 241, 62, 69, 157, 159, 167, 175, 237, 243, 253, 273, 274,
63, 65, 149, 151, 179, 209, 269, 277, 279, 283, 295, 296, 300, 303, 304,
64, 25, 37, 47, 49, 57, 59, 67, 73, 75, 91, 119, 135, 139, 145, 149, 255,
271, 276, 279, 65, 27, 189, 221-225, 241, 243, 261, 269, 66, 51, 53, 75,
191, 203, 205, 338, 340, 342, 67, 25, 68, 255, 321, 335, 69, 39, 155,
253, 269, 279, 281, 304.

Description: location, 44, 241, 66, 189, 68, 263; climate, 28, 141,
48, 169; hills and mountains of, 46, 35, 48, 85; fertility of soil, 24,
229, 48, 169. Population—(1643) 24, 221–223, (1646) 29, 145-149;
French, reduced to fifty (1651), 36, 165; artisans sent to (1653), 40,
85; settlers of, 23, 328, 27, 312-313, 28, 316, 67, 335, 69, 261, 293,
305-308, 310; character of settlers, 24, 229, 48, 169; emigrants to

MONTREAL: Description (continued)--

West from, 70, 305-309. Occupations-commerce with France, 27.
85; agriculture at, 28, 185, 29, 145-147; fisheries at, 34, 55; center
for northern trade, 36, 201; brandy traffic at, 65, 191; trade with
Detroit, 70, 21, 25, 29-33, 39, 49, 306–307. Frontier post, 64, 253:
maps and plans, 50, frontispiece, 67. 52, 332, 71, 215.

Government, etc.: agreement with habitants (1645), 27, 77; Dau-
versière intendant of, 77; governors of, 79, 67, 331, 71, 396; council,
members of, strive to increase pay (1646), 28, 237; D'Ailleboust
commandant at, 29, 161; militia of, 35, 290, 48, 95, 50, 319; garrison
at, 43, 322, 324.

Events in history: colony of, religious enterprise, 21, 311; idea of
foundation of (1636), 311. Company of (also styled Associates, Gen-
tlemen, and Society of Notre Dame) - formation of (1640), 21, 311;
project of, 18, 245, 22, 203-217; receive gift for hospital, 21, 311;
Mlle. Mance, member of, 311, 22, 318; Montreal Island granted to, 12,
273, 21, 311; at N. D. de Paris, 22, 207-209; send colonists to (1641,
1643), 21, 107, 311, 22, 318; consecrate Montreal to Holy Family,
207; send tabernacle to Montreal, 213; D'Ailleboust member of, 23,
289; assist colony, 28, 269; Mlle. Mance reorganizes (1652), 22, 318;
desire Queylus for bishop, 43, 322; piety of, 22, 207, 23, 273, 24,
229, 27, 139; surrender Montreal to Sulpitians (1663), 12, 273.
Foundation-founders of, 21, 311-312, 22, 318, 71, 258; founders
of, seek advice of Berchereau, 27, 312; first colonists winter at Que-
bec (1641), 21, 311; founded (1642), 6, 325, 8, 307–309, 11, 277; Mme.
de la Peltrie joins, 21, 311; religious orders formed for benefit of,
312; Indian belief regarding, 24, 231; commemoration of, 71,
354. French at, 24, 159, 295, 27, 139; Mme. de la Peltrie at, 23,
301, 25, 237; occurrences at, 24, 221-269, 29, 145-183; flood at, 24,
225; importance for conversion of Indians, 269; Bourdon and others
visit, 30, 177; dog patrols, 32, 27; famine at, 34, 51; Mlle. Mance
aids (1651), 22, 318; Lauson visits, 37, 99, 103; supplies for, sent
from Quebec, 38, 173; peace conference at, 179; vows made at, 40,
87, 159; warehouse at, 211-213; cemetery at, 42, 239; Dollard saves
(1660), 12, 276; Closse saves, 47, 155; riot in, 289; meteors at, 48,
37-39; effects of earthquake at, 45; theater of French-Iroquois war,
63, 149; English expeditions against, (1690) 64, 274, (1709) 66, 343;
French prepare to defend, 193; Vaudreuil at, 67, 55; Bégon at,
331; Catalogne makes map of, 333; Catalogne constructs fortifica-
tions at, 333; Catalogne at, 334; French expedition leaves (1734),
68, 333; Céloron at, 69, 195, 294; French and Indian expedition sets
out from (1757), 70, 91-93; surrenders to English (1760), 312, 71,
99; captured by Americans (1775), 394; last public sale of slave at
(1797), 69, 301; history, 71, 248, 312. Parish register (Notre Dame),
cited, 22, facing 196, 43, facing 62, 322.

Ecclesiastical: Jesuit - Jesuits at, 9, 314, 315, 15, 250, 22, 317.
23, 327, 24, 219, 27, 77, 93-95, 265, 28, 137, 141, 217, 31, 107, 40,
153, 66, 211, 67, 51, 67, 71, 331, 68, 257-259, 331-332, 69, 286, 288,
70, 199; residence at, abandoned, 47, 253; fortifications of, threaten
to diminish orchard, 67, 53; estates in, 71, 85-91. Colleges - [St.
Raphael], 71, 109, 113, 385. Jesuit, 215, 217; built (1692-94), 64,
135, 71, 217; burned (1803), 64, 135, 71, 217; view, 64, 9, 135, 71,
217; plan, 64, 9, 151, 71, 217; see also Colleges: St. Mary's.
Churches (see Churches). Sulpitian-Sulpitians at, 51, 177, 53,
303, 67, 339, 69, 295; house at, 51, 290; seigniors of Montreal, 57,
315; seminary of St. Sulpice, superior of, 67, 245, 339; monastery
at, 69, 286; see also Sulpitians. Secular priests at, 47, 253. Con-
vent at, 69, 294. See also Chapels, Churches, Hospitals, and
Hospital nuns.

Relations with Indians: fields given to, 24, 233, 241; converts
at, 27, 141; Indians settled at, 28, 147; feasted at, 31, 173; baptized
at, 279, 230; Indians leave, 36, 165; winter at, 203; massacres at,
49, 161; trade at, 65, 219. Abenakis at, 67, 131, 70, 91. Algonkins
at, 24, 199, 207, 219, 231, 25, 191, 275-277, 29, 145-149, 167–169, 30,
269, 281; influence upon Algonkins, 24, 265-267; soldier at, killed by,
68, 267. Crees at, 48, 237, 66, 107. Hurons at, 24, 119, 265, 275,
279, 287, 26, 21, 27, 89, 28, 149, 29, 71, 231, 38, 51, 193–195, 41,
79; fugitive Hurons, unwilling to settle at, 35, 207; take refuge at,
48, 85; trade at, 60, 307. Iroquets at, 31, 279-283. Iroquois at, 25,
49-51, 193, 26, 35, 39-41, 28, 291, 37, 95-97, 101, 117, 38, 51, 189,
41, 19, 51, 69, 43, 51, 49, 91, 63, 151, 64, 143, 275; attacked by, 22,
318, 23, 249, 24, 275-279, 295, 36, 133, 137, 165, 40, 85-87, 103, 173,
46, 219, 64, 83; threatened by, 25, 25, 27, 221, 30, 177, 251, 273,
35, 165; Iroquois raids at, 32, 27-33, 169–171, 36, 119, 125, 149, 45,
31, 81, 46, 189; envoys and conferences at, 32, 87, 143, 40, 89-91,
163, 49, 143, 52, 53; capture Hurons near, 35, 59; prisoner burned
at, 36, 125; hinder growth of city, 201; prisoners at, 44, 315; French
at, captured by, 46, 207; exposed to, 48, 169; French at, defeated
by, 64, 29-33. Nipissiriniens at, 49, 243. Ottawas at, 48, 237, 277,
64, 25-27.

Montreal Historical Society (Société Historique de), Mémoires,
cited, 69, 301, 71, 257-258, 306.

Montreal Numismatic and Antiquarian Society: Canadian Portraits
and Antiq., cited, 71, 238, 330. Catalogue of Loan Exhib., 71, 267.
Montreil, Charlotte, sponsor in baptism, 70, 75.

Montret, 70, 77. See Campeau, Marie Charlotte.

Montreuil, 30, 153. See Montereul.

Monts, Pierre du Gas (Gua), sieur de, a Huguenot, governor of

Pons, 1, 307, 309, 315, 2, 177, 221, 307; commissioned by rienri IV.,

Monts (continued)—

1, 305, 4, 103; lands granted to, 1, 305, 2, 33, 4, 43, 107, 233, 256;
Canadian enterprise, 256; settlements of, 2, 209, 296, 305-306,
308, 3, 41-45, 51; explorations, 43-45, 187. Fur trade monopoly
granted to (1603), 1, 4, 305; monopoly canceled (1607), 305; renewed,
305. Associated with Poutrincourt, 1, 305, 2, 127; sails for Acadia,
(1604), I, 305; in Acadia, 4-5, 65; on New England coast, 2, 291,
305; at St. Croix, 133, 167, 185, 209, 290, 300, 4, 37, 45; rescues
Aubry, 2, 301; establishes fort at Quebec, 1, 99, 101; cedes
Port Royal to Poutrincourt (1606), 305–306, 3, 161, 235; returns to
France (1607), 161; sends Champlain to New France (1608), 1,
305, 3, 161; surrenders commission, 1, 305; transfers claims in New
France, 305, 313, 2, 237, 3, 233; interest in conversion of Indians,
1, 63; St. Croix Island renamed for, 2, 292; sketch, 1, 305-306.
Monts Pelés (" bare mountains”), Montagnais tribe, 47, 61.
Monts Pelez (bare mountains). See Pointe des Monts.
Moodie, Susanna: In the Bush, cited, 10, 325, 71, 327–328.
Moon: measure of time, 3, 79, 15, 157; eclipses of, 5, 99, 8, 63, 10, 59,
15. 139, 175, 22, 295-297, 23, 179, 30, 67, 58, 181-185, 201, 64, 117, 68,
291; in Indian folk-lore, 6, 223, 10, 323, 22, 295, 50, 289; its spirit
appears to Indian woman, 17, 165–167; used in metaphor, 19, 63;
Indians worship, 56, 113, 58, 181, 62, 199-201; influence upon
tides, 56, 139; Aulneau asks for reckoning of eclipses, 68, 257,
in Mohammedan folk-lore, 12, 37. Sign of the," metaphor, 10,
51. See also Eclipses.

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Mooney, James: "Cher. Ball Play," cited, 10, 328, 71, 281. Cher.
Sacred Formulas," 71, 277.

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End of Natchez," 71, 295. Ghost

Dance, 71, 277. Siouan Tribes, 71, 296.

Moore, Charles: Northwest Under Three Flags, 71, 321.

Moore, George H., superintendent of Lenox Library, 45, 265; owner
of Cramoisy Relation, 50, 314; death, 45, 265.

44

Moore, Martin: 'Eliot and Indian Converts," 71, 336.

Moore, Thomas: Lake of Dismal Swamp," cited, 10, 324.

MOOSE: 6, 179, 215, 11, 121, 12, 9, 25, 165, 28, 25, 46, 65, 259, 47, 43,
51, 153, 167, 173, 49, 71, 50, 27, 291, 55, 113, 56, 79, 85, 58, 67;
early names for, 1, 247, 2, 298, 9, 310, 15, 249; described, 2, 298.
Habitat, 37, 253, 40, 215, 47, 147, 48, 163, 177, 53, 89, 56, 155,
159, 179, 183, 205; scarce in Eskimo country, 45, 67; in wooded dis-
tricts, 46, 277. Season for hunting, 3, 79, 6, 313, 7, 107, 145, 8,
33, 159, 55, 155; method of hunting, 1, 249, 4, 193, 6, 295, 45, 61,
49, 159, 56, 113, 57, 319; hunted, 7, 159-161, 165, 183-185, 215, 11,
119, 16, 49, 93, 18, 115, 20, 291, 23, 315, 24, 53, 89, III, 179, 211,
245, 25, 123, 127, 161, 167, 273, 28, 29, 32, 75, 35, 33, 36, 197, 221,
37, 101, 195-197. 245, 38, 21, 43, 113, 45, 193–195, 227, 47, 23, 171,
48, 285, 49, 21, 39, 171, 51, 129, 169, 273, 53, 83, 56, 77. As

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