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Mignardé,

sieur: lieutenant in Carignan regiment, 50, 133.
Mignot, Jean, dit Châtillon: wishes to marry Indian girl, 30, 157;

commands war-party, 173; marriage, 304; sketch, 304.
Mikissioua: Eagle clan of Ojibwas, 58, 293; mission to, 41.

Mikouachakhi, Montagnais tribe: location, 24, 311; hear of Chris-
tianity, 155.

Miles, Frederick B.: Atlas of Ontario, cited, 34, 249, 71, 363.
Miles, Henry H.: Canada Under French Régime, 71, 298.
Miles, Henry, Jr.: Prize Questions Canad. Hist., 71, 298.
MILET (Millet), Pierre (Peter), Jesuit, 71, 134; arrives in Canada
(1668), 64, 275; Iroquois names, 17, 242, 56, 43, 64, 85, 91, 276;
goes to Iroquois country (1684), 275; returns to Canada (1684),
275; captured by Oneidas (1689), 275; captivity among (1689-94),
67, 119, 133, 243-245, 275; Oneidas adopt, 91-93, 276; Oneida
woman saves his life, 65, 27, 261; Oneidas restore, 64, 259, 275;
death (1708), 275; sketch, 275, 71, 151.

Missionary labors: assigned to Iroquois mission (1668), 64, 275;
with Iroquois (1668–84), 1, 30, 64, 275; with Onondagas, 51, 251, 52;
153, 161, 53, 53, 253, 257, 55, 57, 56, 39, 43, 57, 131, 155, 171; with
Oneidas, 56, 27, 57, 129, 59, 77, 241, 61, 21, 165, 185, 62, 233; bap-
tizes Andaste captive, 52, 167; cures Garakontié, 57, 139; at Forts
Frontenac and Niagara (1684-89), 64, 119, 275; at Lorette, 275;
Iroquois ask for (1697), 275; Charlevoix with, 275.

Writings: letters-(Rel. 1669-70), 53, 7, 16-17, 261-299, 54, 7,
9-10, 21-51, 71, 196; (Rel. 1672–73), 56, 179–205, 57, 7, 13, 113–125,
308, 71, 197; (Rel. 1673–74), 58, 7, 15, 179-205, 71, 198; (Rel. 1676–
77), 60, 9, 18, 183-185, 71, 199; (1691), 64, 7, 13, 67-107, 270-271,
71, 201.

Milford, Eng., Turnell at, 4, 69.

Militia: of Canada, 40, 161, 191, 69, 179; Le Neuf organizes, 8, 310;
temporary, 12, 213; officers in, 21, 318, 27, 312, 36, 249, 43, 321,
64, 275, 65, 271, 67, 331, 336, 70, 312; needed to repel Iroquois,
44, 229, 323; at Montreal, 35, 290; at Three Rivers, 47, 315; take
part in war against Iroquois, 49, 237, 50, 131-133, 139, 181; of
Holy Family (Montreal), 48, 95, 295, 50, 319; in Denonville's
expedition, 63, 269; organized at New Orleans, 68, 187; number,
70, 169; courage, 159-161; exploits in war, 107, 119, 167; at siege
of Fort George, 155, 173-175, 181, 191; history, 44, 323, 71, 311.
Of Massachusetts, 36, 239–241-volunteers, 101, 109, 111; English,
march against French, 66, 199; attack Norridgewock, 346; substi-
tute for military service, furnished by vassal, 71, 67. See also
Army, French; Flying camp, Garrisons, and Soldiers.
Milk, thickened, food of young warriors, 68, 151.
Mille-pertuis, 7, 39; described, 309.

Mille Roches, Céloron at, 69, 153.

Millers, at Quebec, 32, 101, 36, 125.

See also Guilds, and Workmen.

Millet, species of grain: cultivated in Louisiana, 69, 211.
Millot, Jean, seventeenth century Parisian publisher, 1, 53, 57, 2.
123, 189.

Millouer (Milouer), Jean, dit Dumaine (Du Maisne): marriages, 32,
313; his first wife bequeaths money to parish church, 42, 277–279.
Mills: at Port Royal, 2, 165, 169; Jesuit, at La Vacherie, 28, 201-
203, 209, 217; owned by Jesuits, 34, 51; at Cap au Diamans, 45,
109; Jesuit, at Sillery, 66, 43; Jesuit, at Quebec, 65, 183; on
Jesuit estates, 71, 83, 105. At Detroit-flour, 70, 21-23, 29, 39,
43-45, 57, 61-63; lumber, 33, 39; method of operating, 305.
Milman, H. H., English historian: "Jesuits and Clement XIV.,"
cited, 70, 315.

Milnes, Sir Robert Shore, thirteenth English governor of Canada:
opposes grant of Jesuit estates to Amherst, 71, 393; term as govern-
or (1799-1805), 119.

Milwaukee, Wis., 54, 307, 60, 320; an early trading-post, 70, 309.
Minabō'sho, Ojibwa legend of, 20, 306. See also Manabozho.
Mineral water, in Mascouten country, 59, 99–101.

-

Mines and minerals: effect of, on colonization, 1, 5; Indians taught
to work, 33-34; sought in Acadia, 2, 301; of Acadia, 3, 69, 295,
65, 262; in Laurentides, 5, 286; discovered in Canada, 8, 13, 289;
of Quebec, 289; development of, 19, 121; Huron employed to
reconnoiter, 28, 243; De l'Espinay owns, 48, 237; at Gaspé, 49,
171; Talon directs search for, 50, 243, 51, 171; in Mexico, 66, 225;
Spaniards own, 225, 293; in Illinois, 69, 221–223; authorities must
be informed of, 71, 79; of Canada, 343-345; English mining com-
panies in Acadia, 3, 296. Copper — 28, 229, 55, 99, 65, 265, 66,
227, 67, 339; of Lake Superior, 45, 219-221, 50, 327, 54, 153-155,
55, 237, 69, 39; Johnson's report on, 50, 327; De Lusson seeks,
55, 320; Le Sueur discovers, 66, 338. Gold—9, 171, 28, 229, 59,
87, 67, 339; near Delaware River, 28, 109. Iron-59, 107, 65,
III, 265, 69, 39; in Canada, 5, 286, 8, 289, 38, 243, 63, 291; in
Acadia, 3, 69, 296; on St. Pierre Island, 63, 289; in Spain, 289;
along Mississippi, 59, 145; at St. Maurice, 69, 291. Lead -- 65,
105, 173, 265, 66, 227, 293; on Lake Superior, 45, 219–221; Perrot
discovers, 55, 320; Le Sueur discovers, 66, 338; in Missouri,
348-349; in Wisconsin, 348, 70, 316. Silver -9, 171, 65, 157,
173, 66, 227. Tin−66,227, 293. Zinc

Mines, Acadian seigniory, 3, 296.

in Missouri, 66, 348-349.

Mingan, post of: injures trade of Sept Isles, 69, 123; Indians of, on

Rivière aux Huitres, 123; Maurice at, 135.

Mini. See Mesny, Antoine.

Minigo, 2, 306. See Islands: Orleans.

Minimes, ecclesiastical order, 2, 175; origin of, 300.

Ministers: of New England-friendly to Druillettes, 31, 205, 36,
91, 95; friendly to Pierron, 59, 73. Of Boston, open mission
among Abenakis, 67, 97. See also Calvinists, Heretics, Hugue-
nots, Lutherans, and Protestants.

Minitik outen entagougiban. See Islands: Montreal.

Minium: Hospital nuns ask for, 49, 207; red oxide of lead, 277.
Minnesota (state), 44, 324, 60, 321, 66, 338; snowshoes used in, 5,
285; Sioux in, 68, 329; Pipestone county, 59, 310; history, 71, 322;
geology, 344-345.

Minnesota Geological and Natural History Survey: Reports, 71, 344-
Minnesota Geological Survey: Reports, 1877, cited, 59, 310.
Minnesota Historical Society: Collections, cited, 58, 293, 71, 293,

322.

Minnetarees (Meunitarris), western tribe: location, 10, 325; belief
regarding bones of game, 20, 310.

See also Andastes,

Minquas, Dutch name for Huron-Iroquois tribe: location, 8, 301;
sell lands, 301; Black, 301; identity, 71, 294.
Conestogas, and Susquehannas.

Miracles: biblical, loaves and fishes, 24, 117.

Recorded by Jesuits,

10, 73, 19, 63-65, 20, 129, 44, 39-41, 48, 187–191, 197-199, 50, 23–
25, 45-53, 87-89, 51, 79, 99-101, 52, 21, 81, 131, 229-233, 53, 27,
71, 77, 54, 147, 60, 87, 63, 207; knowledge of language miracu.
lously imparted, 19, 129; blindness healed, 18, 25-27, 20, 23-25;
pests driven away, 18, 85; sickness cured, 11, 127, 17, 101, 279-
281, 18, 211, 19, 129–131, 20, 25–27, 23, 121, 24, 21–23, 25, 171, 26,
227, 27, 41, 29, 159, 171, 197–199, 30, 97, 119, 131, 31, 151, 177,
197–199, 229, 267, 32, 45-47, 199, 223, 263, 277, 299, 33, 157–159, 34,
117, 35, 231, 245-247, 277, 36, 199-201, 37, 65, 38, 17-25, 40, 243–
245, 41, 193, 45, 53, 63, 71, 47, 205, 213, 48, 53, 50, 121–123, 51,
89-99, 55, 119-129, 287-289, 56, 23-27, 91, 95-99, 109-113, 213, 239,
57, 223-233, 58, 27-29, 65, 71, 89, 161-163, 263, 59, 71, 201, 205, 60,
59-65, 223-225, 317, 63, 223, 65, 31-33, 109; Santa Casa (Holy
House) transported to Loreto, 18, 256; picture animated, 19, 205;
at Notre Dame, Paris, 22, 207; storm stilled, 23, 175; protection
in battle, 177; converts protected from storm, 26, 251-253, 311;
life saved by prayer, 27, 165; hunters saved, 29, 179; light on
martyr's face, 31, 123; conversion, 159, 36, 205; insanity cured,
32, 233; medicine-men claim to work, 33, 221; rain, in time of
drouth, 35, 85; escape from death, 187; release of prisoner, 36,
29-31; escape from drowning, 38, 165; pope forbids unauthorized
publication of, 211; Louis IX., of France, at sacrament, 39, 145;
escape from wreck, 40, 243; at Ste. Anne, 50, 211, 54, 299; regu-

Miracles (continued)—

lation of church regarding, 51, 87; at grave of Catherine Tega-

kwita, 62, 276.

Mirage, on St. Maurice River, 37, 23.

Miramichy, district in Acadia, 45, 59.

Mirgré. See David, A.

Mirrors: burning, necessary in Jesuit outfit, 12, 117; symbolical use
of, 53, 263; double, given to Indians, 59, 179; metal plates used
as, 66, 337; Indians fond of, 337; buried with chief, 67, 157.
Miscegenation, in Illinois country, 69, 145. See also Indians: mar-
riages.

Mischitia, Montagnais convert: baptized, 59, 63.

Miscou (Miskou), district of, extent, 45, 59. See also Islands:
Miscou.

Miscouian language, 37, 191; appellation explained, 267. See also
Souriquois.

Miserere, Iroquois awed at, 39, 93.

Miskouaskoutan, Joseph, Algonkin convert: baptism and death, 9,
33-35.

Miskoutenagachit, district or village near Hudson Bay, 56, 187.
Missals: as presents, 28, 243; prayers for emperor in, 32, 81; in
ecclesiastical procedure, 35, 37; Roman, Hospital nuns ask for,
50, 163.

Missibizi (Michibichi), 50, 289, 328, 54, 155, 157, 67, 159, 161. See
Manabozho.

Missilimakinac, Algonquian Indians: origin of name, 55, 159; loca-
tion and population, 159; defeated by Iroquois, 159.
Missilimackinac (Missilemakina, Missilimakinac, Missilimakinak,
Missimilimakinac), 1, 221, 55, 159, 61, 93, 95, 101, 62, 193, 201, 203,
63, 281, 64, 149, 67, 153, 161, 68, 251, 281, 289, 71, 253. See
Mackinac, and Michillimackinac.

Missionaries, 65, 213–215, 227, 233, 243, 72, 18; Canadian, author-
ized by archbishop of Rouen, 16, 257; qualifications of, II, 11, 33,
143-145, 61, 223-235; advice to, 10, 87-115, 12, 115–123, 51, 141, 56,
302, 63, 261-267; how maintained, 71, 97; equipment, 12, 117, 27,
203; mode of life, 15, 163–167, 183; occupations, 16, 241-249; hard-
ships, perils, etc., I, 25-26, 28, 273, 308, 3, 147, 151, 157, 227, 243,
299, 4, 235-241, 255, 8, 79-83, 99, 288, 10, 89–101, 109, II, 239–247,
12, 89-91, 237, 13, 147, 159, 165, 209, 213-219, 14, 15, 27, 53, 79, 99,
103-105, 187-189, 243, 249-253, 267-273, 15, 13-15, 19-21, 25-51, 57-
61, 107, 121, 135, 151-153, 159, 169, 181, 199, 16, 39, 53, 93, 109, 125,
155, 163, 237, 17, 11-17, 45, 59, 89–91, 115-127, 195, 203, 207, 221, 227–
229, 233, 237, 18, 11–13, 17–19, 25, 33, 39–41, 67–71, 257, 19, 79, 91–97,
115-117, 127-129, 135, 149, 167, 175, 183, 197, 203, 207, 213, 217, 247,

20, 29-31, 45-55, 59-61, 73, 77, 95, 99, 105, 215, 21, 119, 165–167, 179–
181, 207-229, 235-237, 318, 23, 35, 117-119, 179, 185–189, 229-231, 249–
251, 326, 24, 47, 137, 193-195, 281, 299-301, 25, 43, 69–71, 85, 109,
113, 247-249, 26, 43-49, 189, 193, 303-307, 27, 53, 69, 137, 215, 28,
41-45, 49-57, 119, 123–127, 29, 95, 229, 30, 89, 101, 109-111, 125, 31,
183, 193-195, 227, 235, 249-255, 267, 32, 265, 275, 33, 19, 143,
155, 231, 34, 169-171, 181-183, 207, 35, 81, 97, 117, 131, 153,
163-169, 275, 37, 19-37, 51, 65, 141, 187, 245–249, 259–261, 38, 41-47,
273-275, 39, 23, 53-55, 73, 99, 101, 107-117, 125-141, 151-153, 203,
235, 40, 29-31, 37-39, 125, 129, 149-151, 221, 46, 79–81, 47, 167,
173, 48, 117-119, 147-149, 249, 259–265, 50, 257-259, 51, 71, 137-139,
259, 52, 117-119, 149, 171, 185-193, 215, 53, 59, 73-75, 153, 245, 296,
54, 37, 75-77, 101, 121, 139, 211-213, 239, 253, 55, 91, 135, 143-
145, 155, 171, 56, 35, 51-53, 59-63, 73-87, 97, 129-131, 137, 159–161,
167-169, 209, 215, 57, 67, 83-85, 91, 177-183, 201, 233-235, 239-241,
271-273, 58, 37, 55-57, 67, 177, 215, 237, 59, 25, 35-37, 41, 67, 81,
306, 60, 143, 173-175, 187, 201, 233-235, 61, 19, 79-85, 95, 137, 159–
161, 165, 237, 62, 67, 123, 155, 183, 191, 207-209, 217-221, 225, 229,
63, 221, 64, 129-131, 183, 195-199, 263, 65, 43-49, 195–247, 66, 25,
149, 171-181, 207, 219, 235, 239, 247, 253-257, 263, 269-271, 277, 67,
45, 141, 151, 68, 219, 251, 279, 295, 301-303, 69, 47, 61, 149, 205,
235, 70, 235, 241, 253.
With De Monts, 1, 5; French aid, 22, 33;
dress in Indian costume, 39, 177; Indian beliefs regarding, 55, 205,
217; union among, 63, 181; garrisons and voyageurs hostile to,
65, 215, 67, 79; desire for increase in number of, 66, 209; accom-
pany Indian war-parties, 70, 91–93, 101-103, 109, 123, 129, 133, 145,
159-161, 165; refuse to sanction Indian cruelties, 115, 127-131, 163;
influence of, upon Indians, 133-137, 237-241; in French parishes of
Illinois, 71, 39-41; killed by Indians (see Martyrs); Jesuit, alpha-
betical list, 127-137; chronological list, 137–181. Catholic laymen
organize, society, 66, 333. English Protestant, among Massachu-
setts Indians, 62, 276. See also Capuchins, Jesuits, Récollets,
Séminaire des Missions Étrangères, and Sulpitians.

Missions: relation of fur trade to, I, 19; interest of France in
Canadian, 10, 7, 87; Laval interested in, 24, 310; Laval extends,
45, 270; compared to Crusades, 191; see also Jesuits: missions.
Secular priests conduct, in West and South, 1, 18; Iroquois, on St.
Lawrence, continued, 32; among Natches, 36, 65, 262, 66, 131–133;
among Tonicas, 65, 262, 67, 309. In China, 6, 25, 51, 139, 65, 262,
66, 35; persecutions in, 68, 335. In Brazil, 6, 25. In Tonquin,
51, 139. Protestant, to New England Indians, 36, 239. Books
relating to― Catholic, in United States, 71, 241, 288; early, in Can-
ada, 305; on Chequamegon Bay, 319. Protestant - United Brethren,
71, 288; to Abenakis, 67, 97–99; to Delawares, 71, 288; to Ojibwas,

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