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JESUITS: MISSIONS IN NEW FRANCE AND LOUISIANA (continued)—
THE MISSIONARIES (continued)-

Trade relations: commercial companies - opposed by them, I,
19. With Company of New France - Jesuits aid them in Huronia,
6, 81; favored by, 36, 237; lodged in their house, 27, 85, 311, 35,
291; receive lands from (see Companies: of New France). See also
other companies.

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In fur trade-partners of Biencourt, 1, 312, 2, 215, 233, 3, 175-
179, 231, 299; Contract d'association, 1, 312, 3, 299, 71, 237 — ex-
plained by Biard, 3, 175; accused of trading, 25, 75-77; exon-
erated by Company of New France, 77-79; engaged in trade, 9,
175-179, 27, 99- Le Jeune explains and justifies this, 9, 171-181;
decision regarding trade, 30, 187; refrain from trade, 31, 189, 203;
use peltries of Huron fugitives to help maintain them, 36, 250;
protect Hurons from traders, 69, 305; the Tournois affair, 286.
Oppose sale of liquor to Indians (see Liquor traffic).

Relations with ecclesiastical authorities: see also Briand, Laval,
Queylus, Pontbriand, Rouen, St. Vallier, Séminaire des Missions
Étrangères, and Vicariate-general. Disagreements with secular
priests in Louisiana, 66, 125-139.

Relations with other religious bodies: see also Capuchins, Hos-
pital nuns, Récollets, Sulpitians, and Ursulines. Friendly relations
with Protestants, 1, 25, 235, 2, 273-275, 3, 17, 4, 73, 9, 313, 24,
311, 25, 43-45, 55, 59-63, 287, 26, 39, 31, 93-97, 137, 189, 205, 36,
85-99, III, 231-233, 239-241, 266, 39, 201, 233, 266, 64, 103, 119, 277.
Literary and scientific achievements: (a) Exploration and cartogra-
phy-55, 235-237; see also Albanel, Allouez, Bonnécamps, Dablon,
Druillettes, Exploration, Marquette, and Quen. Maps, 60, 147, 71,
214-215, 357-359; of Lake St. John, 65, 44; of Lake Superior, 54,
255, 55, 94, 316-317; by Aubéry, 66, 344; Biard, 2, 181, 294; Bon-
nécamps, 69, 294; Jogues, 28, 137; Jones, end of 34, 71, 397; Laure,
68, 325; Marquette, 59, 108, 154; Raffeix, 47, 320; Ragueneau,
18, 235, 36, 248. (b) Philology-2, 9-13, 219-221, 239, 3, 149,
193, 4, 179, 211-215, 5, 87, 281, 6, 21-23, 37, 45, 63, 83, 7, 21-31, 10,
55, 14, 9-11, 125, 173, 16, 241, 245, 253, 256, 17, 87, 21, 231, 23,
287, 327, 24, 167, 305, 28, 63, 39, 105, 119-121, 46, 67, 71, 50, 173,
322, 52, 179, 54, 117, 187, 237, 56, 51, 57, 318, 58, 103, 64, 155,
265-267, 65, 85, 264-265, 66, 117, 285, 344, 67, 145, 68, 53, 185,
69, 289-290, 71, 377 (see also languages under the several tribes).
(c) History — 1, 38-41; value of their reports concerning New
France, vii-viii. (d) Education - (see Quebec: ecclesiastical and
educational; and below, Education of Indian youth). (e) Science —
their observations on natural phenomena, 3, 47-67, 5, 181-185, 15,

139, 16, 227, 17, 119, 30, 67, 38, 221, 39, 139, 145, 48, 37-51, 183-223,
241, 50, 69-79, 55, 173-181, 161-165, 56, 137-139, 201-207, 57, 301-
305, 60, 205-207, 62, 199, 64, 117, 68, 257; see also Tides. (f)
Medicine - as physicians, 1, 213-215, 2, 15-21, 51, 93-95, 99, 223, 279-
281, 3, 201-203, 4, 91-97, 17, 19, 51, 93, 153, 28, 117, 31, 187, 43, 303,
56, 81, 57, 115, 149, 161, 165, 171-175, 179, 58, 211-213, 219, 59,
243-247, 61, 225, 233, 62, 95-97, 231-233, 66, 237-241, 245, 261, 68, 77.

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Miscellaneous: knowledge of a language miraculously imparted,
19, 129; supernatural influences about (see Demons and Virgin
Mary); surnames given by Indians to, 16, 239-241 (see also names
of missionaries to Hurons); flag carried in Onondaga expedition
(1656), 43, 139; relics of, found, 5, 293, 295, 8, 304, 19, 272, 36,
245, 246. Number in Canada · (1650) 36, 53, (1653) 40, 61, (1701)
65, 185-187; catalogues, 69, 75-79, 70, 81-89, 71, 120-181; portraits,

400.

THEIR WORK —

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Policy, and mode of dealing with Indians: 10, 79, 12, 276, 13,
25, 51, 71-75, 105, 159, 169-173, 177, 185, 199, 201, 225, 17, 39, 93-95,
151, 173, 189, 18, 79, 87, 123, 131, 20, 133, 145-147, 155, 159-161, 215,
25, 261-281, 37, 163-165, 181-183, 39, 29, 54, 181-183, 63, 101-123,
133-135 — mistakes in policy acknowledged, 33, 145-147; follow In-
dian customs, 1, viii, 33, 239, 243, 38, 281, 39, 177, 41, 109-113, 43,
169, 54, 181, 221, 231; aid needy Indians, 9, 29, 35, 39, 45, 51, 193,
10, 53, 59, 249, 16, 79, 85, 93, 137, 157, 187, 219, 243, 18, 93-97, 109-
III, 137, 147, 185, 217-219, 255, 19, 61, 20, 21, 21, 29, 25, 221, 26,
29, 27, 91, 30, 131-137, 275, 279, 306, 32, 41, 255, 33, 77, 257, 34, 63,
99, 199, 35, 23, 89, 95-101, 211, 36, 191, 203, 249, 37, 75, 147, 181, 38,
39, 47, 197, 40, 49-51, 59, 223, 41, 139, 44, 49, 70, 231; solicit libera-
tion of Sokoki captive, 25, 53; constituted guardians of Indians,
36, 250, 47, 263; give Christmas feast to chiefs, 42, 133; instruct
Indians in fortification, 10, 53, 39, 247, 55, 141.

Endeavor to render Indians sedentary, I, 18, 16, 33, 61, 233, 18,
79, 87, 20, 127, 35, 33, 54, 139-cost of this undertaking, 18, 119,
settle Hurons on their lands, 35, 39, 70, 207; instruct Indians in
agriculture, 1, 19, 4, 195, 9, 19, 65, 263-265. See also below Mis-
sion colonies.

Educate Indian youth

seminaries for, 5, 145, 6, 83, 89, 151-155,
327, 7, 265, 8, 181, 227, 9, 107, 177, 273, 277-279, 283-285, 293, 299-
301, 11, 11, 17, 49, 81-83, 129, 276, 12, 39-115, 165, 235, 239, 255,
13, 9, 119, 125, 14, 127, 257, 16, 169, 179, 243, 251, 17, 87-93, 21,
173, 22, 101, 161, 23, 175-177, 24, 103, 121, 189, 26, 19-29, 39,
39, 127-129, 44, 315, 47, 295, 51, 173, 53, 71, 66, 209, 68, 111,
71, 97, 101-103; funds of Huron seminary devoted to Sillery colony,
23, 325; Indian children given to Jesuits, 5, 137, 217, 9, 7, II, 15,

JESUITS: MISSIONS IN NEW France and LOUISIANA (continued) —
THEIR WORK: Policy, and mode of dealing with Indians (continued)—
103-105, 201, 11, 123, 14, 183-185, 257, 16, 169, 24, 167, 53, 71;
they support Indian children, 9, 103, 201 - rear orphans, 18, 79.

Influence with Indians, 15, 27, 37-47, 139, 16, 63, 163, 18, 125-135,
143, 181, 207, 19, 69, 20, 171, 179, 211, 25, 153, 36, 237, 40, 227-229,
63, 302, 68, 330, 70, 133-137, 237-241; adopted by them, 27, 97-99,
38, 27-41, 43, 307, 44, 21, 64, 91-93, 97, 101, 68, 269.

Missionary occupations and methods of work: 2, 7, 53, 91, 103,
243-245, 3, 181-183, 4, 177-179, 8, 133, 143-145, 15, 165, 16, 241-249,
17, 9-23, 93-97, 105, 141, 18, 19, 151, 21, 95-97, 165, 177-179, 185-187,
205-207, 245, 289, 22, 93, 97-99, 111, 123, 127-129, 145, 175, 227-229,
233, 243, 23, 21-23, 81, 101-103, 117-119, 139, 151, 169, 179-
181, 201, 207-209, 229, 239-243, 293, 309-313, 24, 61, 69-71, 87,
95-99, 117-121, 127-129, 149, 197-199, 209, 257, 269, 25, 113, 131,
185, 277, 26, 89, 105, 137, 181, 213, 287, 27, 33, 61, 65-67, 143-145,
28, 33, 93, 29, 47-49, 81, 103, 135, 139-141, 155, 54, 21-41, 45,
55-63, 67-73, 79, 95, 101-103, 121, 209-211, 55, 69-71, 81-83, 87, 135,
147, 153, 181-189, 201, 205, 215, 221-223, 56, 31-33, 51-53, 133-135,
187, 189, 193-197, 57, 113, 121, 125, 153, 173-181, 193, 251, 259, 269,
297, 58, 23-27, 49, 59-61, 69, 181-185, 221, 239, 275, 287, 60, 163-
165, 179, 237-239, 269-271, 61, 225-235, 62, 113, 135, 171, 195, 211-
213, 217-219, 227, 243, 63, 37, 67-69, 83, 115, 119-121, 133, 257-259,
64, 165, 177, 181-193, 209, 227, 267, 65, 77, 81, 89, 66, 97, 117,
151-153, 237, 241-245, 259-261, 67, 89-91, 185-195, 217-219, 241, 261,
323, 68, 57-59, 63, 69, 81, 97, 111, 239, 271, 279, 285, 69, 53, 70, 227-
245; methods of instruction, I, 289-290, 7, 93-95, 99-103, 123,
129-135, 187-189, 291-295, 8, 143-145, 9, 9-11, 10, 15-25, 33, 11,
89, 107, 113-115, 129, 141, 151-171, 189-191, 199-209, 221-235, 251-269,
12, 29-31, 63, 69, 75-77, 143, 149, 249-251, 14, 71, 97, 157, 171, 221,
15, 17, 117, 121-123, 165-167, 16, 63, 69, 77-83, 93, 123, 139, 143,
161-165, 243-249, 19, 69, 177, 203-205, 20, 67-69, 75, 32, 49, 295-303,
35, 101-105, 259, 39, 147-155, 42, 105-107, 52, 177, 183, 205-207,
211, 53, 149-153, 177, 199-229, 251, 261-281, 54, 67-73, 55, 139-141,
147, 63, 37-45, 67-69, 89, 70, 109; pictures and images employed
therein, 11, 89, 12, 107-109, 251, 14, 97, 103, 15, 17, 121, 17, 103, 23,
117, 25, 163, 26, 131-133, 143, 171, 27, 177, 37, 31, 39, 189, 40,
123-125, 43, 309, 49, 69, 50, 299, 52, 119-123, 135, 53, 177, 203,
55, 139, 147, 201, 56, 115-117, 135, 57, 275, 59, 189, 60, 265.
61, 25, 117, 121, 62, 43, 95, 133-135, 173, 63, 69, 127,
231, 64, 227-229, 65, 83, 67, 323-325; songs accompanied by
musical instruments, 42, 129, 55, 147, 56, 133; "from point
to point," a religious game, 53, 209; children taught songs
against superstitious rites, 56, 133; children employed to search

for idols, 29, 201. Caution in administering baptism, 3, 143-153,
4, 87, 20, 37, 61, 23, 139, 36, 29; formula of baptism taught to
converts, 33, 39.

As agriculturists: 1, 19, 24, 31, 4, 177, 193, 268, 5, 45, 67, 6,
29, 69-71, 75-79, 8, 17, 9, 155, 15, 137, 159, 19, 135, 27, 95, 33,
253-255, 34, 23, 207, 225, 35, 25, 81, 47, 261, 54, 139, 69, 245,
253-255, 267-269, 305, 70, 29-33, 45-55, 67-71, 265, 317, 71, 69-71, 79;
own mills, 34, 51, 47, 259-263, 267, 65, 183; cultivate tobacco, 67,
271; introduce orange and sugar-cane into Louisiana, 71, 381; en-
deavor to domesticate wild cattle, 66, 293; raise live-stock, 6,
71-75, 79, 28, 317, 30, 165, 33, 255, 35, 27, 40, 111, 62, 169, 69, 255-
257, 265-271, 70, 31-33, 53-55, 67-71, 265, 275, 279, 317. See also
below, Missions - Detroit.

Subordinates -

Donnés 1, 25, 6, 55, 7, 219, 8, 89, 141, 294, 9, 59, 306, 19,
269, 21, 205, 209, 231, 318-319, 22, 107, 24, 312, 28, 181, 35, 57,
36, 227, 45, 115, 151, 46, 302, 47, 249, 279, 307, 48, 143, 296, 49,
161, 51, 145, 53, 241, 245, 56, 65, 165, 189, 213, 60, 129, 143, 62,
215, 66, 125; meaning of term, 1, 24; functions, 33, 253, 42, 265;
numbers, 33, 253, 40, 47, 65, 185; act of donation, 21, 295-297,
301, 305-307, 35, 290; vows, 21, 295-301; contracts, 295-297, 301-
303; relations to order, 293-307, 319, 35, 290; enter order, 71,
145, 147, 149; usefulness in mission work, 17, 45, 20, 99, 103, 21,
293, 299, 319, 40, 47; devotion to missionaries, 32, 189, 39, 181,
237; praised by Ragueneau, 33, 75; Vitelleschi's attitude toward
21, 319; in Huron mission, 295, 301, 319, 23, 69, 25, 83-85, 35,
23; among Iroquois, 23, 327, 24, 312, 28, 117, 54, III, 60, 147,
in Illinois, 67, 277-279; accompany Marquette, 59, 315; instruct
Indians, 1, 33, 15, 137; as physicians, 17, 29, 54, III; at Quebec
and Sillery, 27, 81-83, 105, 36, 250; sent to France, 34, 245; on
Orleans Island, 37, 181; Algonkin convert becomes a donné, 20,
253; Mémoire touchant, 21, 293-309, 318-319.

Engagés and servants (see also Compagnés) — 6, 47-51, 8, 81,
305, 22, 35, 25, 25, 26, 29, 27, 81-85, 91, 97, 312, 28, 169, 201-203,
227, 233-235, 316, 319, 32, 101-103, 34, 23, 59, 35, 31, 36, 117,
245, 45, 159, 55, 320, 57, 317, 65, 185, 69, 241; wages, 27, 81-83,
91, 28, 227, 235, 36, 250, 66, 33, 69, 245-247, 70, 21, 65; slaves
owned by Jesuits, 68, 267, 70, 245-249, 265, 279, 283-285.
THE MISSIONS: mentioned, 9, 312, 13, 19, 14, 281, 287-288, 15, 217,
249, 16, 235-237, 29, 27, 31-35, 119, 245, 41, 256-257, 66, 147,
344, 68, 332-333, 69, 69, 75, 286-287, 70, 253, 71, 172, 235-236,
387, 395; field for, 16, 35-37, 233, 41, 135, 46, 67-79; begun in
Canada, 38, 229; plans of Jesuits for, 16, 231-237; difficulties to
be overcome, 1, 318, 20, 71-77, 57, 193,.69, 33; aid for, asked,

JESUITS: MISSIONS IN NEW France and LOUISIANA (continued)—
THE MISSIONS (continued)–

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II, 11, 25, 97, 26, 201, 28, 59, 99, 213, 37, 87, 42, 35, 44, 51,
61, 46, 67, 123, 47, 67, 113-115, 48, 27-29, 249-251, 50, 67, 229,
51, 85, 159, 68, 235, 241, 257, 303; abandoned for lack of workers,
241; supplies for, lost at sea, 18, 217; accompanied by epidem-
ics, 31, 123, 241-243; effect of Iroquois war on, 38, 45-49; ex-
tended, 50, 227; usual location of stations, 39, 47; itinerant, 19,
125-131, 167, 183, 209, 20, 21, 43, 95-97; praised by Laval, 45,
23; history of, planned by Bressani, 38, 217. Extent and con-
dition 1645, 27, 137-139; 1650, 36, 49-57; 1651, 36, 193-231;
1653, 40, 61; 1663, 47, 247, 255; 1670, 54, 251-253; 1683, 62,
193-267; 1701, 65, 187; 1703, 1, 219-225; 1710, 237; results of
Western, 70, 245-247, 253-257; in Quebec province, 71, 65; list
of superiors, 122-126; annual catalogues of Canadian houses,
cited, 32, 99. Revenues-1701, 65, 18, 181-187, 258; 1727, 69,
285. Expenses, 43, 171, 47, 255, 307, 65, 185-187, 69, 285. Aided
from France-by royal government, 1, 127, 133-135, 207, 312,
3, 161, 36, 250, 65, 181, 67, 29-31, 70, 221, 241, 71, 97, 101 —
fishery rights, 36, 250, 71, 231; annual pension, 36, 251, 49, 173,
65, 271, 69, 31, 203; by Hundred Associates, 6, 81-83, 99, 15, 217,
17, 23, 47, 18, 243, 42, 273; by private persons, 1, 135-137, 313,
3, 169, 175, 231, 6, 327, 7, 255, 267, 309, 14, 287, 15, 71, 77, 217,
221, 17, 19, 23, 55, 219, 18, 61, 89, 239-247, 19, 67, 71-73, 131,
20, 67, 127, 21, 111-113, 23, 23-25, 32, 137, 36, 203, 37, 147-151,
167, 177, 181, 38, 49, 39, 43, 41, 165, 69, 35, 71, 97, 101; partly
supported in Canada, 37, 87. Present missions aided (1888) by
appropriation from payment for Jesuit estates, 71, 393. Itinerant
(or "flying") missions, 15, 169, 185, 16, 249, 17, 87, 99, 18,
19, 39-43, 255-256, 33, 77, 35, 81, 173, 36, 195, 225, 60, 197, 63, 71.
In various regions-

Acadia – 1, vii, 6, 13, 16, 129, 139, 151, 161-163, 183, 195-235,
45, 59, 65, 95, 66, 207, 211, 67, 337; laborers in, 24, 310, 29, 31,
45, 59, 61, 71, 47, 63, 65, 87, 66, 207, 71, 137, 389; abandoned by
religious orders, 59, 307. First Jesuit mission therein (1611-13),
and its failure, I, 207-217, 227-235, 2, 5-105, 211-285, 3, 137-283,
4, 9-117; St. Sauveur founded, 1, 227, 2, 211, 247, 3, 265-de-
stroyed by English, 1, 229-235, 2, 211, 259, 3, 5-7, 4, 13. Mission
at Chedabouctou, 8, 292, 24, 310.

Cape Breton Island-1, 14, 8, 292, 305, 15, 245, 24, 310, 45, 59,
63. Grand Cibou, 4, 243, 254, 270, 5, 201, 6, 325. Ste. Anne,
4, 291, 5, 291, 7, 263.

Gaspesia8, 292, 24, 310, 30, 303, 35, 41, 36, 131, 47, 221.
Baye des Chaleurs, 25, 289, 30, 143, 32, 41, 55. Isle Percée,

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